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小升初 英语

发布时间:2013-12-10 13:27:35  

小升初英语复习重点

系统语法学习。小升初英语考试中单项选择比例占到15%-30%,同时,在其他各种题型中也都涉及到大量的语法知识。进行系统

的语法的学习非常必要。

重点词汇积累。词汇量:一般重点中学的小升初英语考试,都要求学生具有2000到3000的词汇量,而且要求学生能读、能听懂

这些单词,甚至要求孩子会拼写。很多孩子认为小升初英语考试卷中的英文奥数题比较难,主要障碍就是很多单词不会,这样

扣分之后,跟其他孩子就有差距了。

实际运用能力:知识学到手会用才是关键。

具体知识点:

第一部分;基础知识

1.字母:26个字母的大小写

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

2.语音:元音的发音

五个元音字母:AEIOU

12个单元音:长元音:/ɑ:/,/?:/,/?:/, /i:/,/u:/

短元音:/?/ /e/ /i/ / ? / /∧/ /u/ /?/

3.词汇:词汇量,近反义词

4.句子:大小写,标点符号

第二部分:语法知识

一.名词:名词单复数,名词的格

(一)名词单复数

1.一般情况,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives

5.不规则名词复数:

man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice

child-children, foot-feet, tooth-teeth, fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese

不可数名词的复数就是原型:paper, juice, water, milk, rice, tea

(二)名词的格

(1) 有生命的东西的名词所有格:

a) 单数后加’s 如: Lucy’s ruler my father’s shirt

b) 以s 结尾的复数名词后加’如: his friends’ bags

c) 不以s 结尾的复数后加’s children’s shoes

? 并列名词中,如果把’s加在最后一个名词后,表示共有, 如:

Tom and Mike’s car 汤姆和迈克共有的小汽车

? 要表示所有物不是共有的,应分别在并列名词后加’s

Tom’s and Mike’s cars 汤姆和麦克各自的小汽车

(2)表示无生命东西的名词通常用“ of +名词”来表示所有关系:如:

a picture of the classroom a map of China

二.冠词:不定冠词,定冠词种类:

(1)不定冠词:a / an a unit / an uncle

元音开头的可数名词前用an :

an egg / an apple / an orange / an eraser / an answer / an ID card / an alarm clock / an actor / an actress /

an e-mail / an address / an event / an example / an opera / an houran old man / an interesting book / an

exciting sport / an action movie / an art lesson /

(2)定冠词:thethe egg the plane

2. 用法:

定冠词的用法:

(1)特指某(些)人或某(些)物: The ruler is on the desk.

(2)复述上文提到的人或物:He has a sweater. The sweater is new.

(3)谈话双方都知道的人或物:The boys aren’t at school.

(4)在序数词前: John’s birthday is February the second.

(5)用于固定词组中:in the morning / afternoon / evening

不用冠词的情况:

(1)专有名词前:China is a big country.

(2)名词前有定语:this , that , my , your , some, any , no 等:

This is my baseball.

(3)复数名词表示一类人和事:Monkeys can’t swim. They are teachers.

(4)在节日,日期,月份,季节前:Today is Christmas Day. It’s Sunday.

(5)一日三餐前:We have breakfast at 6:30.

(6)球类棋类运动前:They often play football after class. He plays chess at home. * 但乐器前要用定冠词:I play the guitar very well.

(7)学科名称前:My favorite subject is music.

(8)在称呼或头衔的名词前:This is Mr Li.

(9)固定词组中:at noon at night by bus

三、代词:人称代词,物主代词

人称代词物主代词

主格宾格

第一

人称单数 I(我) me my(我的)

复数 we(我们) us our(我们的)

第二

人称单数 you(你) you your(你的)

复数 you(你们) you your(你们的)

第三

人称单数 he(他) him his(他的)

she(她) her her(她的)

it(它) it its(它的)

复数 they(他们/她们/它们) them their(他们的/她们的/它们的)

四、形容词,副词:比较级,最高级

(一)、形容词的比较级

1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较级前面可以用more, a

little来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。

2.形容词加er的规则:

⑴一般在词尾加er;

⑵以字母e 结尾,加r ;

⑶以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er;

⑷以“辅音字母+y”结尾,先把y变i,再加er。

3.不规则形容词比较级:

good-better, beautiful-more beautiful

(二)副词的比较级

1.形容词与副词的区别 (有be用形,有形用be;有动用副,有副用动)

