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PEP小学英语总复习

发布时间:2013-12-14 16:45:49  

pep小学英语毕业总复习

一:学生易错词汇

1. a, an的选择: 元音字母开头的单词用an,辅音字母开头的单词用a.

2. am , is , are的选择: 单数用is , 复数用are. I 用 am , you 用 are.

3. have , has 的选择: 表示某人有某物。单数用has , 复数用have. I ,you 用 have .

4. there is, there are 的选择:表示某地有某物,某人。单数用there is , 复数用there are.

5. some, any 的选择:肯定句用some, 疑问句和否定句用any.

6. 疑问词的选择:what (什么) who (谁) where (哪里) whose (谁的) why(为什么)when(how old (多大) how many (多少)how much(多少钱)

二:形容词比较级详解

什么 + 动词be (am , is , are ) + 形容词比较级 + than(比)+ 什么 ,如:I’m taller and heavier than you. (我比你更高和更重。)

An elephant is bigger than a tiger. (一只大象比一只老虎更大。)

形容词的比较级是在形容词的基础上变化而来的,它的变化规则是:

② 以e③ ④ ☆

tall long big

(4)How 二、根据句意写出所缺的单词

(1) I’m 12 years old. You’re 14. I’m than you.

(2) A rabbit’s tail is than a monkey’s tail.

(3) An elephant is than a pig.

(4) A lake is than a sea.

(5) A basketball is than a football.

新课标第一网系列资料 www.xkb1.com

三、根据中文完成句子.

(1) 我比我的弟弟大三岁. I’m than my brother.

(2) 这棵树要比那棵树高. This tree than that one.

(3) 你比他矮四厘米. You are than he.

(4) 谁比你重? than you?

四、根据答句写出问句

(1) I’m 160 cm.

(2) I’m 12 years old.

(4) Amy’s hair is 30 cm long.

三:动词过去式详解 动词的过去式的构成规则有:

A、规则动词

① 一般直接在动词的后面加ed:如 worked , learned , cleaned , visited

② 以e结尾的动词直接加d:如 lived , danced , used

③ 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词要改y为i再加ed(此类动词较少)如 studied carry – carried worry – worried

(注意play、stay不是辅音字母加y,所以不属于此类)

eat – ate , – was , – found , 新课标第一网系列资料 www.xkb1.com

六:句型专项归类 1、 肯定句:是指用肯定的语气来陈述的句子,如:I’m a student. She is a doctor. He works in a hospital. There are four fans in our classroom. He will eat lunch at 12:00. 2、否定句:含有否定词或表示否定意义词的句子,如:I’m not a student.

He does not (doesn’t) work in a hospital. (aren’t) four fans in our classroom. (won’t) eat lunch at 12:00.

☆注意☆ 小结:否定句主要是在肯定句的基础上加上了否定词 “not”。有动词be的句子则加在be后面,可缩写成“isn’t,aren’t”,但am not 一般都分开写。没有动词be(do,does,did),然后在它后面加上“not”,你也可以把它们缩写在一起如)。这三个助动词要根据人称和时态来选择,其中“does”只用于一般过去时,不论主语是什么人称和数,都用“did” 。

3、一般疑问句,或“no”来回答。

如:Are you a student? Yes, I am / No, I’m not.

Is she a doctor? Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.

Does he work in a hospital? Yes, he does. / No, he n’t.

Are. / No, there aren’t.

Aream. / No, I am not. (Yes, we are. / No, we aren’t.)

Will not(won’t).

Arearen’t.

Diddid. / No, I didn’t.

☆注意☆

①把动词be

②do,does,did)再把紧跟在后面的动词变回原形,末尾标点符号

这三个助动词也要根据人称和时态来选择,其中“does”只用于一般现在时主语是第三人称单数的情况,而“did”只用于一般过去时,不论主语是什么人称和数,都用“did” 。一般疑问句有个重要的原则就是问和答要一致,即问句里的第一个单词(助动词)和简略答句里的这个词是一致的。

4、特殊疑问句:以特殊疑问词(what , where , who , which , when , whose , why , how等)开头引导的句子。此类句子应该问什么就答什么,不能用“yes 、no”来回答。如:

What is this? It’s a computer.

