A Good Chance
(by Elizabeth Cook-Lynn)
Dances with Wolves
? American Indian
? Indian American
? American Indian ? Indigenous peoples of the Americas
? Indian American
? are Americans who have ancestors from India
? Eg. Chinese
? Native Americans
Americans : ? represent Americans of Chinese descent.
? Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous（本土的） peoples in North America within the boundaries of the present-day continental United States, including parts of Alaska and the island state of Hawaii. ? They are composed of numerous, distinct tribes, states, and ethnic groups（民族） ? The terms used to refer to Native Americans are controversial; according to a 1995 US Census Bureau set of home interviews, most of the respondents with an expressed preference refer to themselves as American Indians or Indians.
(born 1930 in Fort Thompson, South Dakota) is an editor, essayist, poet, novelist, and academic, whose trenchant(尖锐的，鲜明的） views on Native American politics, particularly tribal sovereignty（部 落主权）, have caused controversy.
u in, the Indians or the whites? ? 2. Does there exist any similar situation in China is history? Explain. ? 3. What is the real situation in these days? What do you think of Dalai Lama?
Words and expressions
? 1. abridged
– Adj. 删节的 节略的 – Abridge v.删减 删节 缩短（stay…） – Abridgment n.节略本 删节本
?In the decades after his death, three successive versions appeared that were variously sanitized, abridged and tidied up
– vt. to make sb feel angry, anxious or nervous 使焦虑不安，困扰
? This remark seems to agitate her guest. – vi. ~ for/against sth : to argue strongly for sth you want,
especially for changes in a law, in social condition. etc. （尤指为法律
? This political group has been agitating for social reforms.
? An attempt to agitate for liberal reforms, coupled with growing dissatisfaction in the monarchy, led to an outbreak of demonstrations against the King in 1848.
? ? Adj. agitated : 焦虑不安的，激动的 ? n. agitation 焦虑不安
shot 1. V. 射击(shoot) 射门 投篮 2. N。发射、射击 1. Give it s shot 2. A big shot
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Backpack Pouch/wallet/purse Travelling bag Briefcase Tote bag Lady bag Handbag Waist bag ? ? ? ? ? Pencil case/box Shoulder bags Garment bag Trolley/uprights Trolley backpack
? Creek 小溪 小河（泛 指） ? Spring 泉水 ? Stream 小河 小溪（山 涧） ? Brook 细细溪流 ? River
? Pond fishpond（长草 长鱼-人工造成） ? Pool swimming pool ( 清澈透明-人工 天然) ? Lake ? Resevoir ? Sea ? Ocean
? 5. embitter: make bitter and angry 使...... 怨恨. ? Being scolded without good reasons embittered him. ? 让人无端责骂,他感到一腔怨气。 ? enable 使能够 ? encase 将......装入箱中 ? enchant 施以魔法,使着迷 ? embody 具体体现 ? empower 授权 authorize
Freak 畸形的人 动植物 现象
? ? ? ? ?
V. Hesitate N. hesitation Adj. hesitant Adv; hesitantly Hesitate in doing sth/ to do sth ? As their name indicates, kingsnakes eat other snakes — they do not hesitate to attack, kill and consume rattlesnakes
? 7. intent
– adj. 专注的 坚决的 专心的 （comparative, superlative?） – N。 意图 目的 含义
? I was so intent on my work that I didn‘t notice the time. ? uc. = intention ? She‘s full of good intentions（intent) but they rarely work out. ? I do it out of good intent.=intention ? v. intend Intend to do想要做… intend for 打算 ? I fully intended to pay for the damage.
? Indecisive ? Commit ? Vt. 犯罪、做错事、指派、委托，使…承担义务
? The old man committed his will to the care of the lawyer. ? So many children who commit violent crimes have themselves been brutalized by years of ab
use and neglect. ? Commit to do sth 承诺做某事 N. Commitment 承诺 保证 委托 承担义务 献身 ? This means that the closeness and attraction they once felt is gone, and they stay together only out of commitment. Be committed to sth/doing sth. ? I am committed to fixing our broken immigration system in a way that upholds our traditions as a nation of laws, but also as a nation of immigrants.
? 假释 Parole(v. n.): permission that is given to a prisoner to leave prison before the end of their sentence on condition that the prisoner has behaved well. ? On parole 在假释中 parole hearing ? 保释 Bail（v. n.）: money that sb agrees to pay if a person accused of a crime does not appear before their trial. When bail has been arranged, the accused person is allowed to go free until the trial. Bail sb out. 保释某人 ， 搭救， ?
