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小学特殊疑问句+练习题+对划线部分提问规则

发布时间:2013-12-11 11:33:43  

特殊疑问句【一】

一、以特殊疑问词开头,对句中某一成分提问的句子叫特殊疑问句。常用的疑问词有:what 、who 、whose 、which 、when 、where 、how 、why等。

可先分为3种:

疑问代词:what,who,which,whose,whom

疑问副词:when,where,why,how

疑问形容词:what(which,whose)+名词

二、特殊疑问句有两种语序

1.如疑问词作主语或主语的定语,即对主语或主语的定语提问,其语序是陈述句的语序:疑问词(+主语)+谓语动词+其他成分。如:

Who is singing in the room﹖

whose bike is broken﹖

2.如疑问词作其他成分,即对其他成分提问,其语序是:疑问词+一般疑问句语序?

如:

What class are you in﹖

What does she look like﹖

Where are you from﹖

What time does he get up every morning﹖

How do you know﹖

三、注意

1.回答特殊疑问句时,不能用yes / no,即问什么答什么,尤其是简略回答。如: Who is from Canada﹖

Helen (is).

Where's the restaurant﹖

Near the station.

Why do you like koalas﹖

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Because they are cute.

2.特殊疑问句一般读降调(↓)。

特殊疑问词

Who谁 Whose谁的 Why为什么 When什么时候 Where在哪里 Which哪一个 What什么 What time什么时间 What color什么颜色

How怎么样 How many多少{数量} How much多少钱{价格},多少(对不可数名词进行提问) How long多长 How often多少次

How big多大 How heavy多重{重量} How far多远{路程}

1. 定义

以特殊疑问词开头,对陈述句中的某一部分提出疑问 / 进行发问的句子叫特殊疑问句。

2. 特殊疑问词全搜索

一句话: wh-开头外加能与之结伴同行的名词; how及它的形容词兄弟姐妹们,即如: What(什么),why(为什么),who(谁), where(哪里), which(哪一个), what class(什么课), what time(什么时间), what number(什么号码); how(怎么样),how many(多少), how old(多大), how much(多少)等。

3. 特殊疑问句的构成特殊疑问句由"特殊疑问词+一般疑问句"构成:

How old are you? 你多大了?

What’s this in English? 这个用英语怎么讲?

但特殊疑问句有时也要"特殊解":即如果问的是主语或主语的定语时,这时的特殊疑问句看起来成了"特殊疑问词(+主语)+陈述句"。如:

Who’s not here today? 今天谁没来?

Which pen is red? 哪枝钢笔是红色的?

4. 特殊疑问句的语调小插件

一般说来,特殊疑问句都要读成降调(↘),并往往让最后一个单词承担此重任。如: What row are you in(↘)? 你在第几排?

Where is"E" (↘)? "E"在哪里? 特殊疑问句【二】

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5. 对特殊疑问句的答复小扫描

回答特殊疑问句,不能用"yes / no";但可用"到什么山上唱什么歌"来形容对特殊疑问句的应答- -即问什么答什么(尤其是简略回答更明显)。如:

-How old is your sister? 你妹妹今年多大了?

-She’s only five. / Only five. (她)才5岁。

根据答句写问句。

1、My bag is under the chair.

2、He’s eleven.

3、I’m a bus driver.

4、Li Yan is not here.

5、This pencil-case is 5 yuan.

6、You can take a bus.

同学们在学习英语时是否注意到英语的疑问句和汉语有所不同?英语中的疑问句有一种是以what, who, where, how等开头的疑问句,这类疑问句便叫做特殊疑问句,而这些表示疑问的词叫疑问词。为了掌握特殊疑问句,还是让我们一起来勇闯三关吧!

第一关: 疑问词关

询问的内容不同,我们所使用的疑问词便不同。问物用what,问(电话)号码也用what,问人用who,问地点用where,问年龄用how old,问身体情况用how,问年级则用what grade等。例如:

1. -What’s that in English?

-It’s a book.

2. -How old are you?

-I’m fourteen.

第二关: 语序关

英语中疑问句一般应用倒装语序,即将动词be(can等)放在主语的前面。特殊疑问句的语序还应注意将特殊疑问词放在句首。例如:

1. Where are you from?

2. How is your father?

当然,如果疑问词在句中作主语,则其后直接跟上动词。例如:

Who is Lin Ying?

