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Module 3 教案

发布时间:2013-12-15 14:37:52  

Module 3 Journey to space

I. Teaching objectives 教学目标

Ⅱ. Teaching materials analyzing 教材分析

本模块以Journey to space为话题,设计了三个单元的内容。旨在通过模块教学使学生了解太空的有关知识,学会运用现在完成时做事情,学会制作关于太空旅行的海报。

Unit 1 学习和太空科学有关的词汇;听和太空旅行有关的对话;接触含有just, already的现在完成时;听句子,并标明重读词汇。

Unit 2 读关于外星生命的文章,选择最佳题目;看图作句子并写故事;学习本模块新词汇与短语。

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Unit 3 通过练习复习本单元重点词汇、句型和语法;了解planets and days的有关知识;制作一份关于太空旅行的海报。

III.Class types and periods 课型设计与课时分配

Period 1 Listening and speaking (Unit 1)

Period 2 Reading and writing (Unit 2)

Period 3 Language in use (Unit 3)

Ⅳ. Teaching plans for each period分课时教案

Period 1 Listening and speaking

Target language 目标语言

1. Key vocabulary重点词汇

message, Earth, just, hear, hear about, several, month, discover, recently,

2. Key sentences重点句子

I've just heard the news.

And have the astronauts discovered life on Mars?

I hear they’ve gone to Shanghai on business.

Ability goals 能力目标

Enable students to listen to and talk about space travel.

Learning ability goals学能目标

Help students to learn how to listen to and talk about space travel, using the Present Perfect Tense.

Teaching important/difficult points 教学重难点

How to listen to and talk about space travel, using the Present Perfect Tense. Teaching aids教具准备

A projector or some pictures about space travel, a tape recorder .

Teaching procedures and ways教学过程与方式

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StepⅠWarming up and lead-in

In this procedure, ask students to look at the projector or some pictures about space travel. Learn the words about it. Learn to ask and talk about the space travel, using the Present Perfect Tense.

T: Hello, boys and girls. Nice to see you again. Do you know Yang Liwei, Fei Junlong and Nei Haisheng? This class we’ll begin with a projector about space travel. Are you interested in it? Please look carefully. Can you say some words about it?

Show the following.

Write down the words and help them learn the words related to space travel.

T: This is a projector about space travel. Do you know something about space travel? Please talk about it in groups.

After a few minutes, ask students to report the discussion result. While the students report the result, write down the important words as follows.

Earth, Mars, moon, scientist, spacecraft, space station, astronauts, space shuttle Encourage or help the students to say something about the words.

e.g.: T: Do you know "Mars"?

S: Yes, it is a small red planet.

S: The fourth in order from the sun.

S: The first planet outside the Earth’s orbit.

Go on with the others in the same way.

Step II Listening and reading

T: Next let's listen to a passage. In this passage Daming and Tony are talking about space travel. Please listen carefully and answer two questions.

Show the following.

1. Has the spacecraft reached Mars yet?

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2. Have we discovered if there is life on Mars yet?

Play the tape for the first time. Ask students to answer.

Sample answers:

1. Yes, it has.

2. No, we haven't.

T: Now listen again. This time please underline the new words of this passage.

After listening, ask students to discuss in groups and try to explain them in English. Sample words:

Mars: a planet in solar system

mission: task

discover: to find

T: Please listen to the recording for the last time and answer the questions in Activity 4.

Play the recording. Then check the answers.

After this, ask students to repeat after the recording. Then read in pairs.

Then ask students to finish Activities 5 and 6. Check the answers.

Sample answers to Activity 6:

Something you’ve borrowed this week:

I’ve borrowed some books about space travel this week.

I’ve borrowed a map of the world this week.

Something you’ve done recently:

I’ve finish reading a novel about an astronaut recently.

I’ve received three letters from my friends recently.

A model of something you have seen:

I’ve seen a model of Zhang Heng’s seismograph.

I’ve seen a model of spacecraft in Science Museum.

Something scientists have discovered:

American scientists have discovered that some plants are able to correct mistakes 4

in their own genetic (遗传的) material.

Then show the following and tell students something about the present perfect tense.

1. I've just heard the news on the radio about the space mission to Mars.

2. I haven't heard about this yet.

3. Has it reached Mars yet?

T: In these sentences we can find the structure: have / has +pp. Can you find more sentences like these in the passage? We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. Show the following.

EXAMPLES:

Step III Pronunciation and speaking

Play the recording. Ask students to underline the words the speaker stresses. Then check the answers. Then ask students to read after the recording and repeat the sentences.

Speaking

T: We have known much about space travel in this class. Can you write down things we've done and the things we haven't done yet about space travel?

Check the answers with the class.

Sample answers:

We've sent astronauts to the moon.

We haven't sent astronauts to Mars.

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Then ask students to exchange the things they wrote and check who has the longest list.

Step IV Homework

1. Ask students to learn the new words and expressions in this unit.

2. Ask students to write a short passage to introduce space travel.

Period 2 Reading and writing

Target language目标语言

1. Key vocabulary重点词汇

planet, alone, also, part, light, beyond

2. Key sentences重点句子

… just (already) have/ has +p.p …

…haven't/ hasn't + p.p…yet.

