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小学英语时态

发布时间:2013-12-24 15:45:27  

小学英语时态

四种时态
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一般现在时 现在进行时 将来时 过去时

一般现在时
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一般现在时:表示经常性的事情,习惯 性的动作或一般性事实。 时间状语: often 经常, usually通常, always 总是,every每个,sometimes 有 时

一般现在时
动词的变化规律(与名词变复数规律相同): 1) 直接加s, 如:cook-cooks, come-comes, closecloses,… 2)以o, x, s, sh, ch 结尾+es , 如: teach-teaches, dodoes, wash-washes, miss-misses, … 3) 辅音字母加y结尾,把y改为i ,+es, 如:flyflies, worry-worries, carry-carries, … 4) 以f或fe结尾,把f或fe,改为v+es. 5) 特殊:is-are have-has, …
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一般现在时
只有在第三人称单数用动词的“三单变化”, 其他用动词的原形。 第三人称单数:he、she、it、人名 e.g:He/She/It/Sarah likes apples.
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一般现在时
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1.go-- goes 2.get--- gets 3.come---comes 4.put---puts 5.have---has 6.see ---sees 7.take--- takes 8.do---does 9.read--- reads 10.know---knows 11.buy--buies 12.say--- says

一般现在时
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1.go-- goes 2.get---gets 3.come--- comes 4.put--- puts 5.have--- has 6.see ---sees 7.take---takes 8.do---does 9.read--- reads 10.know--- knows 11.buy--buies 12.say--says

一般现在时
(1)当句子中有be动词或情态动词时 ①陈述句:She is a student. 疑问句→ Is she a student? 否定句→ She is not a student. ②陈述句:I can swim. 疑问句→ Can you swim 否定句→ I can not swim.

一般现在时
(2) 当句子中即没有be动词,也没有情态动词时 ①陈述句:We get up at 7:00 every morning. 疑问句→Do you get up at 7:00 every morning? 否定句→We don’t get up at 7:00 every morning. ②陈述句:She has a little brother. 疑问句→ Does she have a little brother? 否定句→ She doesn’t have a little brother.
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一般现在时
1. I am from China. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 对划线部分提问:
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一般现在时
2. Su Yang usually washes some clothes on Saturday. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 划线部分提问:
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选择题
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( )1..Tom is a worker. He _____ in a factory. His sisters ______ in a hospital. work, work B. works, work C. work, works ( )2. Who ________ English best in your class? speak B. speaks C. speaking ( )3. Mrs. Read __________ the windows once a week. A. is cleaning B. clean C. cleans ( )4. We ________ music and often __________ to music. like, listen B. likes, listens C. like, are listening

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( )5. She _______ up at six in the morning, ________ she? get, do B. gets, is C. gets doesn’t ( )6. Mr Green will write to me as soon as he ________ to New York. A. will get B. get C. gets ( )7. He _______ living in the country to living in the city. A. likes B. prefers C. enjoys ( )8. I’ll go out for a walk after supper if it _______ rain. A. didn

’t B. isn’t C. doesn’t

填空
1.I ____________ from Australia. (be) 2.Jack and Tom _________ my friends. (be) 3.Your parents ______(read) newspapers every day? 4.Li Lei always ______ to school at 7:30.(come) 5.You always ______ (do) your homework well.

6. The child often ____ (watch) TV in the evening. 7. Wang Kai and Wang Li_______ (have) eight lessons this term. 8.We often____ (play) in the playground. 9. Chen Jie sometimes _________(go) to the park with her sister.

10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

He often ________ (have) dinner at home. Daniel and Tommy _____ (be) in Class One. We _________ (not watch) TV on Monday. Nick_______ (not go) to the zoo on Sunday. They _________ (like) the World Cup?

按要求完成句子
1.Do you often play football after school? (肯定 回答) 2. I have many books. (改为否定句) 3. Gao Shan’s sister likes playing table tennis (改为否定句) 4. She lives in a small town near New York. (改为一般疑问句) 5. I watch TV every day. (改为一般疑问句) 6. David has got a goal. (改为一般疑问句)

连词成句
1.the, cleaning, Ann, are, I, classroom, and
2.clock, the, behind, colour, the, pens, are, (?) 3.to, it, time, is, computer, play, and, game, a, go 4.photos, me, show, your, colour, Li Hong 5.down, please, Mike, sit, Jim, and

现在进行时
句型:主语+be+动词ing Tom is doing his homework. 第一人称+am+动ing 第二人称+are+动ing 第三人称+is+动ing 口诀:我用am,你用are,is用在他她它,单数名词使 用is ,复数名词使用are 定义:现在进行时表示现在或当前一般时间正在进行 的动作常与Listen,Look,now,Watch out…连用

