Translate the expressions into Chinese or English.
keep up with the times 跟上时代
keep up with the latest development 跟上最新的发展
keep up with the rapidly developing situation跟上迅速发展的形势
catch up with advanced technical level 跟上先进的技术水平
a cable car 缆车
lay underground cables 铺设地下电缆
a cable railway 缆车索道
cable television 有线电视
a great number of TV channels 许多电视频道
cross the English Channel 穿过英吉利海峡
through official channels 通过官方渠道
through the reliable channel(s) 通过可靠途径
the range of temperature 气温的变化幅度
a wide range of industries 各行各业
a narrow range of choices 狭窄的选择范围
a wide range of interests广泛的兴趣
Complete the sentences by using v. + it + adj./n. + to v. or v. + it + adj./n. + that-clause.
It is impossible to get everything ready in time.
They all considered it impossible to get everything ready in time.
1. It is a pity that you cannot come.
We all thought it a pity that you could not come.
2. Possibly John will come later.
We thought it possible that John would come.
3. Is it necessary to argue with him about it?
Do you think it necessary to argue with him about it?
4. To describe the details is difficult .
We found it difficult for us to describe the details.
5. It is an excellent idea for them to put up a new building by the riverside.
They found it an excellent idea for them to put up a new building by the riverside.
6. It is clear that we should know how to write our laboratory reports.
The professor has made it clear that we should know how to write our laboratory reports.
Translate the sentences into English
他们认为有必要对自己网站上的每日新闻提供深度报道。 （V. + it + a. + to V.）
They consider it necessary to give deep reports of daily news on their web site. Fill in the blanks with the words or expressions given. Change the form if necessary.
1. USA Today is known as America’s newspaper and is distributed to all 50 states.
2. Newspapers are divided into different sections for different kinds of news.
3. As a reporter, he reported and wrote on a wide range of social, political, economic and finance news.
4. The New York Times is an American daily newspaper published in New York City.
5. The aim of the newspaper is to supply its readers with all the information they need to successfully run their businesses.
6. About half of the museums in the USA are devoted to history.
7. Sometimes newspapers publish additional sections, such as advertising supplements describing goods for sale at local stores.
8. Most articles written by reporters begin with something called a “lead”.
9. Many large daily newspapers publish regional editions that cater to the population of a smaller geographical area.
10. Men do not have to choose between career and family. So why should women have to do that?
11. There is a special feature on education in today’s The Washington Post.
12. Scientists believe they may have discovered the secret of why women tend to live longer than men.
13. This country has about 22 radio stations, six broadcast television stations, two cable television stations and two daily newspapers.
14. Mary is interested in politics and always keeps up with the latest news.
15. Many newspapers depend on advertisement support for their survival.
Exercise 8 Rewrite the sentences by turning the italicized parts into a V-ing phrase or V-ed phrase.
1. People who live in cities can enjoy more of modern life.
People living in cities can enjoy more of modern life.
2. The machines which are imported from abroad are expensive.
The machines imported from abroad are expensive.
3. Many students who are studying at this university are from foreign countries.
Many students studying at this university are from foreign countries.
4. People who have small income tend to spend money carefully.
People having small income tend to spend money carefully.
5. Those houses which are now being torn down were built fifty years ago.
Those houses being torn down were built fifty years ago.
6. Louise Brown, who was born in England, is the world’s first test tube baby.
Louise Brown, born in England, is the world’s first test tube baby.
1. The typical daily newspaper contains articles about local, regional, national, and international news, as well as sports news, weather reports, editorials, and other features.
2. The Sunday papers, on the other hand, are intended to entertain as well as inform, and they tend to be read leisurely by all members of the family.
3. They contain articles about the important national and international news of the week, and special sections are devoted to news about such areas as business, science, education, and arts
1. 我们一定要努力学习，以赶上时代的步伐。(keep up with)
We must study hard to keep up with the times.
