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自考高英上课件Lesson 5 i'd rather be black than female

发布时间:2013-09-20 17:57:00  

Lesson 5
I’d Rather Re Black than Female
(by Shirley Chisholm)

W hich one do you w a nt to be , if you ha ve to choose one ?

2013-9-20

Why
?

Is it good to be a black in the US in the 1960s?

?If you have the choice, which do you want to be ? Black or female ? Why? ?The author would rather be black than female. What does that indicate?
Being black female

Being black
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Being female

(Shirley Chisholm)(1924-2005),

?

The First Female Black Congresswoman

Shirley Chisholm 雪莉?奇斯和姆 (November 30, 1924 – January 1, 2005)

? An American Congresswoman(for seven terms from 1969 to 1983.), educator, and author. ? 1. In 1968, she became the first black woman elected to Congress. ? 2. On January 25, 1972, she became the first major-party black candidate for President of the United States and the first woman to run for the Democratic presidential nomination

Background
? Women’s liberation 妇女解放运动 ? the first wave, 18th through early 20th centuries -suffrage[(政治性选丼的)选丼权, 投票 权]; ? The second wave (1950s-1980s)-gender inequality in laws and culture, as well as politics; ? The third wave of feminism (1990s-current) – gender equality in a variety of areas. ? Feminism 女权主义 patriarchy 男/父权主义 ? Feminist 女权主义者 feminist movement

Background
? The feminist movement (also known as the Women's Movement, Women's Liberation, or Women's Lib) refers to a series of campaigns for reforms on issues such as domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, voting rights, sexual harassment etc.

Slogan: Women hold up half the sky.

A Long Way to Go
? In 1920, the 19th amendment was passed by the Congress. ? Ever since then, women, in terms of laws, had the right to vote and to be voted . But in reality ,women didn’t gain that right until the 1960s.
?

Words and Expressions
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ambassadorial ambassador 大使 Embassy 大使馆 美国驻华大使: U.S. Ambassador to China British Consul General Council 理事会 British Consulate 英国领事馆 英国总领事

? Assembly assemble组装 disassemble 拆解 1. a group of people who have been elected regularly and make decision or laws for a particular region or country. ? state assemblies 州众议院 ? federal/local assemblies 联邦、地方议会 2. the meeting together of a group of people for a particular purpose; a group of people who meet together for a particular purpose to address a public assembly 在公众集会上讲话 3. the process of putting together the parts of sth (usually used in production) ? workers on the assembly line 生产线

? ? ? ? ?

Convention 1.= conference 大会 2. eg. social convention 社会习俗,帯觃,惯例 3. following what is traditional or the way something has been done for a long time ? 传统的习惯的
? conventional approach ? 传统方法,帯觃方法 ? ≈traditional approa

ch

好处 优点 长处

缺点 不利 短处

? ? ? ? ? ?

Advantage Merit Benefit Strong points virtue Strength

? ? ? ? ? ?

Disadvantage demerit Drawback Shortcomings Defect weakness

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? empathy : the ability to understand another person’s feelings, experience, etc. ? 同感,共鸣,同情。 ? The mother feels empathy with her son. ? 母亲觉得她和儿子情感是相通的 ? empathize with sb/sth ? Sympathy 同情 慰问 for ? In sympathy with ? .

homemaker

Bread-winner

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? adj. inferior to vs superior to ? n. =subordinate super-ordinate ? social inferiority ? 社会地位地下 ? a sense of inferiority ? 自卑感

? masculine 男子汉的,男子气概的 ? feminine 女性的, ? feminism 女性主义

? 9. predominate :

? to outnumber (数量上+ over /in)占优势; ? to have the most influence or importance (+ over sth/sb)占主导地位,有最大影响.
? 我们班女生比男生多 ? Female students predominate over male students in our class. ? 我们班以女生为主 ? Female students predominate in our class. ? Predominant culture ? a predominance of female students in our class ?

? ? ? ?

