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易混淆英语单词练习

发布时间:2013-12-12 14:34:36  

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2012中考词汇辨析备忘 易混淆单词

动词

1. accept 接受 achieve 得到;实现 adopt .采用,收养 afford .担负得起…的费用

apologize .道歉 arrange 安排;布置 award .授予

2. cancel .取消 control 控制 confuse使困惑 continue 连续 consider 考虑

3. delay .耽搁,延误 deserve.值得 describe 描述 destroy 毁坏 deny 否认

4. exchange .交换,交流 expect期待 explain 解释 excuse 原谅

5. reduce 减少 refuse 拒绝 require .需要 rely 依靠 reply 回答

形容词

1. available .可用的,可得到的 likely 很可能发生的,有希望的 opposite 相对的;

primary 初等的 accurate 精确的 local .当地的 medium 中间的 native.本土的

perfect 完美的 sharp 尖锐的 ugly 粗陋的 various各种各样的 precious 宝贵的

2. awful =terrible.可怕的 crazy 发狂的 mad 疯狂的 horrible 另人恐惧的;恐怖的

3. eager 渴望的 nervous 紧张的 patient 耐心的 independent 独立的 shy 害羞的 confident.自信的 smart 聪明的 upset 难过的 generous 慷慨的 lonely 孤独的

副词

. generally 一般地;普遍地 properly 适当地 actually 实际地 completely 完全地

名词

guide 指南 section 部门;栏目 amusement 娱乐 gift 赠品 luggage . 行李

penny (pl pence) 便士 journalist 记者

易混淆词组

冠词

at breakfast早餐时 at work在工作 on holiday在休假 make progress 取得进步

in a minute一会儿 come to an end 结束 do sb. a favour 帮某人忙

a couple of 两个,几个 take a message for sb 给某人带个口信 go on a diet 实行节食

in the middle of 在…中间 by the way顺便问一下 on the other hand另一方面

all the way 一路上 get into the habit of 养成。。。。。。的习惯

on the phone在听电话 at the moment 此刻 at the same time 同时

动词+介词

turn off 关掉 take off 脱掉(衣物等);起飞 show off 炫耀 keep off 阻挡

get off 下车 set off 出发,启程 see sb. off 为…送行 put off延期

wake up 醒来 take up 开始从事 set up建立;设立 shut up 住口 put up 举起;挂起

pick up 拾起 look up 查寻;抬头看 grow up 成年;长大 stay up 熬夜 dress up 穿着打扮

turn out 结果是;证明是 set out 出发;起程 sell out 售完put out 扑灭 point out 指出 pick out 挑选出 look out 注意;留神 go out 熄灭 work out 做出;算出;制定出

get rid of 摆脱 get tired of 对…感到厌倦 take hold of 抓住 take the place of 取代

try on 试穿 rely on / depend on 依靠 have pity on sb. 怜悯某人 play a trick on 捉弄

综合

after all 终究 for free免费 in favour of 赞同 on average 平均

just now刚刚 now and then/again时而,偶尔 out of date过时 sooner or later 迟早

hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸 lose one’s temper 发脾气 provide…with 提供

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once more 再次 over and over 再三,一次次

单词分类

season spring summer autumn winter

week Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

month

January February March April May June July August . September October November December

colour yellow black blue brown orange pink red white green

place airport bank bar bottom bridge church cinema clinic company desert entrance farm field garden hospital hotel island museum supermarket theatre prison

meal breakfast lunch supper dinner meal

sport basketball football volleyball tennis chess

subject art chemistry geography history maths P.E. physics politics music science

continent Asia Africa America Europe

food bread biscuit cake sandwich hamburger noodle pizza soup

国家country和国籍 nationality

America American / Australia Australian /Britain British /Canada Canadian /China Chinese

England English Englishman /France French /Germany German /Italy Italian /Japan Japanese