2. 他们经常为市场提供新产品。(supply ... with)
They often supply the market with new commodities
3. 这份报纸的这一版面都用于刊登当地新闻。(devote to)
This page of the newspaper is devoted to local news.
4. 他们认为有必要对自己网站上的每日新闻提供深度报道。(v. + it + a. + to v.)
They consider it necessary to give in-depth reports of daily news on their web site.
①inform sb. of sth. inform sb. that ②keep/catch up with ③supply sb. with sth.提供某人某东西 ④be intended for ⑤as well as就前原则 ⑥be devoted to 致力于…
1.be intended for 专供……使用
2.be intended for sth 为……准备
3.Sth be intended for
4. no longer=not…any longer
a wide range of 广泛的 tend to倾向于 ; 往往； 趋于 ; 趋向
v.+it+adj./n. + to v. v.+it+adj./n.+that-clause.
Eg.we all thought it a pity that you can’t come.
1.such+n. such a beautiful girl so+adj. so beautiful a girl
3.in addition to 除了……之外
4.for the purpose of 为了……的目的
5.be promote to editor 被晋升为主编
6.provide sb. with sth.提供某人某物
7.there is a trend（趋势）……
8.go down=lose=decline下降 go up=rise=gain上升 rural area 农村地区 along with at a……rate 英汉互译
1. In the United States, there’s a widespread belief that statistics don’t lie. Perhaps that’s why surveys are such an important part of American life.
2. One of the many important changes concerns where people live. Americans are still a mainly urban people with about 75 percent of the population living in or near large cities.
3. Along with many other surveys, the national census gives Americans a statistical picture of a changing society. It allows the government and the people to see what’s happening and to adjust to the new picture.
Since the 1940s American businesspeople have been developing, naming, packing, and promoting products with the help of surveys.
5.除了你要的苹果之外，我还给你买了些橘子。(in addition to)
In addition to apples you asked for, I bought you some oranges.
Jack soon adjusted to army life.
Advertising distributes the selling message to many people at one time.
Exercise 7 Fill in the blanks with the words or expressions given. Change the form if necessary.
1. He soon realizes that there is something mysterious about his background.
2. Some children learn at a slower rate. It would be unfair to expect a child with learning difficulties to keep up with faster learners.
3. Companies trying to sell and promote products know that product research plays a vital role in sales success.
4. For the purpose of conducting a survey about people’s favorite foods, they formed a special team.
5. Consider how your lifestyle would change if your income went down by 50-60%.
6. Judging by the response of the audience, he has made an effective speech.
7. The World Wide Web is able to provide us with access to a great deal of information on a variety of subjects.
8. The study finds that people living in towns and cities are not necessarily healthier and happier than those living 3
in rural areas.
9. Along with many attractions all over the world, zoos face one common
question: How can they encourage repeat visits?
10. The advance in communications has brought dramatic changes in the way people live.
11. Our project is designed to provide students with an opportunity to earn additional income and gain experience in their area of interest.
12. For Australia the percentage of households with home Internet access was 67% in 2007, while the European Union average was 56%.
13. The widespread belief that sunlight was beneficial to health was shared by physicians working in many areas of medicine.
14. The latest public opinion poll by the newspaper USA Today shows 56 percent of Americans now believe it was a mistake to send U.S. troops to Iraq.
15. There has been a trend towards simpler styles in women’s dress in the recent decade.
Exercise 8 Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb given.
1. She just has (just) spent/spent (spend) three weeks at her grandmother’s.
2. I have been trying (try) to get in touch with you for several days.
3. They have been building (build) that bridge for over a year and it still isn’t finished.
4. “They say you have been telephoning (telephone) me all morning.”
“Yes, I have telephoned (telephone) you at least five times this morning.”
5. “You look tired!”
“Yes, I have been playing (play) tennis and I haven’t played (not play) for years, so I’m not used to it.”
6. He has been sleeping/has slept (sleep) since ten o’clock. It’s time he woke up.
7. I have known (know) Miss Huggins for several years.
I have been reading (read) her latest novel, but haven’t finished (not finish) it yet.