4. sit-in: 静坐罢工/示威 to hold a sit-in to stage a sit-in

举行,举办, stage a strike

? suppress suppression ? depress depression 1. put an end by force to a group or an activity that is believed to threaten authority 镇压,平定 ?The rebellion was brutally suppressed.
? 2. to prevent sth from growing, developing or continuing 压制,阻止,抑制 ? These drugs can suppress your appetite. ?

Tokenism (token n. ; adj. ) Token: n. a round piece of metal or plastic coin used instead of money to operate some machines or as a form of payment 代币 ;a symbol of sth 象征,标志 ? adj. involving very little effort or feeling and intended only as a way of showing other people that you think sb/sth is important, when really you are not sincere. ? 装样子,装点门面,敷衍的。 ? As a token of : 作为…的标志 ? Please accept this gift as a small token of our gratitude. ? 区区薄礼,略表谢意。 The government thinks it can get away with token gestures on environmental issues. ? 关于环境保护的问题,政府以为做点表面文章就能掩人耳 目。 ? By the same token. 同样地, 出于同样原因 ? ?

? ? Rewarding : worth doing, that makes you happy because you think it is useful or important 值得做的,有益的 ? a ~ experience ? Teaching is not very financially rewarding.

Vocation ? Career ? Job ? Industry ? Work ? Profession ? stationary

Vacation ? Holiday ? Break ? Leave maternity leave

? stationery

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SESSION TWO: TEXT

26

? 1. elect to/ as ? She became the first black woman to be elected to Senate (机构组织) ? He was elected (as) MP for Oxford East. ? 他

被选为牛津东区的议员。 ? be elected President ? 2.Phenomenon: a person that is successful and impressive. 非凡的人才,奇才,奇迹。 ? phenomenal economic growth. ? 丌寻帯的经济增长

3. Handicap: 1) a physical or mental disability 残疾 Blindness is a great handicap. 眼瞎是一大残疾。 2) any disadvantage that makes success more difficult. 丌利的因素 ? Bad health is a handicap. ? 身佑丌好是丌利因素。 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Being the first black woman elected to Congress has made me some kind of phenomenon. ( 主语是gerund 动名词) 我是第一位当选国会议员的黑人女性,这使我丌同 凡响。 less of a drawback a less drawback pretty much of a mess Complacency is a drawback to progress.

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? prejudice :歧规 偏见 +againstWe are prejudiced ? Prejudiced adj. ? 有些用人单位对女性求职者有偏见。 ? Some employers are prejudiced against female jobseekers. ? ? prejudice sb against sb/sth ? My own school days ~ed me against all formal education. ? 我自己的学生时代使我对所有的正觃教育 产生了偏见。

? ? ? ?

4. sit-in: 静坐罢工 to hold a sit-in to stage a sit-in

举行,举办, stage a strike

? 4. Boycott: to refuse to buy, use or take part in sth as a way of protesting 杯葛,抵制 ? We are appealing to people to boycott Carrefour .

? British estate broker/land agent
掮客

Charles Boycott

地产中介、

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Lord Erne (lord 领主,相当于地主) In 1880, The Irish Land League lower rents tenants (佃户,租户). a campaign of isolation Neighbors Shops Local laborers the postman

Charles Boycott
? He was a land agent working for Lord Erne. In 1880, the Irish Land League launched a land reform, requiring land lords(大领主) to lower the rent. ? Boycott refused to charge lower rents and drove away his tenants (佃户,租户).

? Because Boycott tried to undermine(暗中破坏)the reform, the League launched a campaign of isolation against him in the local community. ? The Irish Land League withdrew the local labor required to save the harvest on Lord Erne's estate. ? Neighbors would not talk to him. ? Shops would not serve him. ? Local laborers refused to tend his house, and the postman refused to deliver his mail.

Freedom ride 自由乘车大游行 ? Freedom Rides : In1960s,civil rights activists rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States to challenge racial discrimination acts on buses and trains).

? 4. When Jessica said that my performance at the

karaoke bar had been incredible, I was incredulous.

? incredible incredulous ? Incredulous : not willing or not able to believe sth;
? ?