⑴在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或be动词之后

⑵副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后

2.副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同 (不规则变化:well-better, far-farther)

五数词:基数词,序数词一、基数词

(1)1-20

one,two,three,four,five,six,seven,eight,nine,ten,eleven,twelve,thirteen,fourteen,fifteen,

sixteen,seventeen,eighteen,nineteen,twenty

(2)21-99 先说“几十”,再说“几”,中间加连字符。

23→twenty-three,34→thirty-four,45→forty—five,56→fifty-six,67→sixty-seven,78→seventy-eight,89→

eighty-nine,91→ninety-one

(3)101—999先说“几百”,再加and,再加末两位数或末位数;

586→five hundred and eighty-six,803→eight hundred and three

(4)l,000以上,先从右往左数,每三位数加一个“,”,第一个“,”前为thousand.第二个“,”前为million,第三个“

,”前为billion

1,001→one thousand and one

18,423→eighteen thousand,four hundred and twenty-three

6,260,309→six million two hundred and sixty thousand three hundred and nine

750,000,000,000→seven hundred and fifty billion

二、序数词

(1)一般在基数词后加th

eg.four→fourth,thirteen→thirteenth

(2)不规则变化

one→first,two→second,three→third,five→fifth,eight→eighth,nine→ninth,twelve—twelfth

(3)以y结尾的十位整数,变y为ie再加th

twenty→twentieth, forty→fortieth, ninety→ninetieth

(4)从二十一后的“几十几”直至“几百几十几”或“几千几百几十几”只将个位的基数词变为序数词。

twenty-first,two hundred and forty-fifth

基数词转为序数词的口诀:

基变序,有规律,词尾加上-th.

一,二,三,特殊记,词尾字母t,d,d.

八去t,九去e, ve要用f替。

ty将y变成i,th前面有个e.

若是碰到几十几,前用基来后用序。

六、介词:常用介词:in, on, at, behind等

1.at表示时间概念的某一个点。(在某时刻、时间、阶段等)。

at 1:00(dawn,midnight,noon)在一点钟(黎明、午夜、中午)

2.on

1)表示具体日期。

注:(1)关于"在周末"的几种表示法:

at(on)the weekend在周末---特指

at(on)weekends在周末---泛指

over the weekend在整个周末

during the weekend在周末期间

(2)在圣诞节,应说at Christmas而不说on Christmas

2)在(刚??)的时候。

On reaching the city he called up his parents.

一到城里他就给父母打了一个电话。

3.in

1)表示"时段"、"时期",在多数情况下可以和during互换,前者强调对比,后者强调持续。 in(during)1988(December,

the 20th century)在一九八八年(十二月、二十世纪)

七、动词:动词的四种时态:

(1)一般现在时:

一般现在时的构成

1. be动词:主语+be(am, is, are)+其它。如: I am a boy. 我是一个男孩。

2. 行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如: We study English. 我们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she, it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。

动词+s的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies

(2)一般过去时:

动词过去式详解动词的过去式的构成规则有:

A、规则动词

①一般直接在动词的后面加ed:如 worked , learned , cleaned , visited

② 以e结尾的动词直接加d:如 lived , danced , used

③以辅音字母加y结尾的动词要改y为i再加ed(此类动词较少)如 study – studied carry – carried worry –

worried (注意play、stay不是辅音字母加y,所以不属于此类)

④双写最后一个字母(此类动词较少)如 stopped

B、不规则动词(此类词并无规则,须熟记)小学阶段要记住以下动词的原形和过去式:sing – sang , eat – ate ,

see – saw , have – had , do – did , go – went , take – took , buy – bought , get – got , read – read

,fly – flew , am/is – was ,

are – were , say – said , leave – left , swim – swam , tell – told , draw – drew , come – came , lose

– lost , find – found , drink – drank , hurt – hurt , feel – felt

(3)一般将来时:

基本结构:①be going to + do;

②will+ do. be going to = will

I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

(4)现在进行时: am,is,are+动词现在分词

动词现在分词详解动词的ing形式的构成规则:

①一般的直接在后面加上ing , 如doing , going , working , singing , eating

②以e 结尾的动词,要先去e再加ing ,如having , writing

③双写最后一个字母的(此类动词极少)有:running , swimming , sitting , getting

第三部分:句法

1.陈述句

(1)肯定句:是指用肯定的语气来陈述的句子,如:I’m a student. She is a doctor. He works in a hospital.