8. This is the third time you have been here (be) here. What exactly have you come (come) for now?
9. It has been raining (rain) but it has stopped (stop) now.
10. He has been working (work) hard on his book for some time and has finished_ (finish) it at last.
Translate the expressions into Chinese or English.
1. behaviour pattern 行为模式 family pattern 家庭模式
the pattern of cloth 布料的图案 the pattern of wallpaper 墙纸的图案
differ in quality 质量不同 differ in character (在)性格(上)不同
differ from the rest 与其余的不同 differ from each other 彼此不同
be exposed to wind and rain受到风吹雨打 expose soldiers to danger 使士兵遭受危险
expose sb’s crimes 揭露某人的罪行 expose sb. to the police 向警方揭露某人
behave wonderfully 表现出色 behave ridiculously 举止可笑
behave with great courage 表现非常勇敢 behave like a grown-up 表现像个成年人
Fill in the blanks with the words or expressions given. Change the form if necessary.
1. All of us are born with those basic needs — but how we go about the basic needs is defined by culture which is learned.
2. They believe that these behaviours and their meanings often differ from one culture to another.
3. If you don’t throw away those old shoes I’ll dispose of them for you.
4. Because of culture differences, what I said may sound a little bit ridiculous to you.
5. To use this telephone, you are supposed to insert a phone card in the narrow opening.
6. You can laugh at your earlier mistakes and misunderstandings as you have developed a better understanding of your new culture.
7. A driver who left the scene of a fatal crash has told a jury he now felt disgusted by his actions.
8. Many animals’instinctive reaction is to seek shelter in the face of possible violent weather.
9. By Kids — For Kids is a book for kids to share with other children what they see through their own eyes and what they feel in their hearts.
10. To develop a socialist market economy, we have no ready pattern to follow.
11. Most cultural groups develop separately with their own logical answers to life’s basic needs.
12. Always make sure you protect your skin against the sun because whenever you expose your skin to the sun, you are increasing your chance of skin cancer.
13. Some Americans complain that they pay more in taxes than they do in food, clothing and shelter combined.
14. When we were traveling across the mountains we found that the railway sloped up and down.
15. As soon as I found him wounded I went over and bound a cloth around his arm.
Fill in the blanks with the appropriate prepositions.
1.On hearing the news, all of them jumped with joy.
2. He made a lot of money by doing a part-time job.
? 3. I thanked him for bringing me the message.
4. By starting early, we avoided the terrible traffic jams during the rush hours.
? 5. I am awfully sorry for hearing that you can’t come to our party.
6. No one will prevent him from doing such a silly thing.
7. I never go to bed without brushing my teeth.
8. The salesmen of that company succeeded in selling their new products.
? 9. Her family congratulated her on bearing a baby.
? 10. He apologized for being late for the meeting.
Exercise 8 Fill in each blank with the proper form of the verb in brackets.
1.I am sorry to have kept you waiting (wait) for two hours.
2. The children went to the park, a mile away from the school, singing and talking (sing and talk).
3. Having failed(fail) an important examination, he decided to give up his studies.
4. Having been damaged (damage) during the war, the airport has never been used again.
5. The decision having been made/made (make), the next problem was how to make a good plan.
6. While crossing (cross) the street, you must keep your eyes open.
7. Being (be) very short of money, I applied for the job.
8. With such a short time left (leave), it doesn’t seem likely that we will finish the job.
9. Not knowing (not know) his address, I couldn’t possibly pay a visit to him.
10. Weather permitting (permit), the picnic will be held as planned.
Exercise 6 Fill in the blanks with the words or expressions given. Change the form if necessary.
1. I don’t rule out the possibility that I might do some research on the culture of animals in the future.
2. The two well-known drug manufacturers are cooperating in an attempt to develop a new medicine.
3. They bought a lot of new office furniture, and had to get rid of the old stuff.
4. Within their first couple of weeks, they stripped the old wallpaper off the walls, repaired, painted, and had a new kitchen floor and carpet installed.
