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unit 5集体备课

发布时间:2013-12-24 11:40:18  

Book5 Unit5 First Aid

Ⅰ. 单元教学目标Teaching goals:

1. 能力目标Goals

2.知识目标

3.情感目标

本单元的中心话题是“急救”。通过本单元教学,让学生了解有关急救的常识,意识到了解一些基本的急救措施对生活的重要性,着重培养学生学以致用的能力。在理解的基础上,用较为流利的英语表达在生活中如何处理一些突发事件,然后实施紧急救护等。 Ⅱ.Teaching Arrangement: Nine periods

Ⅲ. Teaching Procedures:

The First Period

Warming up

Knowledge Aims

The definition of first aid.

The names of some injuries and sudden illnesses.

Ability Aims

To collect information of the ways dealing with sudden illnesses and unexpected injuries.

Get the exact idea of the instructions of first aid in the listening material.

Emotion Aims

Learn to give first aid to those who need it according to what they learn during this period. Teaching important and difficult points教学重难点

Help the students to use the expressions to describe the accidents and how to give first aid. Teaching procedures and ways 教学过程与方式

Step1 Lead-in:

Step 1 Greetings

T: In last unit we learned about making news.See if you are a journalist, on your way to cover an event, you find a person who has got a snakebite, what will you do to him/her?

Ss: Send him/her to the nearby hospital.

T: That’s a good idea.But if the hospital is quite far away, what can you do at first to save the person’s life?

T: Have you ever had such kind of experience?

T: Sometimes we can come across such kind of unexpected injury, and it is necessary for us to learn some general knowledge about how to deal with this kind of situation.That’s what we are going to learn in this unit.Now open your books to Page 33.Let’s have a look at the first lesson.

Step 2 Describing Pictures

T: Here on Page 33, there are 6 pictures, please have a look at them and see what has happened to each person on the picture.

Give Ss three to five minutes to talk about the pictures or discuss the pictures with their partners.

T: Now, who’d like to describe the first picture?

S1: The man has been bitten by snake and he feels terrible now.

S2: We can see the glass of the window is broken and the lady’s arm is bleeding.Maybe it is cut by the broken glass.

S3: A group of boys are playing football on the playground, but one of them has got a sprained ankle.The boy feels painful.

S4: The girl is having her breakfast, but she has got choked.

S5: She might slipped from the stairs and she has got her arm broken.

S6: The boy is playing under a tree, and he might have knocked into the tree and got a bloody nose.

T: You all have done a very good job.Now, have you ever met such kind of situations? S: Yes.

T: Did you or someone else give help in any of them?If so, what kind of help?

Let students say whatever they think of.

T: In English we call this kind of help First Aid.

What is first aid?

Why is it important? (Ask students to read the defination and importance of first aid in the Warming up and fill in the blanks.)

Fill in the blanks: doctor can be found.Often the illness or injury is not serious, but there are other times when giving .

Step3 Quiz for first aid (on p74) (Nowadays there are a lot of unexpected accidents. what would you do in such situations?)

Step4 Speaking in pairs What happened in the picture? What kind of first aid should you give?)

Try to choose one of the pictures you can talk to do the role play:

What’s wrong with you?/Where have you got hurt? How are you feeling now? I got….

Can I help you?

You should…./you shouldn’t…

Give the students some more situations and encourage the students to talk more.

Step4 Discussion

What would you do in the following situations?

What could we do to prevent these accidents

Drowning : Check to see if he /she is breathing

Try to start his /her breathing

Learn how to swim./Swim with a life-buoy/Never swim alone./Never swim in deep water. etc.

Traffic accident: Call for a doctor or an ambulance.

Never pull her out of the car

Find enough people to lift the car safely and take her to hospital at once.

Use crosswalks and look at both sides when crossing the street./Follow the traffic rules and be careful/Never use a cellphone while driving, riding a bike or walking on a busy street. etc.

Step5 Language Points

1. aid n./vt. 帮助,援助,赞助

first aid (to the injured) 急救 medical aid 医疗救护

[短语联想]

给与/进行急救

come/ go to sb’s aid 援助某人 aid sb in doing sth with the aid of 在… 的帮助下 aid sb. to do sth. 为了帮助… Eg. (汉译英)

① He came to my aid at once.

② He was able to find the museum with the aid of a map.

③He raised money in aid of the sick.

③ We aided him in raising the money.

④He aided me with money.

④I aided her to continue her study.

另: a hearing aid, teaching aids

A dictionary is a very useful aid in learning language.

2. fall ill 病到

fall [fell fallen]用作连系动词,后常接形容词.

fall + adj.(asleep/silent/sick/awake etc.)