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第三关: 回答关

对特殊疑问句进行回答往往不可用yes或no,而应根据它所询问的内容直接作出回答。例如:

-What class are you in?

-I’m in Class Nine.

回答时,问句中的名词在答句中常用代词代替,this和that指物常用it来代替,these和those指人或指物时常用 they来代替。例如:

1. -Where is Mr Wang from?

-He is from Beijing.

2. -What are these?

-They are boxes.

当然我们还应注意,在朗读时特殊疑问句应用降调。例如:

How old is your English↘teacher? 此文章来自中小学教育资源站 www.edudown.net/ 原文地址:http://www.edudown.net/student/English/fudao/200607/8609.html

巧记经典歌诀 妙学特殊疑问句

疑问词走前面,后面跟的是一般;

be 动词要提前,情(态)、助动词也赶先;

行为动词请不动,do 和does加在前;

does 加在主语前,谓语动词变原形。

说明:◆一、二句的意思是:特殊疑问词像排头兵,总是走在队伍的最前面,其后再跟一个一般疑问句。

◆三、四句的意思是:如果陈述句中谓语部分含有be 动词(is, am, are)、情态动词(can, may, must …),或助动词(will…)变为疑问句时,就一定要把这个词提到主语前面去。

◆五、六句的意思是:如果谓语部分只有行为动词,那么这个行为动词不能提前,怎么办?根据需要在主语前、疑问词后加助动词do(does)。例如:

I study English for my motherland (祖国) .

→Why + do + you + study English?

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巧记疑问词

按语文写记叙文的5要素入手,因为学生都很熟悉的.人,物,时间,地点,把情节该为方式.记住了吗?我们再利用这一条线来记英语的疑问词,问人用who,问物用what,问时间用when/what time,问地点用where,问方式用how.反过来在记忆一次,看见who是问人,看见what是问物,看见when/what time是问时间,看见where是问地点,看见how是问方式。再由how引申出五个疑问词:how long持续一段时间 ;how far问距离; how many问数量; how much问金钱;how old问年龄。

『英语课堂』特殊疑问句的疑问词总结

特殊疑问句的两种结构

1)与陈述句的词序相同

①疑问词(who,what,which,whose)作主语

Who is there?谁在那儿?

②疑问词(what,which,whose)作定语用来修饰主语。

Which book is his?哪本书是他的?

2)疑问词+一般疑问句的词序

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①疑问词作宾语

What are you Doing?你在干什么?

②疑问词作表语

Who is she?她是谁?

③疑问词作定语(其所修饰的成分是主语或宾语或表语)

Whose bag is that?那是谁的包?

④疑问词作状语

How old are you?你多大年纪了?

1)疑问代词

who谁 whom谁

whose谁的 which哪个,哪些

what什么

2)疑问副词(用作状语)

when何时 where何地

Why为什么 how 如何

how much多少 how many多少

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how long多久 how old多大年纪

how far多远 how big多大

how often 几次?

what time 几点?

what colour 什么颜色

what day 什么日子?

what else 其他什么?

特殊疑问句练习题(一)

一、选择正确的单词填空

(who, where, when)

1._____ is that pretty girl? She is my sister.

2._____ are Jack and Tom? They are behind you.

3._____ do you go to school? I go to school from Monday to Friday.

4._____ has a beautiful flower? John has a beautiful flower.

5._____ are they? They are my parents.

6._____ is my mother? She is in the living room.

7._____ are you going? We are going to the bakery(面包坊).

8._____ do Jim and Wendy play ball? They play ball in the afternoon.

9._____ does he jog? He jogs in the park.

10._____ are you from? I'm from Changchun city.

二、就画线部分提问

1.He is my father.

2.They are under the tree.

3.I often watch TV after dinner.(晚饭后) 提示:饭后强调的是时间问题。

4.Lily swims in the swimming pool.(游泳池)

5.Superman flies in the sky.

6.I often brush my teeth in the evening.

7.Alan likes to play with Bill.

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8.Joe's father plays badminton(羽毛球) every weekend.

