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小升初英语必备词汇

发布时间:2013-12-28 14:59:06  

小升初英语必备词汇

夏川老师整理

动物

chicken shark whale dolphin sheep fish deer wolf giraffe

crocodile lion tiger mouse snake turtle panda bear camel fly zebra spider fox butterfly hippo lizard

dragon dragonfly rat swan ant goose cock hen ox bull kitten bat owl bunny donkey crab dinosaur tail

人类

person

member aunt uncle cousin grandchild couple neighbor foreigner classmate stranger chairman citizen colleague hostess leader tourist audience customer

beginner owner headmaster monitor passenger

headache n. 头疼 相关表达:I have got a headache. toothache n. 牙疼 I have a toothache. stomachache n. 胃疼

cough v&n 咳嗽

fever n. 发烧

temperature n. 温度 相关表达:I’m running a temperature. flu n. 流感

disease n. 疾病

ill a. 生病的

sick a. 生病的

healthy a. 健康的 health n. 健康

raincoat n. 雨衣

wear v. 穿 相关表达:I’m wearing a T-shirt. overcoat n. 外套,大衣

scarf n. 围巾

belt n. 腰带

blouse n. 女衬衫

stomach n. 胃

knee n. 膝盖

finger n. 手指

tired a. 累 相关表达:be tired of 厌倦…… thirsty a. 口渴的;贪杯的

angry a. 生气的 相关表达:be angry with sb 生某人气 hungry a. 饿

feel v. 感觉

feeling n. 感觉

address n. 地址

friendship n. 友谊

blood n. 血

breath n. 呼吸 breathe v. 呼吸

相关表达:out of breath 上气不接下气

robot n. 机器人

patient n. 病人 a. 耐心的 相关表达:be patient with sb 对某人耐心 confidence n. 信心 相关表达:have confidence in sb 对某人有信心 character

crowd

dream

appetite

band

nurse

dentist

engineer

manager

fireman

painter

policeman

actress

fisherman

artist

lawyer

secretary

butcher

pilot

scientist

guard

model

officer

soldier

athlete

captain

assistant

guide

author

barber

chemist

expert n. 性格;特性;角色 n. 人群 相关表达:a crowd of 一群,一堆 n. 梦;梦想 v. 做梦;梦想 相关表达:dream of doing 梦想做…… n. 胃口,食欲 n. 乐队 职业 [n?:s] n.护士 ['dentist] n.牙科医生 [,end?i'ni?] n.工程师 ['m?nid??] n.经理 ['fai?m?n] n.消防员 ['peint?] n.画家 [p?'li:sm?n] n.警察 ['?ktris] n.女演员 ['fi??m?n] n.渔民 ['ɑ:tist] n.艺术家 ['l?:j?] n.律师 ['sekr?tri] n.秘书 ['but??] n.屠夫;卖肉者 ['pail?t] n.飞行员 ['sai?ntist] n.科学家 [gɑ:d] n.卫兵 ['m?dl] n.模特;模型 ['?fis?] n.政府官员,高级职员 ['s?uld??] n.士兵,军人 ['?θlit] n.运动员 ['k?ptin] n.船长;机长 [?'sist?nt] n.助手,助理 [gaid] n.导游 ['?:θ?] n.作者,作家 ['bɑ:b?] n.理发师 ['kemist] n.化学家;药剂师 ['eksp?:t] n.专家

earthquake ['?:θkweik] n.地震 bill [bil] n.账单

area [‘e?ri?] n.区域

chance [t?ɑ:ns] n.机会

end [end] n.结束,尽头 memory ['mem?ri] n.记忆

noise [n?iz] n.喧闹声,响声 service ['s?:vis]

illness [‘ilnis]

population [,p?pju’lei??n]

concert ['k?ns?t]

poem ['p?uim]

corner ['k?:n?]

railway ['reilwei]

menu ['menju:]

interview ['int?vju:]

peace [pi:s]

difference ['dif?r?ns]

conversation [,k?nv?'sei??n]

dialogue ['dai?l?g]

discussion [dis'k???n]

difficulty ['difik?lti]

death [deθ]

price [prais]

environment [in'vai?r?nm?nt]

accident ['?ksid?nt]

attention [?'ten??n]

shower ['?au?]

business [‘biznis]

pound [paund]

practice ['pr?ktis]

Asia ['ei??]

sentence ['sent?ns]

introduction [,intr?'d?k??n]

habit ['h?bit]

future ['fju:t??]