对比:fall ill 生病 属短暂性动词, 不与for + 时间段连用

be ill 指生病的状态,是持续性行为, 可与for + 时间段连用

3. get injured 受伤

get+过去分词( burnt/dressed/lost/paid/drowned/caught in Etc.) 表被动或状态 eg. The computer got damaged when we were moving.

My bike is getting repaired now.

My glasses got broken while I was playing basketball.

Peter and Mary got married last year.

Sarah, hurry up. I am afraid you can’t have time to ___before the party. (2004)

A. get changed B. get change

C. get changing D. get to change

*4. injure vt, 指意外或事故造成损/受伤, 强调功能的损失

injury [C]

the injured (adj.) 伤员

5. save one’s life(lives) 救某人的命

save one’s honor 保全名誉

save one’s face 保全面子

save one’s skin 避免受伤

6. Did you or someone else give help in any of them? If so, …

If so, = If it is true,

Do you want to be a superman? If so, come with me!

7. bite v. (bit, bitten)

bite….to death

bite off more than one can chew贪多嚼不烂

Once bitten, twice shy. 吃一堑,长一智。

*bite the hand that feeds one 恩将仇报

*bite a person’s head off 严厉斥责,口气凶猛

8. bleed v. bleed—bled—bled流血 (bloody adj. blood n.)

My heart bleeds for those poor children.

His nose is bleeding. /He is bleeding at the nose.

He was slowly ___ to death if there was no treatment at once.

A. blood B. bled

C. bleeding D. bleeds

Step6 Homework

1. Preview the text of Reading part.

2. Surf the net to search for more information about first aid---how to rescue breathing.

The Second Period

Pre-reading & Reading

Target language知识目标

a. Key words and expressions: 重点词汇和短语

b. Useful sentences: 重点句型

So, as you can imagine, if your skin gets burned, it can be very serious.

Burns are called first degree, second degree or third degree burns, depending on which layers of the skin are burned.

First degree burns turn white when pressed.

Take clothing off the burned area unless it is stuck to the burn..

Knowledge Aims

The definition of first aid.

The classification of burns.

The treatments to burns.

Ability Aims

Know how to give first aid to burns.

Emotion Aims

Be willing and able to give first aid to burns.

Teaching important points教学重点

Let Ss learn to use the structures of giving suggestions

Teaching procedures and ways教学过程和方式

Step 1 Revision

1.Ask students to tell what they have found through the net.

How to rescue breathing:

Press a hand on his chest many times.

Use the mouth-to-mouth method.

Lay him on his back, close his nose with your fingers and breathe into his mouth. Repeat this as often as necessary.

2. Brainstorming: Show some pictures about some common injuries and review some words, some useful expressions and the information about first aid.

What things at home can be dangerous?

electrical equipment glass electric wiresgas poisonspets kniveshot water etc. Step2 Pre-reading

1.Ask the students to talk about the picture (page 33)

What has happened?

What sort of injuries will the child have?

2.Then ask Ss, in groups, to answer the following questions about their own experiences. (Write on the board causes of burns and characteristics of burns)

Have you or someone you know ever been burned? What happened? What did the burn look like?

3. At last discuss :( Write all their suggestions on the Bb)

Did anyone perform first aid? What did he/she do? What kind of first aid would you perform in the situation of burning? What should the mother do? Can you give her some advice?

Possible answers:

Cool the area of skin; wash it under the cold running water.

Cover the wound with bandage/clean cloth.

See a doctor if necessary, etc.

Step3Reading

Now let’s read the text about first aid for burns from a book called First Aid for the Family to find more about what on the earth we should do in the situation.

Task1 Fast reading (Skimming)

Read the title of the text and the headings within it .Skim for its general idea.

1. What is the topic of the text and how is the information organized ?

2. How many parts are the text divided into and what are they ?

Answers for reference:

1. It is about first aid for burns and the information is organized according to causes, types, characteristics and first aid treatment for burns.

2. It can be divided into 5 parts.

Part1: The purpose of skin

Part2: How we can get burns/ causes of burns

Part3: The three types of burns

Part4: The symptoms/ characteristics of burns.

Part5: What to do if someone gets burn/first aid treatment

3. Then finish Ex1 on Page 35.

Task2 Detail reading:

1. What can skin do for our body ?

2. Causes of burns

You can get burnt by :

hot liquids, steam, fire, radiation, the sun, electricity and chemicals

3. How many types of burns are there? What are they?

Types of burn: 1). First degree burns. 2). Second degree burns 3).Third degree burns

4. Read Part4, then Finish Ex2 on Page 35. (Ask students to tell from which part the answers can be found.)

Types of burns Pictures Characteristics

First degree burns Second degree burns Extremely painful 5. Listen to part5 Treatment

1). ______ clothing and jewellery near the burns. (Take off)

2). ______ the burns with cool water. (Cool )

3). ______ cool, clean wet cloths or the burns. (Place )

4). ______ the burned area gently. (Dry)

5). ______ the burned area with a dry clean bandage. (Cover)

6). ______ the burned area ______ than the heart, if possible. (Keep , higher)

7). ______ the victim ____the doctor or hospital, if possible. (Get , to)

Or: Read the part with the heading of First aid treatment and make a list of dos and don'ts. Dos

Cool burns with running water.