There are four fans in our classroom. He will eat lunch at 12:00. I watched TV yesterday evening.

(2)、否定句:含有否定词或表示否定意义词的句子,如:I’m not a student. She is not (isn’t) a doctor.

He does not (doesn’t) work in a hospital. There are not (aren’t) four fans in our classroom. He will not (won’t) eat lunch at 12:00. I did not (didn’t) watch TV yesterday evening.

2. 疑问句

一般疑问句:是指询问事实的句子,此类句子必须用“yes”,或“no”来回答。

特殊疑问句:以特殊疑问词(what , where , who , which , when , whose , why , how等)开头引导的句子。此类句子应该

问什么就答什么,不能用“yes 、no”来回答。

3.There be句型

There be 句型与have, has的区别

1、There be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人)x kb 1.com

2、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词根据最*近be 动

词的那个名词决定。

3、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。

4、there be句型与have(has) 的区别:there be 表示在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 表示某人拥有某物。

5、some 和any 在there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。

6、and 和or 在there be句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句, or 用于否定句或疑问句。

7、针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语?

How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?

8、针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

What’s + 介词短语?

第三部分:情景交际

第四部分:阅读训练

第五部分:书面表达

常考题型:

一、听力

1.听句子中的单词,或者直接听单词

2.根据听到的内容选择相应的回答的句子

3.选出与听到的句子相同意思的句子

4.听短文,判断正误。

二、语音:选出与画线部分相同的读音

三、用所给词的正确形式填空

四、单项选择

五、把句子连成一段话

六、完形填空

七、根据图片内容,完成对话

八、阅读理解:1.选出正确的答案。2,判断正误。3,回答问题。

九、改错

十、书面表达:作文

1. 阅读短文,根据短文内容选择正确答案,

My Class

I study at Yu Hong Primary School in Guangzhou. I have forty—seven classmates (同学). Twenty—three are

boys and twenty—four are girls. Our classroom is a nice one. It’s very big. There are four windows and two

doors in it. We have a big blackboard and a small one. The big one is for our teachers and the small one is for

us. Mr. Li is our Chinese teacher. He is an old man. We don’t like him at all. But Miss Chen, our English

teacher, is a young woman. She is very nice. We all like her very much. So we like English the best. We often

play basketball with Miss Li.

(1). ( ) I am a . A. student B. pupil C. teacher

(2). ( ) There are . A. Forty—eight B. forty—seven C. forty—six

(3). ( ) Our classroom is . A. small B. old C. nice

(4). ( ) There is only one in our classroom.

A. blackboard B. small blackboard C. big window

(5). ( ) Our favorite subject is .

A. Chinese B. English C. basketball

2. Kim is a girl. She is twelve. Her parents are doctors. Kim can do many things. After school, she often

helps her mother. She studies very hard. She is good at math, and she can speak English and

Chinese. After

supper, she watches TV.

( ) 1. Kim’s father is a doctor.

( ) 2. Kim’s mother is a nurse.

( ) 3. Kim can’t do any thing.

( ) 4. Kim can’t speak Chinese.

( ) 5. She doesn’t watch TV.

( ) 6. She is good at math.

3、阅读文章,并判断所给的句子是否与短文的内容相符,如相符,在括号内写“T”,如不符,在括号内写“F”。

There are three children under the tree. They are all my good friends. The boy in black is Tom. The girl

in pink and the girl in red is Emma.

Tom is in the same class with me. We often play football together. Tom’s mother is a nurse and his

father is a teacher. Tom wants to be a doctor in the future.

Jane’s mother and my mother work at the same factory. They are also good friends. Jane’s father is a

teacher. He teaches math very well. He is very kind and we all like him.

Emma’s family just moved into the town from countryside. Her farther used to be a farmer. He is now

working in a small company. Emma’s mother is a housewife.

( ) (1) There are one boy and two girls under the tree.

( ) (2) There are only two people in Tom’s family. ( ) (3) Tom’s mother is a doctor. ( ) (4) My mother is a worker. ( ) (5) Jane’s father teaches math. ( ) (6) Emma used to live in the town.

( ) (7) Emma’s father was a farmer.