– 1. 卑劣的 下贱的 – 2. 不幸的 令人不快的 – 3. 极坏的 悲惨的 – CF, SF
? 9. tentative: ? a) not definite or certain, because you may want to change your mind. ? 不确定的，暂定的；试探性的;试验性 的 ?We fixed a tentative date for the meeting. ?Tentative conclusion 初步结论 ?Tentative standard 暂行标准 ? b) unsure , hesitant 犹豫，踌躇不决的 ? a tentative nod 迟疑的点头
? Why did I want to find Magpie? ? Did Amelia think that Magpie would accept the offer from the university? ? What happened to Magpie during the years when the narrator and Magpie were out of touch with each other? ? Who is Elgie? ? Did Elgie think that Magpie might want to accept the scholarship? What made him think so? ? What happened to Magpie in the end?
? ? ? ? 1. it‘s not up to me to say. Be up to sb to do sth 应由某人做某事 Translate: 该由朱丽叶自己决定要不要嫁给罗密欧， 父母应该做的不应该是干涉子女的婚姻决 定而是提供支持和帮助。
? 7. know of his whereabouts 知道他的下落. ? a) know of=know about : have heard about 听说过,知道 ? I don't know him, but I know of him. ? 我不认识他,但知道有这个人。 ? b) whereabouts :
? the place where a person or thing is ? 下落,去向 ? His whereabouts are/is still unknown.
? 2. (be) in for : be going to experience sth soon, especially sth unpleasant. ? 必定会经历，少不了受到、即将遭受（不愉 快的事） ? 淘气的男孩免不了要挨打。 ? The naughty boy is in for a beating. ? 看那样子,似乎我们免不了要遇到暴风雨天 气。 ? It looks as if we’re in for stormy weather.
? 3. reference: 参考 提及 引用 ? V. refer ? Refer to sb/sth ( as sb/sth) : to mention or speak about ? 我们提到李宇春，总是称呼她为“纯爷们”. ? We always refer to Li Yuchun as “the true man”. ? Refer to sb/
sth: to described or to be connected with sth ? 描述、涉及、与。。相关 ? The term “Arts” usually refers to humanities and social sciences. ? Arts 一词通常指的是人文和社会科学 ? To look at sth or ask sb for information 参考、征询 ? refer to the dictionary reference book ? reference person
? 4. in good spirits: 情绪很好 ? spirits : [plural] mood with regard to great happiness or great sadness ? I hope you will be in better spirits when we meet again. ? 我希望我们下次见面时你情绪会好些。 ? He is so depressed that I wonder who could lift his spirits. ? 他非常沮丧,我不知谁能帮他振作起来。 ? In high/low spirit mood
Why don‘t you just leave it alone now?
? Leave sb or sth alone 不管 别惹 别碰 ?Shut up, just leave me alone, I need to think. Leave/let alone sth 更不必说 ，更不消说, 更别提 ?In old China there was hardly any machinebuilding industry, leave alone an automobile industry. ?Its water is so contaminated that in some areas it is unsafe even to touch, let alone use for irrigation or drinking.
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Sentence N. 句子 判刑 V. 判刑 A five-year sentence A sentence of five years Death sentence Lifelong imprisonment Be sentenced to sth 被判处Lifelong imprisonment/ death
? 7. settle +sb/oneself ? To make yourself or sb comfortable in a new position 使处于舒适的位置 ? He settled himself comfortably in his usual chair. ? I settled the baby on the sofa and put a blanket over her. ? Please settle your bill before leaving the hotel. ? His gaze settled on her face. ? settle down in Guangzhou ? settle a dispute
? 9. get away ? There is a meeting after work, but I should be able to get away by seven. ? We are hoping to get away a few days at Christmas. ? Don’t be temped to cheat in the exam– You’ll never get away with it. ? ? 10. scoff / mock at: 嘲笑,嘲弄
? A photo of my mother‘s ? A photo of my mother ? the moment I walked into the classroom, everyone smiles to me. ? mean
? 8. inch: to move or to make sth move very and carefully in a particular direction. 谨慎移动 ? Patrol : 巡逻，巡查 ? Patrolman. 巡逻官
Always tentative about letting you know what he was really thinking， Elgie said， “Yeah？” But Salina wouldn?t let him get away so noncommittally， “Elgie，” she scoffed. ―You know he wouldn‘t go！” ? 埃尔吉总是犹豫着是否让别人了解到他 的真正想法，他问道，“是吗？” 可莎琳 娜却不想让他就这么不置可否。“埃尔吉，” 她嘲弄道，“你知道他是不会去的！”
? 11. go for: ? to choose sth. ?
Relieve relief believe belief
? to be attracted by sth/sb, to like or prefer sb or sth.