Take off the clothing and jewellery near burns.

Place cool, clean, wet cloth on the first, second degree burns.

Dry the burned area gently.

Cover the burned area with dry, clean bandage and hold it in place with tape.

Don'ts

Take off clothing stuck to the burn.

Put cold water on the third degree burns.

Rub the burns, break the blisters.

Put butter, oil, ointments on burns.

Step6 Discussion & Comprehending (Maybe used as homework)

Put Ss into pairs to discuss Exx3-4 on Page36. (Tell them to try doing the exercises before reading the text again)

Step7 Homework

1. Read the text as much as possible and Finish Exx3-4

2. Learn the text by heart and try to find out some important or difficult words and expressions

3. Write a short summary of the passage.

The Third Period

Reading and Language points

Step 1 Revision

Check their homework First aid is the first kind of help given to someone when suddenly falls__ or get injured before a doctor can be found. In this unit, let's study the first aid for______ . The skin is an _______ part of your body and your body’s largest______. You have _____layers of skin that protect you _______diseases, _______ and the sun’s harmful rays.. It keeps your body cool. It _____ your body from _____ water. It is where you feel ____, heat or____ , and it gives you_____________. So, if your skin gets _______, it can be very serious. First aid is a very important first step in the _________ of burns. You can get burned by hot_____ .steam, fire radiation and so on. There are there_____ of burns called first, second and third degree. When someone gets burned, we will carry_____ first aid treatment by different degrees. Remove clothing from the burned area_____ it is stuck to the burn. Cover the burned with a dry clean_____ that will not stick to the skin. Then immediately took him to the_____

Step2: Read aloud

Step3: Language Points

Para.1-2-3

1. protect … against \ from (doing) sth 保护、维护….(免受….伤害)

He is wearing sunglasses to protect his eyes from the strong sunlight.

短语联想:

prevent /stop/ keep … from doing sth 防止、妨碍

save….from…..拯救、挽救

disable….from….使….失去能力/资格

He put on his coat to protect himself from catching cold.

Nothing will prevent us from reaching our aim.

2 …and it gives you your sense of touch. sense(P87)

1). N. 感觉、感

sense of touch /sight/ hearing/ taste 触觉/视觉/听觉/味觉

sense of humor/ beauty/direction 幽默感/美感/方向感

common sense 常识

2). V. 感觉到、意识到

The horse sensed danger and stopped.

He sensed that something had happened to his family.

[拓展]

make sense

make sense of

in a sense

3. So, as you can imagine, if your skin gets burned, it can be very serious

As you can imagine是引导的非限制性定语从句。

As we all know , the earth is very large.

He is very careful, as/which his work shows.

1). ____ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan.

2). Her sister has become a lawyer, ____ she wanted to be.

4. treatment n. (treat v. )

不可数名词 ― 对待, 待遇,处理; 治疗

工人们受到政府优厚的待遇.

The workers received good treatment from the government

可数名词 ― 疗法‖

他们正在实验一种治疗癌症的新疗法.

They are trying _____________________________

[拓展]

be under treatment 在治疗中

be under one’s treatment 接受某人的治疗

for treatment 进行治疗

treatment for + 疾病的名词 治…病的方法

译:①她仍在医院接受治疗. She’s still under treatment in hospital.

②他接受了医生的治疗, 不久就痊愈了. He soon recovered under the doctor’s treatment. ③他已去伦敦住院进行特殊治疗. He’s gone to hospital in London for special treatment.

④他已试验过许多治疗皮肤病的方法. He has tried many treatments for skin disease.

5. Burns are called first degree, second degree or third degree burns depending on which layers of the skin are burned.

depending on which layers of the skin are burned现在分词作状语

depend on

①取决于;

The price depends on the quality.

②依赖、依靠;

e.g 他的一家人全靠他养活。His family depends on him.

③信赖、信任;

e.g 我相信你们可以在星期五前完成你们的作业。

I depend on you to finish your homework by Friday.

