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3.一般过去时与一般现在时的比较 4.一般过去时的基本句型及转换 5.灵活运用(练习与答案)

表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态 1. 概念
past now future


yesterday (morning …) last (year, week, night, month…) in 1990 (过去的年) two days ago the day before yesterday just now = a moment ago

3. 结构

主语 + 动词的过去式 + 其它

1. 规则动词
1)一般在动词原形末尾加– ed
look play start live hope use stop plan trip study carry looked played started lived hoped used stopped planned tripped studied carried

2)结尾是 e 的动词只加 -- d

3)末尾只有一个辅音字母的 重读闭音节词,先双写这 个辅音字母,再加—ed 4)结尾是“辅音字母+y”的词, 先变“y”为“i”再加—ed

2. 不规则动词
1)过去式与原形一样 let→let 让 put→put 放下 cost →cost花钱 read→read读书
2)变元音字母为a run→ran跑 give→gave给 sing→sang唱歌 3.中间去e末尾加t: cut → cut 砍,剪 hurt → hurt受伤

come → came过来 drink→drank喝 swim→swam游泳

sit→sat坐下 begin→began开始

sleep→slept 睡觉 keep→kept 保持
4.把i 变成o write→wrote写

sweep→swept 拖地 feel→felt 感觉



5. —ought:

think→thought 想 bring→brought带着

buy→bought买 fight→fought打仗

6 ——aught是关: catch→caught抓


7. ow/aw 改为 ew know→knew知道 throw→threw扔
图标 '封面.jpg'
从流程图 'title' Authorware 文件 '应用题.a6p' 总计 1 图标, 225 K 字节 2004年3月25日

grow→grew长大 draw→drew画画

8结尾d变t: build→built建造 lend→lent借给别人 spend→spent花 钱/时间 send→sent寄

am, is are * do * go *have make *get *eat say stand *find begin bring look play was were did went had made got ate said stood found began brought looked played feel build fight give teach sing buy cut come draw drink drive hope use start felt built fought gave taught sang bought cut came drew drank drove hoped used started grow put read run sweep sit sleep spend catch swim write live stop plan study carry grew put read ran swept sat slept spent caught swam wrote lived stopped planned studied carried

三. 一般现在时和一般过去时句型结构的异与同

含有 be 动词的句型
? 一般现在时表示某人某 物现在的状态,性质 等.eg: I am a teacher now. She(He) is a singer. We They are happy. You ? 一般过去时表示过去时间 内某人某物存在的状态, 性质等.eg: I was a teacher last year. She(He) was a singer. We You were happy. They

含有 be 动词的句型结构
? 一般现在时: 1)肯定式: 主语+be(am/is/are)+表语 2)否定式:

主语+be(am/is/are)+not+表语 3)一般疑问式: BE(Am Is Are)+主语+表语? 4)特殊疑问句: 疑问词+一般疑问式: ? 一般过去时: 1)肯定式: 主语+be(was/were)+表语. 2)否定式: 主语+be(was/were)+not+表语 3)一般疑问式: BE(Was Were)+主语+表语? 4)特殊疑问句: 疑问词+一般疑问式:

不含 be 动词的句型
? 一般现在时用来表示习惯性, 经常性发生的动作. 主语+动词原形+其它

? 一般过去时用来表示在过去 的时间里发生的动作.

eg: 1)I go to work by bus everyday 2)you watch TV everynight. 3)we play basketball on the weekends. 4)They have lessons everymoring.

eg: 1)I went to work by bus yesterday. 2)you watched TV last night. 3)We played basketball last weekend. 4)They had lessons two days ago.