What does he do? He’s a doctor.

新课标第一网系列资料 www.xkb1.com

Where are you going? I’m going to Beijing.

Who played football with you yesterday afternoon? Mike.

Which season do you like best? Summer.

When do you usually get up? I usually get up at 6:30.

Whose skirt is this? It’s Amy’s.

Why do you like spring best? Because I can plant trees.

How are you? I’m fine. / I’m happy.

How did you go to Xinjiang? I went to Xinjiang by train.

☆其中how又可以和其他一些形容词连用组成特殊疑问词组用来提问,如: how many(多少(), how much(多少(钱)), how tall(多高), how long(多长), how big(多大), how heavy(多重)

例句:How many pencils do you have? I have three pencils.

How many girls can you see? I can see four girls.

How many desks are there in your classroom? There are 51.

☆小结:how many

How many + 名词复数 + do you have? 你有多少……?

How many + 名词复数 + can you see? 你能看见多少……?

How many + 名词复数 + are there…? 有多少……?

七:完全、缩略形式: I’m=I am he’s=he is is they’re=they are you’re=you are there’s=there is they’re=they are can’t=can not don’t=do doesn’t=does not isn’t=is not aren’t=are not let’s=let us won’t=will not I’ll=I will 总结:通常情况下,'m即am,'s), 're即are ,n't即not (但can’t=can not)

八:与字母相关的题型 ( Aa Ee Ii Oo Uu )

一.

Hh Rr Xx Zz Ff Qq Ii

二.

1.( ) Bb ( ) 3.( ) Ll ( ) 4.( ) Rr ( ) 5.( ) Qq ( ) 6.( ) Ww ( )

三.

1.ROOM( ) 2.UNDER( ) 3.PLEASE( ) 4.PICTURE( ) 5.WHERE( ) 6.TWINS( )

7.EXCUSE( ) 8.HOW( ) 9.CAKE( ) 10.SMALL( )

三.将全是元音字母的那一组圈起来

1. a c e 2. i e o 3. v u k 4. e u I 5. J B I 6. E T V 7. E I O 8. A U E

四.写出与所给单词发音相同的字母(大小写)。

1.bee ( ) 2.sea ( ) 3.tea ( ) 4.are ( ) 5.why ( ) 6.you ( )

新课标第一网系列资料 www.xkb1.com

九:pep小学英语词汇不完全归类表

学习用品(school things):pen钢笔pencil铅笔 pencil-case铅笔盒 ruler尺子 book书 bag包 comic book漫画书 post card明信片 newspaper报纸 schoolbag书包 eraser橡皮 crayon蜡笔 sharpener卷笔刀 story-book故事书 notebook笔记本 Chinese book语文书 English book英语书 math book数学书 magazine杂志 dictionary词典 人体(body):foot脚 head头 face脸 hair头发 nose鼻子 mouth嘴 eye眼睛 ear耳朵 arm手臂 hand手 finger手指 leg腿 tail尾巴

颜色(colours):red红 blue蓝 yellow黄 green绿 white白 black黑 pink粉红 purple紫棕 动物(animals):cat猫 dog狗 pig猪 duck鸭 rabbit兔 horse马 elephant大象 ant蚂蚁 鸟 eagle鹰 beaver海狸 snake蛇 mouse老鼠 squirrel松鼠 kangaroo袋鼠 monkey猴 panda 熊 lion狮子 tiger老虎 fox狐狸 zebra斑马 deer鹿 giraffe长颈鹿 goose鹅 hen母鸡 火鸡 lamb小羊 sheep绵羊 goat山羊 cow奶牛 donkey驴 squid鱿鱼 lobster龙虾 shark鲨鱼seal抹香鲸killer whale虎鲸 人物(people):friend朋友 boy男孩 girl女孩 mother母亲 father brother兄弟 uncle叔叔;舅舅 man男人 woman女人 Mr.先生 Miss小姐 lady 妈妈 dad爸爸 parents父母 grandparents祖父母 grandma/grandmother(外)祖母 aunt姑姑 cousin堂(表)兄弟;堂(表)姐妹 son儿子 daughter女儿 baby婴儿 kid小孩 classmate同学 queen女王 visitor参观者 neighbour邻居 principal校长 university studentpen pal笔友 tourist旅行者 people人物 robot机器人 职业(jobs):teacher教师 student学生 doctor driver司机 farmer农民 singer歌唱家 writer作家 actor男演员 actress女演员 artist画家reporter电视台记者 engineer工程师 accountant会计 policeman(男)警察 salesperson销售员 cleaner baseball player棒球运动员 assistant售货员 police警察 食品、饮料(food & drink):rice米饭 beef牛肉 milk牛奶 water水 egg蛋 fish鱼 tofu豆腐 cake蛋糕 hot dog热狗 hamburgerfries炸薯条 cookie曲奇 biscuit饼干 jam果酱 noodles面条 meat肉 chicken鸡肉 vegetable蔬菜 salad沙拉 soup汤 ice冰 ice-cream冰淇淋 Coke可乐 juice果汁 tea breakfast早餐 lunch午餐 dinner/supper晚餐 meal一餐