[拓展]

depend on/upon it that….指望

Depend upon it! (You can be sure0 (口语)无疑地的确

It / That (all) depends. (口语)那得视情况而定

6. mild 轻微的, 温和的, 温柔的

我们校长是一个很温和的人. Our headmaster is a mild person

他只是受到了轻微的惩罚He was given a mild punishment

这个季节天气非常宜人. he weather is very mild for the season.

7. iron n. 铁, 熨斗 (an iron will)

v. 烫熨

这种材料很好烫。This material irons well/ easily.

8. for a moment (=for a while)

[拓展]

for the moment in a moment………… at the moment

At the last moment to the (very ) moment the moment-clause

9. heal vt&vi heal sb. of sth.

(1) (尤指伤口)治愈; 恢复健康 heal a wound

(2) *使和解

healer (cn) 医治者;治疗物

Time is a great healer. 时间能够治好创伤

辨析:treat, heal, cure

treat ―治疗‖,着重强调过程,不涉及结果,不一定治愈。

heal 多用于治疗外伤。

cure ―治愈‖,强调结果。

10. electric adj. electric iron/blanket/fan/cooker etc.

electrical adj electrical engineer/fault etc.

Step4: Homework

1. Go over the language points and be ready for dictation.

2. Read the passage more times and Write down Para1 from the memory.

The Fourth Period

Reading aloud and Language points

Step1 Revision

Tell if the following statements are true or false:

1).Our skin has three layers.

2).We will never get burned by the sun.

3).Burns are divided into three degrees according to the degree of pain.

4) Sunburn just belongs to the first degree burn.

5).Put cool water on any burns to cool them.

6).Don’t rub the burns

7).It’s better that you put some butter or oil on burns.

8) If a person gets a third degree burn, he must cool burns immediately with cool but not icy water and then go to see a doctor.

Step3 Read aloud

Step4 Language Points

1. swell v. [swelled, swollen]. 肿, 膨胀,隆起

The sprain made my ankle swell up. 我的脚踝扭伤肿了起来。

①她的腿肿得很厉害。Her leg has swollen badly

②风鼓起了帆。The wind swelled the sails.

③大雨使河水上涨了The heavy rain swelled the river.

swollen 可作形容词,表示― 肿胀的‖

Her eyes were red and swollen with weeping. 她的眼睛哭得又红又肿。

2. damage v. 损害, 损坏

n. 损害, 毁坏, 破坏 (不可数) cause/do damage (to….)

①这场战争损害了两国之间的关系。The war damaged the relations between the countries. ②地震造成了重大破坏。The earthquake caused great damage ( to the country).

译:霜冻对农作物造成了重大损害。

区别damage, destroy 和ruin (English Weekly)

damage ―损坏‖, 意味着损坏后的价值或效率降低,一般是部分性的。

destroy 指十分彻底地― 破坏‖, 含有不能或很难修复的意思。

ruin 指某物被损害到不能再修复,不能再使用的程度。 今天练篮球时我把鞋弄坏了。 那所房子被烧得一干二净。 我的新毛衣全完了。

3. Take clothing off the burned area unless it is stuck to the burn.(P87)

1).unless除非……;如果不……(=if…not…) (English Weekly)

Don’t make it public unless I agree.

译:众所周知,如果你不经常锻炼,就不会有好的身体。2). stick

1) stick sth. on/to sth. 贴在……上、粘住

Stick a label on your suitcase.

Stick the glue to my fingers.

3) stick sth. in sth. 陷在……里

Stick the key in the mud.

[拓展]

be/get stuck in 陷入、卡住(动弹不得) The bus was stuck in the mud.

stick to sth. ( plan / principle / promise / decision etc.)

4. jewelry (jewellery) n. 珠宝的总称, 为集体名词, (不可数)

jewel n. 珠宝,首饰 (可数)

The jewels were kept in the safe.

She appeared at the reception wearing her finest jewels.

Her jewelry was insured for one million dollars.

She locked her ______in the ________box.

① She appeared at the party wearing some of her finest________.

A. jewels B. jewelleries C. jewel D. jewellers

② I want to buy ____ as a birthday gift for my daughter.

A. some jewel B. a piece of jewel

C. a jewellery D. a piece of jewellery

5. squeeze v. 挤;压;塞

常用句式: squeeze +名词 + out 挤出

squeeze +名词 + out of/ from + 名词 ―从/向….中榨取‖

He took off his wet clothes and squeezed the water out.

The blackmailers intended to squeeze more money out of him.

squeeze money from sb 向某人勒索钱财

squeeze money out of sb

I squeezed myself onto the crowded train.

The car was full, but I managed to squeeze in.

He squeezed everything into a suitcase.

译:他们被年轻人挤出了就业市场。

They have been squeezed out of the job market by young people.

那个年轻人经常向那个小学生勒索钱财。

The young man often squeezes money from/out of the pupil.