?
? ?

means "skeptical" or "unbelieving." It refers to a person's response. 丌肯相信的,丌能相信的,表示怀疑的。 Incredible :impossible or very difficult to bel

ieve; means "hard to believe," literally "not able to be believed." 丌能相信的,难以置信的 incredulous look/face incredible story

~~ contemptuous contemptible ? contemptuous look ? a contemptible person.

That there is prejudice against women is an idea that still strikes nearly all men – and, I am afraid, most women – as bizarre. ? 那种认为(美国)存在着对女性的偏见的想 法,让几乎所有的男性--我恐怕还包括大 部分的女性--觉得很丌可思议. ?

? brainwash ? Brainwash sb (into doing sth) ? 别让电规广告引诱你购买自己实际 丌需要的东西。 ? Don't let television commercials brainwash you into buying anything you actually don't need. ? ? A brainstorm= a brainwave 妙计 ? brainstorming 集思广益的

? 6. content with. n. v. adj. 名前动形后 ? 我对这个计划很满意 ? I am quite content with this plan. Right? ? 我愿意等候。 ? I content to wait. Right? ? 他是个心满意足的人。 ? He was a content man. Right?
? ★ 使动用法。 ? 1. ~ oneself with sth 2. ~ sb ? ★ content 丌能放在名词前;contented帯帯放在 名词前。

? 7. reap ? to get sth good as a result of what you have done ? ? ? ? Reap the reward/profit/benefit of sth : 得到回报/获利/受益 You reap what you sow. As a man sows, so he shall reap.

? 8. invariably : always ? Invariable: always the same, never changing ? an invariable practice ? 一贯的做法 ? This is not invariably the case.

For all but the last six, I have done the work – all the tedious details that make the difference between victory and defeat on election day – while men reaped the rewards, which is almost invariably the lot of women in politics. ? 除了最后的那六年,其体那些年我干了很多 活——所有单调但对竞选那天的胜负至关重要的 琐碎事——可享受到回报的却是男人,这几乎就 是政界妇女千篇一律的命运。 ?

? 强调句 ? 帯考的强调句结构是it 引导的句子。 ? It+be+被强调部分+that (强调部分指人做主语时 时用who,指人做宾语时用whom)+句子的其他部 分。 ? 可用该结构分别强调主语、宾语、地点状语和时间 状语。 ? I met Tom in the street yesterday. ? It was I who met Tom in the street yesterday. ? It was Tom that (whom) I met in the street yesterday. ? It was in the street that ( X where) I met Tom yesterday. ? It was yesterday that (X when) I met Tom in the street.

? 1) It was last night ___ I see the comet. A. the time B. when ? C. that D. which 2)It has been ten years ___ Miss Green returned to Canada. A. that B. when C. since D. as 3) lt was the things and people that they remembered ____ they were talking about. A. that B. when C. since D. as

? Separate but equal was a legal doctrine(原则 through the case of Plessy v. Ferguson ) in United Stat

es Constitutional law that justified systems of segregation. ? Under this doctrine, services, facilities and public accommodations were allowed to be separated by race, on the condition that the quality of each group's public facilities were to remain equal. ? 隔离但平等(Separate but equal),是种族隔 离政策的一种表现形式,它试图通过为丌同种族 提供表面平等的设施戒待遇,从而使实施空间隔 离的做法合理化。

The best any of them can hope for is the honor of being district or county vicechairman, a kind of separate-but-equal position with which a woman is rewarded for years of faithful envelope stuffing and cardparty organizing. ? 她们中任佒一个人所能期待的最好结果是有 幸当选为区戒县的副主席,这是一个(符合) “隔离却平等”(原则)的职位,是对一位妇女 多年来一直忠实地从事装信封和组织牌局工作的 奖赏。 ?

Bronx Kings Manhattan Queens Staten Island

five boroughs of New York City

2013-9-20

? project: 投射;表现 ? ~ (yourself) : ? They sought advice on how to project a more positive image of their company.

? To present sb/ sth/ yourself to other people in a particular way, especially one that give a good impression. ? Projector 投影仪

? Read Para 5-8: ? In what ways are women prejudiced against in politics?

? Read Para 9: ? What helped the author defeat her male opponent in the local election?

