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发布时间:2013-09-21 10:04:29  

retire bicycle save employ

company helper workshop grandson

Let’s review
e ? ★r_tire
o ? ★c _ mpany y ? ★bic _ cle
v. 雇佣
n.自行车 n. 车间 n. 孙子 n. 公司

e ? ★sav _
? ★work ___ shop

er ? ★help ___
? ★ __ ploy em son ? ★grand___

n. 帮手, 助手
v. 退休 v. 积蓄

The head of Used to Be used to do used to doing Be used as In one’s ies At that time Of one’s own

过去常常 被用来做···· 习惯于做某事 被用作··· 在某人···岁
在那时=at that moment


? Yesterday afternoon Frank Hawkins was telling me about his experiences as a young man. Before he retired, Frank was the head of a very large business company, but as a boy he used to work in a small shop. It was his job to repair bicycles and at that time he used to work fourteen hours a day. He saved money for years and _____in 1958 he bought a small workshop of his own. In his twenties Frank used to make spare parts for aeroplanes.At that time he had_ two helpers _ _ _ _.In a few years the small workshop had become a large factory which employed seven hundred and twenty-eight people. Frank smiled when he remembered his hard early years and the long road to success. He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in. She wanted him to repair their grandson’s bicycle!

1. polo a game 2.cut v. cuts, cutting, cut to divide something up, or make a hole in something, or change the look of something with scissors, a knife or something sharp. n. cuts an opening in the skin made by something sharp.

3. row n. rows 1) a quarrel; a lot of noise 2) people or things arranged in a straight line. v. rows, rowing, rowed to use oars to make a boat move.

4. kick v. kicks, kicking, kicked to hit with your foot. 5. towards prep. in the direction of something. eg: He walked towards the school.

6. nearly adv. almost, not quite. eg: It's nearly 3 o'clock. We're nearly home.
7. sight n. 1) the power to see. eg: You are lucky to have good sight. 2) something that you see. eg: He was a funny sight in that hat.

polo cut kick nearly

Wayle row towards sight

1. cut v. 穿过 ① vt. &vi. 切,割,剪 Would you please cut the cake in half? cut one’s hair = have a hair cut cut the tree cut off electricity cut sth. into pieces

② vt. 割破,划破 cut oneself ③vi. 横穿,穿越(介词用across/through) cut across/through 直着穿过 The road cuts across/through the forest. cut a corner 走捷径,超近路 When you learn English, never cut a corner. No pains, no gains. 没有付出,就没有收获。

2. row v. 划(船) ① vt.& vi. 划船 My brother is rowing. 划船 (row 强调动作) go boating 去划船(强调玩) ② vt. 划船载运 Can you row me across the river? 你能划船将我送到河的对岸吗? He rowed her home.

3. kick v. 踢 1) kick me 踢我一脚 2) kick back n. 回扣, 佣金 I get a kickb

ack of 2000 Yuan. 我得到2000元的回扣。 3) kick upstairs 明升暗降 He was kicked upstairs. 4) well to go (美语) = well done (英语) 做得不错

4. sight n. 眼界, 视域 1) catch sight of… 看见: 2) catch sight of the bird =see the bird 2) out of sight 在视线之外: Out of sight, out of mind. 眼不见心不烦 3) in sight 在视线之内: The bird is in sight. 鸟在视线之内。 4) long sighted 眼光长远, 远视眼:sb. is long sighted : 某人眼光远大;某人是远视眼 short sighted 目光短浅, 近视 ( shortsighted = nearsighted adj.近视的 ) reading glasses 近视眼镜

so that …以便,以致… eg: 1)Ed 借给我一把雨伞,好让我不被雨淋湿。 so that Ed lent me an umbrella ________ I wouldn’t get wet in the rain. 2)我将我写的东西复习了一遍又一遍,以便不会出错。 again and I went over what I had written __________ again make any mistakes _____ so that I wouldn’t ________________. so + adj / adv + that + 句子 3) 这套衣服很贵,我没买。 so that The suit cost _____ much _____ I didn’t buy it. 4) 那次旅游很便宜,他们都去了。 so little that The trip cost _____ _____ _____ they all went. cheap

引导结果状语从句的连词主要有 so/such…that…,so that等。 1) so...that结构在某种情况下可以与enough to和 too...to结构相互转换。例如: She is so short that she can't reach the buttons of the lift. =She is too short to reach the buttons of the lift. 2)so that也可以引导结果状语从句,意为"结果是;以 致于"。例如: They missed the bus so that they were late for class. 注:so that也可引导目的状语从句,此时可用to或in order to替换,将其改为简单句。例如: He got up early so that he could get to school on time. =He got up early to get to school on time. =In order to get to school on time,he got up early.