6. over and over (again) 反复多次

=again and again , time and again , over and over, time and time again, once /over and again

over again=once more/again 再一次

7. wound n.伤,创伤 v. 伤害,使受伤 the wounded (adj.)

区别wound, injure, harm 与 hurt: (English Weekly)

wound 指外伤,如枪伤, 刀伤等, 尤指在战场上受伤; 也可指在感情上荣誉方面的创伤。 injure 指意外或事故造成损伤, 强调功能的损失。

harm 指损害有生命或无生命的东西; 也可指肉体上或精神上的损害。

hurt (普通用语)指任何肉体或精神上的伤害。尤指打伤, 刺伤; 还可表示―疼痛‖。 子弹打伤了他的手臂。 他在一次交通事故中受了伤。

We won’t do anything that will 我们不会做任何危及和平事业的事。 他从梯子上摔下来,伤了腿。

My grandpa was ___ in the second world war.

A. hurt B. injured C. wounded D. harmed

8. in place (反: out of place地方放的不对, 不在适当的位置, 不适当, 不合适)

放在应放的位置, 在适当的位置, 适当

I like to have everything in place.

Her dress was out of place at the ceremony.

短语联想:

in place of 代替

take the place of 代替

take place 发生

She likes everything _______________ before she starts work.

Her criticisms were quite_____________. ( 她的批评太不相宜了)

9. sit up ① (使或帮助)坐起来;

坐起来吃药吧Sit up and take your medicine

② 端坐,坐正,坐直;

③ 熬夜(stay up) I sat up late reading a novel.

Step4: Homework

1. Go over the language points and be ready for dictation.

2. Finish SB Exx1-2 on Page36-37.

3.Preview “Discovering useful structure”

4. Finish ―Reading task‖ on P72 in workbook.

The Fifth Period

Grammar (Ellipsis)

Knowledge Aims

Get to know the basic rules for ellipsis.

Ability Aims

Learn to use ellipsis in practice.

Emotion Aims

Learn the importance of English grammar.

Teaching procedures and ways

Step 1 Dictation

Step 2 Word Revision

T: Now please open your books and turn to Page 36. Let’s learn “Learning about Language”.

First let’s do Discovering useful words and expressions

1. Complete the table with the correct verbs, nouns or adjectives.

T: Let’s do some more exercises about new words. You are to explain the words in English

and then fill in the blanks.(ask students to explain or guess the meanings of the words)

2. Complete the questions with words from the text.

Ask some of them to read each of the sentences and tell the class the answers.

Step3 Research in grammar

Discovering useful structures (Ex1 page 37)

1. Ask students to work in groups of four to find out(1)the differences between Sentences A and B;(2)which sentence is better;(3)why it is better. Have each group choose a student to present their views to the class.

2. Ask students to find out the ellipsis sentences from the reading part.

3. Get students to work in pairs to discuss which part of speech is omitted. Step4 Understanding and Summary

T: Let’s look at the next, Grammar (page 90)

Present some sentences and encourage the students to find out which words have been left out. T: Observe the following sentences and discuss with your partner to find out what have been

left out. Let me show you an example. As we know, when people want the speaker to repeat what he said, they usually say “ Beg your pardon.” Then it is called Ellipsis. The subject “I” has been left out, without changing the meaning of the sentence .OK, now it’s your turn to find out what have been left out.

1. Haven’t seen you for ages.

2. Some more tea?

3. Sounds like a good idea.

4. Doesn’t matter.

5. Sorry to hear that.

6. Pity you couldn’t come

7. This way, please.

8. Terrible weather!

9. Joining us for a drink?

10. Going to the supermarket?

Suggested answers:

1.

2. 3. 4. doesn’t matter.

5. 6. pity you couldn’t come

7. 8. terrible weather !

9. joining us for a drink?

10. going to the supermarket?

Grammar – Ellipsis (省略)

莎士比亚曾经说过:Brevity is the soul of wit.(言以简为贵)。为了使话说得简明扼要或避免重复,英语句子中某个单词、短语,甚至从句或主句都可以省去。这种省略句中的一个或几个句子成分而保持句子意思不变的现象,称为省略。为了使语言简洁,,这种语法现象乘为省略。

一、省略的目的

省略多见于非正式文体,尤其在对话中,省略是一种普遍的现象。英语中的省略一般说来有三个目的:

1.避免重复,减少累赘

省略的主要目的是避免重复,去掉不必要的累赘和繁琐。

Mike said that he would come to school to see me the next day, but he didn't come to school to see me the next day.

Mike said that he would come to school to see me the next day, but he didn't.

