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Lesson6上课RE

发布时间:2013-12-25 13:45:07  

Advanced English 高级英语
Book One

Lesson Six
Blackmail

I. Questions for preparing the text
? 1. What does “blackmail” mean? ? to force somebody to pay a large sum of money for not revealing a secret or harming him. ? The text Blackmail: taken from the novel Hotel

I. Questions for preparing the text
? 2. Name the characters in the text “Blackmail”. ? 1) the Duke: a world-famous statesman, also the newly-appointed British ambassador to Washington, now living in the best suite in the Hotel. ? 2) the Duchess: the Duke’s wife ? 3)Ogilvie: the hotel detective, chief house officer

I. Questions for preparing the text
? 4. What is the gist of the text? ? Omitted ? 5. What do you know about Arthur Hailey? ? See Note 1 ? 6. What is the genre of this passage? ? A piece of narration as it has a beginning, middle, and an end.

about the author
? Arthur Hailey
? Born in England ? Emigrated to Canada ? Became a Canadian citizen ? Wrote about America

II. Background information

about the author
? Details about the author: ? 1)Born in Luton, England, in 1920, educated in English schools until 14. ? 2) Became a pilot and flight lieutenant: After a brief career as an office boy, he joined the British Royal Air Force in 1939 and served through World War II.

II. Background information

about the author
? 3) Became a Canadian citizen: ? In 1949 Hailey emigrated to Canada, where he was successively a real estate salesman, business paper editor and a sales and advertising executive. He became, and still is a Canadian citizen.

II. Background information

about the author
? 4) His works: ? (1)In 1956, his first writing success with a TV Drama, Flight into Danger ? (2)and a novel, Runway Zero-Eight. ? (3) His bestsellers include: The Final

II. Background information

Diagnosis <最后的诊断> In High Places < 高原>, Hotel <旅馆>, Airport <机场>, Wheels<车轮> , The Moneychangers《货 币兑换商》

? Though a Canadian himself, he set the scene of most of his works in the United States. ? Each of his books deals with one particular field of American society.

about the author

II. Background information

II. Background information

Map of the United States

II. Background information: European titles
1)Duke 公爵 (Duchess 公爵夫人): whose rank is just below that of a prince; ? 2)Marquis侯爵 (Marquise 侯爵夫人: in Britain the name is called Marchioness): ranking above an earl and below a duke;
of nobility

II. Background information: European titles
of nobility
? 3)Count or Earl 伯爵(Countess伯爵夫人): ranking in modern times after a marquis or a duke; ? 4)Viscount子爵 (Viscountess 子爵夫人): ranking higher than a baron but lower than an earl; ? 5)Baron 男爵 (Baroness 男爵夫人): member of the lowest rank of the British peerage(贵族爵位)

III. Writing style
? This text is a piece of narration. ? Narration is the telling

of a story. ? A good story has a beginning, middle and an end.

III. Writing style : Comments on the novel
? 1. Point of view: the third-person narration ? 2. Setting: the Croydons suite of the hotel ? 3. Climax: The Duchess draws the conclusion that Ogilvie has come to blackmail them, and she tries to make a deal with him.

III. Writing style : Comments on the novel
? 4. Theme: narration about the ugly deal done between the so-called noble couple and the greedy Ogilvie ? 5. Methods: appearance description, dialogue, psychological activity, action description

IV. Text analysis
? Part One: The Croydons’ anxious wait for Ogilvie’s visit and their preparations for the secret discussion of the hit-and-run.

IV. Text analysis
? Part Two: The Duke’s admission of
his guilt of the hit-and-run under the first threat by Ogilvie

? Part Three: Ogilvie’s account of what he has discovered out of the hit-andrun ? 1. Time ? 2. Cause of the accident ? 3. Hiding place of the car ? 4. Traceable clues: a brush trace; blood stain

IV. Text analysis

IV. Text analysis
? Part Four: Ogilvie’s promise to keep silent in return for a sum of money ? 1. Revelation by Ogilvie of his purpose in visiting the Croydons ? 2. Initial discussion of the terms for covering up the hit-andrun

IV. Text analysis
?

? ?

?
?