四. 一般过去时的常见句型


主语 + 动词的过去式 + 其它
1)He was at home last night. 2)My parents were in the park just now. 3)They enjoyed the fashion show last Friday. 4)He went to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天去玩具店了。

2.否定陈述句 主语 + wasn’t/weren’t + 其它 主语 + did not (didn‘t)+ 动词原形+其它
1)He wasn’t at home last night. 2)The children weren’t in Beijing last Friday. 3)They didn't enjoy the fashion show last Friday. 4)He didn't go to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天没去玩具店

1)Was he at home last night? ---Yes, he was./ No, he wasn’t.
2)Were the children in the park just now? ---Yes ,they were./ No, they weren’t. 3)Did they enjoy the fashion show last Friday? ---Yes,they did. / No,they didn't. 4)Did you go to Beijing last week? ---Yes, we did. (No, we didn't.)

5)Did you meet the businessman before? ---No, I didn't. (Yes, I did.)

4. 特殊疑问句
1)When was he at home ? 2)When were they in the park ? 3)When did they live in Beijing ? 4)What did you do last night? ---I did my homework. 5)Where did you go last week? ---I went to Shanghai with my parents ---Last night. ---Just now. ---Last year.

1. 连词成句
1. did, what, you, yesterday, do.
What did you do yesterday ? ____________________________________ 2. watch, John, did, TV, weekend, last.
John did watch TV last weekend. ____________________________________ 3. went, I ,to, by, park, a, bike I went to a park by bike . ____________________________________ 4. jumped, the, into, lake, he, and, the, to, swam, kite.


2. 用动词的适当形式填空
is 1) She ___ (be) our English teacher. are 2) Tom and Nike ___ (be)my classmates. 3) I ___ (be)a student. am are 4) You ___ (be)a lovely girl. 5) They ___ (be) my parents. are 6) They ______ (be) farmers were t

wo years ago. 7) Mike ______ (be) a baby long long ago. was were 8) We __________ (be) at home last night.

10) He 11) I 12)


here yesterday. (be)


up at 6:00 yesterday morning.(get) you have a good time last Sunday? (have)


13) My father went often to work by bus last year.(go) 14) I often listened to pop music 3 years ago. (listen)

15) He usually swam in the pool in 2002. (swim)

was 16) I _____(be) ill last Sunday. sat 17) Amy _____ (sit) here yesterday. Did clean 18) ____ you ______(clean) your room just now.

19) My sister _____ (be) born on June 5. 1996. was

20) Were (be) your parents at home just now? _____

studied 21) He _______ (study) French here last year.
did 22) She _____ (do) homework last night. went 23) They _____(go) to the zoo yesterday morning.

had 24) We _____ (have) a party last Saturday.
25) Joy ______ (visit) me yesterday evening. visited

lived 26) They ______ (live) here two years ago. was 27) He _____(be) here a moment ago.

3. 按要求改写句子
1)Lucy does her homework at home everyday

否定句: Lucy doesn’t do her homework at home everyday

一般疑问句: Does Lucy do her homework at home everyday ?

2) Lucy did her homework at home yesterday. Lucy didn’t do her homework at home yesterday 否定句: 一般疑问句: Did Lucy do her homework at home yesterday ?

. .

3) I ate some meat just now . I didn’t eat any meat just now 否定句: 一般疑问句: Did you eat any meat just now?


4) They stayed there for a week 否定句: 一般疑问句: They didn’t stay there for a week Did they stay there for a week? . .

5) There was some orange in the cup yesterday.. There wasn’t any orange in the cup yesterday. 否定句: 一般疑问句: Was there any orange in the cup yesterday?

. .

4. 对画线部分提问
1. Kate went to see me yesterday.

When did Kate go to see you?


2. I liked living in Hefei because it is beautiful.
Why did you like living in Hefei? ?

3. I paied 10 yuan for the new book.
How much did you pay for the new book?


4. I was at school the day before yesterday.
Where were you the day before yesterday?

5. Tom did his homework two hours ago. What did Tom do two hours ago? 6.There were six people in the room.


How many people were there in the room? 7. My weekend was pretty good. How was your weekend?

Thank you! Goodbye!

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