Have/ Has + …+p.p +…yet?

Ability goals能力目标

Enable students to read and write a story about space travel.

Learning ability goals学能目标

Help students learn how to read and write a story about space travel.

Teaching important/difficult points教学重难点

How to read and write a story about space travel.

Teaching aids教具准备

Some pictures or a projector.

Teaching procedures and ways教学过程与方式

Step I Revision and lead-in

Check the homework. Talk about space travel.

T: Looking up the sky, we can see the sun, the moon and stars in the sky. But what is the sky like? We didn’t know until we have traveled in space. With the development of science, our dream of space travel has come true.

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T: Please look at the picture on page 20. What can you see?

S: A spacecraft.

T: Yes, we have sent some spacecraft into universe. What is in the universe? Help to answer and write down some important words.

S: The sun, the earth, the moon, and some stars.

S: And 9 planets. They are called the solar system.

S: Galaxy.

T: Well done. We have known so many words about the space. Please write them down.

Show the following.

galaxy, planet, solar system, star, universe

T: Can you put these words and expressions in order: from small to large?

Check the answers and ask students to read the words.

StepⅡReading (2:P20)

T: Boys and girls. We’ll read a passage about the life on other planets. First please look at Activity 2. There are four titles. (Go through with students) Please read the passage and choose the best title.

Then ask students to read the passage again and check the true statements in Activity 4.

Check the answers. After that, ask students to work in groups and discuss the questions in Activity 5. Sample answers to Activity 5:

1. Living things needs air.

2. Most often.

3. Some stores.

4. About 3 inches.

5. A spacecraft.

6. About 2 hours by plane.

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Step Ⅲ Writing (4: P21)

T: Have we found any life on other planets? Please look at the cartoon picture. What happened?

Ask students to work in pairs and ask and answer the questions.

Then ask them to to write a story "Life on Mars" according to the answers in part 6. Sample version:

We've just had some news about the mission to explore Mars. Scientists have just heard a message from a spacecraft. It has landed Mars. And it has discovered people there. But they haven't sent us a message because they can't hear us. They prefer life on Mars, so they haven't visited us on Earth. They also made TVs, radios, cars and so on with the other spacecraft. I think they are having a good time.

Step IV Homework

Ask students to try to find more information about space.

Period 3 Language in use

Target language目标语言

1. Key vocabulary重点词汇

even, secret

2. Key sentences重点句子

Have you heard the latest news?

Some scientists have sent a spacecraft to Mars.

And have the astronauts discovered life on Mars?

But astronauts have already been to the moon.

Ability goals能力目标

Enable students to use the Present Perfect Tense.

Learning ability goals学能目标

Help students learn how to talk about and write something using the Present Perfect Tense.

Teaching important/difficult points教学重难点

How to use the Present Perfect Tense.

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Teaching procedures and ways教学过程与方式

Step Ⅰ Revision

1. Check the homework.

2. Ask students to retell the passage in Unit 2.

Step Ⅱ Grammar

Make some explanation about the present perfect tense.

(1) just, already, yet

T: Now we’ve learned how to use the present perfect tense. There’s something more we should pay attention to. Now please finish Activities 1 and 2 on page 22 first. The help students to make a conclusion about the use of just / already and yet. S: Just /already is usually used in affirmative sentences after have/has.

S: Yet is usually used in the end of negative sentences.

Then check the answers with the class.

(2) Help students sum the grammar: the present perfect tense. Show the following. 动词构成: have/ has +p.p

句子构成:

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(3) have/has been, have/has gone

Create a situation as follows to help students make clear about the different usage of have/has been, have/has gone.

T: Liu Mei, will you please go to the office to bring my book here? (Liu Mei goes to the office.) Class, where is Liu Mei?

S: She has gone to the office.

(After a while Liu Mei comes back with a book.)

T: Thank you, Liu Mei. OK. Has Liu Mei been to the office?

S: Yes, she has.

T: Now, do you know the differences between have/has gone and have/has been?

S: Yes. have/has gone: 去了某地,还没回来。have/has been: 去过某地,已经回来 T: Great. Let's finish Activities 3 and 4.

Ask them to do them one by one. Then check the answers.

(4) The forms of the verbs

Ask students to complete the passage in Activities 5 and 6 and summarize the building ways of past form, and past participle.

Check the answers and then show the following.

①一般在动词原形末尾直接加上-ed。如:look-looked。

②以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去e再加-ed。如:live-lived。

③末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed。如:stop-stopped。

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④末尾是辅音字母+y结尾的动词,先变y为i,然后再加-ed。如:study-studied。

Step III Practice

Ask students to read the letter in Activity 7 and complete the letter.

T: Boys and girls, do you want to know more about space? We’ll read Mary's letter. I'll give you 3 minutes to complete it. If you finish it, please put up your hands and read it to us, OK?

Ask one of the students to read it to the class. The others check the answers.

Then ask students to listen to an interview and finish Activity 8.