flight [flait]

handwriting [‘h?nd,raiti?]

success [s?k'ses]

hundred ['h?ndr?d]

bottom [‘b?t?m] n.服务 n.疾病 n.人口 n.音乐会 n.诗 n.角落 n.铁路 n.菜单 n.采访;面试 n.和平 n.差别 n.会话 n.对话 n.讨论 n.困难 n.死亡 n.价格 n.环境 n.事故 n.注意 n.淋浴 n.生意 n.英镑 n.练习 n.亚洲 n.句子 n.介绍 n.习惯 n.将来 n.航班;飞行 n.笔迹 n.成功 n.百 n.底部

advice [?d’vais] n.劝告,建议 action [‘?k??n] n.行动 drawer [‘dr?:?] n.抽屉 enemy [‘enimi] n.敌人 edge [ed?] n.边缘;刀口 pronunciation[pr?,n?nsi'ei??n] n.发音 culture ['k?lt??] n.文化,文明 energy [‘en?d?i] n.活力,能量 space [speis] n.空间;太空 kindness ['kaindnis] cheque [t?ek] climate

['klaimit]

footstep ['futstep] drama

['drɑ:m?]

ability [?'biliti] courage [‘k?rid?] development [di'vel?pm?nt] decision [di’si??n] fashion

['f???n]

height [hait] dozen ['d?zn] background ['b?kgraund] choice [t??is] entrance ['entr?ns] humour

['hju:m?]

handful

['h?ndful] fact [f?kt] experience [iks'pi?ri?ns] course [k?:s] forecast ['f?:kɑ:st] value ['v?lju:] career

[k?'ri?]

safety ['seifti] anger ['??g?] highway ['haiwei] metal ['metl] journey ['d??:ni] experiment [ik'speriment] list [list] article ['ɑ:tik?l] n.仁慈,好意 n.支票 n.气候 n.脚步;足迹 n.戏剧

n.能力 n.勇气 n.发展 n.决定,决心 n.时尚 n.高度 n.一打 n.背景 n.选择 n.入口 n.幽默 n.一把;少数 n.事实 n.经验;经历 n.课程 n.预测,预报 n.价值 n.生涯;职业

n.安全 n.愤怒 n.高速公路 n.金属

n.旅行 n.实验 n.名单 n.文章

decide v. 决定 decide to do 反义词:exit 出口 另一种拼法:humor

humourous a.幽默的 humorous

相关表达:a handful of 一把,少数相关表达:in fact 事实上

rubbish ['r?bi?] n.垃圾

programme ['pr?ugr?m] n.程序 另一种拼法:program advertisement [?d'v?:tism?nt] n.广告 garage ['ɡ?rɑ:d?] n.车库 percent [p?'sent] n.百分比 distance ['dist?ns] n.距离 distant a. 遥远的 challenge ['t??lind?] n.挑战 chat [t??t] n.聊天

celebration [,seli'brei??n] n.庆祝 celebrate v. 庆祝 custom crossing speech greeting invention meaning score operation result freedom patience opinion mark pollution failure discovery sight doubt army district effort pride prize shame detail level battle arrival activity excuse method purpose relation material ['k?st?m] ['kr?si?] [spi:t?] ['gri:ti?] [in'ven??n] ['mi:ni?] [sk?:] [,?p?'rei??n] [ri'z?lt] ['fri:d?m] ['pei??ns] [?'pinj?n] [mɑ:k] [p?'lu:??n] ['feilj?] [dis'k?v?ri] [sait] [daut] ['ɑ:mi] ['distrikt] [‘ef?t] [praid] [praiz] [?eim] ['di:teil] ['lev?l] ['b?tl] [?'raiv?l] [?k'tiv?ti] [iks’kju:z] ['meθ?d] ['p?:p?s] [ri'lei??n] [m?'ti?ri?l] n.习俗 n.十字路口 n.演讲 n.招呼 n.发明 n.意思 n.得分 n.操作 n.结果 n.自由 n.耐心 n.看法 n.分数 n.污染 n.失败 n.发现 n.视力 n.怀疑 n.军队 n.区 n.努力 n.骄傲 n.奖 n.羞愧 n.细节 n.水平 n.战役 n.到达 n.活动

n.借口 n.方法 n.目的 n.关系;亲戚 n.材料

易混词:customs海关

invent v. fail v. fail to do 做某事失败了 discover v. 相关表达:make every effort用尽全力 make no effort不做努力 excuse v.原谅 Excuse me.