现在进行时
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动词ing的变化规律: 1)直接加ing ,如: open-opening, cleancleaning… 2) 去掉词尾不发音的e ,如:take-taking, comecoming, have-having, become-becoming … 3) 重读闭音节的,双写最后的字母,加 ing , 如: put-putting, begin-beginning , get-getting, swim-swimming, run-running, …

现在进行时
make making swim swimming Stop stopping come coming close closing Have having run running drive driving Wash washing beginbeginning watch watching Take taking talk talking put putting

现在进行时
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1.Mr Zheng is reading(read) a book now. 2. The rabbits are jumping (jump) now. 3.. Look ! Tom and John are swimming(swim). 4. My brother is making (make) a kite in his room now. 5. Look! The bus is stoping (stop). 6. We are having (have) an English class now.

现在进行时
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7. Listen! Someone is coming (come). 8. They are catching (catch) butterflies now. 9. He is doing(do) an experiment now. 10. They are collecting (collect) stamps now. 11. Look! He is driving (drive) now. 12. Tom is watching( watch ) TV in the dining room.

现在进行时
否定形式:在be动词后面加not 例如:I am not singing . They aren‘t writing . 一般疑问句及回答:把be动词放

在句首 例如:Am I singing ? Yes ,you are . / No ,you aren’t . Are they writing ? Yes ,they are . / No ,they aren‘t .

现在进行时
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1. The boy is playing basketball. 否定句:____________________________ 一般疑问句:_________________________ 肯定回答:__________________________ 否定回答:__________________________

现在进行时
2. They are singing in the classroom. 否定句:____________________________ 一般疑问句:_________________________ 肯定回答:__________________________ 否定回答:__________________________ 对“are singing “提问 __________________________ 对” in the classroom“提问 _______________________

选择题
1. What are you doing? I________. A. eat B. can eat C. eating D. am eating ? 2. We are _________ books now. A. reading B. am reading C. read D. to read ? 3. Our teacher is ________ a red sweater . A. putting on B. put on C. wears D. wear ? 4. That boy isn‘t ________ the teacher . A. listen B. listens C. listening D. listening to
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现在进行时
5. It’s eight o‘clock. Jimmy’s parents _________ TV. A. is watching B. are watching C. watch D. to watch ? 6. My mother is _____ a cake _____ my birthday. A. making ; to B. making ; for C. doing ; to D. doing ; for ? 7. They are _______ these books in the box. A. puts B. put C. to put D. putting ? 8. ____ you ___ the window? -Yes, I am. A. Do, clean B. Is, cleaning C. Are, cleaning D. Do, cleaning
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填空题
1. What are you ______(do) now? I ____(eat) bread. 2. It‘s nine o’clock. My father ___ (work) in the office. 3. Look, the boy _____(put) the rubbish into the bin. 4. _______ he ________(clean) the classroom? No, he isn‘t. He _____(play). 5. Where is Mike? He _____(run) on the grass. 6. Listen, who _____(sing) in the music room?

按要求完成句子
1.she,the window,open,now.(用现在进行时连词成句.) _____________________ 2.The birds are singing in the tree.(就划线部分提问) ________________________ 3.is,who,the window,cleaning?(连词成句) ______________________ 4.The children are playing games near the house.(就 划线部分提问) ________________________

5.She is closing the door now.(改成否定句) ______________________ 6.You are doing your homework.(用”I“作主语改写 句子) ______________________ 7.they,the tree,sing,now,under.(用现在进行时连词成 句.) _____________________ 8.The Young Pioneers are helping the old woman.(改 成一般疑问句) ______________________

一般将来时
定义:表示将要发生的事或打算、计划、决定要 做的事情。常与tomorrow, tonight, next week/ weekend/ month/ year, this morning/ afternoon/ evening…连用 句型:主语+be going to+动词原形 主语+will+动词原形 例如:Jim is going to play football. Jim will play football.

否定形式:把be动词或will后面加not 例如:Jim is not going to play football. Jim will not play football. 一般疑

问句:把be动词或will调到句首, 例如:Is Jim going to play football? Will Jim play football?

填空题
1. We____ (visit) the Great Wall next month. 2. My father _____ (fly) to Beijing tomorrow. 3. You __ (have) a seven-day holiday soon. What __ you __ (do)? 4. Next week David ____ (visit) the new zoo in Pan Yu. 5. ____ you _____ (borrow) books from the library tomorrow? 6. My pen is broken. I ____ (buy) a new one this Saturday. 7. They ____ (have) a picnic in the park this Sunday. 8. I ____ (write) a letter this evening. 9. He ____ (make) a kite this Saturday. 10. My mother _____ (cook) some delicious food this weekend.