迈克说他第二天要来学校看我,但是他并没有来。

(省掉最后九个词,句子简洁了许多)

2.连接紧密,结构紧凑

省略也是使上下文紧密连接的一种修辞手段。

John was the winner in 1994 and Bob in 1998.

约翰是 1994 年的获胜者,鲍勃是 1998 年的获胜者。

(Bob 后省略了 was the winner,句子结构显得比较紧凑)

3.强调重点,突出信息

省略的另一作用是突出新的信息

Truth speaks too low, hypocrisy too loud. 真理讲话声太低,虚伪讲话声太高。

(后一分句省略谓语 speaks,突出了 too loud)

二、句子成分的省略

为了避免重复,或者为了使某一内容引人注目,可以省略某些句子成分而保持句子原意不变。

1.省略主语

Beg your pardon.请你原谅。

(= I beg your pardon.))

Serves you right. 你活该

(= It serves you right.)

2.省略谓语

Anything the matter? 要紧吗?

(= Is anything the matter?)

The river was deep and the ice thin. 河很深,冰很薄。

(= The river was deep and the ice was thin.)

3. 省略主语和谓语

(Are you) Hungry?

(I want) Orange juice, please.

4.省略表语

Are you ready? Yes,I am.

你准备好了吗?我准备好了。

(am 后面省略了表语 ready)

5.省略宾语

We have to analyze and solve problems.

我们必须分析问题并解决问题。

(analyze 后省略了宾语 problems)

Let's do the dishes. I'll wash and you'll dry.

我们洗碗吧,我来洗,你来揩干。

(wash 和 dry 后面省略了宾语 dishes)

6.省略定语

He spent part of the money, and the rest he saved.

他花了一部分钱,其余的都存了起来。

(the rest 后面省略了定语 of the money)

*7.省略状语

(Even)The wisest man cannot know everything.

即使最聪明的人也不可能无所不知。

8. 不定式后省略动词

A: Would you like to come to the party?

B: I’d love to ( come the party.)

三、省略在句子中的应用

在一个句子中,省略可分为依赖上下文省略和不依赖上下文省略两种。前者省略的部分可在句子中找到,但后者可能找不到。

(一)、简单句中的省略

依赖上下文的省略在对话中最为常用。

Like more beer? 再要点啤酒吗?

(= Would you like more beer?)

—Would you mind if I used your telephone? 用一下你的电话,你介意吗?

—Not at all. 一点也不。(= I do not mind at all.)

—Will he pass this examination? 他这次考试会通过吗?

—Probably. 大概会的。(= He will probably pass the examination.)

不依赖于上下文的省略。

All aboard! 请上船。(= All go aboard.省略谓语)

Haven't seen you for ages! 好久不见了!(省略主语 I)

What about having a game of chess? 下盘棋怎么样?

Sounds like a good idea. 听上去是个好主意。(=It sounds like a good idea. 省略主语)

(二)、并列句中的省略

Everybody appears well prepared. 看起来大家都准备好了。

(= Everybody appears to be well prepared. 省略不定式 to be)

并列句中如果前后分句有相同的部分,常常可以省略掉,以避免重复。通常被省略的可以是主语、谓语、宾语或其他成分,或句子成分的一部分。

省略出现在后一分句

John likes collecting stamps but (John) hates listening to music.

约翰喜欢集邮但不喜欢听音乐。 (省略主语)

省略出现在前一分句

We can (win tomorrow's match), and certainly will, win tomorrow's match.

我们能够,而且一定会在明天的比赛中获胜。(前一分句省略谓语 + 宾语)

前后两个分句都出现省略

They can (pay the full fee) and (they) should pay the full fee.

(三)、复合句中的省略

在主从复合句中,省略的现象是很普遍的。

省略主句的句首部分。

(I'm)Sorry I couldn't go .很抱歉,我不能去。

省略整个主句或主句的一部分(回答问题时常用)。

(It is a)Pity he's failed. 很遗憾,他失败了。

If he says he'll come, he will (come).

1. 定语从句中作宾语的关系代词that, which, whom 常可省略。

2..在一些状语从句中,如果谓语动词是 be,主语又和主句的主语一致,或者主语是 it,常常可以把从句中的主语和 be 省略掉。

以 when, while, once, until, though, if, unless as if, even if 等连词引导的状语从句中。 When (you are) in Rome do as Rome does. 入国问禁,入乡随俗。

Her father told to be careful when (she was) crossing the street.

If (it is) necessary, you can refer to the dictionary.

He looked everywhere as if (he was) in search of something.

3..在比较从句中通常把和主句重复的部分省掉。

省略谓语的全部

James enjoys the theater more than Susun.

詹姆斯比苏姗更喜欢戏剧。

Tom has as many books as Jack.

