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沪教牛津英语高2上册同步知识详解精练

发布时间:2013-12-16 13:34:21  

高二上

目录

Unit 1 Sporting events....................................................................................................................... 3

3

3

3

10

11

12

15

17

............................................................................................................. 25

25

25

25

30

31

32

35

37

.............................................................................................................. 45

45

45

45

51

52

52

55

57

...................................................................................................................... 65

65

65

6

5

70

71

72

76

77

..................................................................................................... 86

86

86

86

93

94

95

97

99

............................................................................................................... 107

107 107

107 111 111 112 115 117 期中测试....................................................................................................................................... 126 期末测试....................................................................................................................................... 136 参考答案....................................................................................................................................... 145

Unit 1 Sporting events

promise get straight A's keep one's word despite resort be dying to(do something) check in suit ski instructor marathon point require competion tip cross in case all- round to be honest success physical definitely manage to do in many way desire humauty nevertheless

语法:表示目的、让步的副词短语和状语从句

1.promise

v.笞应,许下诺言

promise to do sth/that…/sth许诺做某事/某事/…

You must promise me to take a thorough rest.你一定要答应我彻底休息一下。

She promised (me) that she would be punctual.她向我保证一定准时。

He has promised (me)a thorough investigation into the affair.他已答应我要彻查此事。 make (sth) seem likely有希望,可能会(有)

The clouds promises rain.阴云预示有雨。

promise to do/sth有可能做某事

lt promises to be fine tomorrow.天气明天可能变好。

[C]written or spoken declaration that one gives or does or doesn't do sth诺言

We received many promises of help.许多人答应帮助我们。

fulfill/keep/break one's promise(word)屐行/遵守/违背诺言

Apparently the man had kept his promise that he would never do the things like that again. 显然,这个男子遵守了他的诺言,不再做那样的事了。

[U](有发展)希望,前途

She shows great promise as a pianist.她很有希望做一名钢琴家。

2.despite prep. 尽管;不管;不顾

Despite his old age,he went out for a walk every day.

尽管他年事已高,但每天都出去散步。

Despite what others say,l think he's a very nice mam

不管别人怎么说,我仍认为他这个人很好。

despite=in spite of 虽然;尽管

They had a wonderful holiday, despite(in spite of) the bad weather.

尽管天气不好,他们的假日还是过得极为愉快。

Despite(ln spite of) wanting to see him again, she refused to reply to his letters. 她尽管很想再见到他,但却不愿给他回信。

3.resort 常去的地方

a health resort疗养胜地

a summer resort 避暑胜地

4.slope

(1) 屋顶的斜面,山坡

a ski slope滑雪斜面

(2) 有坡度

a garden sloping gently towards the river向河边稍稍倾斜的花园

Does your handwriting slope forwards or backwards?你写的字是向前斜还是向后斜?

5.point n 把??指向;把??对准

(l)point at指着

The customer pointed at one of the things.那位顾客指着其中的一件东西。

(2)point to指向

The girl pointed to the high mountains far away.那个女孩指向远处的高山。

(3) point out指出

My teacher pointed out my mistakes.我的老师给我指出错误。

point at与point to

两个词组都用于指向具体目标,方位远的用to,近的用at。

He pointed his gun at the enemy.他用枪瞄准敌人。

The building points to the east.这个建筑物朝东。

6.cross v 交叉;相交

The roads cross just outside the village.那两条路就在村外交叉。

cross 穿过,渡过,越过 ‘

cross a street(bridge, river, the sea)过街(桥'河,海)

across prep.横过,穿过

go across the road(street, bridge, river, the sea)过马路(街、桥、河、海) crossroads 十字路,十字路口

When you come to the crossroatls, turn right.

你走到十字路口时向右拐。 。

The oltl man is standing at the crossroads.

那位老人正站在十字豁口。

cross相当于go across

cross a street: go across a street过街

cross the road: go across the road过马路

7.success n.

成功,成就,成名

He had no success as 8 novelist.他作为一个小说家并不成功。

成功者;达蓟成功韵火线事物;一次成功

The girl is a serious student; she has had a:lirilliant success.

这个女孩是一个认真的学生,她取得了很大的成绩。

successful 成功的

I think he's a suceessful businessman.我认为他是一位成功的商人。

Yang Liwei is a successful man.杨利伟是一个成功的人。

succeed v.成功

He can succeed in the contest!他会在比赛中成功的1

8.definitely adv.

in a defirute manner, certainly明确地,清楚地,肯定地

She states her views very defuutely.她非常明确地阐述自己的观点。

That answer is definitely correct.那个答案肯定正确。

definite adj. clear, not doubtful清楚的,确定的

a definite decision明确的决定

a definite answer明确的答案

a definite proof确凿的证据

a definite time确定的时间

I have no definite plans for tomorrow.我明天没有确切的计划。

be definite about对……确定,明了

The doctor is definite about the cause of the disease.医生已明确了病因。

definition 定义,限定

Can you give the definition to this word?你能给这个词下定义吗?

9.nwertheless adv,

in spite of this; however; still 虽然如此;然而

There was no news;nevertheless we,went.on hoping.尽管毫无消息,我何仍抱着希望。 She was very tired/ nevertheless,she went on working.她很累,但还是继续工作。

10.keep one's word

keep one,s word和keep one's promise意思相近:袁示履行承诺,此时word是单数名词;另有词组give

aoe‘s word,表示许下承诺

I‘ve given my word that I'll punish anyone who disobeys me.我已发誓;谁不听我话,谁将受惩罚。

in a word总之;一句话

word for word逐字地

eat one's words承认说错了话

break one:s word食言

have words with sb和某人吵嘴

a word in season及时的劝告

have a word with sb和某人说句话

ln a word,I don't trust her.总之,我不信任她。

He hardly works.ln other words,he is lazy.他几乎不工作,换句话说,他很懒。

11.be dying to do sth渴望做某事;等不及做某事

He is dying to know the result of the contest.他渴望知道比赛的结果。

She is clymg to know whether she has been selected to the course.

她急切地想知道是否被选参加这个课程。

I'm dying to have a holiday in the south.我极想在南方度假。

若后接名词,则用be dying for。

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