改写句子
1. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定) Nancy ________ going to go camping. 2. I’ll go and join them.(改否定) I _______ go ______ join them. 3. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句) ________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow? 4. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句) _______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30. 5. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问) _______ ______ she _______ _______ ________ after school? 10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上) ________ ________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow?

翻译
1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。 I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends. I ________ have a picnic with my friends. 2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。 What ______ ______ _______ _______ _______ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball. What ______ you do next Monday? I ______ play basketball. 3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。 _____ your mother ______ _____ go shopping this _________? Yes, she _______. She ______ ______ _______ buy some fruit. 4.你们打算什么时候见面。 What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

过去式
一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作 或存在的状态。常和表示过去的时间状语连用。 如:last year, yesterday… ①I saw him in the street yesterday. 昨天我在街上看见他了。 ②Li Mei always went to school on foot last year. 去年李梅总是步行上学。

动词过去式的规则变化
①一般情况,直接加上-ed。如:look-looked。 ②以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,加-d。如: live-lived。 ③以重读闭音节结尾,先双写辅音字母,再加ed。如:stop-stopped

④辅音字母+y结尾的动词,先变y为i,再 加-ed。如:study-studied。

动词过去式的不规则变化
am,is-was are-were do-did see-saw say-said give-gave get-got go-went come-came have-had eat-ate take-took run-ran sing-sang put-put make-made read-read write-wrote draw-drew drink-drank fly-flew ride-rode speak-spoke sweep-swept swim-swam sit-sat

写出下列动词的过去式
写出下列动词的过去式

is\am________ fly______ plant______ a

re _______ drink_______ play______ go______ make _______ does_______ dance______ worry______ ask _____ taste_______ eat________ draw______ put ______ throw______ kick_______ pass_______ do _______

否定句: (1)带有was或were的句子,其否定句的变 化和is, am, are一样,即在was或were后 加not,如:I wasn’t at home. (2)没有be动词的句子在动词前面加一个 didn’t ,原来的动词过去式变为原型,如: Jim didn’t go home yesterday.

一般疑问句: (1)有was或were的句子,把was 或were 调到句首。 如:Were you at home last night? (2)没有be动词,在句首加did,句子中的动 词过去式变回原形。 如:Did Jim go home yesterday?

肯定句:I watered the plants yesterday. 一般疑问句:Did you water the plants yesterday? 肯定回答:Yes, I did. 否定回答: No, I didn’t 否定句:I didn’t water the plants yesterday.

肯定句:They were good friends two years ago. 一般疑问句:Were they good friends two years ago? 否定句:They weren’t good friends two years ago. 肯定回答:Yes, they were. 否定回答:No, they weren’t.

句型转换
1. It was exciting. 否定句:_____________________________ 一般疑问句:___________________________ 肯、否定回答:_________________________ 2. All the students were very excited. 否定句:_____________________________ 一般疑问句:___________________________ 肯、否定回答:_________________________

选择题
1. She watered the flowers ________. A tomorrow B sometimes C yesterday morning 2.What ____ Mike do last weekend ? A do B does C did 3. I ___ my room last Sunday. A cleaned B clean C am cleaning 4. I often help my mother _____ housework A does B did C do 5. _____ you _____ TV last night . A Do, watch B Did, watch C Did, watched

6.---Did your father write an e-mail yesterday ? A Yes, he did. B Yes, he does C No, he don’t 7.They _____ on a trip in February ,2007. A are going B going C went 8.We’re going to _____ mountains tomorrow . A climb B climbed C climbing 9. ____ he ____ football two days ago? A Does , play B Did , played C Did , play 10.----Good afternoon, Miss Lee. How does Mike feel? -----He’s tired . He ____ a lot of work ______ . A does , this morning B do , this morning C did , this morning

用动词的适当形式填空
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. He ______ (live) in Wuxi two years ago. The cat ______ (eat) a bird last night. We _____ (have) a party last Halloween. Nancy ___ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week. I _____ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday. They ___ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson. My mother ___ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival. The girls _____ (sing) and ____ (dance) at the party.

连词成句
1. did, what, you, yesterday, do. ____________________________________ 2. watch, John, did, TV, weekend, last. ____________________________________ 3. went, I ,to, by, park, a, bike _________________

___________________ 4. jumped, the, into, lake, he, and, the, to, swam, kite. ____________________________________


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