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新概念英语第一册L107

发布时间:2013-12-09 15:33:50  

?Penny wise, pound foolish.

?贪小便宜吃大亏。

Review

1.您要同她谈话吗?

Do you want to speak to her?

2. 我要她到我办公室来。

Iwant her to come to my office.

3. 告诉她马上就来。

Tell her to come at once.

4. 你只打了一个‘L?。

You?ve typed it with only one ?L?.

5. 这封信里错误百出。

This letter is full of mistakes.

Lesson 107It?s too small.

教学重点

?1、词汇:形容词的比较级和最高级(规则变化)。

?2、句型:比较级+ than + 比较对象;the + 最高级+ 范围。

单词学习

madam n. 夫人,女士smart adj. 漂亮的

as well 同样suit v. 适于pretty adj. 漂亮的

★madam n.

1) 夫人,女士

对妇女(己婚或未婚)的敬称,或在写给陌生妇女的信函中开头的称呼,相当于称呼男

士的sir.

太太(小姐),有需要我效劳的吗?

Can I help you, madam?

Dear Madam(商用书信中对妇女的称呼)

2)…. 女士(用于职称前面的称呼)--Madam Chairman 主席女士--MadamPresident总统女士

Mr. 对男士的称呼。

Ms.对女士的称呼,不清楚是否已婚的情况下。

Mrs.已婚女士的称呼。

Miss.对未婚女士的称呼。

Madam.对领导,长者或者女士的尊称。

Sir 对男士的尊称

“漂亮的”知多少?

Music: You are beautifulbeautiful:

“美丽”,比较正式,可以用于girls,也可以用于ladiespretty:Music: Pretty boy

较口语化,常用来形容未婚(特别是花季的女孩子)漂亮中透出可爱,情侣间常用cute:

口语:漂亮(侧重于小女孩的可爱)good-looking:

貌美,漂亮,好看,多用于形容成熟女性(舞会及宴会上常用)handsome:

这个漂亮是用来形容男士的,指“英俊,潇洒”

★smart adj.

1) 漂亮的

你今天看起来很漂亮。You look very smart today.

2)伶俐的,灵敏的精明的推销员

a smart salesman

★handsome adj. 漂亮的, 美观的形容男孩, 英俊, 一般修饰男性

与人连用有阳刚的美

与物相连表示美观大方,并表示制作精良跟女性连用的时候就表示这个女孩子有阳刚

气,类似女侠的概念

你丈夫很帅气。

Your husband is handsome.

Beautiful

形容人的时候表示内在和外在美的统一, 完美

的概念

你看起来很美

You look beautiful.

花很美

Flowers are beautiful.

画很美

Picture is beautiful.

lovelyadj. 可爱的这是一个可爱的故事This is a lovely story. good-looking adj. 很好看的

美腿

Good-looking legs

pretty adj.

美丽(用于女孩或小孩),有柔美的意思跟男性连用就表示没有阳刚气,女性化pretty boy / pretty girl / pretty woman

niceadj.

美好的(人,天气, 食物, 物品的品质等)

你真好

You are so nice.

cuteadj.

漂亮, 常用来形容小孩The baby is cute.多漂亮的宝宝啊!What a cute baby! 你多可爱啊!

How cute you are!

★as well 同样

她会说德语,我也会说德语。

She can speak German. I can speak

German as well.

她想洗澡,我也想洗澡。

She wants to take a bath. I want to take a

bath as well.

辨析

also → 比too正式一些,语气较重,只用于肯

定句,一般紧靠动词。

too → 语气较轻,多用于口语,在肯定句中

使用,通常位于句末。

as well → 一般不用否定句,通常放在句末。

★suit

①v. 适合;适宜于

这个外套适合我。

This coat suits me.

这个外套一点儿都不适合我。

This coat doesn’t suit me at all.

一点钟?那个时间对我来说不合适。

One o’clock? That does not suit me.

②v. 相称,相当,合某人之意

The climate here suits me very well. 这里的气候非常适合我。

蓝色与她相配。

Blue suits her.

3)n. 套装

?adj. suitable 适当的,相称的,合适的我为那个聚会找到一个合适的地方。I found a suitable place for the party.

be suitable for sb 适合某人

这本书不适合儿童阅读

This book isn’t suitable for children.

★pretty

1)adj. 漂亮的(用于女性,小孩,小而极漂

亮的东西等)

可爱的女孩

a pretty girl

2)adv. 颇,相当,非常

那部电影非常好。

The movie is pretty good.

他现在相当老。

He is pretty old now.

Let?s compare!

Let?s compare!

Grammar:

形容词比较级和最高级概念:比较级用于两者作比较;最高级用于三者或三

者以上作比较(要有取值范围of/in)。

一、规则变化

?1. 变化规则:

?单音节和少数双音节单词,一般在词尾加“er”或“est”。

?clean –cleaner –the cleanest,

?tall –taller-thetallest,

?small –smaller–thesmallest,

?new—newer---the newest

?hard –harder—the hardest

?great—greater—the greatest

?例如:cheap , short, long, light, high

?2. 变化规则:

?以不发音字母“e”结尾的单词,直接在词尾加“r”或“st”。?nice –nicer–thenicest, ?late –later–thelatest,?例如:

?close, fine, large, rude

3.

变化规则:

以重读闭音节结尾的单词,如果词尾只有一个辅音字母时,应先双写这一辅音字母,再加“er”或“est”。

fat –fatter-the fattest,

big –bigger–the biggest,

例如:

thin, hot, fat, sad, wet

4.