Part Five: Discussion of the hot situation facing the Croydons 1. Introduction to this discussion 2. One favorable factor: three or four days’ delay on the part of the police in searching the down-town area 3. Unfavorable factors: all states in the south alerted; every repair shop in the city alerted 4. The other favorable factor: their car being foreign

IV. Text analysis
? Part Six: Sizing up of the situation on the part of the Duchess ? 1. Consideration of the possibility of having the car taken to the north ? 2. Consideration of the difficulties involved in taking the car to the north ? 3. Consideration of the possible ways of overcoming the difficulties ? 4. Consideration of other factors involved such as the use of maps and

IV. Text analysis
? Part Seven: The bargain over the terms of driving the car to the north ? 1. Ogilvie’s demand for 10,000 dollars ? 2. A dramatic turn in the bargaining brought about by the Duchess’ shocking decision to offer 25,000 dollars ? 3. End of the story: Ogilvie’s first civil remark to show his acceptance of the offer

V. Summary of the text
? On Monday evening while driving back with his wife from a gambling house, the Duke knocked down a woman and her child and killed both. ? Instead of reporting to the police, the Duke and the Duchess drove away. The hotel’s chief house detective Ogilvie noticed the battered car when it came back. ? Ogilvie went to see the Duke and Duchess, promised to keep quiet about what he had discovered and ? asked for a large sum of money in return for the favor. The Duchess understood the hot situation sh

e ? and her husband were in and agreed to give Ogilvie 25,000 dollars if he drove their car to Chicago in the north.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 1. blackmail: v. ? force sb. to pay a large sum of money for not revealing a secret or harming him 讹诈;敲诈, 勒索 ? blackmailer: person who does blackmail

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 2. suite: [swi:t] n. ? a set of rooms ? e.g.: the Presidential Suite 总统套房

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 3. cryptic: adj. ? secret, mysterious, ? e.g.: a cryptic remark/message/smile

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 4…the nerves of both the Duke and Duchess were excessively frayed: ? 1) excessively: adv. extremely ? 2) fray: v. (lit.) wear out, become worn 磨破; ? (fig.) (cause sb. /sth. to ) become nervous, strained and irritated ? e.g.: This kind of living began to fray her nerves. ? 这样的日子开始让他精神紧张。 ? 3) frayed: adj. (lit.) worn out; (fig.) nervous e.g.: clothes frayed at the neck/knees. 衣服在脖 子/膝盖处磨破了。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 5. dispatch: v. (1)send; (2) deliver; (3)kill; (4) finish quickly派遣;发送;处决;急于了结 ? e.g.: The government is preparing to dispatch 400
soldiers to the island. ? 政府准备派遣400名士兵驻守那个岛屿。

? e.g.: Dispatch a message 传送信息 ? e.g.: Dispatch a person 处决一个人
? He is anxious to dispatch the matter in hand. 他急于 了结手头上的事情。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 6. errand: n. a short trip taken to perform a task for someone else 差事, ? e.g.: Run an errand for me, will you. ? 替我跑个腿,好吗? ? e.g.: He went off on some errand.
? 他出去办个差事去了。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 7. exercise: n. do exercise ? v. Do you often exercise? ? exercise a dog: walk a dog, ? take a dog out and give it some exercises 溜狗

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 8. The house detective’s piggy eyes surveyed her sardonically ? 1) piggy eyes: small and narrow eyes ? 2) survey sb. v. Look at sb. up and down; ? e.g.: survey a stranger from head to toe ? 从头到脚打量陌生人 ? survey population growth ? 调查人口增长情况 ? survey the international situation ? 概括的述评国际形势

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 3) sardonic: adj. scornful, cynical sardonically: scornfully or cynically mocking ? e.g.: a sardonic expression
? e.g.: He said it sardonically.他嘲弄地说。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 9…. from his gross jowled face ? 1) gross: adj. total; fat; vulgar 总的,臃肿,粗俗 ? (1) gross industrial output ? 工业总产值 ? gross national product ? 国民生产总值 ? gross sales 销售总额, gross profit 毛利 ? gross weight 毛重

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? (2) gross face: fat face

? (3) gross language: vulgar language 2) jowl: n. jaw; lower part of the

face 下颚, e.g.: a heavy-jowled man 有双下巴的 3) gross jowled face: fat face with heavy
jaw

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? ? ? ? 1o. well-appointed room: well-equipped, well-furnished 装潢不错的

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 11. encompass: v. (lit.) encircle; surround on all sides; include (fig.) fix on/look fixedly at ? e.g.:1)The enemy encompassed the city. ? 敌人包围了城市。 ? 2) He is encompassed with doubts. ? 他充满了疑虑。 ? 3).The general arts course at the university encompasses a wide range of subjects. 大学的文科包括广泛的课程。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 12. “ Pretty neat set-up you folks got.” ? neat set-up: a slang, ungrammatical ? A better educated person might say: “This is a pretty nice room you have got.”