9.The supermarket is near the school.

10.The laptop(笔记本电脑) is on the table.

11.Jennifer has a pair of earrings(耳环).

12.The flowers are in the flower pot(花盆).

13.My grandpa took us to the zoo.

14.I put the gold fish(金鱼) into the fish tank(鱼缸).

15.The monkey sleeps at night.

特殊疑问句练习(二)

一.用what time, what color, what day, what填空。

1. A: ______ _______ is it? B: It is nine o'clock.

2. A: ______ _______ does your mother get up?

B: My mother gets up at 6:30.

3. A: ______ _______ do you go to bed? B: I go to bed at 10:00.

4. A: ______ _______ do Diana and Fiona have supper?

B: Diana and Fiona have supper at 18:00.

5. A: ______ _______is it? B: It is purple.

6. A: ______ _______ is the sky? B: The sky is blue.

7. A: ______ _______ is your coat? B: My coat is black.

8. A: ______ _______ is the dog? B: The dog is white.

9. A: ______ _______ is today? B: Today is Monday.

10. A: ______ _______ is tomorrow? B: Tomorrow is Tuesday.

11. A: ______ _______ was yesterday(昨天)? B: Yesterday was Sunday.

12. A: ______ _______ do you like? B: I like red.

13. A: ______ is this? This is a computer(电脑).

14. A: ______ are you doing? B: We are playing basketball.

15. A: ______ does your mother do? B: My mother is a policewoman.

16. A: ______ are those? B: Those are peppers(辣椒).

17. A: ______ is in the box? B: A lovely doll is in the box.

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18. A: ______ is on the table? B: The apple is on the table.

19. A: ______ is in the classroom? The blackboard is in the classroom.

20. A: ______ ______ ______? B: Mary is hungry.

21. A: ______ ______ ______ ______ ______?

B: My favorite color is pink.

22. A: ______ ______ ______ ______? B: Nick is playing table tennis.

二.连线:(Match)

1. What's on the chair? There is a book in the bag.

2. How is your father? These are apples.

3. What are these? I go to school by bus.

4. What is in the bag? The radio is on the chair.

5. How do you go to school? My father is fine.

6. How much is it? I wash my face in the morning.

7. What time is it? I have two hands.

8. When do you wash your face? It is four o'clock.

9. How many hands do you have? It is 5 RMB(人民币).

10.When do you have lunch? I have lunch at noon.

对划线部分提问规则

对划线部分提问是英语句型转换题中的一个重点,也是一个难点,约占全题50%的分值,学生掌握起来较难。我给学生总结出以下口诀:

第一步,找准特殊疑问词。

第二步,提前或加助动词。

第三步,作变化抄剩余词。

下面举例子说明这三个步骤:

(一) 找准特殊疑问词。特殊疑问(副、代)词包括以下:

who(谁) what(什么) where(哪里) which(哪一个) when(何时什么时间) what time(什么时候)how(怎么样) how old(几岁,多大)how long(多长) how far(多远) how 9

often(多久) how many(多少,可数) how much(多少,多少钱 不可数) how soon(多久)whose(谁的)让学生明白,对什么提问,应用哪个疑问词。

(二) 提前或加助动词。

初中阶段,可以提前变问句的有BE动词 am is are was were,情态动词can could may must will would shall should,助动词(完成时中)have has had.学生分类别,找规律记住这16个词。

告诉学生,当句中没有这些提前词时,就看原句的人称、数和时态,分别加上助动词do,did does.

(三) 作变化,抄剩余词

作变化,是指主语、动词时态等变化。如I变You ;前边加does do,后边动词用原形.并依次抄下变化后没划线的部分。

1 He is thirteen years old.(对划线提问)

A:找准疑问词: How old

B:提前BE动词: is

C:抄剩余词: he

即:How old is he?

2 They went to work yesterday morning.

A:找准疑问词: When

B:加助动词:(过去时) did

C:作变化(将went 变为go)

并抄剩余词: they go to work.

即:When did they go to work?

3 Her mother goes to school by bike.

A:找准 特殊疑问词:How

B:加助动词(三单时): does

C:作变化(goes—go)抄剩余词: her mother go to school

即:How does her mother go to school?

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