水果、蔬菜(fruit & vegetables):苹果 banana香蕉 pear梨 orange橙 watermelon西瓜 grape葡萄 eggplant茄子 西红柿 potato土豆 peach桃 strawberry草莓 cucumber黄瓜 onion洋葱 carrot胡萝卜 衣服(clothes): shirt衬衫 T-shirt丅恤衫 skirt短裙子 dress连衣裙 jeans牛仔裤 pants长裤 socks袜子 shoessweater毛衣 coat上衣 raincoat雨衣 shorts短裤 sneakers网球鞋 slippers拖鞋 sandals凉鞋 boots靴子 hat(有沿的)帽子 cap便帽 sunglasses太阳镜 tie领带scarf围巾gloves手套trousers裤子cloth布 交通工具(vehicles):bike自行车 bus公共汽车 train火车 boat小船 ship轮船 yacht快艇 car小汽车 taxi出租车 jeep吉普车 van小货车;面包车 plane/airplane飞机 subway/underground地铁 motor cycle摩托车

杂物(other things): window窗户 door门 desk课桌 chair椅子 bed床 computer计算机 board写字板 fan风扇 light灯 teacher’s desk讲台 picture图画;照片 wall墙壁 floor地板 curtain窗帘 trash bin垃圾箱 closet壁橱 mirror镜子 end table床头柜 football/soccer足球 present礼物 walkman随身听 lamp台灯 phone电话 新课标第一网系列资料 www.xkb1.com

sofa沙发 shelf书架 fridge冰箱 table桌子 TV电视 air-conditioner空调 key钥匙 lock锁 photo照片 chart图表 plate盘子 knife刀 fork叉 spoon勺子 chopsticks筷子 pot锅 gift礼物 toy玩具 doll洋娃娃 ball球 balloon气球 kite风筝 jigsaw puzzle拼图游戏 box盒子 umbrella伞 zipper拉链 violin小提琴 yo-yo溜溜球 nest鸟窝 hole洞 tube管子 toothbrush牙刷 menu菜单 e-card电子卡片 e-mail电子邮件 traffic light交通灯 money钱 medicine药

地点(locations):home家 room房间 bedroom卧室 bathroom卫生间 living room起居室 kitchen厨房 classroom教室 school学校 park公园 library图书馆 post office邮局 police office警察局 hospital医院 电影院 bookstore书店 farm农场 zoo动物园 garden花园 study书房 playground操场 canteen食堂 office教师办公室 library图书馆 gym体育馆 washroom卫生间 art room绘画教室 computer room music room音乐教室 TV room电视机房 flat公寓 company公司 factory工厂 fruit stand shop宠物商店 nature park自然公园 theme park主题公园 science museum科学博物馆 the Wall长城 supermarket超市 bank银行 country国家 village乡村 city城市 hometown家乡 bus stop

课程(classes): sports体育运动 science科学 Moral EducationStudies社会课 Chinese语文 math数学 PE体育课 English英语课

国家、城市(countries & cities): China/PRC中国 America/USA England英国 Canada/CAN加拿大 Australia澳大利亚 New York纽约 London伦敦 Sydney悉尼 Moscow莫斯科 Cairo开罗