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 13. take one’s time (doing sth./to do sth./about sth.): do sth. slowly ? e.g.: You can take your time coming to see me. ? ? 14. flip: v. throw or toss with a jerk 抛 ? e.g.: He flipped a coin in the air. ? 他把一枚硬币抛向空中。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 15. ornament: n. something used for decoration ? ornamental: adj. ? If sth. is ornamental, it is not for use. ? 16. decor: (F) decoration

? 17. The obese body shook in an

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
appreciative chuckle.

? 1) obesity n. ? obese: a. extremely fat, ? grossly overweight ? e.g.: Obese patients are advised to change their diet. 建议肥胖病人改变饮食。 ? 2) in an appreciative chuckle: chuckle in an appreciative way.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 18. He lowered the level of his incongruous falsetto voice ? 1)incongruous: a. not harmonious; ? e.g.: The modern huge building looks incongruous in that old-fashioned village. ? 那座现代化的高楼大厦在那古老的村庄里看上 去极不协调。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 2) falsetto: unnaturally high-pitched ? 3)Paraphrase: He lowered his not harmonious and unnaturally high-pitched voice./ He had an unnaturally high-pitched voice, and he lowered his pitch.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 19. emit: v. give out (waste gas) ? Cars emit waste gas. ? emission: n. (fml) thing that is sent out or given off ? emission of breath: sending out of breath ? e.g.: the survival emission 生存排放 ? the waste gas emission 废气排放 ? the emission of light from the sun ? 阳光的照射

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? ? ? ? 20. he inquired abruptly: abruptly: adv. suddenly and unexpectedly out of the blue e.g.: I feel I owe you a great many apologies for I departed abruptly yesterday. 昨日不告而别,深表歉意。

?

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 21. “There’s things it pays to check.” ? 1) There’s things: There are things ? 2) It pays to do sth.: it is worth doing… ? it pays to check: it’s worth checking. ? e.g.: It pays to keep a diary

in English. ? It pays to think before you speak.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? ? ? ? 22. The Duchess had seated herself: seat herself: be seated: (a state) sit down: (an action)

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 22. You two was in hit-’n-run: ? You two were guilty of that hit-and-run accident/ you two were involved in … ? Hit-and run: a road accident caused by a driver who flees from the scene in which he is involved 肇事逃逸 ? 23.This is for real: (slang) I’m not joking. This is sth. serous.

? 24. The words spat forth with sudden savagery, all pretence of blandness gone. ? 1) The words spat forth with sudden savagery : ? ---He spat out the words with sudden violence. ? 2) blandness: n. politeness 温文尔雅; ? blandly: adv. politely ? bland: adj. gentle, polite in manner or talk ? e.g.: a bland manner 和蔼的态度 ? ---His pretended politeness was gone.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 25. adversary: enemy, foe, opponent ? 26. …your high-an’-mightiness. ---correct way of addressing a Duke or a Duchess: Your Highness or Your Excellency(阁下) ? 27. This city’s burnin’ mad: --All the people in the city are angry.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 28. high-tail it: v. (colloquial) leave or go in a hurry ? e.g.: He was seen to high-tail it with another man. ? 有人看到他和另外一个男人一起迅速逃 走。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 29. …they’ll throw the book and never mind who it hits: ? 1) throw the book : What kind of book? What does it mean? ? (idiom) law book, meaning “ give the greatest punishment” ? 2) who it hits: who will be punished

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 30. The Duchess---three centuries and a half of inbred arrogance behind her—did not yield easily ? 1) inbred: adj. inborn, possessed at birth ? e.g.: He had an inbred talent for art. ? 他生来具有艺术天赋。 ? 2)arrogance: n. pride and self-importance shown in a way that is rude and disrespectful to others ? e.g.:(1)crush the enemy’s arrogance ? ( 2)feed sb.’s arrogance 助长某人的气 焰

