Western Culture December 2013
? Today, you will…
? Learn about different kinds (genres) of music that are distinctly American
? ? ? ? ? Jazz Country Western Rock n’ Roll R&B Hip Hop
? Learn about an icon that represents each kind of music. ? Learn about the most popular musicians and kinds of music in the US.
? How often do you listen to music? ? Who is your favorite Chinese singer or band? Why? ? Who is your favorite foreign singer or band? Why? ? What’s your favorite song? Why?
?What does each quote mean? ?Do you agree or disagree with them? Why?
“Music gives a soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination and life to everything.” ― Plato (Greek philosopher)
“Without music, life would be a mistake.” ― Friedrich Nietzsche (German philosopher)
“People haven't always been there for me but music always has.” ― Taylor Swift (American singer)
“Music is to the soul what words are to the mind.” ― Modest Mouse (American band)
Genres (Types) of American Music
?This term can refer to very old, traditional music passed through the generations. ?It can also refer to new music that sounds similar. ?This music features guitar, banjo, and possibly the harmonica. ?The words are often quite poetic and beautiful.
ICON: Bob Dylan
?Bob Dylan has been described as one of the most influential figures of the 20th century, musically and culturally. ?He was included in the Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century ?President Barack Obama said of Dylan in 2012, "There is not a bigger giant in the history of American music." ?Rolling Stone magazine ranked Dylan at Number Two in their 2011 list of "100 Greatest Artists" of all time.
Country Western Music
?The term country music is used today to describe many styles. ?It usually includes guitar and other string instruments. ?The lyrics are usually about everyday life and country singers try to appear like regular people.
?They typically wear cowboy hats and cowboy boots.
?Country music originated in the southern part of the US. ?Nashville, Tennessee is the home of country music. ?This is where aspiring singers move if they want to be discovered.
?Taylor Swift moved here when she was 14.
ICON: Dolly Parton
?Parton is one of the most-honored female country performers of all time. ?She has had 26 songs reach number one on the Billboard country charts, a record for a female artist. ?She has 42 career top10 country albums, a record for any artist, and 110 career-charted singles over the past 40 years. ?She has sold over 100 million records around the world!
? The most common instrumentation in jazz music starts off with the piano, the stringed bass, and the drums. ? Other instruments can be added, such as the guitar and other wind instruments, such as the various types of saxophones, tru
mpets, and trombones. The clarinets, too, can be part of the instrumentation.
Icon: Louis Armstrong and Ella Fitzgerald
?Louis Armstrong was a trumpet player and singer. He is best known for singing “What a Wonderful World”. ?Ella Fitzgerald, also known as the "First Lady of Song", "Queen of Jazz", and "Lady Ella", was an American jazz vocalist with a vocal range spanning three octaves.
Song: “Let’s Call the Whole Thing Off”
? This song was originally written in 1937 for a movie. ? The song was ranked No. 34 on American Film Institute?s 100 Years... 100 Songs.
NOTE: Jazz music often doesn?t have words, only music.
? When people use the term "rock and roll“, they usually are referring to the first wave of music that originated in the US in the 1950s ? Today, this is more of an international style known as "rock music“
?Elvis is known as the “King of Rock ?n Roll” or simply “The King” ?His life is a rags to riches story. ?He came from very modest means to become one of the leading pop culture figures of the 20th century.
“Elvis is the greatest cultural force in the twentieth century. He introduced the beat to everything, music, language, clothes, it’s a whole new social revolution - the 60’s comes from it.” -Leonard Bernstein, 1960s
Song: “Hound Dog”
? Elvis?s song, from 1956, is ranked # 19 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. ? Presley's version, which sold an estimated 10 million copies globally, was his best-selling song, and "an emblem of the rock 'n' roll revolution".
? It was simultaneously # 1 on the US pop, country, and R&B charts in 1956, and topped the pop chart for 11 weeks—a record that stood for 36 years. ? We would call this a “cross over song” because it has elements of different genres.
? It first became very popular in the 1970s and 1980s. ? This music has lots of heavy guitar and drums. The singing is usually talking or screaming. ? The words are usually dark and hard to understand. ? Performers will often wear costumes and lots of make up.
?This band is known as one of the “big four” heavy metal bands from the 1980s. ?They are listed as the role models of many musicians today. ?They have won 8 Grammy Awards.
Rhythm and Blues (R&B)
?R&B began in the 1940s and was very popular among African Americans. Some would describe it as a mix of jazz, rock ?n roll, and pop music. ?It often features the keyboard or piano, fast drumbeats and bass guitar. ?Today it includes musicians like Justin Timberlake, Rihanna and Beyonce.
Culture Point: Motown
?This is a record company in Detroit, Michigan that was highly successful in the 1960s. ?Motown played an important role in the racial integration of popular music by achieving a crossover success. ?In other words, most of Motown?s musicians were African Americ
an, but the audience was all different races.
?Aretha Franklin recorded it in 1967. ?It is often considered as one of the best Rhythm and Blues songs of the time period and earned her two Grammy Awards. ?It is number 5 on Rolling Stone Magazine?s top 500 songs of all times.
With so much musical variety in the US, what kinds are the most popular?
The next slide has a graph that shows the most popular genres by sales of entire albums or songs.
US Music Sales, 2012 1. Rock: 102,500,000 2. Alternative: 52,200,000 3. R&B: 49,700,000 4. Country: 44,600,000 5. Heavy Metal: 31,900,000
? In 2012, nearly 28 percent of adults named country and 27 percent named rock as their preferred style.
? Among teenagers, country and rock ranked high as well, taking second and fourth places respectively.
? In 2009 country music was the most listened to rush hour radio genre during the evening commute, and second most popular in the morning commute in the United States.
Top Selling Music Artists in the United States
According to the RIAA (Recording Industry Association of America)
Who do you think will be the top five on the list?
?Country of Origin: US ?Genre: Rock/Country Rock ?Dates Active: 1960s-2010s ?TOTAL AMOUNT of songs or albums sold:
4. Led Zeppelin
?Country of Origin: UK ?Genre: Heavy Metal ?Dates Active: 1960s-1980s ?TOTAL AMOUNT of songs or albums sold:
3. Garth Brooks
?Country of Origin: US ?Genre: Country ?Dates Active: 1990s-2010s ?TOTAL AMOUNT of songs or albums sold:
2. Elvis Presley
?Country of Origin: US ?Genre: Rock n? Roll/Country ?Dates Active: 1950s-1970s ?TOTAL AMOUNT of songs or albums sold:
1. The Beatles
?Country of Origin: UK ?Genre: Rock/Pop ?Dates Active: 1960s-1970s ?TOTAL AMOUNT of songs or albums sold:
? What surprises you about this list? ? Is there any person or group missing that you thought would be on the list? Discuss with a partner in ENGLISH.
?Number 7 ?Sold 75,500,000 albums or songs
?Number 23 ?Sold 50,000,000 albums or songs
? Of all the music we listened to today, what was your favorite kind? ? What was your least favorite kind? ? What was something that you learned today?
? Review your vocabulary from the etiquette lesson. ? We will focus on other elements of business life. ? No quiz!