Russia Russian

job clerk actor actress agent artist assistant astronaut businessman businesswoman captain dentist detective

doctor driver engineer farmer fireman fisherman guide waiter waitress headmaster inventor judge librarian manager monitor nurse officer painter pilot policeman postman president professor pupil reporter scientist soldier student teacher worker writer

body arm ear eye face finger foot hand head heart leg mouth nose skin tooth back chest

clothes hat cap coat jacket jeans trousers uniform stocking scarf skirt shorts tie shirt

traffic car bus taxi van bike bicycle motorcycle ferry ship train underground plane rocket

词汇辨析:

1. enter for, take part in, attend, join; 2. dress, put on, wear, have;

3. look for, find, find out, discover; 4 see, watch, look, notice, look at;

5. bring, take, fetch, carry; 6. say, speak, tell, talk;

7. also, too, either; 8. cost, spend…on (in) doing, take, pay… (for);

9. borrow, lend, keep,have; 10. arrive at (in), get to, reach;

11. sound, taste, look, feel; 12. somebody, nobody, anybody, everybody;

易混淆词组

1.at once立刻, at present= for the time being目前,

from time to time不时, in time及时, on time准时

2. be worried about担心, be afraid of担心,be keen on=be fond of 喜爱

be thankful to对。。。感激; be proud of对。。。。感到自豪; be surprised at 对。。。惊讶,

be busy with忙于, be careful with小心, be pleased with, be strict with严格, be angry with

be famous for以。。。闻名, be good at擅长于, be used to 习惯于

固定搭配

1. practise doing sth. ( enjoy, finish, hate, suggest, , look forward to, be used to ,succeed in)

2. promise to do sth. (refuse, hope, manage, want, plan, decide, fail, agree, be able to )

3. make sb. do sth ( let , would rather , had better , why not )

4. tell sb. to do sth. ( ask , enable , encourage , allow ,want ,warn)

单词分类

season spring summer autumn winter

week Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

3

month

January February March April May June July August . September October November December

colour yellow black blue brown orange pink red white green

place airport bank bar bottom bridge church cinema clinic company desert entrance farm field garden hospital hotel island museum supermarket theatre prison

meal breakfast lunch supper dinner meal

sport basketball football volleyball tennis chess

subject art chemistry geography history maths P.E. physics politics music science

continent Asia Africa America Europe

food bread biscuit cake sandwich hamburger noodle pizza soup

国家country和国籍 nationality

America American / Australia Australian /Britain British /Canada Canadian /China Chinese

England English Englishman /France French /Germany German /Italy Italian /Japan Japanese

Russia Russian

job clerk actor actress agent artist assistant astronaut businessman businesswoman captain dentist detective

doctor driver engineer farmer fireman fisherman guide waiter waitress headmaster inventor judge librarian manager monitor nurse officer painter pilot policeman postman president professor pupil reporter scientist soldier student teacher worker writer

body arm ear eye face finger foot hand head heart leg mouth nose skin tooth back chest

clothes hat cap coat jacket jeans trousers uniform stocking scarf skirt shorts tie shirt

traffic car bus taxi van bike bicycle motorcycle ferry ship train underground plane rocket

词汇辨析:

1. enter for, take part in, attend, join; 2. dress, put on, wear, have;

3. look for, find, find out, discover; 4 see, watch, look, notice, look at;

5. bring, take, fetch, carry; 6. say, speak, tell, talk;

7. also, too, either; 8. cost, spend…on (in) doing, take, pay… (for);

9. borrow, lend, keep,have; 10. arrive at (in), get to, reach;

11. sound, taste, look, feel; 12. somebody, nobody, anybody, everybody;

易混淆词组

1.at once立刻, at present= for the time being目前,

from time to time不时, in time及时, on time准时

2. be worried about担心, be afraid of担心,be keen on=be fond of 喜爱

be thankful to对。。。感激; be proud of对。。。。感到自豪; be surprised at 对。。。惊讶,

be busy with忙于, be careful with小心, be pleased with, be strict with严格, be angry with

be famous for以。。。闻名, be good at擅长于, be used to 习惯于

固定搭配

1. practise doing sth. ( enjoy, finish, hate, suggest, , look forward to, be used to ,succeed in)