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 3) yield: give in ? yielding: adj. soft (opposite: unyielding) 4) Paraphrase: Supported by her inborn arrogance coming from her parents of noble families that lasted for three centuries and a half, the Duchess did not give in easily.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 31. wrath: n. The Grapes of Wrath ? wrathful: adj. (fml) extremely angry e.g.: It makes me wrathful when people don’t listen, and then ask silly questions.
? 我讲话时人们不停,而后又问我一些愚蠢的问题,这 使我愤怒不已。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 32. Her tone would have withered anyone: ? Wither: (lit.) become dry, faded or dead; ? e.g.: Flowers wither if cut. ? Her hopes withered. 他的希望破灭了。 ? (fig.) frighten ? e.g.: The teacher withered

the noisy students with a glance.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 33. “You unspeakable blackguard!”: ? 1) unspeakable: that can’t be expressed in words ? 2) blackguard: n. scoundrel,无赖,流氓 ? Synonyms: scoundrel, villain, ? hooligan, hoodlum, rogue, rascal ? thug, gangster, varlet, wicked person

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 34. Even the self-assurance of Ogilvie flickered: ? 1) ) self-assurance: self-confidence ? 2) flicker: v (of light) shine unsteadily, ? move back and forth 闪烁,摇曳 ? e.g.: 1)The candles flickered and then went out. ? 2) Leaves are flickering in the wind. ? 树叶在风中摇曳。 ? 3) The hope still flickered within her that her husband ? might be alive. ? 丈夫可能还活着的希望仍然在她心头闪烁。 ? (of a person) move unsteadily

Detailed Study of the Text
? 35. interject: interrupt, put in suddenly 插嘴 ? e.g.: When I brought up the question of funding, he quickly interjected that it had been settled. ? 我刚提出筹措资金的问题,他急忙插嘴 说问题已经解决了。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 36. “That’s more like it.” ? ---“That sounds more acceptable” ? 37. “Now you are getting somewhere.” ? -- “ Now you are making some progress.”

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 38. Clasping her hands to conceal their trembling: ? 1) clasp: v. hold tightly ? (1) The thief was clasping a knife in his hand. 小偷手中握着一把匕首。 ? (2) The button won’t clasp. ? 扣子扣不上。 ? 2) conceal: hide

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 39. “Well now, I’ll spell it out.” ? --- “I’ll explain it in detail.” ? 40. …leisurely puffing a cloud of blue cigar smoke: ? puff: v. blow out ? e.g.: He often puffs cigarette smoke into other’s face for fun. ? 他常常向别人脸上喷烟闹着玩。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 41. But beyond wrinkling her nose in distaste, she made no comment. ? ---She only wrinkled her nose to show her dislike for the cigar smoke, but didn’t say anything. ? wrinkle her forehead
? 皱起了额头

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 42. leastways: anyway; at least e.g.: There is no pub round here, leastways not that I know of. 附近没有酒店,至少据我所知没有。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 43. Well, the smug fat face swung back: ? 1) smug: adj. self-satisfied 自鸣得意的 ? e.g.: Don’t grow smug over your successes. ? 不要因为成功而自鸣得意。 ? 2) swung back: moved back ? 3) fat face: fat body (metonymy)

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 44. ---the way I hear it, you won one hundred at the tables, then lost it at the bar… a real swinging party ? 1) the way I hear it: from what I hear ? 2) at the tables: in gambling ? 3) lost it at the bar: spent …in drinking ? 4) swinging party: merry and lively

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 45. oblige: v.1) requ

ire sb. to do sth.要求 ? 2) compel (usu. in passive) 强迫; ? 3)do sb. sth. as a favour 施恩 ? e.g.: 1)The law obliges parents to send their children to school. ? 法律要求父母必须送子女上学。 ? 2) They were obliged to sell their house in order to pay their debts. ? 他们为了还债不得不出售房屋。 ? 3)Can you oblige me by closing the door? ? 你能不能帮我关上门? ?