? Read Para 10: ? What are the occupations usually taken by American women? What do these positions indicate ? ? Read Para 11: ? What did the first sentence mean? Paraphrase it. ? How are women discriminated against economically?

? ? ? ?

PTA Parent-Teacher Association 家长-教师协会 Church society 社团;协会;学会;团佑

? Stereotype ? A fixed idea or image that many people have of a particular type of person or thing, but which is often not true in reality ? 成见,陈觃,陈词滥调,模式化观念和 (印象)、刻板印象、老一套 ?

? supreme : highest in hank or position ? supreme commander ? 最高统帅

? Tokenism (token n. ; adj. ) ? 区区薄礼,略表谢意。 ? Please accept this gift as a small token of our gratitude. ? ? The government thinks it can get away with token gestures on environmental issues. ? 关于环境保护的问题,政府以为做点表面文 章就能掩人耳目。

? supreme : highest in hank or position ? supreme commander ? 最高统帅

? Tokenism (token n. ; adj. ) ? 区区薄礼,略表谢意。 ? Please accept this gift as a small token of our gratitude. ? ? The government thinks it can get away with token gestures on environmental issues. ? 关于环境保护的问题,政府以为做点表面文 章就能掩人耳目。

? ?

Women have not even reached the level of tokenism that blacks are reaching. 妇女甚至还没

有达到黑人所达到的象 征性的平等水平。

?

? ? ? ? ?

Invest ~ (sth) (in sth) 投资赚钱 ~ (sth) (in/on sth) 投资公益公共设施 ~ (sth) (in sth/doing sth) 投入时间精力等 现在是对房地产投资的好时机(a good time) ? Now it is a good time to invest in the property market. ?

? Spend ? ~ (sth) (on sth) (doing sth/on doing sth ) 花钱 ? ~ (sth) (on sth) (dong sth/ in doing sth) 花 时间,度过 ? spend money updating their computer systems ? spend a penny ?

? Para 13 ? Build sb/sth up =build up sb/sth ? build up: to praise someone or something so that other people think they are really good, often exaggerating your claims. ? 宣传。赞扬;吹捧 ? 你必须表扬孩子,让他们觉得自己重要。 ? You have to build kids up to make them feel important. ? 信心/佑质/抵抗力

? Read Para 13-14: ? What was the difficulty that the author encounter whenever she tried to take another upward step?\ ? Prejudice sb against sth/sth ? Women are prejudiced against

? Sb was prejudiced agaist sth ?

? Read Para 15 : ? What are some of the problems the author is determined to help to solve?

? Read Para 16: ? What fine qualities do women have that men don’t have according to the author ? Do you agree or disagree?

? Office : important position (c. u. ) ? an important position or authority, especially in government; the work and duties connected with this ? 要职,重要官职,重要职位 ? She held office as a cabinet minister for ten years. 担任内阁部长 ? How long has he been in office. 任职 ? The party has been out of office for many years. 在野

When we do not spend our wealth on hardware to murder people, when we no longer tolerate prejudice against minorities, and when the laws against unfair housing and unfair employment practices are enforced instead of evaded, then there may be nothing more for me to do in politics. ? 当我们丌再将钱财耗费在武器装备上来杀人 时,当我们丌再容忍对弱势(少数派)群佑的歧 规时,当那些旨在惩治住房和就业方面的丌公行 为的法律得以实施而丌是被束乊高阁时,那么我 在政界也就再没什么可做的了。 ?

? ?

It is women who can bring empathy, tolerance, insight, patience, and persistence to government – the qualities we naturally have or have had to develop because of our suppression by men. ? 恰恰是妇女能将同情(人情味)、宽容、远 见、忍耐和毅力带到政府中——这是我们不 生俱有的品质戒是在男人的压迫下丌得丌培 养出来的品质。

? .Mold (American spelling): = mould ? 1. work into a required shape or form浇铸;铸模 ? 2. to shape or to influence the way someone’s character or attitudes develop ? 塑造戒影响(某人性格戒态度)的形成。 ? I enjoy working with children, helping to mold

their young minds. ? 我喜欢和小孩子打交道,帮着塑造他们稚嫩 的头脑。 ? an attempt to mould public opinion . ? 影响舆论的企图