汤姆有跟杰克一样多的书。

省略主语和谓语的一部分

Brown speaks French as fluently as English.

布朗说法语和英语一样流利。(as 后省略了 he speaks)

省略表语部分

Mrs. White is not so young as she looks.

怀特夫人没有看上去那样年轻。(looks 后省略了 young)

省略主语和谓语的大部分,保留状语

He is working harder than before.

他现在工作比过去努力多了。(than 后省略了 he worked hard)

省略主语

He drank a little more than was good for him.

他喝酒稍有一点过量。(than 后省略了 it)

省略宾语

You spent more money than I had expected.

你花掉的钱比我预料的多。

(expected 后省略了that you should spend)

省略从句的全部

You are getting slimmer.

你越来越苗条了。(simmer 后省略了than you were before)

主句和从句中可同时省略一些成分。

The sooner (this is done), the better (it will be).

(四)、不定式后省略动词,单独保留to。常用于be afraid/glad/happy/pleased/delighted, expect, forget, hope, intend, like, love, prefer, refuse, seem, try, want, wish, tell等后.

You may go with them if you want to.

---- Shall I go instead of him?

----- I prefer not to.

(五)、替代省略

I think/believe/suppose/expect/imagine /hope/am afraid so

I think/believe/suppose/expect/imagine not = I don’t think/believe/suppose/expect/imagine so. I hope/am afraid not.

Step5 Practising

Discovering useful structures (Exx2-3)

1. Rewrite these sentences taking out the unnecessary parts.

2. These sentences are correct. However, one or more words have been left out. Rewrite

3. Show the students the slides with some multiple choices exercises about the Ellipsis.(略)

Step6 Homework

1. Go over the usage of Ellipsis.

2. Finish listing structures on Page 71 Ex 1 and Ex 2

3. Preview Using language (Reading and discussing on Page 38)

The Sixth Period

Using Language

Target language教学语言

a. Key words and expressions:重点词汇和短语

b. Useful sentences重点句型

1.John ceremony people had saved the life of another.

They discovered that Anne Slade, mother of three, had been stabled with a knife.

3. It John’s quick action and knowledge of first aid saved Ms Slade’s life. Ability goals 能力目标

Enable the students to know some knowledge about first aid after learning the text.

Learning ability goals能力目标

Foster the students’ ability in skimming and looking up information in references books and improve the students’ reading ability.

Teaching procedures and ways教学过程和方式

Step1 Lead-in

You find someone lying on the ground, bleeding heavily from deep knife wounds. What would you do?

Step2 Revision

What is the Chinese meaning of them?present put their hands on ceremony bravery

towels pressure

a number of ambulance

Step3 Reading and listening (Tell students that the reading passage is in the form of a newspaper article, people can get a quick idea just from reading the headline and the first paragraph. The headline gives readers a clue about the content and the first paragraph gives information that answers the questions Who? When? Where? What? Why? and How?)

1. Read the headline and the first paragraph and find out the five W-questions: who? What? when? where? Why?

Who? --- John Jason What? --- was honored

When? --- last night Where? --- in Rivertown

Why? --- for carrying out lifesaving first aid on his neighbour after a shocking knife attack.

2. Skimming the newspaper article and then put these events in the order that they happened. (P39)

3. Listen to the tape or Read the passage more carefully and answer the following questions.

1).What did John do when he heard the screaming?

2).what happened to Anne?

3). what saved Ms Slade’s life?

4). what first aid did john perform on Anne?

5). What do you think of John's actions? Use at least three adjectives to describe John’s actions.

Possible answers:

He was studying in his room.

She had been stabbed repeatedly with a knife. She Was lying in her front garden bleeding very heavily. Her hands had almost been cut off.

It was John’s quick action and knowledge of the first aid that saved her life.

John dressed Ms Slade’s injuries with tea towels and applied pressure to the wounds to slow the bleeding

Brave, quick-thinking, fearless, unselfish, heroic, courageous, helpful, confident…

Step 4 Discussion

What should we do after reading the story? Is it necessary for us to attend a First Aid course? Give reasons.

Step5 Homework

1. Learn the text by heart and try to find out some important or difficult words and expressions.2. Do exercises in English Weekly.

The Seventh Period

Language Points (In Using Language)

Step1 Revision

Check the home work

Step2 Read aloud

Step3 Language points

1. John was presented with his award at a ceremony which recognised the bravery of ten people who had saved the life of another. 在典礼上,约翰被授予奖品。该典礼是为了表彰挽救他人生命的十个人的英勇行为的。(Which ,Who引导一个定语从句)

present vt.

