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牛津小学英语6A词组和重点语法知识

发布时间:2013-12-25 10:51:32  

Unit 1

1、他的表弟_______________ 2、只有四岁_______________

3、问问题 ________________ 4、公共标志 ______________

5、远离 __________________ 6、走在草地上 ____________

7、鸟笼 __________________ 8、吵闹 __________________

9、禁止吸烟 ______________ 10、禁止扔垃圾 ___________

11、禁止停车 _____________ 12、禁止触摸 _____________

13、禁止吃喝 _____________ 14、禁止践踏草坪 _________

15、保持安静 _____________ 16、散步 _________________

17、十元纸币 _____________ 18、环顾四周 _____________

19、捡起 _________________ 20、上来 ___________

21、指向 _________________ 22、罚十元 _______________

Unit 2

1、住在……附近 _________ 2、谈论 _________________

3、一个生日聚会 ___________ 4、作为一个生日礼物 ____________

5、一个日本动画光碟 ________________________________

6、看阿拉丁 _______________ 7、让我们等着看吧 ______________

8、脱下 ___________________ 9、他的戏服 ____________________

10、祝你生日快乐 _________________________________

11、吹灭蜡烛 ______________

Unit 3

1、体育运动日 _____________ 2、所有的学生 __________________

3、非常兴奋 _______________ 4、看跑步比赛 __________________

5、拍照 ___________________ 6、找寻 ________________________

7、非常令人激动 ____________ 8、一会儿之前 __________________

9、刚才 ____________________ 10、在地上 _____________________

11、为我捡起它们 ____________ 12、一个手机 ___________________

13、一副眼镜 ________________ 14、一个光盘随身听 _____________

15、一卷胶卷 ________________

Unit 5

1、国庆假日 ________________ 2、上个星期 ___________________

3、在节后 __________________ 4、课前 _______________________

5、看电影 __________________ 6、和我父母一起 _______________

7、一个有趣的动画 __________ 8、参观一个农场 _______________

9、跟我的家人一起 ___________ 10、果树 ______________________

11、烧饭 _____________________ 12、捡鸡蛋 ____________________

13、给奶牛挤奶 _______________ 14、摘桔子 ____________________

15、给花浇水 _________________ 16、尝桔子 ____________________

17、拔胡萝卜 _________________ 18、在一个野营地 ______________

19、打排球 ___________________ 20、在山脉中穿行 ______________

21、非常累 ___________________ 23、去野营 ___________________

Unit 6

1、变得非常兴奋 ______________ 2、在……之后到来 _______________

3、参加聚会 __________________ 4、去年 _________________________

5、一顿丰盛的午餐 _____________ 6、拜访他们的亲朋好友 ____________

7、美味的食物 _________________ 8、当然__________________________

9、我最喜欢的节日 _____________ 10、在十月_______________________

11、用戏服装扮 ________________ 12、吃月饼_______________________

13、玩灯笼 ____________________ 14、看月亮_____________________

15、度过时光 __________________ 16、一个长假____________________

17、去沙滩 ____________________ 18、吃粽子____________________

Unit 7

1、在圣诞节 __________________ 2、在圣诞节那天 _________________

3、祖父母的房子 ______________ 4、圣诞树 _______________________

5、一个漂亮的皮夹子 ___________ 6、喝茶 _________________________

7、不用谢;别客气 _____________ 8、一些茶 _______________________

9、我得到了____________________ 10、来自我的爷爷 ________________

11、在公交车的后部 ____________ 12、下车 ________________________

13、在……前面 ________________ 14、走向司机 ____________________

15、警察局 ____________________

6A 复习材料(Grammar)

1.人称代词 主格: I we you she he it they

宾格: me us you her him it them 形容词性物主代词:my our your her his its their

名词性物主代词: mine ours yours hers his its theirs

2.可数词的复数形式

1) + s a book ------books

2)- y+ ies a story------stories

3) + es a glass------glasses a watch------watches

4)+s / +es a piano------pianos a mango-----mangoes

5 - f / fe +ves a knife ------knives a shelf--------shelves

3. 不可数名词(单复数形式不变) bread, rice, water ,juice , food etc.

4. 缩略形式 I’m = I am

you’re = you are

she’s = she is

he’s = he is

it’s = it is

who’s =who is

can’t =can not

isn’t=is not

I'd = I would

I've = I have etc.

5. a/an

a book a peach an egg an hour an oval an arange

an apple

6. 方位介词和时间介词

方位介词:on, in ,in front of, between, next to, near, beside, at, behind, at the back of, under

时间介词: at six o’clock, at Christmas, at breakfast on Monday on 15th July On National Day in the evening in December in winter

7. 基数词和序数词 one ------ first(1st)

Two----second(2nd)

three- third(3rd)

twenty- twentieth(20th)

*序数词必须加 the

8. Some /any( 肯定句用 some,否定疑问句变 any)

I have some toys in my bedroom.