exhibition condition average character attitude direction

attractive [,eksi'bi??n] n.展览

[k?n'di??n] n.情况;条件

['?v?rid?] n.平均 average a.平均的 ['k?r?kt?] n.性格、特性;角色;汉字 ['?titju:d] n.态度

[di'rek??n] n.方向 相关表达:sense of direction方向感

[?'tr?ktiv] a.有吸引力的 attract v. 吸引 attraction n.吸引力

excellent honest friendly diligent

brave active polite outgoing lovely careful famous clever smart intelligent wise crazy jealous

difficult dangerous important popular expensive useful possible comfortable successful interesting interested exciting excited amazing amazed amusing amused [‘eks?l?nt] a.优秀的 ['?nist] a.诚实的 ['frendli] a.友好的 [di'lid??nt] a.勤奋的

[breiv] a.勇敢的

['?ktiv] a.积极的 [p?'lait] a.有礼貌的 ['autg?ui?] a.外向的 ['l?vli] a.可爱的 [‘kε?ful] a.仔细的 [‘feim?s] a.著名的 ['klev?] a.聪明的 [smɑ:t] a.聪明的 [in'telid??nt] a.聪明的 [waiz] a.明智的 [‘kreizi] a.疯狂的 ['d?el?s]

a.妒忌的

['difik?lt] a.困难的 [‘deind??r?s] a.危险的 [im'p?:t?nt] a.重要的 ['p?pjul?] a.流行的 [ik'spensiv] a.昂贵的 ['ju:sful] a.有用的 ['p?s?bl] a.可能的 ['k?mf?t bl] a.舒适的 [s?k'sesful] a.成功的 ['intristi?] a.有趣的 ['intristid] a.感兴趣的 [ik'saiti?] a.令人兴奋的 [ik'saitid] a.兴奋的 [?'meizi?] a.令人吃惊的 [?'meizd] a.吃惊的 [?'mju:zi?] a.搞笑的

[?'mju:zd] a.觉得好笑的 honesty n.诚实 反义词:impolite 反义词:careless 粗心的 相关表达:be famous for difficulty n. importance n. 重要性 相关表达:be popular with受…欢迎 反义词:useless 没用的 possibility n. 可能性 comfort v. 安慰

succeed v. success n.

alone lonely living alive proud serious afraid

[?'l?un] a.独自的 ['l?unli] a.孤独的

['kju?ri?s] a.好奇的 相关表达:be curious about对…好奇 ['livi?] a.活着的 [?'laiv] a.活着的 [praud] a.自豪的 ['si?ri?s] a.严肃的;严重的 [?'freid] a.害怕的;担心的 相关表达:be afraid of ['frait?nd] a.害怕的 curious

frightened nervous anxious sleepy

asleep awake perfect wonderful quiet silent terrible necessary strict pleasant strange close drunk eager

blind deaf eastern western southern northern daily single similar familiar double main full usual indoor same able

['n?:v?s]

['?nk??s]

['sli:pi] [?'sli:p] [?'weik] [‘p?:fikt] ['w?nd?ful] ['kwai?t] ['sail?nt] ['ter?bl] ['nesis?ri] [strikt] ['plez?nt] [streind?] [kl?us] [dr??k] ['i:g?]

[blaind] [def] [‘i:st?n] ['west?n] ['s?e?n] [‘n?:e?n] ['deili] ['si?gl] ['simil?] [f?'milj?] ['d?bl] [mein] [ful] ['ju:?u?l] ['ind?:] [seim] ['eibl]

a.紧张的

a.焦虑的 a.困的 a.睡着的 a.醒着的 a.完美的 a.极好的

a.安静的 a.安静的 a.可怕的

a.必要的 a.严格的 a.令人愉快的 a.奇怪的;陌生的a.亲密的 a.喝醉的 a.渴望的,热切的 a.瞎的 a.聋的 a.东方的 a.西方的 a.南方的 a.北方的 a.日常的 a.单一的 a.相似的 a.熟悉的 a.两倍的 a.主要的 a.满的 a.通常的 a.室内的 a.相同的 a.有能力的