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? ? ? ? ? ? obligation: n. duty obligations of good citizenship 良好公民的义务 (idiom) be obliged to sb. for sth.: ---be grateful to sb. For sth. e.g.: I’m very much obliged to you for all you have done for us.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 46. out of the way: ? 1) remote, far away from city or town偏 僻的; ? 2) unusual, improper, 不恰当的 ? e.g.:1) I’ve bought a new house in the country, quite out of the way. ? There was nothing out of the way about what she said. ? 她说的没有什么不恰当的。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 47. tuck away: hide; put sth. in a desired place ? e.g.: 1) The map was tucked away in a book. ? 2) He has got a fortune tucked away in a Swiss bank. ? 他把一大笔钱存在一家瑞士银行里。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 48. …clucked his tongue reprovingly: ? 1) cluckv.(1) make a sound similar to that of a hen when calling her chicks ? (2) (here) Ogilvie makes a noise with his tongue to show his disapproval. ? 2) reprove: v. say sharp words ? reproving:adj.责备的 ? reprovingly: adv. (fml) expressing a blame or rebuke in a reproving way

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 49. . be lickered up: ? be liquored up, ? be drunk

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? ? ? ? ? ? 50. Last night word was out. ---Last night the news was spreading out. e.g. Word came that he won the champion. Idioms: a man of few words:言语不多的人 a man of one’s word: 说话算话的人

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? ? ? ? ? ? break one’s word: break one’s promise Keep one’s word: keep one’s promise give one’s word: promise have one’s word: have one’s promise

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? give the word: say ? have the last word: make the final decision ? have a word (a few words) with: have a talk ? have words: have a quarrel ? eat one’s words: take back what one has said. ? weigh one’s words: careful in word diction

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 51. hunch: n. an intuitive feeling 直觉 ? have a hunch : suspect ? e.g.: He had a hunch that their team would lose. ? 他预感到他们的球队会输。 ? on a hunch: based on a feeling for which there is no proof 凭预感 ? e.g.: Few people are willing to skate their reputation on a hunch. ? 没有人愿意贸然用名声冒险。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 52. jockeys: 1) professional riders in horse races 专业骑马师 ? 2)(in the text) people who park c

ars in the garage ? 53. You might have something there. ? ---There might be point in what you say.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 54. concede: vt. admit as true ? e.g.: (1)The lawyer refused to concede that the two cases were similar. ? 律师拒绝承认这两宗案件相似。 ? (2)The government conceded defeat as soon as the election results were known. ? 大选结果一揭晓,政府就承认了失败.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? ? ? ? 55. do some scouting do some investigation scout bomber: 侦察轰炸机 The Boy/Girl Scouts:男女童子军

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? ? ? ? 56. a busted headlight : busted: adj. smashed, broken bust: v. (infml) smash, esp. with force e.g.: I dropped my camera on the ground and busted it.

? 我把照相机掉在了地上,摔坏了。

? bust: n. upper half of body; head and shoulders of a person cut in stone or cast in bronze 半身像 ? E.g. a bust of Mozart (see next PPT)

? A bust of Mozart( Who is Mozart? ) ? (1756-91) an Austrian composer, one of the most famous and admired classical musicians who ever lived. His many works include 41 symphonies, 27 piano concertos, and some of the most famous operas ever written.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 57. “… there is no call for being hasty.” ? ---There is no need for being hasty. ? 58. poise: n. graceful and balanced control of body position or movement (fig) quite dignified self-confidence and self-control 沉着,泰然自若 ? e.g.: moving with the assured poise of a ballet dancer 带有芭蕾舞演员那种稳健姿势 的动作。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 58. …nobody twigs the car: ? 1) twig: v. notice, observe or figure out ? e.g.: I gave him another clue, but he still didn’t twig the answer. ? 我再次给了他提示,可他还是不理解答案。 ? 2) twig: n. small branch of a tree

Texas, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 59. discreetly: adv. carefully
? 谨慎地,考虑周全地

?

? 我们必须小心谨慎才是.

e.g.: We must act discreetly.

? ? ? ?

60. emphasis: n. emphasize=emphasise: v. emphatic: adj. emphatically: adv.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? ? ? ? ? 61. holler cops : 1) holler: v. (infml) call/yell /shout 2) cops: n. (infml) police 62. You people are hot: hot: wanted by policemen.

