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三升四年级知识复习衔接

发布时间:2013-09-21 15:00:29  

三升四年级知识复习衔接

一.可数名词变复数的规则

1. 一般情况,直接在名词后面加―s‖. 如: bed – beds cat—cats

2. 以 ― s, x, sh, ch‖ 结尾,在后面加 ― es ‖. 如: bus—buses box—boxes glass—glasses

3. 以辅音字母+y 结尾的名词, 改y变i再加es. 如: baby—babies study—studies lady—ladies

4. 特殊情况,不规则:①复数不变:sheep—sheep fish—fish goldfish—goldfish ②不规则:goose—geese mouse—mice child—children shelf—shelves tooth—teeth man—men woman—women

◆不可数名词(不加s)

hair---头发 juice---果汁 tissue---纸巾 chalk---粉笔 water---水

二.“是”动词有三个:am are is

第一人称单数:I — am 第二人称单数:you — are

第三人称单数:he,she,it — is 全部复数都用:are

注意不可数名词:Is there any tissue on the table ? 三.some 和any

some 和any 的主要区别为:some和any都表示 ―一些‖ ,但是―some‖用于肯定句 ,any用于否定句(not;n’t)和疑问句(?)。例如: There are some apples in the fridge.变成否定句: There are not any apples in the fridge.变成疑问句: Are there any apples in the fridge?

练习:用some \any填空,并在后面的( )说明是肯定句、否定句还是疑问句)

1.There are ________children in the garden.( )

2.Are there ________ stools in the livingroom? ( )

3.There aren’t ________ pictures on the wall. ( )

4.There are ____________ cakes on the table.( )

5.Ben,are there _________cookies in the box? ( )

6.Jack has____________English books.( )

四. (拥“有”)has 和have have 的基本意思相当于汉语的―拥有‖。例如:I have a book.

have 一般用在主语是 I,you,we,they 等人称代词,以及事物名称是复数形式的时候(the boys\the girls \the children \the men \Mike and Jack ....。例如:

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我/我们/他们 有一些笔记本。I / We / They have some notebooks.(人称代词) 孩子们有一个球。The children have a ball.(人称复数)

桌子都有四条腿。The two desks have eight legs.(事物名称复数)

如果是第三人称单数及其它名词单数时,have 要变化成 has.

他有两个蛋糕。He has two cakes.(第三人称单数)

Jane有几本图画书。Jane has some picture-books.(Jane一个人,单数)

我们的教室有三扇窗子。Our classroom has three windows.(指一间教室,单数) 问―你、他们、….‖有什么….? Do you have any pencils?Yes,I do.\No,I don’t. 练习:

1. He_______ a toy car. And I ______ a toy plane.

2. She _____ some red rulers.My brothers ________ some yellow rulers.

3. They ______ two pencils

4. The children ______ a big bedroom.

5. The lady______ two daughters.

6. My father _______ a car.

7. The goldfish ______ a beautiful tail.

8 .My bedroom ________ two windows.

9. The table _____ four legs.

10. Do you _________ any boxes ? No, I _______

11. Do they _________ a house? Yes,they_____.

五. (存在“有”)there be 句型

(1)There be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人)

(2)在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词根据最近be 动词的那个名词决定。练习:

1.There _____ an apple on the desk.

2.There _____many bikes under the tree.

3.There _____ one clock , two maps and five pictures on the wall.

(3)there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。 练习:

缩写) a computer in the study.

缩写) books on the shelf.

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3.______there a spider in that corner? Yes ,there is.

4.______ there any dictionaries on the shelf?No,there aren’t.

(4)there be句型与have(has) 的区别:there be 表示在某地有某物(或人); have(has) 表示某人拥有某物。 ______ a sofa in the study. Janet ______ an Australian stamp.

(5)针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语? How many _______(椅子) are there in the dinging room?

(6)针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: What’s + 介词短语? 练习:There is a car in the garage.----_________ in the garage?

(7)There be结构一般用在句子的开头,而have等词只能用于某一个主语后面。 a sofa in the study. 有)some spiders on the wall.

3.We ______(有) a big bedroom.

4. Mrs Webb ______(有) a pink car.

六.1.问你来自哪里? Where are you from?

回答: 有from 用国家名:I am from China.

无from 用国籍:I am Chinese.

2.问…在哪里?

单数:Where is …? It’s on/in/under…

复数:Where are….? They’re on/in/under…

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七.人称代词:

选择填空,把答案抄写在横线上。

1. My mother’s mother is my 2. Who is the man? He’s my girl’s)

is Lily’s aunt . (Her She)

9. Who’s the man He’s M r Chen. (on with)

10. The lady is slim. She’s very

13. There aren’t (Where’s, What’s) your desk? It’s in my study.

(What , Where )is Janet from?

She’s from He’s 4

21. We’re 22. I_____( have, has ) two pens.

23. Uncle Sam_____( have, has ) four ships.

24. The dog_____( is, are ) cute and small.

25. Jack has_____ ( some, any ) pets.

But I don’t have _____ ( some, any ) pets.

26._____( Are, Do ) you have a pig ? Yes, I_____(don’t, do ).

27. Janet has six _____( sheeps, sheep ). ’s, What’s) the beautiful lady? She is Miss Green. ’s on the desk. ’s) the old lady with grey hair? ’t)

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