变化规则:

以辅音字母+y结尾的单词,应先改“y”为“i”,在加“er”或“est”。

happy –happier–the happiest,

easy –easier–the easiest,

例如:

heavy, healthy, busy, lucky, pretty, funny

5、

变化规律:

其他双音节单词和多音节单词,都在其前面加“more”或“the most”。

beautiful–morebeautiful –the mostbeautifuldifficult—moredifficult—themost difficult

important—moreimportant—themost important例如:

interesting

careful

expensive

Read and compare :

hothotterthe hottestfewfewerthe fewestbigbiggerthe biggestshortshorterthe shortestsmallerthe smallestsmallolderthe oldestoldfinerthe finestfine

easierthe easiesteasy

hungrierthe hungriesthungry

earlier the earliestearly

heavierthe heaviestheavy

excitingmoreexciting the mostexcitingcarefullymorecarefully themostcarefully

练习:

?Emma is tall.

?Paul is taller

?Hans is student in our the tallestclass.

二、不规则变化

good/well –better –the bestbad -worse -the worst

many/ much –more –the mostlittle –less -the least…

用法

1. 比较级只用于两者之间

常用于‘比较级+than’结构中。

他比我胖

He is fatter than me.

2.最高级常用于“the+最高级+比较范围”结构

她是这个班里最好的学生。

She is the best student in the class.

他在这个班唱歌最好。

He sings (the)best in the class.

形容词最高级加the,副词最高级常可省去the.

?补充:

?The+more+形+主+动,the+more+形+主+动

(愈...愈...)

?The harderyou work, the moreprogress you make.

你愈努力,你愈进步。

The morebooks we read, the morelearned we become.

我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。

练习

1) 他比我要聪明

He is cleverer than me.

2)中国比美国大

China is larger than the U.S.

3)他们比我们跑得快

They run faster that us.

4)这幅画比那幅画漂亮

This picture is more beautiful than that one.

5)这个女孩是全班最瘦的

The girl is the thinnest in her class.

6)他开车是所有人当中最快的一个。He drives (the) most quickly among them all.

精讲课文

?1、Do you like this dress, madam?

?madam 女士,不知姓名和年龄时的尊称。?Do you like ...... ?

?你喜欢...... 吗?

课文讲解

I like the colour very much. very much adv. 非常

修饰动词like.

Thank you very much. very much 修饰动词thank

我非常讨厌数学。

I hate mathematics very much.

It’s a lovely dress, but it’s too small for me.

too adv. 太(具有否定意义)

The weather is too hot. 天气太热了。

(1) too + adj + for sth对…来说太…

These shoes are much too small for me.This is too difficult a text for me.

(2) too…to… 太…以至于不能…

too + adj + to do sth.

The stone is too heavy to lift.

You are too young to smoke. 你这么小不可吸烟。The box is too heavy to lift. 这箱子太重,举不起来。

What about this one? It’s a lovely dress. It’s very smart. Short skirts are in fashion now. What about=How about 用于寻求建议、意见,或

提出建议。

如:What about/How about going for a drink after

work?下班去喝一杯怎么样?

be in fashion 时髦,正流行

反义词:out of fashion 过时了

This kind of skirt is in fashion this year.

今年这种短裙比较流行。

Short skirts are in fashion now.泛指短裙,所以

用复数。

Would you like to try it?

Would you like +to do.= want to do sth.你愿意/想要… 吗?

would like sth. = want sth. 想要某物

用来表示委婉的请求和建议

例如:

Would you like to visit my teacher?你想拜访我的老师吗?

Would you like to go shopping?

Would you like a cup of tea?

Would you like some milk? 你想喝点牛奶吗?

try 试一试

try on 试穿

try these new shoes on试试这双新鞋

try to do sth=try one`s best to do尽力做I will try to go back home early. 我尽力早点回家。

try doing 试着做… (看看结果如何)

They’re trying painting the bookcase blue. 。

他们正试着把书橱刷成蓝色的

I’m afraid this green dress is too small for me as well. It’s smaller than the blue one.

I’m afraid… “我恐怕…”

She was afraid that he would beat her with the stick.她担心/怕他会用棍棒打她

as well 也

通常放在句末,与too一样,一般不用于否定句中

They would like to go there as well. 他们也想去那儿。

I don’t like the colour either. It doesn’t suit me at all. I think the blue dress is prettier.

either 也(用于否定句中)

I don’t like this dress either. 我也不喜欢这件。

at all 根本,一点也不…(用于否定句)I don’t like it at all. 我一点也不喜欢它。as well可以用在肯定句中,也可以用在否定句中。用在否定句中.

too用在肯定句中,放在句尾

at all 根本,一点也不… (用于否定句)

Could you show me another blue dress?Could you…?你能做…么?用于表示请求。比can you 语气

更加婉转,更为客气。

Could you tell me the way to the station? 你能告诉我去火车

站的路吗?

Could you pass me the dictionary?

show sb sth /show sth to sb给某人出示某物/把某物展示给

某人

Show your passport to me please! 请给我看一下你的护照。

another 另一个

I want to have another cup of tea. 我想再喝一杯茶

I want a dress like that one, but it must

be my size.

--like是介词,表示“像……一样”

I won't do it like you.我不会像你一样做这事情must be 情态动词+动词原形。

be one’s size 是某人穿的尺码

I tried the shoes on but they were not my size.我试了那双鞋,

但是不是我的码。

size 尺寸:large size,small size

?宾语从句。

?a larger dress. ?have got = have

??形容词的最高级。large-larger-the largest?最高级一定要有取值范围(或是通过上下文显示)。

?

翻译句子

这个包看起来很漂亮。我喜欢比较大的那个书架。恐怕这件衣服的颜色不适合我。

我觉得那条裤子更大。你能给我看看那个手机吗?他的家比我家漂亮多了。这家商店是镇里最大的一家。我的家太大了,不好收拾。活太多了,我干不完了。这件礼物适合十岁的女孩子

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