Do you have any brothers or sisters?

Would you like some juice? 除外

9. be 动词 (

1) 基本形式: am/are/is (

2) 肯定和否定句

I am(not) from London. My eyes are(not) small. My hair is(not) long.

3)一般疑问句:

Am I a Chniese? Yes, you are.

No, you aren’t.

Are they American? Yes, they are.

No, they aren’t.

Is the cat fat?

Yes, it is.

No, it isn’t。

10. there be 结构

肯定句: There is a … There are …

一般疑问句: Is there …?

Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.

Are there…? Yes, there are. /No, there aren’t.

否定句: There isn’t …. There aren’t…. *

就近原则:There is a pair of glasses on the desk.

There are glasses on the desk.

11. 祈使句

Sit down please。

Don’t sit down, please.

12. 现在进行时.通常用―now, listen, look" 形式: be + V-ing

eg: I am(not) doing my homework.

You/We/They are(not) reading.

He/She/It is(not) eating.

动词ing 的形式

1). +ing walk----walking

2). -e + ing come-----coming make----making

3). run----running swim-----swimming put----putting stop---stopping sit---sitting get----getting

13. 一般现在时, 通常用 ―usually, often, every day, sometimes,

always‖。 形式:

肯定句: I go to school on foot every day. She goes to school on

foot every day.

一般疑问句: Do you jump high? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. Does he

jump high? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.

否定句: We don’t go to school on Sundays. My mother doesn’t like

watching TV in the evening.

14. (情态)动词 can,must, should,may 后面直接用动词原形。

eg:

1. I / He / She / They can sing.

2.You should keep quiet in the library.

15. 一般过去时态

1)be 动词的过去式: I/He/she/it was(not)… You/we/they were…

一般疑问句 was, were 放在句首。 (

2)动词过去式: 肯定句: I watched cartoons. She visited the zoo. 一般疑问句: Did you read books last night? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t. Did she clean the desk just now? Yes, she did. No, she didn’t. 否定句: They didn’t go the the part yesterday. He didn’t make model ships last week. (

3)动词过去式的变化: 规则动词的变化:

1) +ed eg. planted,watered,climbed

2) +d eg. liked

3) -y +ied

4) 双写

eg : study---studied

eg: stop---stopped

不规则动词的变化

is/am---was,are---were,do---did,have/has---had,make----made, fly---flew/u:/,eat---ate,take----took,run---ran,sing---sang,drink----drank 等等

一般过去时:

定义:表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常与表示过去的时间状语连用。如:yesterday,last night ,three months ago,just now, a moment ago,that night等。

它的肯定形式:I was born in 1995. I watched cartoons last night. 它的否定形式:Were you born in 1995? Yes , I was./No, I wasn’t 一般疑问形式及肯(否)定回答:Did you watched cartoons last night? Yes, I did./ No ,I didn’t.

特殊疑问形式:When were you born? What did you do last night? 动词的过去式形式:

a:规则动词的过去式词尾变化:

1. 一般情况下加ed,如watered,planted

2. 以不发音字母e结尾的加d,如:tasted。liked,lived

3. 以辅音字母+y结尾的变y为i,再加ed,study——studied

4. 单音节,以一个元音字母和一个结尾的,双写这个辅音,再加ed,如:stop-stopped

b:规则动词的词尾读音:

a) 在浊辅音和元音后读/d/,如:pulled ,watered

b) 在清辅音后读/t/,如cooked , milked ,asked , picked, walked c) 在/t/和/d/音后读/id/,如:collected , tasted , pointed , studied c:不规则动词的变化没有什么规律,需要大家背熟记牢:

is/am

–was are-were do-did have/has-had go-went

make-made sit-sat get-got see-saw come-came

swim-swam put-put eat-ate drink-drank fly-flew

buy-bought run-ran drive-drove know-knew meet-met

catch-caught ride-rode sing-sang speak-spoke say-said

teach-taught take-took think-thought write-wrote give-gave

begin-began tell-told hear-heard keep-kept draw-drew

代词分为两种:人称代词和物主代词。

A:人称代词用来指代人或事物,它分为主格和宾格。

主格在句子中做主语,通常放在动词前。如:I like her very much.(动词)

宾格在句子中做宾语,往往跟在动词或介词的后面。

They will help us.. (动词) She is behind me.(介词)

B:物主代词主要表示所有关系,可分为形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。

形容词性物主代词具有形容词的性质,不能单独使用,后面必须接名词才完整。

名词性物主代词具有名词的性质,可以单独使用,相当于形容词性物主代词+名词。

如;This is my schoolbag. It’s mine. Our bikes are new. Theirs are old.它们的关系见下表:

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