气象(weather): cold寒冷的 warm温暖的 coolsnowy下雪的 sunny晴朗的 hot炎热的 rainy下雨的 windy有风的 cloudy多云的 weather report景物(nature): river河流 lake湖泊 stream 森林 path小道 road公路 house房子 bridge桥 building建筑物 rain雨 cloud云 sun太阳 山 sky天空 rainbow彩虹 wind风 air空气 moon月亮 植物(plants): flower花 grass草 seed种子 sprout苗 plant植物 rose玫瑰 leaf叶子

星期(week): Monday星期一 Wednesday星期三 Thursday星期四 Friday星期五 Saturday星期六 Sunday星期天

月份(months):February)二月 Mar.(March)三月 April四月 May五月 June六月 July七月 九月 Oct.(October)十月 Nov.(November)十一月Dec.(December)十二月 季节(seasons):夏 fall/autumn秋 winter冬

方位(directions): north北 east东 west西 left 左边 right右边

患病(illness):发烧 hurt疼痛 have a cold感冒 have a toothache牙疼 have a headache头疼 have a sore throat

数词(numbers): one一 two二 three三 four四 five五 six六 seven七 eight八 nine九 ten十 eleven十一 twelve十二 thirteen十三 fourteen十四 fifteen十五 sixteen十六 seventeen十七 eighteen十八 nineteen十九 twenty二十 thirty三十 forty四十 fifty五十 sixty六十 seventy七十 eighty八十 ninety九十 forty-two四十二 hundred百 one/a hundred and thirty-six一百三十六 first第一 second第二 third第三 fourth第四 fifth第五 eighth第八 ninth第九 twelfth第十二 twentieth第二十 thirtieth第三十 fortieth第四十 fiftieth第五十 sixtieth第六十 seventieth第七十 eightieth第八十 ninetieth第九十 fifty-sixth第五十六 X k b1. c o m

新课标第一网系列资料 www.xkb1.com

形容词(adj.): big大的 small小的 long长的 tall高的 short短的;矮的 young年轻的 old旧的;老的 strong健壮的 thin瘦的 active积极活跃的 quiet安静的 nice好看的 kind和蔼亲切的 strict严格的 smart聪明的 funny滑稽可笑的 tasty好吃的 sweet甜的 salty咸的 sour酸的 fresh新鲜的 favourite最喜爱的 clean干净的 tired疲劳的 excited兴奋的 angry生气的 happy高兴的 bored无聊的 sad忧愁的 taller更高的 shorter更矮的 stronger更强壮的 older年龄更大的 younger更年轻的 bigger更大的 heavier更重的 longer更长的 thinner更瘦的 smaller更小的 good好的 fine好的 great很好的 heavy 重的 new新的 fat胖的 happy快乐的 right对的 hungry饥饿的 cute逗人喜爱的 little小的 lovely可爱的 beautiful漂亮的 colourful pretty漂亮的 cheap便宜的 expensive昂贵的 juicy多汁的 tender嫩的 healthy健康的 ill有病的 high高的 easy简单的 proud骄傲的 sick有病的 better更好的 higher更高的

介词(prep.): in在……里 on在……上;在……时候 under在……下面 near在…… 在……后边 next to与……相邻 over在……上面 in front of在……前面