? To put a lot of effort into sth, so that you get or achieve sth.
? Go for it!
? 11. surveillance ? the act of carefully watc
hing a person suspected of a crime or a place where a crime may be committed.
? surveillance camera 监控摄像头
? 12. isolate ? The US has sought to isolate Cuba both economically and politically. ? The city has been isolated by recent flooding. ? isolated ? Isolation sunset sunrise related
? What do you think the best choice is ? You think the best choice is XXX ?
? Some key points about the last class:1 ? 1. (At) one time when……, we ended up… ? 2. What do you think it would be like for him at that university in California? ? You think it would be like XX for him at that university in California. ? What would it be like for him at that university in California? ? What do you think it would be like for him at that university in California? ? 你认为什么是最好的选择？ ? What do you think the best choice is? ? 混合疑问句的句式： 特殊疑问词＋do you think（或 其他表示心里活动的词）＋陈述语序 “陈述语序” 非常重要。
? 12. convict ? Convict: ? v. to prove or announce that someone is guilty of a crime after a trial. 证明…有罪 ? convict sb of sth ? 他被判有诈骗罪(fraud) ? He was convicted of fraud. ? n. someone who has been proved to be guilty of a crime and sent to prison 罪犯 ? 越狱犯 an escaped convict
? 12. exile: to force someone to leave their country, especially for political reasons ? n. 流放( in ~, go into~, be forced into ~ ) ? After a long period of forced exile he returned to rule his country again. ? 被迫流亡国外很长一段时间后，他回国再次 执政。（rule) ? v. 流放某人，使某人流亡 ~ sb. ? 战后，他被流放国外而其他领导人则被捕入 狱。 ? After the war, he was exiled and other leaders imprisoned. Put in jail
? 13.hung: ? Hang 悬挂，吊；垂落；悬浮; 绞死，施以绞 刑 ? Hang hanged hanged ? Hang hung hung ? Hang your coat up the hook. ? Her hair hung down to her waist. ? 她的长发垂及腰际。 ? Smoke hung in the air above the city. ? 城市上空烟雾弥漫。 ? He was the last man to be hanged for murder in this country. ? 他是这个国家最后一个因谋杀被处以绞刑的人。
? 名词或者代词加上其他成分（分词、不定式、 名词、代词、形容词、副词或介词短语）构 成，在语法上是一个独立的短语，不是句子， 在意思上依附于整个句子，具有一下四个特 点： ? 1. 作用相当于状语从句，可表示时间、原因、 条件、行为方式或伴随情况。 ? 2. 独立逐个结构可置于句首也可以放在句尾。 ? 3. 独立主格结构的逻辑主语与句中语法主语 不同，不指同一个人或同一事物。 ? 4. 主要用于书面英语。
? 名词或者代词加上其他成分（分词、不定式、名词、 代词、形容词、副词或介词短语）构成，在语法上
是一个独立的短语，不是句子，在意思上依附于整 个句子。 Miserable misery ? 1. with/without +名词/代词（宾格）+分词 ? Without any money left, he had no choice but to borrow some from his friend. ? With him sitting next to her, she felt safe. ? 2.名词/代词（主格）(逻辑主语）+分词 ? Homework finished ,he went to bed ? 3.名词 (逻辑主语）+介词短语/形容词/副词 ? Book in hand, the teacher entered the classroom. ? He walked out of the room, face red with anger.
? ? ? ? ?
pick up 捡起 获得 收拾 学会 接某人 The economy is picking up this year. Let‘s pick up where we left off yesterday. I‘ll pick you up at five. He was picked up by police and taken to the station for questioning. ? Grandma picked up English when she go travelling in Europe. ? resist resistance
? The bank strongly resisted cutting interest rate. ( 抵制；反抗） ? He couldn‘t resist showing off his new car. ? ( 抵挡不了，忍不住—用于否定句）
? 6． “There are things about this though，” Elgie said. ―Magpie shouldn't have been there， see， because it's a part of the condition of his parole that he stays away from friends and relatives and ex-convicts and just about everybody. ? ―还有件事”，埃尔吉继续说：“麦格派本 不应该在那儿，你知道吗？因为假释的条 件之一就是他应该远离他的朋友、亲戚和 以前的囚犯，差不多是不能见任何人。
? 7． But the silence which hung about the place filled me with apprehension， and when we walked in the back door which hung open， we saw people standing in the kitchen. I asked carefully， “What?s wrong？” 然而，四周的寂静使我忐忑不安。当我们 走进敞着的后门时，看到人们都站在厨房 里，我小心翼翼地问道，“出什么事了？
? 8． I held the poems tightly in my hands ， pressing my thumbs，first one and then the other，against the smoothness of the cardboard folder. ? ? 我把麦格派的诗紧紧地握在手里，两个拇 指先后把光滑的文件夹狠狠地摁下去。
? 8． I held the poems tightly in my hands ， pressing my thumbs，first one and then the other，against the smoothness of the cardboard folder. ? ? 我手里紧紧地握着那些诗歌,拇指时不时地 交替摁着光滑的硬纸板表面. ? 拇指交替用力按压着硬纸夹光滑的表面.
