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牛津英语6A 动词的过去式

发布时间:2013-12-08 16:45:00  

牛津英语6A动词的过去式归类

规则动词的过去式词尾变化有4种:

1.一般情况下加ed,如watched, planted, watered, pulled, climbed, played, stayed。

2.以不发音字母e结尾的加d,如liked, moved, tasted。

3.以辅音字母加y结尾的变y为i再加ed,如study--studied, try--tried hurry--hurried

carry--carried copy--copied cry--cried carry--carried empty—emptied worry-worried

4.以1个元音字母加1个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节,双写最后一个辅音字母再加ed,如stop---stopped, chat----chatted, plan---planned。

规则动词的过去式词尾读音有3种:

a.在浊辅音和元音后读[d],如lived, watered, listened, played。

b.在清辅音后读[t],如liked, helped, watched washed。

c.在[t],[d]音后读[Id],如planted, wanted, tasted, handed(上交)。

不规则动词的过去式:

1.过去式与动词原形的拼写形式相同:

let→let, put→put, read→read, cut→cut , must→must

2. i → a:

begin→began , drink→drank , give→gave , ring→rang ,

sing→sang , sit→sat , swim→swam

3. i → o:

drive→drove, ride→rode, write→wrote

4. o → e:

grow→grew know→knew throw→threw blow→blew hold→held 5.只改一个字母的

forget→forgot get→got draw→drew run→ran make→made come→came become→became eat→ate meet→met

mean→meant hear→heard learn→learned/learnt build→built

6. 含ough或augh的:

bring→brought, buy→bought, think→thought, fight→fought

catch→caught, teach→taught

7.去中间一个相同的字母,词尾加t

keep→kept sleep→slept sweep→swept feel→felt

8. 其他动词改法

am /is→was are→were do→did have /has→had see→saw can→could will→would shall→should find→found

tell→told speak→spoke take→took wear→wore

fly→flew may→might go→went say→said

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