2. promise to do sth. (refuse, hope, manage, want, plan, decide, fail, agree, be able to )

3. make sb. do sth ( let , would rather , had better , why not )

4. tell sb. to do sth. ( ask , enable , encourage , allow ,want ,warn)

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2012年精编及二模易错题

选择题

1. Following traffic rules is the best way to prevent people _______ getting hurt in accidents.

A. for B. from C. with D. at

2. I am expecting a digital camera for long, but Dad has no time to buy one _______ me.

A. to B. of C. for D. with

3. Rose cooked dinner ________ her parents while they were planting in the garden.

A. to B. of C. for D. with

4. Harry Potter has been popular _________ the young people for several years.

A. for B.of C. with D. at

5. Tom was surprised ________ the news that he got the first prize.

A. for B. from C. with D. at

6. They stayed in a five-star hotel _________ a swimming pool on top of the building.

A. of B. about C. with D. at

7. The students are busy _________ their homework ________ weekends.

A. over, at B. at, on C. with, in D. with, on

8. My uncle had to sell his house even though it was________ his own wishes.

A. for B. against C. with D.on

9. Mary lives in a small village. She has never travelled ________ a train.

A. by B.at C. through D.on

10. Don’t make ________ noise. My little brother is sleeping now.

A. the B. a C./ D. an

11. China became ________ member of the WTO in December 2001.

A. the B. a C./ D. an

12. It’s _________ common knowledge that light travels faster than sound.

A. the B. a C./ D. an

13. Some bridges have been built ________ the Huangpu River in the past ten years.

A. on B. against C. over D. above

14. The old man in grey was too angry to say ________ just now.

A. anything B. something C. nothing D. everything

15. There is _________ in today’s newspaper. Please have a look.

A. new things B. something new C. anything new D. nothing new

16. Granny looked for her book, but she couldn’t find it __________.

A. somewhere B. everywhere C. anywhere D. nowhere

17. They bought a car of _______ own so that it would be more convenient to travel around.

A. they B. theirs C. their D. them

18. The price of a cup of coffe is higher than _________ of a glass of cola.

A. it B.this C.one D. that

19. Mr. White’s head hurt. He found ________ very difficult to get to sleep.

A. it B.that C.this D.what

20. John, show me your _________ hand. What’s in it ?

A. the other B. another C.other D. others

21. Glad you’re much better now. But you have to stay in bed for ________ two weeks.

A. other B. more C others D. another

22. Shanghai is her second hometown. She ________ here for over ten years.

A. have lived B. live C. has lived D. lives

23. I ________ in London for many years, but I’ve never regretted my final decision to move back to China.

A.lived B.was living C. have lived D. am living

24. Jenny _________ with a Chinese family for two years. Now she’s used to the life in China.

A. stays B. would stay C. is staying D. has stayed

25. Linda and her father _________ each other for months before they met yesterday afternoon.

A. haven’t seen B. didn’t see C. wouldn’t see D. hadn’t seen

26. Jenny’s sister __________ as a waitress in a big restaurant for the time being.

A. worked B. will work C. has worked D. works

27. Henry ________ a job in a bank, but to our surprise, he didn’t take it.

A. offered B. has offered C. was offering D. was offered

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28. Now boys and girls, ________ sure to come here on time tomorrow morning.

A. be B. being C. are D. is

29. This bakery ________ outdated bread to make new products in the past three years.

A. was using B. has used C. had used D. used

30. This bakery ________ outdated bread to make new products in the past.

A. was using B. has used C. had used D. used

31. Jack will never forget _________ happily with his friends in the sea that hot day.

A.swim B. swimming C. to swim D. swam

32. The old lady _________ what to do when a policeman came.

A. wondered B. was wondering C. wonders D. is wondering

33. If you ________ the last one to leave the room, please lock the door.

A. will be B.have been C.are D. were

34. My father is not in Shanghai recently. He _______ home for nearly three weeks.

A. has been away from B. has left

C. has gone away from D. has left for

35. The famous singer Huston _________, but her sweet voice will be remembered forever.

A. had died B. died C. was dying D. would die

36. ---Hi, guys(伙计). Where are you going now ?