? What does the ending of the story tell you? ?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1. hesitant 2. whereabouts 3. segregated 4. tentative 5. click 6. noncommittally 7. intently 8. agitation
? 1. South Africa used to be a country where black people and white people were (separated, segregated). ? Separate: to divide or split into different parts, if something separates two places or two things, it is between them so that they are not touchi
ng each other ? Segregate: to separate one group of people from others, especially because they are of a different race, sex, or religion(尤指种族隔离)
? 2. The letter from her sister so (embittered,
? ? ? ? ?
agitated) her that she stayed awake half the night, trying to think of a way to get back at her. Embitter: to make sb feel angry or disappointed about sth over a long period of time 使怨愤；使 沮丧；使苦恼。 Years of caring for her aging parents had embittered her. 多年来一直照顾她年迈的双亲使她颇有怨言。 Agitate: (formal) to make someone feel anxious, upset, and nervous(激怒，使不安，使激动) Get back at sb.: to do something to hurt or harm someone who has hurt or harmed you
? 3. You haven‘t seen him for over a year?‖
he sounded (incredible, incredulous). ? Incredible: too strange to be believed or very difficult to believe(表示一种怀疑的态 度) ? Incredulous: unable or unwilling to believe something(表示虽然不愿相信但承认事实)
? 4. No matter what he said, the only response he got from him was a (noncommittal, tentative) ―I see‖ ? Noncommittal: deliberately not expressing your opinion or intentions clearly(不明朗的) ? Tentative: not definite or certain, and may be changed later; not behaving or done without confidence (不确定的，不肯定的， 暂定的；踌躇的，犹豫的)
? 5 . That plan was too (untrue, unrealistic) to be adopted. ? Untrue: not based on facts that are correct ? Unrealistic: unrealistic ideas or hopes are not reasonable or sensible
? 6. When people looked at him too (intently,
tentatively), he felt very uncomfortable. ? Intently: giving careful attention to something so that you think about nothing else ? Tentatively: not definite or certain, and may be changed later(暂时,试验性的)
? 7. Since she didn‘t know anybody in that city, she
was rather (hesitant, tentative) when accepting the job offer. Hesitant: uncertain about what to do or say because you are nervous or unwilling 【朗文】 Slow to speak or act because you feel uncertain , embarrassed or unwilling 【牛津】 Tentative: not definite or certain ,because you may want to change your mind; done without confidence; 【朗文】 Not definite or certain ,because you may want to change it later; not behaving or done with confidence(这是tentative的第二个意思) 【牛津】
The Task for a Translator
? 8 ―Do you really think he will give up the position?‖ he (scoffed, scold). ? Scoff: to laugh at a person or idea, and talk about them in a way that shows you think they are stupid; make fun of ? Scold: to angrily criticize someone, especially a child, about something they have done
1 Students‘ Version
When I got to know that Magpie had just won a scholarship from a university in California where they want him to
go to the Fine Arts college, I felt quite glad for him. I felt quite glad for Magpie when I got to know that Magpie had just won a scholarship from a university in California where they want him to go to the Fine Arts college.
2 Students‘ Version
? Spectator ? Spectacular ? Literate translation /understanding ? Selfishness
? sophisticated ? liberal
? I knew he had been dreaming of becoming a poet and that he had such talent. It was a good chance for him.
3 Students‘ Version
? So I went back to Crow Creek, planning to break the good news to him and to get him to fill out some papers. But Magpie was not home. His wife said they hadn't been together for a while and she only heard that he was in Chamberlain.
4 Students‘ Version
? Then I went to Salina and asked her to help me. Salina said that Magpie had changed a lot since he was put in jail, and she thought that he was no longer interested in going to a university of the whites'.
5 Students‘ Version
? But I insisted that Magpie have a right to know about it and he should make a decision for himself. She agreed and went with me to find Elgie, one of Magpie's good friends. But finally when I was about to see Magpie, he had already been shot death by the police.
6 Students‘ Version
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
张培基 英译中国现代散文选 中国翻译 连淑能 英汉对比研究 杨宪益 王佐良