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牛津小学英语6A知识梳理

发布时间:2013-12-25 15:48:00  

牛津小学英语6A知识梳理

词汇和句型

Unit 1

1. No smoking 禁止吸烟

2. No littering禁止扔杂物

3. No parking禁止停车

4. No cycling禁止骑自行车

5. No eating and drinking 禁止吃喝

6.keep off the grass不接近草坪

7.Be quiet保持安静

8. Do not touch不要摸

9. a lot of \ a lot大量的;许多

10. public signs公共标志

11. on the wall在墙上

12. stay away from?远离??

13.walk on the grass在草地上走

14. the bird’s cage鸟笼

15. make noise发出噪音

16. take a walk散步

17. a ten-yuan note 一张十元的钞票

18. look around四周看

19. pick up捡起

20. come up to sb. 走近某人

What does it/this/that mean? It means you/we must/should/shouldn’t? There are a lot of signs here. They mean different things.

Unit 2

1. a new student in Ben’s class

本班上的一位新学生

2. go home together一起回家

3. after school放学以后

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4. talk about谈论有关??

5. come soon 快到了

6. the third of March 三月三日

7. on the twenty-second of July

在七月二十二日

8. on the 18th of October 在十月十八日

9. your birthday你的生日

10. Let’s wait and see

让我们等一下看看

11. blow out the candles吹灭蜡烛

12. as a birthday present作为生日礼物

13. birthday cake生日蛋糕

14. come to my birthday party

来参加我的生日聚会

15. have a birthday party举办生日聚会

16. a VCD of Japanese cartoons

一张日本卡通光盘

17. open the door 开门

18. make a birthday card 做一张生日贺卡

19. take off脱下

20. blow out 吹灭

21. a piece of paper一张纸

22. fold it in half把它对折

in the bay

When’s your birthday? My birthday’s on ?

What would you like as a birthday present? I’d like ?

What date is it today? It’s the 16th of October. My birthday is coming soon. Would you like to come to my birthday party?

Would you like a VCD of Japanese cartoon, too?

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Let’s wait and see.

Unit 3

2. all the students所有的学生

3. be excited非常激动

4. very exciting非常令人兴奋

5. look for寻找

6. a running race一场赛跑

7. let me see让我看看

8. a moment ago / just now刚才

9. on the ground在地上

10. pick them up for me

帮我把它们捡起来

11. in front of 在??前面

12. next to 紧靠??旁边

13. a pair of glasses一副眼镜(单数)

14. a roll of film一卷胶卷(单数)

15. a diary\ three diaries 一本日记、三本日记

16. a pair of earphones一副耳机(单数)

17. listen to music 听音乐

18. yesterday evening 昨天晚上

19. under the table在桌子下面

20. try to remember试图记住

21. in the red box在红色盒子里

22. close your eyes 闭上你的眼睛

23. play a game 玩游戏

24. with your classmates 和你的同学们

25. over there 在那边

26. in my school bag 在我的书包里

It is Sports Day. Let me see.

Can I have them, please? Can you pick them up for me, please? It isn’t there now. It was there a moment ago. 3

Where are my /your ?? They’re next to/in front of/on/in/between the ? They aren’t there now. They were there a moment ago.

Unit 5

1. National Day(国庆日)

2. the National Day holiday(国庆假期)

3. last week/ last year上个星期/去年

4. after the holiday(假期后)

5. go to school early(很早上学)/ early -- late

6. in the school playground(在学校操场上)

7. before class(上课前)/ before -- after

8. watch a film with my parents

(和我的父母一起去看电影)/ watched

9. a funny cartoon

(一部有趣的卡通片)/ funny(形容词)

10. visit a farm with my family

(和我的家人一起参观农场)/ visited

11. on the farm(在农场里)

12. water trees(浇树)/ watered

13. pull up carrots(拔胡萝卜)/ pulled up

14. milk cows(挤牛奶)/ milked

15. That was fun!(那是件有趣的事!)/ fun(名词)

16. collect eggs(收集鸡蛋)/ collected

17. fruit trees(果树)

18. pick a lot of oranges(摘许多橘子)/ picked

19. taste them(品尝它们)/ tasted

20. Wonderful!(太好了!)

21. go to the farm(去农场)/ went

22. at the weekends(在周末)

23. watch cartoons(看动画片)/ watched

24. visit the zoo(参观动物园)/ visited

25. listen to music(听音乐)/ listened

26. play football(踢足球)/ played

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27. play volleyball(打排球)/ played

28. clean the house(打扫房子)/ cleaned

29. visit Liu Tao’s grandparents

(拜访刘涛的祖父母)/ visited

30. camping trip(野营旅行)

31. at a camp(在一个营地上)

32. walk in the mountains(登山)/ walked

33. cook a lot of food(做许多食物)/ cooked

34. play a lot of games(玩许多游戏)/ played

35. go camping(去野营)/ went

36. plant flowers(种花)/ planted

37. have a good time(玩得很高兴)/ had

Unit 6

1.get very excited 变得非常兴奋

2.come after 在??之后到来

3.New Year's Day 元旦

4.on New Year's Day 在元旦

5.at Christmas 在圣诞节

6.go to parties 去参加聚会

7.have a big lunch 吃一顿丰盛的午餐

8.at Spring Festival 在春节

9.What do people usually do at Spring Festival?

人们通常在春节干什么?