(二)根据短文内容选择正确答案。

注重理解整篇短文的内容,在阅读时不要抓住一个单词,一个词组的意思不放,从而影响对整篇文章的理解。其实有些生

词是不影响阅读的,而有些生词是可以根据上下文的意思推敲出来的。因此,不必把它拿出来单独思考。然后再在理解的基础

上进行分析,通过逻辑思维,做出选择,完成题目。

1. I am a boy. My name is Li Ming. I am ten. I am a pupil. I have two friends. One is Danny. The other one

is Jenny. Jenny is pupil, too. We are in the same row. We like Danny.

( ) (1) How old is Li Ming?

A. He’s ten. B: He’s eleven.

( ) (2) Is Li Ming a teacher?

A: Yes, he is. B: No, he isn’t.

( ) (3) Is Jenny a pupil?

A. Yes, she is. B: No, she isn’t.

( ) (4) How old is Danny?

A. Sorry, I don’t know. B: She is eleven.

( ) (5) Are Li Ming and Jenny in the same class?

A: Yes, they are. B: No, they aren’t.

2. I am Mike. I am a American boy. Now I’m in China. I live in Shanghai. It’s a very beautiful city. I

study in a school here. I usually go to school by bus. I like playing football very much. I play it with my

friends on the weekends. My mother is a TV reporter. She goes to work by subway. She likes singing very much.

She often listens to music on TV. My father is a teacher. He teaches P.E. in a school. He goes to work on foot.

He likes art. He often draws pictures on Saturday.

( ) (1) Mike lives in __________ now.

A. Shanghai B: Beijing C: America

( ) (2) Mike is a __________ now.

A. teacher B. a reporter C. student

( ) (3) Mike’s hobby is _________________

A. playing football B. listening to music C. painting

( ) (4) His father goes to work __________

A. by subway B.on foot C. by bus

3. One day, after school the teacher says to his students: “Tomorrow morning if anyone of you can answer

my first questions, he or she can go home early.”

The next day, when the teacher comes into the classroom, he finds the blackboard very dirty. He is very

angry and asks: ”Who did it? Please stand up!” “It’s me.” Says Tom.“ Now , I can go home. Goodbye. Sir!

( ) (1) Tom is the teacher’s ___________ A. friend B. student C. brother D. son ( ) (2) Tom makes ____________ dirty. A. the desk B. the chair C. the window D. the blackboard ( ) (3) the teacher is very angry because__________ A. Tom can answer his first question B. Tom doesn’t stand up C: the blackboard is very dirty D. the classroom is very clean ( ) (4) The teacher asks the students to _____________ A. stand up B. sit down C. go homes D. clean the blackboard ( ) (5) Which is true? A. It is good for Tom to do it. B. Tom is late for school. C. Tom goes home early every day. D. Tom is a naughty student.

4、选择填空。

Mike likes to collect stamps. He started this hobby of collecting stamp the year before last. He has

stamps from China, France and Japan. But most of his stamps are from China, because he has lots of friends in

China.

Mike’s stamps are of various shapes –triangle, square, rectangle and circle. His favorite shape is

circle. Mike puts all his shapes in several albums. To increase his collection, Mike sometimes exchanges stamps

with his friends.

John is one of his friends, who also like to collect stamps. His stamps are pretty and colorful. John and

Mike meet once a week. Each time they meet they will show each other their new collection.

(1) Mike’s hobby is to A. collect stamps B. make friends C. travelling

D. keep albums

(2) Most of Mike’s stamps are from

A. Japan B. France C. China D. Not mentioned

(3) Mike has stamps of different shapes.

A. five B. four C. three D. two

(4) John is Mike’s A. father B. neighbor C. classmate D. friend

(5) How often do John and Mike meet?

A. four times a week B. three times a week C. twice a week D. once a week

(三)根据短文内容回答问题。

此类题目是阅读理解中相对而言较复杂的题型,它要求我们在理解的基础上进行分析,并做出合乎情理的解答,且要注意

用词和句子结构,要避免语法错误。

1. This is RDZ, the working robot. RDZ lives with the Spacy family in Spaceville(太空村). He helps the

family with the housework every day. He cleans the house, washes the clothes and dishes. He knows how to cook

well. RDZ doesn’t eat normal(普通的) food. He eats tins and watches and he drinks oil. Do Mr. and Mrs. Spacy

eat these things? Never.

RDZ often helps Mr and Mrs Spacy’s children with their homework. This year he is teaching them Space

language. The children are very clever.

The Spacy family are holiday on Mars(火星). They will come back home in two days. So RDZ has a wonderful

time. He won’t clean. He can sit in front of the TV and eat a lot of food.