? 63. She kept firm, tight rein on her

VI. Detailed Study of the Text

racing mind: ? 1) rein: control ? 2) racing mind: mind working fast ? (metaphor)

? ---She controlled her mind which was working fast. ? 她控制着飞快奔驰的思绪。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
rain, rein, reign (homophones同音异体异义字) ? 1)rein: long, narrow strap fastened to a bridle for controlling a horse 缰绳 (see: harness)(fig.) hold the reins of government 执掌政权 ? 2)reign:n. sovereignty, rule,统治 ? v.

hold office as a monarch当朝 ? The king reigned but he did not govern. ? 国王当朝,但不治理。 ? 3) rain: condensed moisture of the atmosphere falling in separate drops

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 64. eventuality: n. possible events, consequences, something that may occur; 不测的事;可能发生的事 ? e.g.: We must get prepared for any eventuality.
? 我们必须做好准备,以防万一。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 65. make: n. the style or manner in which a thing is made 样式,牌子 ? e.g. Benz is of a German make. ? jaguar [?d? gju?]: a trademark of ? British motorcar

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 66. incriminate: v. say or show that sb. is guilty of wrongdoing证明某人有罪恶 ? E.g. Don’t say anything that may incriminate your friends.不要说任何可能牵连你 朋友的话。 ? incriminating: adj. that may prove sb. guilty of sth. ( Here in the text) the incriminating evidence: the evidence that might prove them guilty of the accident

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? ? ? ? ? ? 67. suspicion: n. suspect: v. suspicious: adj. (of sb./sth.) 68. oaf:( pl. oafs , rarely oaves) awkward lout 笨拙的粗人,蠢汉 oafish: adj. roughly behaved, loutish, vulgar

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 69. hazard----hazardous ? danger----dangerous ? risk-------risky ? peril-------perilous ? 70. complicate: v. ? complicated: adj. ? complications: n. difficulties

? 71. adept (at or in): adj. skilled at (in) 擅长, ? e.g.:1) She is adept in needlecraft. ? 2)She is adept at playing the piano. ? 3)He is adept at organizational work.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 72. betray: give …away 漏泄 ? 73. grotesque: absurd, fantastic 荒唐
的,可笑的

? e.g.: It is grotesque to expect a person of her experience to work for so little money.
? 想让她那样有经验的人为这点钱工作真是可笑。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? ? ? ? ? 74. equivocal: ambiguous 含糊不清的, 模棱两可的 unequivocal: adj. clear and unambiguous 毫不含糊的,不容置疑的 e.g.: I took an unequivocal position in this matter. ? 我在这件事情上的立场是明确的。 ? 75. bulbous: adj. shaped like a bulb; round and fat 又圆又胖的 ? e.g.: a bulbous face/ countenance/nose圆圆

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 76. peremptory: [p??remptri] ? ? adj. (of a person, his manner) too commanding专横的/威风凛凛的 ? Peremptorily: adv. firmly ? e.g.: We dislike his peremptory manner. 我们不喜欢他这种专横的举止。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 77. rivet: v. fix one’s eyes firmly on; attract and hold one’s attention firmly ? e.g.:1) He riveted his eyes on the 32-ton dumper. ? 他注视着32吨自动卸货车。 ? 2) The strange sound riveted the attention of a passing policeman. ? 奇怪的声音吸引了过路警察的注

意力。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 78. imperious: adj. overbearing, commanding 傲慢的,专横的 ? e.g.: an imperious look 飞扬跋扈的样子 ? 79. respite: n. delay, a short period of pause or rest; ? e.g.: I have been working for 10 hours without a moment of respite.
? 我已经连续十个小时不停地工作。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 80. comply: v. (with) obey, agree with ? act in accordance with another’s command, request or rule 顺从 ? e.g. Patients should comply with physicians’ orders.
? 病人必须遵从医嘱。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 81. vacillation: n. hesitation, indecision ? 犹豫不定,踌躇不决 ? e.g.: His constant vacillation made him an unfit administrator.
? 他经常优柔寡断,这使他不适合当行政官员。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 82. dally: v. waste time; be slow, ? e.g.1) Don’t dally, or we’ll be late. ? 2) They dallied with the proposal for days, but finally refused it.
? 他们将提案拖延了好些天,最后还是拒绝了。

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 83.Epigram(警句): When you were playing for the highest stakes, you made the highest bid. ? --- You had to pay the highest price when your reputation were at stake. ? stake and bid: two gambling terms ? stake赌注; bid买方出价

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 84. She must do so in such a way as
? ---She should offer him so much to place the outcome beyond any doubt:

money as to make it impossible for him to refuse to do what she asked him to in return.