(1) 给予,赠送, 赠给。

例如:The mayor presented the prizes in person. 市长亲自颁奖。

动词 present 常用句式

a. present + 名词 + with + 名词,授予某人…

例如:When she left the company, the director presented her with a set of golf clubs. 她离开这家公司时,董事赠给予她一套高尔夫球杆。

b. present + 名词 + to + 名词,颁发……给某人

例如: He present a silver cup to the winner. 他把银杯颁给了获胜者。

He presented(赠送) a sum of money to our school in aid of some poor students.

He presented her with a gold medal.=He presented a gold medal to her.

(2) 提出,呈现, 上演

present reasons 提出理由

present a new play

[拓展]

Adj 出席的/当前的 present situation

N.. =gift礼物; at present=now=at the present time现在

译: 因为勇敢,总统授予奖赏给约翰

They discovered that Anne Slade, mother of three, had been stabled repeatedly with a knife. repeatedly 是由动词repeat的过去分词加-ly构成。类似的词汇有:

Excitedly 兴奋地 contentely 满足

worriedly 焦急地 unexpectedly 出乎意料

__________________(是约翰的快速反应和急救知识)saved Ms Slade's life.It was John’s quick action and knowledge of first aid that saved Ms Slade’s life.It is … that… 强调句 It was his words that hurt her.

4.______________ flowers were bought yesterday.

______________ flowers bought yesterday was large.

A A number of B The number of

5. put one’s hands on

I know their address is here somewhere, but I can’t put my hands on it (找到它) right now. Whatever he puts his hands on (他无论着手做什么), he does it extraordinarily well.

6. John used these to dress the most severe injuries to Ms Slade’s hand.

dress v.1)=clean and bandage(a wound---)敷裹,包扎

Tom had to return to the camp to dress his injuries.

Immediately after his wound was dressed, he went to work..

2). dress sb/oneself给某人穿衣服

The boy is old enough to dress himself.

3) dress up as盛装打扮成---

dress up in穿---盛装打扮

be dressed in穿着----(颜色)

We ___________ a naughty girls to take part in the game.

He ___________a skirt to take part in the party

The lady ______________white.

*区分: Dress put on wear have on

have on sth.同表状态,但不用于进行时态

put on sth.:表短暂动作

wear sth.穿衣服/戴眼镜(手套/首饰/帽)表状态 (进行)

dress sb/oneself

be dressed in表状态

Exercises:

1) Immediately after his wound was________ , he went to work.

2) He ______his clothes went downstairs and disappeared.

3) He is old enough to _____himself.

4) He is _____________a blue shirt.

7. There is no doubt that John's quick thinking and the first aid skills that he learned at school saved Ms Slade's life. 毫无疑问,约翰敏捷的思维和在学校所学的急救技能救了斯赖德女士的命。

doubt 名词/动词,意思是“怀疑”、“疑惑”、“疑问”

例如:I have no doubt at all who did it. 这事是谁干的,我心理有数。

用法点拨

doubt 后接 whether;no doubt 后接 that.

例如:我相信他能把它背下来

There is no doubt that he can recite it

= I do not doubt that he can recite it.

= I have no doubt that he recite it. 约翰是否会来很难说。 毫无疑问, 约翰一定会来。 He works so hard that there’s ___ that he will succeed in the contest.

A no wonder B no doubt C no way D no need

________________(毫无疑问)that we made great development in the past years.

*[拓展]

beyond (all) doubt毫无疑问

no doubt无疑的

without (a) doubt无疑的

throw doubt on使人产生怀疑

8. It shows that a knowledge of first aid ___________________(的确能发挥作用). 产生差别/有影响/起重要作用).

make a (some/no/any/not much/a great deal of) difference

有(一些/没有/任何/不太大的/很大的) 重要性.

It ____________________which you choose.

It ___________________to me what you say: I’m not going.

It won’t __________________whether you go today or tomorrow.

Step4 Homework

Go over the language points and be ready for dictation.

Finish Ex4WB on Page71

五、佳句背诵

1. First aid is the first kind of help given to someone who suddenly falls ill or gets injured before a doctor can be found.

2. You have three layers of skin that protect you against diseases, poisons and the sun's harmful rays.

3. Burns are called first degree, second degree or third degree burns depending on which layers of the skin are burnt.

4. Take clothing off the burned area unless it is stuck to the burn.

5. John was presented with his award at a ceremony, which recognized the bravery of ten people who had saved the life of another.

6. John was studying in his room when he heard screaming.

7. They discovered that Anne Slade, mother of three, had been stabled repeatedly with a knife.

8. John used these to dress the most severe injuries to Ms Slade’s hand.

9. There is no doubt that John's quick thinking and the first aid skills that he learned at school saved Ms Slade's life.

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