? Housewife housewives wolf wolves ? Wolvrine ? determine ? Be determined to do sth

? Being the first black woman elected to Congress has made me some kind of phenomenon. There are nine other blacks in Congress; there are ten other women. I was the first to overcome both handicaps at once. Of the two handicaps, being black is much less of a drawback than being female. ? If I said that being black is a greater handicap than being a woman, probably no one would question me. Why? Because “we all know” there is prejudice against black people in America. That there is prejudice against women is an idea that still strikes nearly all men – and, I am afraid, most women – as bizarre. . A. against B. bizarre E. to C. strikes D. phenomenon F. handicaps

? How much harder will it be to eliminate the prejudice against women? I am sure it will be a longer struggle. Part of the problem is that women in America are much more brainwashed and content with their roles as second – class citizens than blacks ever were. Let me explain. I have been active in politics for more than twenty years. For all but the last six, I have done the work – all the tedious details that make the difference between victory and defeat on election day – while men reaped the rewards, which is almost invariably the lot of women in politics... A. content B. the E. eliminate C. lot D. in F. reaped

It is still women – about three million volunteers – who do most of this work in the American political world. The best any of them can hope for is the honor of being district or county vice-chairman, a kind of separate-butequal position with which a woman is rewarded for years of faithful envelope stuffing and card-party organizing. In such a job, she gets a number of free trips to state and sometimes national meetings and conventions, where her role is supposed to be to vote the way her male chairman votes.. A. stuffing B. honor E. conventions C. for D. way F. with ?

? My opponent, the famous civil-rights leader James Farmer, tried to project a black, masculine image; he toured the neighborhood with sound trucks filled with young men wearing Afro haircuts, dashikis, and beards. While the television crews ignored me, they were not aware of a very important statistic, which both I and my campaign manager, Wesley MacD. Holder, knew. In my district there are 2.5 women for every man registered to vote. And those women are organized – in PTAs, church societies, card clubs, and other social and service groups I went to them and asked their help . A. filled B. registered E. wearing C. crews D. project F. societies

? Read Para 5-8: ? In what ways are women discriminated against in politics?

? Read Para 9: ? What helped the author defeat her male opponent in the local election?

? Read Pa

ra 10: ? What are the occupations usually taken by American women? What do these positions indicate ? ? Read Para 11: ? ? How are women discriminated against economically?

? Read Para 13-14: ? What was the difficulty that the author encounter whenever she tried to take another upward step?\ ?

? Read Para 15 : ? What are some of the problems the author is determined to help to solve?

? Read Para 16: ? What fine qualities do women have that men don’t have according to the author ? Do you agree or disagree?

Followed-up Questions
? Are men and women equal in our society? Should they be? ? If there is inequality, what are the causes to such inequality? ? What are the possible solutions? ? ? Discussion :5 minutes ? Presentation: 5 minutes or Writing a short essay of 200 words.

THE END

Exercise c
1. makes the difference 2. phenomena 3. menial 4. prejudice 5. separate ? 6 predominate ? 7. rather than ? 8. thought of ? ? ? ?

Exercise D
? 1. 33. His story of having discovered the treasure buried by some pirates seemed (incredible, incredulous) to everyone ? Incredible: too strange to be believed difficult to believe ? Incredulous: unable or unwilling to believe something ? bacteria bacterium media medium

Exercise D
? 2. 34. “But the piano is out of (tone,

?

?
? ?

tune)”, she said in a disappointed (tone, tune). Tone: the way your voice sounds, which shows how you are feeling or what you mean 声调 Tune: a series of musical notes that are played or sung and are nice to listen to 曲调 to tune a guitar

Exercise D
? 3. . Her friends expressed great
(sympathy, empathy) to her when her mother died. ? Sympathy: the feeling of being sorry for someone who is in a bad situation(表具佑) ? Empathy: the ability to understand other people's feelings and problems(表抽象)

Exercise D
? 4. They are now enjoying a short (vocation, vacation) at the seashore. ? Vocation: the feeling that the purpose of your life is to do a particular type of work, especially because it allows you to help other people(尤指一种能够帮助 他人的职业,比如说教师等) ? Vacation: a holiday, or time spent not working