相关表达:be strict with sb.对某人严格 stranger n.陌生人 drunk n. 醉鬼

相关表达:be eager to do渴望做某事

相关表达:be familiar with 对….熟悉 相关表达:be full with 充满…. 反义词:outdoor 室外的 相关表达:be able to能做…

absent

ancient

central

helpful ['?bs?nt] a.不在场的 ['ein??nt] a.古代的 ['sentr?l] a.中心的 ['helpful] a.有用的 final 最后的

private 私人的

convenient 方便的

electric

brief

certain

valuable

similar

national

common

spare

plastic

simple

social

whole

medical

main

modern

total

fluent

endless

skilled

chief

advanced

copy

discuss

match

manage

report

refuse

promise

damage

destroy

complain

employ 电的 简短的 一定的 有价值的 相似的 国家的 普通的 多作的 塑料的 简单的 社会的 全部的 医学的 主要的 现代的 总的 流利的 无止境的 熟练的 首席的 先进的 ['k?pi] vt. 复制 [dis'k?s] vt. 讨论 [m?t?] vt. 使相配 ['m?nid?] vt. 管理 [ri'p?:t] vt. 报告 [ri'fju:z] vt. 拒绝 ['pr?mis] vt. 允诺 ['d?mid?] vt. 毁坏 [di'str?i] vt. 毁坏 [k?m'plein] vi. 抱怨 [im'pl?i] vi. 雇用 相关表达:manage to do设法做某事 相关表达:refuse to do拒绝做某事 相关表达:complain about/of 抱怨… complain to sb.向某人抱怨employee雇员 employer雇主

escape

burn

attend [i'skeip] [b?:n] [?'tend] vi. 逃跑 vi. 燃烧 vt. 出席 apologize [?'p?l?d?aiz] vi. 道歉 argue

attack

include

increase

intend

delay

design

desire

blame

behave

admire

earn

provide

repeat

offer

waste

receive

protect

depend

describe

improve

fit

translate

bear

train

encourage

praise

pollute

publish

bury

express

mention

search

influence

reply ['ɑɡju:] vi. 争论 [?'t?k] vt. 进攻 [in'klu:d] vt. 包括 [in'kri:s] vt. 增加 [in'tend] vt. 打算 [di'lei] vt. 延迟,耽搁 [di'zain] vt. 设计 designer n.设计者 [di'zai?] vt. 渴望 ['bleim] vt. 责备;把…归咎于 [bi'heiv] vi. 表现 behavior n.行为,表现 [?d'mai?] vt. 钦佩,赞赏 [?:n] vt. 挣得 [pr?'vaid] vt. 提供 [ri'pi:t] vt. 重复 ['?f?] vt. 提供 [weist] vt.&n. 浪费 [ri'si:v] vt. 收到 [pr?u'tekt] vt. 保护 protection n.保护 [di'pend] vi. 依靠 相关表达:depend on [di'skraib] vt. 描述 description n.描述 [im'pru:v] vt. 提高,改进 ['fit] vt. 适合 [tr?ns'leit] vt. 翻译 translation n.翻译 [be?] vt. 忍受 [trein] vt. 训练 trainer n.教练;驯兽师 vt. 鼓励 vt. 赞扬 vt. 污染 vt. 出版 vt. 埋葬 vt. 表达 vt. 提到 vt. 搜查 相关表达: search for 搜查 vt. 影响 vi. 回答,答复 相关表达:reply to

expect

treat

solve

require

consider

avoid

regret vt. 期盼 vt. 对待 vt. 解决 vt. 需要;要求 vt. 考虑 vt. 避开;避免 相关表达:avoid doing避免做… vt. 后悔 相关表达:regret doing后悔做了某事

阅读常见词汇

probably 或许,很可能

nearly 差不多

immediately 立即,马上

exactly 确切的,精确的

especially 尤其是

completely 完全地

basically 基本上

perhaps 也许,可能

quite 相当

seldom 很少

almost 几乎

abroad (在、去)国外

instead 作为替代

find out

look for

give back

get ready for…

pay attention to

care for

join in

give up

give in

look up

feel like doing

belong to

agree with sb.

be afraid of sb、sth/ doing sth

from time to time

one after another

in the end 相关表达:quite a few相当多 相关表达:instead of反而 找出;查明 寻找 归还,送回 为……做准备 注意 喜欢 参加;加入 放弃 屈服,让步 查找 想做 属于 同意某人的看法/话 害怕某人或某物,害怕做某事 时不时 一个接一个 最后,终于

in time 及时 on time 准时

break in 闯入,打断 run out of 用完

see ... off 为……送行 take the place of 取代

get along / on with sb 与……相处 hear of 听说

hear from 收到某人来信

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