[比较]so…that…与so that so that可引导结果状语从句,也可引导目的状语从句。 (1)引导结果状语从句,意为“因此,所以”,主句和从句 间常用逗号分开,一般不与情态动词连用。 Nothing more was heard of him,so that people thought that he was dead. 未再听到他的消息,以致人们认为他已死去了。 I was caught in a heavy rain,so that all my clothes got wet. 我被大雨淋了,所以衣服全都湿了。 (2)引导目的状语从句,意为“为了,以便”,通常从句中 用may,might,can,could等情态动词。 We left early so that we could catch the first bus. 我们很早出发,以便能赶上第一班汽车。 Speak clearly so that we may understand you. 讲话要清楚,以便我们能听明白。 注意:so that引导目的状语从句时,可用in order that(以便, 为了)替换,以上两句中的so that均可换成in order that。

[比较]so…that…与such…that… so…that…的句型构成是so+adj./adv.+that;such…that…的句

型 构成是such+a(n)+adj.+n.+that;such+adj.+不可数名词 +that;such+adj.+复数名词+that。 He caught such a bad cold that he coughed day and night. 他得了重感冒以致日夜地咳嗽。 It is such fine weather that we will go swimming. 今天天气那么好我们将去游泳。 They are such small shoes that I can’t put them on. 这双鞋这么小我穿不上。 注意:“such+a(n)+adj.+单数名词”结构可以与 “so+adj.+a(n)+单数名词”结构互换,其他结构则不可互换。 It was such a lovely day that we decided to go outing. It was so lovely a day that we decided to go outing.

(2)当名词前有many,much,few,little修饰时,前面应用so, 即so+many (much, few, little) + n.+that-clause从句 The Smiths had so many children that they formed their own basketball team. 史密斯一家有这么多孩子,他们组成了自己的篮球队。 There was so little water left that only small children were given some. 留下的水不多了,只给小孩分了一些。 so…that…“如此……以至于……”,引导结果状语从句;so… 部分放在句首时,句子要倒装。 He was so excited that he could not speak. So excited was he that he could not speak. The box is so heavy that nobody can lift it. So heavy is the box that nobody can lift it.

1. 他努力学习,以便取得好成绩。 He works hard _______ he can get good so that result. 2. 老师写得很仔细,是为了让我们看得清楚。 so that The teacher wrote carefully ________ we

could see clearly. 3. 他太伤心了,以致说不出一个字来。
so sad that He is _____________he can’t say a word. 4.妹妹身体太弱了,不能再走了。 so weak that My sister is ____________ she can’t walk farther. 5.他跳得很远,所以得了第一名。 so far that He jumped _____________he got the first place.

Rewrite the following sentences using “so…that…” 1.The camera cost very much. I didn’t buy one. The camera cost so much that I didn’t buy one. 2.The trip cost very little. They all went. The trip cost so little that they all went. 3.The star is very far away. We can’t see it with out eyes. The star is so far away that we can’t see it with our eyes 4.Ed lent me an umbrella (以便我不会在雨中淋湿). Ed lent me an umbrella so that I wouldn’t get wet in the rain. 5.Miyoko bought a camera (以便她能在北京拍照). Miyoko bought a camera so that she could take pictures in Beijing.

so that 1. The little boy saved every coin_________ __________he could buy his mother a present on Mother‘s day.(用所给的短语填空, 每个短语只能用一次) 2. She bought a digital camera online ______she would save a lot of A time. A.so that B.as soon as C.no matter D.such that D 3. ―__________fine day it is today! ―Yes,the sunshine is__________beautiful that I\‘d like to go swimming in the sea. A. How, such B. What a, very C. How, so D. What a, so 4. 当球迷们看

到贝克汉姆的时候,他们如此激动以致于大喊大叫。 (根据中文意思完成句子, 每空一词。) When the football fans saw Beckham, they so that got__________excited__________they cried out. 5. The camera is __________expensive__________ I can\'t afford it. A A. so, that B. such, that C. so, as to D. enough, that

D 6. Miss Gao asked a question, but it was__________that nobody could answer it. A.very difficult B. too difficult C. difficult enough D. so difficult 7. David was so careless that he didn‘t find the mistakes in his test paper. (变为简单句) too to David was__________careless__________find the mistakes in his test paper. 8. A:The boy is so young that he can\'t look after himself. old enough B:The boy is not________________to look after himself. (改写句子,使B句与A句意思相近) such 9. The stone is so heavy that I can\'t lift it up. It is__________a heavy that stone__________I can\'t lift it up.(改写句子)

