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音标教学课件

发布时间:2013-12-10 09:01:33  

音标共有48个,其中元音20个,辅音28个.
单词按音节来划分,分为单音节词,双音节词 和多音节词.单音节词中,常常分为重读开音 节和重读闭音节. 1.结尾的三个字母,是一个
重读开音节 单音节词 重读闭音节

元音字母+一个辅音字母+一 个不发音的e构成.
2.直接以元音字母结尾

区分以下单词是开音节词还是闭音节词: drink hi hat hand pick rule gate back bad ice pop bit jazz ride he size

by joke

区分一下单词是单音节词,双音节词还是多 音节词.

heavy like culture favorite palace person short captain popular curly hobby yesterday application

元音字母 Aa 在单词中的发音
开音节: Kate

name face map and

grade age game bag apple thank

[ei] cake
闭音节: Ann

[? ]

am

元音字母 Ee 在单词中的发音
开音节:he

she bee

me see

tree

[i:] jeep

egg 闭音节:
[e] yes

pen
ten

desk
bed

pencil

元音字母 Ii 在单词中的发音
开音节: I

hi

bike

fine

[ai] nice like kite
闭音节: in

it this

is Miss

six

[i]

sit

元音字母 o 在单词中的发音
开音节: no

[u] those
闭音节: not

go hello

home zero

[?]??

wrong

box dog

clock on

元音字母 Uu 在单词中的发音
开音节 [ u: ]
ruler Lucy rule duty use huge student bus cup mug cut must us excuse

[ ju:]
闭音节 [Λ]

much number

[ei]
[? ]

[ i: ] [e]

[ai] [i] [ u: ] [ ju:] [Λ]

[ ?u ]
[?] ??
grade lake make snack plan match neck send rest

beef freeze Greece

slice mike kite yuck duck bug much

till

ago

stop
lot mop

fox

ill
lip junk truck dust

whole
nose duty

pot
top mute fuse tune

pupil flute

辅音字母:

p[p] pen
t [ t ] ten

picture
two

jeep
boat

map
meet

b[b] bike
d[d ] desk k[k] cake g [ g ] good s [ s ] sit z [z] is

bus
down Kate girl see his

book
bird thank egg yes these

box
good clock bag class zero

Read the following:
/si:/ /gi:s/ /ki:p/ /bi:t/

/sez/ /ges/
/si:k/ /seik/ /et/ /? t/ /sed/ /s? d/

/kept/
/pi:p/ /peid/ /beg/ /b? g/

/bed/
/mi:t/ /meit/ /pek/ /p? k/ /di:d/ /deiz/

写出下列单词的音标:

cat

bag

gate

pot

so bike

bee
dust

desk
not

in
bus

kite
egg

no beg
duty

根据音标写单词

/h?um/

/b???ks/

/si:/

/hil/

/teik/

/s? d/
/laik/

/g?u/
/hi:/

/taid/
/n???t/

/kΛt/
/ fju:s /

/Λs/
/ju:s/

home

box

see

hill

take

sad
like

go
he

tide
not

cut
fuse

us
use

/ai/

/i/

/l/

/m/
my

/n/
nine

/?/
morning

bike
nice find five

sit
Miss hill this

look
hello floor

map
am

new
ten

wrong
think

family game

son

thank

Read the following.
/lait/
/lit/

/main/
/min/ /mai/

/sain/
/si?/

/nail/
/nil/ /kait/ /gaid/

/laim/

/mei/
/it/ /et/ /mis/ /mes/

/leim/
/pin/ /pen/

/keit/
/li?k/ /lend/

/geit/

Read the following:
/si:/ /gi:s/ /ki:p/ /bi:t/

/sez/ /ges/
/si:k/ /seik/ /et/ /? t/ /sed/ /s? d/

/kept/
/pi:p/ /peid/ /beg/ /b? g/

/bed/
/mi:t/ /meit/ /pek/ /p? k/

/di:d/ /deiz/

/ ?u / no go so old

/?/??

/f/

/v/

/θ/
thin

/e/

box
fox

fine
five

very

this
that

seven think

not
dog

four

have

thank three

these
those

family love

home pot

face

glove
over

thirteen there thirty father mother

those clock floor rose sorry

friend eleven tenth

Read the following.
/s/ /?u/ /n?ut/ /?/?? /n???t/ /?/

/si:m/
/sin/ /sed/

/?i:m/
/?in/ /?eft/

/e/ /ei:/ /eis/ /een/

/z/ /zi:/ /zip/ /zed/

/e?uz/

/s????/

/sm?uk/ /f???k/

Read and spell out the words.
/fl?/:?? /d?/:?? /m???m/ /e en/

floor
/get/

door
/faiv/

mom
/meni/

then
/sm?:??l/

get
/θ??k/

five
/skai/

many
/θi?k/

small
/veri/

thank
/l???k/

sky
/?unli/

think

very

lock

only

/u:/
/Λ/ /h/ /r/

blue
up he red

ruler
bus hat right /j/ yes

too
number here brown you hill

school
under

room your yellow white

/w/ we woman where

/ ?u / no go so old

/?/??

/f/

/v/

/θ/
thin

/e/

box
fox

fine
five

very

this
that

seven think

not
dog

four

have

thank three

these
those

family love

home pot

face

glove
over

thirteen there thirty father mother

those clock floor rose sorry

friend eleven tenth

/u:/
/Λ/ /h/ /r/

blue
up he red

ruler
bus hat right /j/ yes

too
number here brown you hill

school
under

room your yellow white

/w/ we woman where

/ ?u / no go so old

/?/??

/f/

/v/

/θ/
thin

/e/

box
fox

fine
five

very

this
that

seven think

not
dog

four

have

thank three

these
those

family love

home pot

face

glove
over

thirteen there thirty father mother

those clock floor rose sorry

friend eleven tenth

/α:/
car
are

/au/
how
brown

/ ?/:??
or

/ ?:/
her

/?/
sister

morning shirt

brother
ruler under English

class
father

blouse

door

girl skirt shoe

trousers floor shirt

/∫/

she

/i?/

/?? / /u/
chair
their there book

/t∫/

/dз/

here
near

chair
Chinese teacher
cook large cheap keep

Jim
jeep

look
good
foot jar

dear

orange
beach street

ear hear fear air hair fair

元音

/i:/
/u:/ 辅音 /p/

/i/
/u/

/e/
/?:/

/? /
/?/

/a:/

/Λ/

/?/:??

/?/??

/ei/ /ai/ /???i/ /?u/

/au/ /i?/ /b/

/??/ /t/ /d/

/u?/ /k/ /g/ /f/ /v/

/s/ /z/ /θ/ /e/ /∫/ /З/ /t∫/ /dЗ/ /tr/ /dr/ /ts/ /dz/ /l/ /r/ /h/ /w/ /j/ /m/ /n/ /?/

Revise the phonetics:
a: /e i/ name same / a:/ class father /?/ carry have / ?/ want 但在 water 中读/?:/

ay: / ?? / day way / ? / Monday al: / ?: / walk wall / a : / half

tape

gate

jade

hate
tap hat hall fast

safe
gap sad talk last

pale
jam pal fall vast

was
hay

wash
pay

wallet
ray

c: /?/ face

city

ch: /??/ watch much
/ ?/ machine

/ ?/ come catch

ck:/ ?/black sock
g:/??/ age /g / big

/ ? / school
wr:/ ?/ write

orange kn:/?/ knife know game wrong

e /i:/ we /e/ leg ee /i:/ see

she mend jeep

these yellow green

ea /i:/ tea
ea /e/ bread

meat
heavy

please
sweater


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