Word competition

T: Now let's have a competition between the boys and the girls. Let's see who can write more words about space. I'll give you two small boards and boys write on Board A, girls Board B. Begin!

Then go through Around the world with students.

Step IV Module task

T: Do you know the first Moon landing or China's first manned space travel? Please work in groups and make a poster about space travel. You can look for more photos and information on the Internet.

A sample poster:

Making History: China's First Human Spaceflight

Oct. 15, 2003, China launched an astronaut into Earth orbit.

Shenzhou V takes off

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China Prepares for Second Piloted Space Mission

China Launches Experimental Satellite

Step V Homework

1. Ask the students to summarize what they have learned in this unit and preview the next unit.

2. Ask students to finish the exercises in the workbook.

Teaching resources教学资源库

I. 重点知识讲解

(1) 现在完成时的含义

现在完成时叙述现在已经做过的事情或已有过的经验,所表示的动作在说话前已经完成,但对现在有影响,即在以过去发生的事情的基础上暗示现在的状况,至于事情何时发生的并不重要。

The lift has broken down. 电梯坏了。

I have seen you wife. 我见过你太太。

Never in my life have I felt so excited. 我这一生从来没觉得这样兴奋。

现在完成时可用来表示若干时间以前直到现在一再重复的动作或屡有的经验,每次发生的时间并不重要,所以不提。可以和一些不确定的过去时间状语连用,如already, yet, just, before, recently, lately等。

I have already finished my homework. 我早把作业做完了。

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He has just run out. 他刚跑出去。

(2) be up to的含义:

①up to意为“达到”,表示达到某一数量。

I can take up to four people in my car. 我的汽车最多能带四个人。

②up to表示“由某人负责”。

Whether we go or not is up to you. 我们去不去你说了算。

③up to表示“胜任”。

He is not up to the job. 他不胜任这个工作。

④表示“正在做某事”。

What is he up to? 他在搞什么名堂。

II. 补充练习

(1) 根据句意及单词首字母填单词。

①The teacher was a_______ in the room when I arrived.

②All this year's new m_______ are at the car show.

③Columbus d_______ America.

④Many people are worried about the pollution (污染) of the e_______.

⑤He wanted to keep it s_______ from his family.

⑥They've r_______ bought a new car.

⑦Rice does not g_______ in a cold climate.

⑧He's written s_______ books about India.

(2) 根据对话内容,填入所缺的词。

Daniel: Joe, have you heard of Guilin? It’s a city of China.

Joe: Oh, I haven’t heard of it before.

Daniel: A lot of travelers like Guilin. It’Joe: Have you ever been to Guilin?

Daniel: Yes, I have. I went there last summer with my parents. I had a great time there.

Joe: Daniel: Of course .How about you?

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Joe: Me, too. I have been to several countries except China.

Daniel: ’s a beautiful country. And

Joe:

years!

Daniel: Really? Which city?

Joe:

Key:

(1) ①already ②models ③discovered ④environment ⑤secret ⑥recently ⑦grow ⑧several

(2) ①water ②mountains ③traveling ④should ⑤friendly ⑥stayed ⑦more ⑧except ⑨agree ⑩staying

III. Reading materials

Space Travel

If you look at the title “Space Travel”, you must think that I am talking about real space travel. But here I am really telling you about a very good show that you shouldn’t miss, “the Space Travel Theme Park”.

Yesterday was a rainy day and my mother and I went to the Space Travel Theme Park in Haidian Exhibition Hall.

The Entrance Hall is very big. I looked upwards and saw a blue ceiling dotted with stars. I was starting to feel that I was traveling in space!

Suddenly, a statue of an ancient caught my eyes. Its eyes fixed unblinkingly on the far sky. He is Wan Hu, the man who was regarded by the whole world as ” the first man who wanted to fly up to the space”.

There is a story behind his stare. When he was looking up to the blue sky, a dream created in his mind- If I could fly into the sky… Here!New York. I don’ 14

I watched Wan Hu for a long time, how important the dream is! I believe most of today’s accomplishments started as a dream, perhaps a silly dream. How I admire Wan Hu!

“Come on, dear! Three scientists are waiting for you!” my mum called. I hurried over. “I know them, they are Newton, K﹒E﹒Tsiolkovsky and Verne﹒Jules.” I said eagerly. “Yes, they had made lot of great researches for the space science.”

Suddenly, an idea came into my mind -a dream is not enough. A scientific method is very important, too!

Then, a big model of a space shuttle came into view. It is the well-known Columbia. My mother and I climbed into the space shuttle quickly. There were so many keys here and there. I was so amazed and enchanted at the sight. What a complex space shuttle!

And then, my attention was caught at once by the portraits hang on the wall. The people in the portraits were seven famous astronauts! They all dedicated their dear lives to Columbia space flight.

I realized that if a person only has a dream and scientific method, it is still not enough. They must have outstanding courage and selfless devotion.

“It is really valuable and really interesting.” My mother said to me when we left the hall. I nodded whole-heartedly.

The rain continued heavily. The show of space travel is more than an adventure. I have really learned how a dream comes true-have a dream, love science, and then be dedicated to it! I will remember this for all my life.

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