Grammar in use




Grammar in use

some 不用于否定句 ,只用于肯定句中。 eg:There are some apples in the box. 盒子里有一些苹果。

some 在表示邀请的语 气中可以取代any : eg:Do you want any drink? 你想要喝点什么 吗?(不一定愿意给别人 喝) Do you want some ? 你想要一些吗?(愿意 给别人喝,表示邀请 )

any通常用于否定句 和疑问句中。 eg:Is there any milk in the bottle ? 瓶子里有牛奶吗? There isn’t any milk in the bottle. 瓶子里没有牛奶。

Grammar in use


2 3 4


双特 指加 the

在海洋、 河流、 湖海、 山脉前 加 the

在方位词 前加the

The + 单数名 词表类 别

Grammar in use
Peter went into a classroom two minutes ago. The classroom was so quiet.(前面提到过 classroom , 第二次 用 classroom 时加 the )

The Atlantic The Yellow River The Mediterranean 地中海 the Himalayas 喜马拉雅山

32 3
In the south of 在南部 the west 西部 on the left on the right

The horse is a useful animal . 马是有用的动物。

Grammar in use
6 7



专用 名词 加 the

乐器 前面 加 the

独一无 二的 事物 加 the

在序数 词或最 高级前 加 the

Grammar in use
5 1
the Great Wall

Play the guitar. 注意:如果乐器是 以拼音命名的 中国乐器,刚 不加the. Play erhu. 弹二胡

7 32
the earth the world the sun

the second the biggest

Grammar in use
9 10 11 12

姓氏复 数前加 the 表 示一家 人

年代 名词 前加 the

阶级党 派分类 前加the

有些固 定搭配 要加 the

Grammar in use
9 1
Bushes 布什一家 the Wangs 王姓一 家

10 1
in the 90s. 在90年代

11 32
The Communist Party of China : 中国共产党; the Democratic Party 民主党

in the end 最终

Grammar in use
13 14 15 16

打某人 的某个 部位加 the

The + 形容词 比较级

The + 形容词 表示具 备该特 征的一 类人

by + the + 单数数

量词,表 示“以…. 为计”

Grammar in use
13 1
I hit Tom on the nose . ( 或 in the nose ) 我打中了 汤姆的鼻子。

14 1
The sooner , the better .

15 32
the missing 失踪 的人 the weak 弱者

by the second 以秒计 by the month 以月计


Grammar in use
17 18 19 20

在部分 国名前 要加 the

Grammar in use
17 1
the United States ; the People’s Republic of China

18 1

19 32


Intensive Reading
1 4


Lesson 30


Intensive Reading

What happened to the man in the boat?

The Wayle is a small river that cutsacross the park near my home. I likesitting by the Wayle on fine afternoons.It was warm last Sunday, so I went andsat on the river bank as usual. Some child-ren were playing games on the bank and there were some people rowing on theriver. Suddenly, one of the childrenkicked a ball very hard and it went towards a passing boat. Some people on thebank called out to the man in the boat,but he did not hear them. The ball struckhim so hard that he nearly fell into thewater. I turned to look at the children,but there weren't any in sight:they hadall run away! The man laughed when herealized what had happened. He called out to the children and threw the ballback to the bank.

1. I like sitting by the Wayle on fine afternoons. 1) like to do sth. 喜欢……(一次性的) I like to drink tea. 2) like doing sth. 喜欢……(习惯性的) I like drinking water on afternoons 每逢下午都喝水。

2. Some people on the bank called out to the man in the
boat, but he did not hear them. 1) call out 大声呼叫,叫喊 I heard someone calling out for help. 2)call out to sb. 对……大声喊 Mary called out to her father, but he was too far away and couldn’t hear her.

3. The ball struck him so hard that he nearly fell into the water. 1) so…that… 如此……以致于…… (that 引导的结果状语 从句) The teacher speaks so fast that I can't catch the word. My brother walks so slowly that he can't catch up with me. (赶不上) The English is so easy that I can learn it well. so的后面跟副词或形容词, 如后跟名词时要用such +n. +that…

4. I turned to look at the children, but there weren't any in
sight: they had all run away! 1) in sight 看得见,在视野之内(反义词为out of sight) There were not anything in sight. No bus is in sight. In the afternoon, we came in sight of the village.

Lesson 30


Lesson 30


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