代词(pron.): I我 we我们 you你;你们 he他 she她 it它 they他们 我的 our 我们的 your你的;你们的 his他的 her她的

动词(v.):play(.ed)玩;踢 swim(swam)游泳 skate滑冰 fly(flew) walk走 run(ran)跑 climb爬 fight(fought)打架 swing(swung)荡 eat(ate)吃 sleep(slept)睡觉 have(had)有;吃 turn转弯 buy(bought)买 take(took)买;带 live居住 teach(taught)教 go(went)去 study(studied)学习 learn学习 sing(sang)唱歌 dance跳舞 row划 do(did)做 do homework do housework做家务 watch TV看电视 read(read) books读书 cook the meals做饭 water the the floor扫地 clean the bedroom打扫卧室 make(made) the bed铺床 set(set) the table摆饭桌 洗衣服 do the dishes洗碗碟 use a computer使用计算机 do morning exercises晨练;做广播操breakfast吃早饭 eat dinner吃晚饭 go to school上学 have English class上英语课 play sports get(got)up起床 climb mountains爬山 go shopping买东西 play the piano弹钢琴 go hiking去远足 fly kites放风筝 make a snowman堆雪人 plant trees种树 draw(drew) dinner做饭 read a book看书 answer the phone接电话 listen to music听音乐 write(wrote) a letter写信 write an e-mail写电子邮件 drink(drank) water喝水 take pictures观察昆虫 pick up leaves采摘树叶 do an experiment做实验 catch butterflies捉蝴蝶 收集昆虫 collect leaves收集树叶 write a report写报告 play chess下棋 have a get to到达 ride(rode) a bike骑自行车 play the violin拉小提琴 make kites制作风筝 见面 welcome欢迎 thank谢谢 love爱 work工作 drink(drank)喝 taste尝 smell闻 feed(fed)shear剪 milk挤奶 look看 guess猜 help帮助 pass传递 show展示 use使用 clean打扫 open打开 close关上 put放 paint绘画 tell(told)告诉 kick踢 bounce反弹 ride(rode)骑 stop(stopped)停 wait等 find(found)寻找到 drive(drove)驾驶 fold折 send(sent)寄 wash洗 shine照耀 become变成 feel(felt)感觉到 think(thought)思考 meet(met)遇见 fall(fell)落下 leave(left)离开 wake(woke) up醒来 put on穿上 take off脱掉 hang up挂起 wear(wore)穿 go home回家 go to bed上床睡觉 play computer games玩电脑游戏 play chess下棋 empty the trash倒垃圾 put away the clothes收拾衣服 get off下车 take a trip去旅行 read a magazine读杂志 go to the cinema去看电影 go straight向前直走

新课标第一网系列资料 www.xkb1.com

十:小学三至六年级英语四会单词、句子汇总

四年级上册

Unit 4:home room school classroom door chair bed desk window

Unit 5:bread egg milk water rice beef chicken fish

Unit 6:sister brother father mother farmer driver nurse doctor

四年级下册

Unit 1:computer board fans light teacher’s desk picture floor wall

This is my computer. That is your computer. Is this a teacher’s desk? Yes, it is.

Unit 2:one two three four five six seven eight nine ten music math Chinese P.E.

What time is it? It’s two o’clock.. It’s 9:45. It’s time for math class.

Unit 3:red blue yellow green white skirt shirt dress

Is this your T-shirt? No, it’s not. What colour is it? Unit 4:jeans pants socks shoes sunny warm snowy

It’s warm today. Let’s play football. It’s cool. Is it cold?Unit 5:big small long short nice apple banana pear watermelon

How much is it? It’s ten yuan. They’re three yuan.

Unit 6:cat rabbit pig duck dog twelve fifteen thirteen twenty

Are they ducks? No, they aren’t. Twelve.

五年级上册

Unit 1: young funny tall strong old short thin smart active strict quiet

Who’s your English teacher? What’s he like? He’s tall and strong.

Is she quite? Is she strict? Yes, she is, but she’s very kind.

Unit 2: Monday (Mon.) Wednesday (Wed.) Thursday (Thu.) Friday (Fri.) Saturday (Sat.) Sunday

(Sun.) watch TV read books

We have English, math and science on Thursdays.

What do you do on Saturdays? I watch TV on Saturdays.

Unit 3: green beans tofu potato tomato lunch tasty sweet sour fresh salty

fruit grape What do you have for lunch on Mondays?

We have tomatoes, tofu and fish. What’s your favourite fruit? I like apples. They’re sweet.

I like fruit. But I don’t like grapes. They’re sour.

Unit 4: cook the meals water the flowers sweep the floor clean the bedroom make the bed set the table

wash the clothes do the dishes use a computer

What can you do? I can sweep the floor. I can cook the meals. I can water the flowers.

Can you make the bed? No, I can’t. Can you use a computer? Yes, I can.