VI. Detailed Study of the Text
? 85. intent:
n. =intention

? adj. eager ? intently: ad. eagerly, earnestly ? Be intent on /upon sth.: be determined to do sth. ? Intentional: adj.

VII. Analysis of the Characters:
? 1.The Duke: game-loving, fond of liquor, passive, slow-minded, weakminded. 2.The Duchess: clever, quick-minded, noble, arrogant, strong-minded, speaking the Queen’s English, ? using strictly grammatical structures ? and carefully choosing her words.

Analysis of the Characters:
? 3.Ogilvie: a bad guy. He has piggy eyes, a gross jowled face and an obese body. He speaks in falsetto voice. ? The author depicts him as a greedy, tricky, sinister, coarse, vulgar and uneducated person. Hence his language is ungrammatical and slangy,

Analysis of the Characters
? e.g.: “ There’s things it pays to check” for “there’re things…”; “You two was…” for “You two were…”; ? “They find who done…”for “When they find who did...”. ? His pronunciation is also non-standard, e.g. “set” for “sit”; “musta” for “must have”; “outa” for “out of”; “gotta” for “got to”.

VIII. Paraphrase
?

?

1.The chief house office, Ogilvie, who had declared he would appear at the Croydons suite an hour after his cryptic telephone call actually took twice that time:
----The chief house officer, Ogilvie, ga

ve the Croydons a mysterious telephone call telling them he would pay them a visit an hour later, but actually he appeared at their suit two hours later.

?
? ?

VIII. Paraphrase
? 2. As a result, the nerves of both the Duke and Duchess were excessively frayed …: ? --As a result, both the Duke and the Duchess were extremely nervous. ? 3. Her own tension was not lessened by the
? ---She was still nervous because she knew both might come back at any moment.

knowledge that both might return at any moment:

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

4.The house detective’s piggy eyes surveyed her sardonically from his gross jowled face:
---The house detective had a fat face and small eyes. He looked her up and down scornfully.

VIII. Paraphrase

5. Pretty neat set-up you folks got:
---A pretty nice room you’ve got.

6.The obese body shook in an appreciative chuckle:
---When he chuckled, his fat body shook.

VIII. Paraphrase
? 7. I imagine you did not come here to
? ---I suppose you did not come here merely to discuss the arrangement of the furniture and other decorations of this suite. ? 8. He lowered the level of his incongruous ? He had an unnaturally high-pitched voice. When he spoke now, he lowered the pitch.

discuss decor:

falsetto voice:

? ?

9.The words spat forth with sudden savagery, all pretense of blandness gone:

VIII. Paraphrase

?
? ? ?

----He uttered the words suddenly and with violence. He no longer pretended to be polite and gentle. 10. The Duchess of Cyodon – three centuries and a half of inbred arrogance behind her – did not yield

easily:

---The Duchess was supported by her arrogance coming from parents of noble families who belonged to the nobility for three hundred and fifty years. So she did not give in easily.

VIII. Paraphrase
? 11. It’s no go, old girl. I’m afraid. It

was a good try:

? It’s no use, old girl. I’m afraid. It was a good attempt at saving the situation.

VIII. Paraphrase
? ? ?

12.“That’s more like it,” Ogilvie said. He lit the fresh cigar, “Now we’re getting somewhere.”:
---“That sounds more acceptable,” Ogilvie said. He lit a new cigar, “Now we are making some progress.”

VIII. Paraphrase
? 13. …his eyes sardonically on the

Duchess as if challenging her objection:

? --- his eyes settled scornfully on the Duchess as if he wanted to know if the Duchess dared to object to his smoking.

VIII. Paraphrase
? 14. But beyond wrinkling her nose in
? ---She only wrinkled her nose to show her dislike, but did not rebuke him. ? 15. The way I hear it, you won a hundred at

distaste, she made no comment:

? --From what I hear, you won a hundred dollars in gambling and then spent the money drinking.

the tables then lost it at the bar:

VIII. Paraphrase
? ? ?

16.There ain’t much, out of the way, which people who stay in this hotel do, I don’t get to hear about:
---If anybody who stays in this hotel does anything wro

ng, improper or unusual, I always get to know about it.

? ?

