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一般将来时 课堂ke

发布时间:2013-12-18 10:34:10  

一般将来时
1、表示将来某一时刻即将发生的动作或状态

2、表示将来经常发生的动作
3、表示将来的必然趋势或某事物所具有的固有特性

用法
与表示将来的时间状语连用,如:
tomorrow (明天) before long (不久) the day after tomorrow (后天) next week (下周) in the future (将来) soon (很快) in three days (三天后)

some day (将来的某一天)

结构
1.will+动词原形 (I /we shall) 2.be going to + 动词原形 3.be+to do 表示计划,责任,约定或命令 4. be about to do sth. 表示正要做…,马上要做

… (不能与表示将来时间的状语连用)
5.be+doing sth. 6.一般现在时表将来

will
? 1. 表示一个将来的动作或状态,“要?,会 ?”She will go to the park tomorrow. ? 2. 表示不以人的意志为转移的自然发展的事。 Tom will be 18 next year. Spring will come again. ? 3. will+v.有时表示说话时的临时决定或打算。 --- My car won’t start.

--- Don’t worry, I will come and give it a

will
? 祈使句+ and/or+将来时(will) Work hard or you will fail.

努力工作否则你就会失败。
Work hard and you will succeed.

努力工作你就会成功。

be going to与will的区别
will be going to
未经事先考虑的意图,临时决定的。 客观上必定发生的事情。

事先考虑好的意图,或做好安排.(有计划, 准备) 主观判断将来肯定发生的事情。 If you want to go, I’ll meet you at 5 o’clock. (临时的决定) i feel terrible, I think I’m going to be sick. Look at the clouds! It’s going to rain! (表示有迹象要发生某一动作时,要用be going to)

注意 。。条件从句的主句中,多用will, 如: If any beasts comes at you, I'll stay with you and help you.

be going to
①表示计划,安排要做的事 are you going to --- What ________________do this evening? --- I am going to do my lessons. ②表示现在的迹象推断未来可能发生某事。 看那些乌云要下雨了.

is going to Loot at the dark clouds. It __________rain.

be to do
①表按计划或安排即将发生的动作 ②表示约定,责任,命令,或注定要发生的动作。 ③官方计划或决定(常见于报纸或广播) e.g. He and I are to meet at the railway station tomorrow.

You are not to be back late.
If not watered, the plants are to die. The president is to speak on TV tonight.

be doing
go, come, leave, start, arrive, stay, fly, land, take off
等动词可用现在进行时表示安排和划或即将发生的 动作。
We’re leaving for Qingdao. 我们明天动身去青岛.

“There be”句型的一般将来时 肯定句: There will be +名词+其他成份 [注意]:无论后面加单数名词或复数形式,be都必须用原形。

There will be only one country.
否定句:在will后面加not.

There won’t be only one country.
一般疑问句:把will提到there之前。

Will th

ere be only one country?

Yes, there will. / No, there won’t.

be about to do
表示正要做?,马上要做... (不能与表示将来的时间状语连用) 特殊句式:was /were about to do … when… 正要?突然发生? ? 英语晚会即将开始。 ? The English Evening Party is about to begin. ? 我正要出去,这时下起了雨. ? I was about to go out when it began to rain.

特殊用法
表示 与生日,日历,课时安排或交通时刻表有关的
动作(一种规律) ,用一般现在时表示将来时态。 常用于转移动词如:begin, come , leave, go, arrive, start, stop, return, open, close… The evening class begins at 19:00. 晚课7点开始。 The train starts at two. 火车两点出发.

Exercises
1. — What would you do if it _____ tomorrow ?
— We have to carry it on, since we’ve got everything

ready.
A. rain C. will rain

√ is raining D.
B. rains

2. — What are you going to do this afternoon?

— I am going to the cinema with some friends. The
film _____quite early, so we ____ to the bookstore

after that.
A. finished; are going B. finished; go



C. finishes; are going

D. finishes; go

3. My younger brother ____be 15 years old next year. A. is going to C. is to

√ should D.
B. will

?表示不以人的意志为转移的自然发展的事用 will

主将从现
? 在时间或条件状语从句中,主句用将来时,从句用
一般现在时表示将来时,标志:when, as soon as, before, once, if , unless, even if, in case等
? If you come this morning, we will have a meeting.

When I graduate, I will go to the countryside

4. — Sorry, I forgot to post the letter for you.
— Never mind, _____ post it myself tonight. A. I’m going to B. I prefer to D. I’d rather



C. I’ll

5. —Write to me when you get home.

— ____________.
A. I must B. I should



C. I will

D. I can

6. Let’s keep to the point or we _____ my decisions.

√ have never reached B.
A. will never reach C. never reach
D. never reached

7. If he _____ to college, he _____ a lot more. A. will go; will learn B. will go; is going to learn



C. goes; will learn
D. goes; is going to learn

翻译
? 1.我叔叔今晚要来。
? 2.他没有打算住那座小屋。 ? 3.我们要读这本书。 ? 4.—你爸爸要去钓鱼吗?—不,他要去游泳。

1.My uncle will come tonight. 2.He isn't going to live in the small house. 3.We are going to read this book. 4.—Will your father go fishing? —No,he is going swimming。 he will go swimming.


Functional Practise:
汉译英: 1.明天,我们学校将有场足球赛,我准备去 看. 2.我打算和李明一起复习功课. 3.将来每个人都有一台计算机. 4.美美正在做饭.今天晚上她要把饭带到晚会 上去. 5.学生将在电脑上与老师对话. 6.将来有学校吗?不,没有 7.我们将使用因特网在家里学习.

1.Tomorrow,there wil

l be a football match in our school.I`m going to watch it. 2.I`m going to revise lessons with Li Ming. 3.Everyone will have a computer in the future. 4.Meimei is cooking,she will take the food to the party this evening. 5.Students will talk to their teachers on the computers. 6.Will there be schools in the future? No, there won`t. 7.We will use the Internet to study at home.

1. 明天不用上课。 There will be no ____ ____ ____ class tomorrow. 2. 也许在100年后人们将活到200岁。 _____ people ____ ____ ____ ___ 200 years old Maybe will live to be ____ 100 years. in 3. 许多女孩子喜欢养宠物。 Many girls likekeeping a pet. ______ 4. There will be a sports meeting tomorrow.(一般疑问句) ___ there be Will ___ ___ a sports meeting tomorrow? 2. 我想将会有更多高楼,更少汽车,更少污染。 I think there will be ____ tall buildings,fewercars,less more ___ ___ pollution. 2. 你认为Sally5年后会成为什么? Whatdo you think ___ ___ ___Sallywill be in 5 years? ___ ___

8. 明天的天气会是怎样? will ___ ______ be ____ What ____ the weather ___ like tomorrow?

10. 我帮妈妈做家务。 help with I ___ my mother ____ housework. 11. 科学家尝试让机器人做同样的事情。 Scientists try ___ make robots do the same thingsas ____ to ____ ____ ___ human(人).

作文翻译
亲爱的珍妮, 我们已经决定周末去海边度假。车上还 有一个空位,我们希望你能和我们一起去。 我们可以一起进行日光浴。如果你愿意来, 一定要告诉我们。这样我们就可以安排出 发时间。 如果你能来,我们会非常高兴。 小明

? see you

will 和 shall 的缩写形式都是’ll 注意:shall与will的区别:

shall

shall常用于第一人称. 否定式:shall not will常用于第二、三人称,但在口

will

语中各种人称都可以用will.
否定式:will not = won’t


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