(1) Where does RDZ live with the Spacy family? ________________________________

(2) What does RDZ eat and drink every day? ____________________________________

(3) Is RDZ teaching Mr. and Mrs. Spacy’s children English? _________________________

(4) Does RDZ have a wonderful time? __________________________________________

(5) When will Mr. and Mrs. Spacy be back? _______________________________________

2. My name is Wang Lin. There are four people in my family. They are my father, my mother, my little

brother and I. my father is a teacher. He likes drawing pictures. He works in a school. He goes to work by bus.

My mother is a nurse. She likes listening to music. She works in a hospital. She goes to work by bus. My

brother is a student. Hw likes watching TV. He goes to work on foot. I like playing football. I go to school by

bike.

(1) Who works in a school? _________________________________________________

(2) What does Wang Lin’s mother do? ________________________________________

(3) What does Wang Lin like doing? _________________________________________

(4) Is Wang Lin’s brother a student? ___________________________________________

(5) Does Wang Lin’s father go to work by bus? _________________________________

3. It’s Monday today. It’s twelve o’clock now. Jenny and her classmates are having lunch in the

classroom. What’s on Jenny’s desk? There are some apples, bread and some eggs. Oh, they are very delicious.

(1) What day is it today? _______________________________________________

(2) What’s the time? ___________________________________________________

(3) Who is having lunch? ________________________________________________

(4) What’s on Jenny’s desk? _____________________________________________

(5) Are there any bananas on Jenny’s desk? __________________________________

(四)、根据短文内的汉语提示,补全单词。

根据汉语提示补全短文,一定要注意文中的时态、人称等。填完单词以后一定要再通读一遍文章,保证文章通顺、合理。

The Green (1) (喜欢) going out for a trip on Sunday. This (2) (周日)they want to go

to the park. Jack and Mike, their (3) (儿子)get up very early. They put on the same

(4) (牛

仔裤), the same (5) (鞋). After that they (6) their mother do the housework. They put

some bread, meat , (7) (蛋)and some fruit in a basket and (8) (搬) it to the car. Mrs. Green

takes four (9) (罐)of coke with her. The little dog is (10) (跑) after her.

(五)完形填空。

在处理完形填空时,一定要先将文章的大概意思弄懂,然后再考虑用单词的什么形式来填空。

1. One day, Mr. Ampere went out (1) a walk in the street. There (2) a lot of people there. But

all this was (3) to him. He was thinking (4) a maths problem. He had no paper with him. How could

he (5) it out?

Just then hw saw a blackboard in front of him. He began to write the (6) with a

piece of chalk on

it. Then the blackboard moved (7) . he moved with it. But it moved so (8) that he could not

catch up with it. He looked (9) and saw the “blackboard” (10) him.

Why? It was the back of a carriage(马车)!

( ) (1) A. to B. by C. for D. with

( ) (2) A. were B. are C. is D. was

( ) (3) A. nothing B. anything C. something D. everything

( ) (4) A. on B. off C. about D. hard

( ) (5) A. work B. start C, take D. bring

( ) (6) A. word B. start C, take D. bring

( ) (7) A. few B. little C. a few D. a little

( ) (8) A. early B. fast C. slowly D. quietly

( ) (9) A. down B. up C. in D. out

( ) (10) A. behind B. beside C. above D. before

2. Bob thought that he was very clever. He thought that no one could fool(欺骗)him because he (1)

too clever. One day he (2) to Dick, the man on watching at the gate:“You (3) fool me. Dick.

You (4) too foolish!”

“ (5) here by this gate.” Answered Dick, “I (6) a way to fool you.” then he went home.

Two hours later another young man (7) along.

“Why are you standing here?” he (8) bob. “ I (9) for Dick, ” answered Bob, “ he is going to try fool me.” “Dick (10) home. ” said the young man, “ He has already fooled you!” ( ) (1) A. is B. was C. will be D. is going to ( ) (2) A. said B. says C. was saying D. is saying ( ) (3) A. don’t B. didn’t C. can never D. never ( ) (4) A. were B. are C. will be D. was ( ) (5) A. Wait B. Waits C. Waited D. Wait for ( ) (6) A. will find B. found C. find D. founded ( ) (7) A. comes B. came C. had come D. coming ( ) (8) A. asked B. asks C. is asking D. told ( ) (9) A. was waiting B. waited C. am waiting D. were waiting ( ) (10) A. goes B. has gone C. had gone D. went

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