新课标第一网系列资料 www.xkb1.com

Unit 5: curtain trash bin closet mirror end table bedroom kitchen bathroom living room clothes

in on under near over behind The trash bin is behind the door.

There are two bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a living room.

There is a mirror, a bed and a big closet. The closet is near the table. Many clothes are in the closet.

Unit 6: mountain river flower grass lake forest path park house bridge tree road building any

Is there a forest in the park? Yes, there is. Is there a river? No, there isn’t.

五年级下册

Unit 1: do morning exercises eat breakfast have English class play sports eat dinner climb

mountains go shopping play the piano visit grandparents go hiking usually What do you do on the weekend? Usually I watch TV and go shopping.

What about you? I often play football. Sometimes I go hiking.

Unit 2: spring summer fall winter season which best swim skate make a snowman

plant trees why because Which season do you like best? Summer is good, but fall is my favourite season. Because I can swim in the lake.

Why do you like winter? Because I can sleep a long time.

Unit 3: January (Jan.) February (Feb.) March (Mar.) May June July August (Aug.)

September (Sept.) October (Oct.) birthday uncle her date

When is your birthday? It’s in May. Uncle Bill’s birthday is in June, too.

Is her birthday in June? Yes. June 9th .

Unit 4: draw pictures cook dinner answer the phone listen to music clean the room

write a letter grandpa study Hi, John. This is Zhang Peng.

What are you doing? I’m reading a book. Grandpa is writing a letter.

He’s writing an e-mail in the study.

Unit 5: fly swim kangaroo sleep climb fight swing drink water

What is she doing? She’s jumping.

They’re swimming. They’re climbing trees.

watch insects pick up leaves do an experiment catch butterflies count insects

write a report play chess have a picnic honey

Are you eating lunch? No, we aren’t. Are they eating the honey? Yes, they are.

Is he playing chess? Yes, he is. Is she counting insects? No, she isn’t.

六年级上册

Unit 1: on foot by bike by bus by train by plane by ship go to school traffic light traffic rule

stop wait get to How do you go to school, Sarah? Usually I go to school on foot.

Sometimes I go by bike. How can I get to Zhongshan Park? You can go by the No.15 bus.

Unit 2:library post office hospital cinema bookstore where please next to turn right turn left go straight then 新课标第一网系列资料 www.xkb1.com

Where is the cinema, please? It’s next to the hospital. Turn left at the cinema, then go straight. It’s on the left.

Unit 3: next week this morning this afternoon this evening comic book post card newspaper buy

What are you going to do on the weekend? I’m going to visit my grandparents this weekend.

Where are you going this afternoon? I’m going to the bookstore.

What are you going to buy? I am going to buy a comic book.

Unit 4: hobby ride a bike dive play the violin make kites collect stamps live teaches watches goes does

doesn’t=does not What’s your hobby? I like collecting stamps. He likes collecting stamps, too.

Does she teach English? No, she doesn’t. Does she teach you math? Yes, she does.

Unit 5: singer writer actor actress artist TV reporter engineer accountant cleaner

salesperson work What does your mother do? She is a TV reporter.

Where does she work? She works in a school. How does she go to work? Unit 6: rain cloud sun stream come from seed soil sprout plant then

Where does the rain come from? It comes from the clouds. How do you do that? 六年级下册

Unit 1: taller shorter stronger older younger bigger heavier thinner smaller

How tall are you? I’m 164 cm tall. You’re shorter than me.

How heavy are you? I’m 48 kg.

Unit 2: have a fever hurt have a cold have a toothache have a sore throat matter

sore nose tired excited angry happy bored sad My throat is sore.

My nose hurts. How are you, Liu Yun? You look so happy. You look sad today.

Unit 3: watch - watched wash - washed play - played visit - visited do - did

last weekend go - went read – read went hiking

What did you do last weekend? Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t.

Unit 4: learn Chinese – learned Chinese sing – sang dance – danced eat good food – ate good food

take pictures – took pictures climb a – climbed a mountain buy presents – bought presents row a boat – rowed a boat – saw elephants went skiing went ice-skating get to – got to

have – had I went to Xinjiang.

How did you go there? 新课标第一网系列资料 www.xkb1.com

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