5. While there are many similarities between them, there are enough differences to divide them from one another.
6. He bought her some flowers to make up for being late.
7. As he could not speak their language, he communicated with them entirely by gesture.
8. A few people in that region claimed to have come into contact with beings from outer space.
9. Some electric food-mixers are really handy, but it takes time to clean them.
10. Your idea on the subject, as far as I can see, seems somewhat abstract.
11. They’re so alike I can never tell one from the other.
12. He had an excellent command of Latin and Greek through self learning.
13. He decided to hold onto those shares and sell them only when the prices were higher.
14. The government made several attempts to prevent the film from being shown, because it might damage relations with the neighboring countries.
15. Tom looked down at his shoes and removed the mud before entering the house.
Book2 Unit 6
Practice 1 Translate the sentences into Chinese.
1. When I related all this to my friend Alain Frachon, an editor at Le Monde, he quipped: “I guess the era of foreign correspondents quoting taxi drivers is over. The taxi driver is now too busy to give you a quote!”
2. I relate all this because it illustrates something I’ve been feeling more and more lately — that technology is dividing us as much as uniting us. Yes, technology can make the far feel near. But it can also make the near feel very far.
3. Hey, I love having lots of contacts and easy connectivity, but in an age when so many people you know — and even more you don’t know — can contact you by e-mail or cellphone, I’m finding this age of interruption overwhelming.
Practice 2 Translate the sentences into English.
1. 他常常反思互联网诞生以来所发生的种种变化。(reflect on)
He often reflected on the changes that had taken place since the rise / birth of the Internet.
2. 当时房间里连电话线都没有，更不用说上网了。(let alone)
At that time, there was no telephone line, let alone the Internet access.
The Internet has made us so accessible and at the same time inaccessible.
In ancient times the most important examinations were spoken. In the school of ancient Greece and Rome, testing usually consisted of (1)_______ poetry aloud or giving speeches.
In the European universities of the Middle Ages, students who were working (2)_________ advanced degrees had to discuss questions in their (3)_______ of study with people who had(4)_______ a special study of the subject.
This (5)_______ exists today as part of the (6)_______ of testing candidates for the doctor’s degree.Generally,
(7) __________, modern examinations are written. The examination of this form, where all the students who take the examination are tested (8)_______ the same questions, was probably not known (9)_______ the nineteenth century. Perhaps it came into (10)_______ with the great increase in population and the development of modern industry.
A room full of candidates for a state examination, (11)________ exactly by electric clocks and carefully watched
(12)________ by managers, resembles a group of workers at an automobile factory. Certainly, (13)_______ examinations teachers and students are expected to (14)_______ like machines.
One type of the test is some times (15)_______ an object ive tes t .
It is (16)_______ to deal with facts, not personal opinions. To (17)_______ an objective test the teacher write a number of questions, each of (18)______ has only one correct answer. (19)_______ each question, the teacher 6
writes the correct answer and also three statements that look (20)_______ answers to students who have never learned the material properly.
1. A. saying B. telling C. speaking D. talking
2. A. for B. to C. in D. with
3. A. problem B. Family C. topic D. field
4. A. done B. carried C. made D. Taken
5. A. solution B. custom C. theory D. choice
6. A. manner B. action C. process D. performance
7. A. therefore B. however C. besides D. moreover
8. A. on B. for C. in D. at
9. A. on B. for C. until D. since
10. A. truth
11. A. examined
12. A. over
13. A. between
14. A. operate
15. A. known
16. A. designed
17. A. make up
18. A. it
19. A. As to
20. A. alike
B. existence C. world D. earth B. measured C. arranged D. timed B. for C. out D. up B. within C. during D. among B. act C. do D. react B. referred C. entitled D. called B. regarded C. decided D. looked B. work with C. take out D. set up B. that C. these D. which B. Except for C. Along with D. In addition B. like C. as D. for DACBD AADCB 7