---Home. We ________ all our money, so we have to walk home now.

A spend B. spent C. have spent D. are spending

37. Every student likes Miss Wu because she always talks to them ________.

A. politely B. lovely C. friendly D. luckily

38. All the pins that the headmaster’s wife has collected look _________.

A.beautifully B. lovely C. friendly D. gently

39. I was so sleepy that I could hardly keep my eyes _________.

A. opened B. to open C. opening D. open

40. The reading room in our neighbourhood is ________ from 9 a.m. to 9 a.m. on weekdays.

A. opened B. opens C. opening D. open

41. Tom is the second tallest in our class, but he is taller than _________ in Class Three.

A. any other student B. any student C. the rest D. the others

42. The newly built teaching building is about ________.

A. 30 metres high B. 30-metre-high C. 30-metres-high D. 30-metre high

43. This is a _________ building.

A. 30 metres high B. 30-metre-high C. 30-metres-high D. 30-metre high

44. When his name was called, I saw him __________ from his seat.

A. rose B. raise C rise D. raised

45. Can you _______ who has lost the watch ?

A.look for B. look up C. find D. find out

46. He is used to _______ the window ________ when he sleeps.

A. keep…opening B. keeping…open C. keep…open D. keeping…opening

47. No one knows what the computers of tomorrow __________?

A. like B. will be like C. will like D. will be

48. How _________ your talk sounds!

A. wonderful B. wonderfully C. well D. politely

49. ________ useful the information they have given to us !

A. What B. What a C. How the D. How

50. _________ useful the information they have given to us is !

A. What B. What a C. How the D. How

51. __________ changeable weather it is this year!

A. What B. What a C. How the D. How

52. __________ interesting story my grandfather told us on the evening of the Mid-autumn festival !

A. What B. What a C. What an D. How

53. ________ exciting news that Chinese Women’s Volleyball team won the gold medal again !

A. What B. How an C. What an D. How

54. ________ wonderful music!

A. What B. What a C.How a D. How

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55. The young man is considering ________ on a trip to Japan.

A. to go B.going C. goes D. go

56. __________ the doors of your car after you have locked them.

A. Check B. To check C. Checking D. To checking

57. Mr. Zhang returned home hurriedly ________ he finished the project with his workmates.

A. where B. though C. so that D. after

58. I don’t like fast food. I seldom eat it _________ I go to MacDonald with my daughter.

A. if B. unless C. as D. when

59. China aims to _______ faster and cheaper Internet services during the coming four years.

A. predict B. provide C. prevent D. pretend

60. Drivers must be _________ the traffic signs and rules.

A. pleased with B. familiar with C. strict with D. busy with

61. ---I have never seen such a smart phone like this. ---________.

A. I think so,too. B. So have I C. Neither have I D. Me too

62. ---Can I keep this book for two more days?

---Yes, you ________.

A.must B.may C.ought to D. need

63. ---Would you like me to clean the room for you ? ---________.

A. That’s very kind of you. B. Not at all.

C. Never mind. D. Here you are.

64. ---Would you like me to show you how to use the software? ---________.

A. Good idea B. It’s a pleasure

C. Yes, I’d like to D. Yes, please

65. ---Would you like to work at the South Pole in the future? ---________.

A. That’s very kind of you. B.Thanks a lot.

C. Never mind. D. Yes, we’d love to.

66. ---________. ---Thank you, but I am full.

A. Can I take a seat here ? B. Do you like dumplings or cakes ?

C. What can I do for you? D. Would you like another piece of cake ?

67. ---Long time no see. What’s new? ---________.

A. How do you do? B. How are you ?

C. Nice to meet you. D. Hi, I’ve bought a new house.

68. ---Would you please get an English-English dictionary for me ? ---________.