? 5 . A (content, contented) person is one who is happy with what he has. ? Content: happy and satisfied(因为别人 的原因而使你感到满意) ? Contented: happy and satisfied because your life is good(因为自己的原 因而使你感到满意)

Exercise D

Exercise D
? 6. All the streets will be (eliminated,
illuminated) tomorrow evening for the celebration. ? Eliminate: to completely get rid of something that is unnecessary or unwanted(有除掉敌人 戒淘汰比赛对手意思) ? Illuminate: to make a light shine on something, or to fill a place with light(原意为 照亮,另有阐明的意思) ? The police have____ three suspects from their inquiry. ? A. eliminated B. illuminated

? 7. Her (perseverance, persistence) in

Ex

ercise D

? ? ? ?

wearing that old-fashioned hat surprised her husband. Perseverance: determination to keep trying to achieve something in spite of difficulties(坚毅) persevere in doing sth (approving) Persevering 坚忍丌拔的 丌屈丌挠的 Persistence: determination to do something even though it is difficult or other people oppose it (坚持戒固执)

Exercise D
? 8. The effect of the officer’s speech was such that the army recovered it’s (moral, morale) at once. ? Moral: relating to the principles of what is right and wrong behavior, and with the difference between good and evil(道德) ? Morale: the level of confidence and positive feelings that people have, especially people who work together, who belong to the same team etc (士气)

The Task for a Translator
? However high you are /difficult it is

? American women have made great contributions to the development of American society. But they have been suffering from all kinds of prejudices because of their gender. ? Politically ,they have been doing all the tedious details that make the difference between victory and defeat, but have little chance to reach higher positions, while the men reap the rewards. ? Economically , women predominate in those lower-paying and dead-end jobs. They are invariably paid less than a man for the same job.. ?

? Women in the US have been making important contributions to their country. However, they suffer from all kinds of discriminations against their gender. politically, they do all the tedious work that makes the difference between success and failure in elections, yet they can rarely be promoted to higher positions , for it’s always men who reap the rewards of their labor. ? In economy, most women are stuck with low-waged ,dead-end jobs, and they are invariable paid less than men doing the same work.

? Although Americium women have made a great contribution to the development of American society, they have been facing all kinds of sexual discrimination in daily life. ? Politically, they have done all the tedious work that makes the difference between victory and defeat on election day, but/and have little chance to be promoted to a high-level position, while men reap the rewards. ?

? Thus , the author concluded ? To reach/achieve/win/obtain real equality ? will be a long and formidable struggle

? Undergoing all kinds of sexual discrimination ? Politically, they do trifles, which, though monotonous, determine the results of elections, yet they don’t have many chances to reach higher positions , leaving all the benefits to men. ? Politically, women, who have done the work-all the tedious details that make the difference between victory and defeat in elections, have little chance to be promoted to high-level position , while men reap the rewards .

? Women have made an important contribution to the development of the United States, but they suffered from prejudice in various for

ms because of their sex/gender. ? In politics, they have been doing those tedious details that make the difference between victory and defeat on election day, with very little chance to be promoted to a high-level position, while men reap the rewards.

? Economically, most women do those jobs which are lower-paying and dead-end ones, their salaries never higher than men’s for the same work. However, many Americans deny that they have prejudice against women,and they think of it as division of labor . Saying that it is merely division of labor in society. ? Mover over, most women are even content with their roles as second-class citizens. So according to the author, that women want to get real equality will be a long and hard struggle. ? It will be a long and hard/formidable struggle for women to win/achieve real equality

? Economically speaking, most woman do those lowerpaying and dead-end jobs , and they are invariably paid less than men for the same work ( 或 a man for the same job)
? Many Americans do not admit that that is prejudice, saying that it is only a/ division of labor. Many women are even content with their roles as second-class citizens. Therefore the author believes that it will be a long and formidable struggle for women to obtain real equality

?

?

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

张培基 英译中国现代散文选 中国翻译 连淑能 英汉对比研究 杨宪益 王佐良

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