10.visit their relatives and friends 拜访他们的亲戚和朋友

11.eat lots of delicious food吃许多美味的食物

12.last Spring Festival 上个春节

13.of course 当然

14.my favourite holiday 我最喜爱的节日

15.in October 在十月

16.dress up in costumes 用戏服装扮

17.last Halloween 去年万圣节

18.Mid-Autumn Festival 中秋节

19.eat moon cakes 吃月饼

20.play with lanterns 玩灯笼

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21.watch the moo赏月n

22.the beautiful moon 漂亮的月亮

23.on different holidays 在不同的节日

24.last year 去年

25.at Easter 在复活节

26.from?to从??到???

27.listen to him 听他讲

28.in the grass 在草丛中

29.a popular holiday一个流行的节日

30.in China 在中国

31.in January or February 在一月或二月

32.eat rice dumplings 吃粽子

33.like to play with lanterns喜欢玩灯笼

34.watch the dragon boat races 观看龙舟比赛

Christmas is coming.

My favourite holiday is Halloween. What’s your favourite holiday? When’s ?? It’s in ?

What do people usually do at ?? They ?

Did you ? last ?? Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t.

Unit 7

1.on the 25th of Dece在 12月25日 mbe

2.Christmas Day 圣诞日

3.on Christmas Day 在圣诞日

4.im's family 吉姆一家人J

5.in his grandparent's house在他爷爷奶奶的房子里

6.Christmas trees 圣诞树

7.the presents under the Christmas tree

在圣诞树下的礼物

8.so many 这么多

9.from grandmother 来自祖母

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10.open it for me 为我打开它

11.like drinking tea 喜欢喝茶

12.be from 来自

13.Christmas presents 圣诞礼物

14.at Jim's house 在吉姆家

15.draw and write in the diary 在日记上画和写

16.go to the supermarket 去超市

17.sit at the back of the bus 坐在公共汽车的后面

18.get off 下车

19.the seat in front of me 在我前面的座位

20.the woman beside him 在他旁边的妇女

21.walk to the driver 走向驾驶员

22.after lunch 午餐后

23.You are welcome. 不用谢

24.next to the blackboard 紧靠黑板

25.get many presents on Christmas Day 在圣诞节得到很多礼物

26.at the back 在??后部

27.write his diary 写他的日记

28.under the seat 在座位下面

29.open the presents 打开礼物

Whose ?is it/ are they? It’s / They’re mine/yours/his/hers/ours. This one is from Grandpa. Open it for me, please.

Who are they from? They’re from Grandpa and Grandma.

语法分析

1、 序数词

序数词的构成是在以之相对应的基数词词尾加th,个别例外:

◆one – first two—second three—third

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five—fifth eight—eighth nine—ninth

twelve – twelfth

◆ 以ty结尾的,先变y为i,加th

forty—fortieth

◆ 缩写形式

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 22nd 31st

2、一般过去时

一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。

Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn't)

⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren't)

⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。

句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子

否定句:didn't +动词原形,如:Jim went home yesterday.

Jim didn't go home yesterday.

一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。

如:Jim went home yesterday.

Did Jim go home yesterday?

特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+一般疑问句?如:Jim went home yesterday. Did Jim go home yesterday?

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What did Jim do yesterday?

动词过去式变化规则:

(1).一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

(2).结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

(3).末尾是辅音字母加一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

(4).以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studie

(5)动词不规则变化

sit —— sat throw —— threw am, is —— was

drink —— drank draw —— drew are —— were

sing —— sang fly ——flew do —— did

begin —— began grow —— grew have, has —— had

swim —— swam put —— put may —— might

give —— gave cut —— cut can —— could

ring —— rang let —— let shall ——should

run —— ran read —— read will —— would

ride —— rode catch —— caught go —— went

write —— wrote teach —— taught eat —— ate

drive —— drove think —— thought hear —— heard keep —— kept buy —— bought see —— saw

sleep —— slept fight —— fought find —— found

sweep —— swept hold —— held wear —— wore

feel —— felt tell —— told meet —— met

come —— came get —— got mean —— meant

become —— became make —— made speak —— spoke

take —— took say —— said

3人称代词和物主代词

(1)、人称代词主格和宾格的区别:主格通常位于句中第一个动词之前(有时候位于than 之后),宾格一般位于动词或介词之后。

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(2)、物主代词形容词性与名词性的区别:形容词性用时后面一般要带上名词,名词性则单独使用,后面不带名词。

(A)、一般现在时态 概念:表示经常发生的或习惯性的动作或目前的状态。 规律:一般用动词原形,当主语为第三人称单数的一般现在时,动词要加s , es , 标志性的单词:always , usually , often , sometimes 如:She usually goes to school on foot

(B)、现在进行时态 概念:表示说话时正在发生或进行着的动作。 规律:be + 动词 ing 形式. 标志性的单词:look , now , listen 如:Look , the boy is playing football .

(C)、一般将来时态 概念:表示将来发生的动作或情况。 规律:be going to do , will do . 标志性的单词:tomorrow , the day after tomorrow , next Sunday … 如:Mr Brown is going to visitHong Kong tomorrow .

(D)、一般过去时态概念:表示过去某一时刻或某一时间内发生的动作或情况。标志性的单词:yesterday , last Monday , before , ago, the day before yesterday 规律:

a、一般情况动词后面加ed ; 如:worked , cleaned , washed , b、以不发音e结尾的动词加d就要以了;如:lived , moved ,loved

c、以辅音加y结尾的动词把y改成i再加ed ; 如:study– studied , carry—carried d、重读闭音节的动词要双写末尾的辅音字母再加ed;如:stop—stopped shop—shopped skip--- skipped 5. 特殊变化:见不规则动词表。

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