A. That’s right. B. That’s all right.

C. Yes, I will. D. Thanks a lot.

69. ---________ is the population of this city ?

---More than 18,000,000. There has been a steady increase in poplulation in recent yeaers.

A. What B. Which C. How much D. How many

70. The little girl was badly hurt in the accident. The doctor was very sorry to tell us that_________ but God could

save her.

A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything

71. What you said always made your father ________. You should be more polite next time.

A.happily B. happy C. unhappy D. unhappily

72. Taiwanese band Mayday was the first rock band _________ at the Bird’s Nest.

A. perform B. to perform C. performing D. performed

73. Would you please tell me _________ ?

A. where do you live B. who you are waiting for

C. where you live in D. who are you waiting for

74. ---Hey, everybody. I have got a good idea about the scholarship. How about raising some money for the charity ?

---________.

A. Sounds worthwhile B. I dopn’t mind how to deal with it.

C. I like charity. D. Why ? It’s your own money.

75. It is ________ problem that few of us can work it out.

A. such a difficult B. so diifficult

C. so a difficult D. such difficult a

76. I like ________ fruits __________ peaches and apples.

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A. so…as B. as…as C. such…as D. so…like

77. Some people have ________ good memories that they can easily remember many difficult things.

A.very B.too C.such D.so

78. Do you know ________ the underground train system is called in Shanghai ?

A. why B.what C. how D. when

79. ---I am hungry. Is there any bread in the fridge ?

---________, but we have cakes. Would you like to have one ?

A. None B. Nothing C. Neither D. Some

词形转换

1. It is hard training not _________that made him get the first place. (lucky)

2. The famous _________ opened the festival with his new film. ( act )

3. Our monitor is __________ in all kinds of sports, so we should learn from him. ( act )

4. We watched the guests _________ from our sight yesterday afternoon. ( appear )

5. The train travelled fast and soon ___________ from our sight. ( appear )

6. The restaurant __________ delicious food and it is very popular. ( service )

7. Our government has paid great attention to __________ rights nowadays. ( farm )

8. Premier Wen Jiabao asked the government to improve school bus _______ . ( safe)

9. __________ of fans gathered at the hall in order to see the singer. ( crowd )

10. Nobody likes to take __________ buses . ( crowd )

11. Shanghai _________ a lot of visitors from all over the world every year. ( attractive )

12. The police are trying hard to _________ the missing stranger. ( location )

13. You’d better read the news from ________ websites. ( office )

14. As Grade Nine students, we should take a _________ examination in May. ( medicine )

15. He thought it was a great _________ to meet the famous film star. ( please )

16. Doctor Sun always _________ his patients with great care. ( examine )

句型转换

1.Let’s go and have a picnic, __________ __________?

2. Go and have a picnic, _________ ___________?

3. Sorry to keep you waiting for such a long time. I must say sorry for the delay.

Sorry to keep you waiting for such a long time. I must _________ _________the delay. _________ did John go to the hospital____________ ?

_________ did John go to the hospital ?

5. Roger’s trouble began after he walked into the restaurant.

Roger’s trouble didn’t ________ _________ he walked into the restaurant.

6. We should return the money to the owner who lost it.

We should ________ __________the money to the owner who lost it.

7.You can do it in class. You can also do it at home.

You can do it ________ in class ________ at home.

8. If you stay up late, you will fall ill. _______ stay up late, _________ you will fall ill.

9. I wonder when we will leave for Moscow by air.

I wonder when ________ __________ to Moscow.

10.I’m unhappy because my iPhone stops working.

I’m unhappy because my iPhone_________ __________.

11.Can you remember the words ? Listen to the new English song and see.

Listen to the new English song and see__________ you _________ remember the words.

12. “ Do you prefer the red skirt to the blue one, Mary ?” asked her mother.

Mary’s mother asked her __________ she _________ the red skirt to the blue one.

13. The bridge is 6,300 long. The bridge is 6,300 _________ __________.

14. The teacher said that she hadn’t heard what I said.

The teacher said that she hadn’t heard _________ ________ my words.

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