17.The house detective clucked his tongue reprovingly: ---The house detective made
noises with his tongue to show his disapproval.

VIII. Paraphrase
? 18. On a hunch I went over to the
? --- As I suspected and felt there was something wrong, I went over to the garage to inspect. ? 19.You might have something there: ? ---There might be a point in what you say.

garage:

VIII. Paraphrase
? ?

20.The incongruous falsetto voice took on a musing note:
---The unnatural high-pitched voice sounded as if he was deep in thought. 21. We’d become turned round: ---We lost our way.

? ? ? ?

22. You people are hot:

---You are now wanted by the police.

VIII. Paraphrase
? 23. The Duchess of Croydon kept firm, tight rein on her racing mind: T ? ---The Duchess of Croydon kept firm and tight control of her mind which is working quickly. ? 24. It was essential that her thinking
? --- It was very important for her to think calmly and logically.

remain calm and reasoned:

VIII. Paraphrase
? ? ? ?

25. It would be hazardous, but no more than waiting her for certain detection:
---To drive the car north would be risky, but not more risky than to wait here, because if they did nothing, they would surely be discovered.

VIII. Paraphrase
? 26.… their speech and manner would betray them,… ? --- their speech and manner would reveal their identity. ? 27. I figure you people are pretty well ? --- I guess you people are quite rich. ? 28. Eyes bored into him: ? ---She looked at him steadily, sharply and searchingly.

fixed:

VIII. Paraphrase
? ?

29. When you were playing for the highest stakes, you made the highest bid:
---You had to pay the highest price when your reputation and career were at stake.

?
?

30. She intended to gamble on the fat man’s greed:
---She intended to take a chance on

VIII. Paraphrase
? 31. She must do so in such a way as

to place the outcome beyond any doubt:

? --- She would offer him so much money as to make it impossible for him to refuse to do what she would ask him to in return.

IX. Rhetorical devices

? Metaphor暗喻 ? Examples from the text: ? 1.…instructed the moon-faced male secretary… ? Here moon is used metaphorically, suggesting his face is as round as the moon.

IX. Rhetorical devices

IX. Rhetorical devices
? 2.The house detective’s piggy eyes surveyed her sardonically form his gross jowled face. ? Here piggy is used metaphorically, meaning his eyes are small and narrow, lost in the mass of flesh, like those of a pig.
3.Her voice was a whiplash. ? Here whiplash is used metaphorically, meaning her voice was like a whiplash.

IX. Rhetorical devices
? Personification拟人 ? e.g.: The wind whistled through the trees. ? Example from the text: ? 1. A wave of cigar smoke accompanied Ogilvie in. ? 2. …their speech and manner would betray them. ? 3.The abruptness t

ook him by surprise. ? 4.The silence hung.

IX. Rhetorical devices
– Metonymy借代 (用另一事物的名称代替某事物),
– 亦称为“换喻或转喻”

? Examples from the text: ? 1. The obese body shook in an appreciative chuckle. ? 2.The smug fat face swung back—“ the way I hear it……”

IX. Rhetorical devices
– Epigram警句

? An epigram is a short, pithy statement in verse or prose, usually with a touch of wit, often antithetical ? Example from the text: ? When you were playing for the highest stakes, you made the highest bid.

X. Questions for discussion
? ? 1.Did Ogilvie deliberately delay his call at the Croydons’ suite? Why? 2.Why did the Duchess send her maid and secretary out? 3.Why do you think Ogilvie was being deliberately offensive to the Croydons in the beginning? 4.How did the Duchess know where the Duke had gone the night the accident occurred?

? ?

X. Questions for discussion
? 5.How did Ogilvie come to suspect the Croydons of the hit-and-run crime? ? 6.What is a “brush trace”? ? 7.What made the Duchess jump to the conclusion that Ogilvie had come to blackmail them?

X. Questions for discussion
? ? 8.Why didn’t the police come immediately to the hotel to check the cars? 9.Why couldn’t the Duchess get her car repaired discreetly in New Orleans? 10. Why did the Duchess decide to make the detective drive their car north?

?

X. Questions for discussion
? 11. Why did the Duchess offer Ogilvie twenty-five thousand dollars instead of the ten thousand the detective asked for? ? 12.Did Ogilvie accept the Duchess’ offer? ? Describe and comment on the three characters.


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