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小学一般疑问句和特殊疑问句和Be动词一般过去时讲解及练习

发布时间:2014-01-02 11:44:21  

一般疑问句

用yes或no回答的疑问句,称为一般疑问句,这种疑问句句末语调多用升调,句末用问号“?”

句型:Be动词 + 主语 + ......?

? A: Am I wrong again? (我又错了?)

B: Yes, you are (wrong again). (是的,你又错了。

B: No, you aren’t. (不,你没错。)

? A: Is it your bicycle? (这辆自行车是你的吗?)

B: Yes, it is. (是的,是我的。)

B: No, it isn’t. (不,那不是我的。)

? A: Are you a student? (你是学生吗?)

B:Yes, I am. (是的,我是。)

B: No, I’m not. / No, I am not. (不,我不是。)

? A: Is there any drinks in the fridge?

B: Yes, there is. (是的,有。)

B: No, there isn’t. (不,没有。)

? A: Are there any birds in the sky? (天空中有鸟吗?)

B: Yes, there are. (是的,有。)

B: No, there aren’t. (不,没有。)

陈述句中有情态动词时,可以直接将它们提前到主语前,构成一般疑问句。 句型:情态动词 + 主语 + 动词原形 + ......?

? A: Can you bring me some cakes? (你能给我拿些蛋糕来吗?) B: Yes, I can. (是的,可以。)

B: No, I can’t. / No, I cannot. (不,不可以。)

? A: Must I do it now? (我必须现在做吗?)

B: Yes, you must. (是的,你必须。)

B: No, you needn’t. (不,你不必。) (1)情态动词表示请求

Can/Could you carry the heavy box for me? (你能帮我提一下这个重箱子吗?) Will/Would you please give me some butter? (你能给我一些黄油吗?) May I have some rice? (我可以吃一些米饭吗?) (2)情态动词表示邀请、建议

Will you visit the museum next week? (你下周来参观博物馆好吗?) Would you like to go shopping with us? (你愿意和我们一起逛街购物吗?) Shall we go swimming? (我们一起去游泳好吗?)

陈述句中只有行为动词时,一般疑问句要在句首加助动词do / does / did(过去式)

句型:Do/Does/Did + 主语 + 动词原形 + ......?

? A: Does he have supper at home every day?(他每天都在家吃晚饭吗?) B: Yes, he does. (是的,他是。) B: No, he doesn’t.(不,他不是。)

? A: Do you go to school on Tuesday? (你星期二去上学吗?) B: Yes, I do. (是的,我去。) B: No, I don’t. (不,我不去。)

? A: Did she do morning exercises yesterday? (她昨天做早操了吗?) B: Yes, she did. (是的,她做了。) B: No, she didn’t. (不,她没做。) 课堂练习

将下列句子改成一般疑问句:并做肯定回答和否定回答:

1. It is a lovely dog.________________________________________

Yes,___________ No,____________

2. They are Lily’s cousins. ___________________________________

Yes,___________ No,____________

3. We are classmates. ______________________________________

Yes,___________ No,____________

4. I am a doctor. ________________________________________

Yes,___________ No,____________

5. There is a bird in the tree. ________________________________

Yes,___________ No,____________

6. I played computer games yesterday. _________________________

Yes,___________ No,____________

7. She likes swimming. __________________________________

Yes,___________ No,____________

特殊疑问句

一、疑问代词用于特殊疑问句中,疑问代词一般都放在句首,并在句中作为某一句子成分。回答特殊疑问句,不能用"yes / no"回答。要问什么答什么。 疑问代词:what, who, which, whose

? A: What is in the room?(房间里有什么?)

B: There are a lot of chairs in it./A lot of chairs are in it.(有很多椅子。) ? A: Who is that woman? (那个女人是谁?)

B: She is my mother. (她是我的妈妈。)

? A: Whose is this pen? / Whose pen is this? (这支钢笔是谁的?)

B: This pen is my sister’s. (这支钢笔是我姐姐的。)

? A: Which does he want? (他想要哪一个?)

B: He wants the blue one. (他想要那个蓝色的。)

二、疑问副词 when, where, why, how

1. when : 询问时间,有时可以用what time代替

? A: When were you born? (你是什么时候出生的?)

B: I was born on June 2, 2003. (我是2003年6月2号出生的。)

? A: When does she go to school? (她什么时候去上学?)

B: She goes to school on Monday morning. (她星期一早上去上学。)

2. Where : 询问地点、场所

? A: Where are you from? (你来自哪里?)

B: I am from China. (我来自中国。)

? A: Where does he live? (他住在哪儿?)

B: He lives in Guangzhou. (他住在广州。)

3. Why : 询问原因,只能用because 来回答。

? A: Why are you late? (你为什么迟到了?)

B: Because I got up late this morning. (因为我今天早晨起晚了。)

4. How: 询问方法、手段、状况等

? A: How do you go to school?(你怎么去上学?)

B: I go to school by bus. (我坐公交车上学)

? A: How is the weather today? (今天天气如何?)

B: It’s sunny. (今天晴天。)

? How + 形容词/副词 + ......? 用来询问年龄、身高、数量、次数、距离等。

课堂练习

选择的正确单词填空

1._____ is that pretty girl? She is my sister.

2._____ are Jack and Tom? They are behind you.

3._____ do you go to school? I go to school by car.

4._____ is my mother? She is in the living room.

5. ______ _______ is it? It is nine o’clock.

does he go to work? He goes to work at seven o’clock. is your bag? The one over there. is your mother? She is 45 years old.

Be 动词的一般过去时

Be 动词 (am, are, is)的一般现在时和一般过去时,请看下表:

Be 动词过去时的基本句型:

肯定句:主语 + was/were + ......

否定句:主语 + was/were + not+......

一般疑问句:Was/Were + 主语 + ......

特殊疑问句:疑问词 + was/were + 主语 + ......

? 肯定句:主语 + was/were + ......

I was busy yesterday. (我昨天很忙。)

Mike was in China last year. (迈克去年在中国。)

You were late for school two days ago. (你两天前迟到了。)

We/They were busy yesterday. (我们/他们昨天很忙。)

? 否定句:主语 + was/were + not+......

I was not/wasn’t busy yesterday. (我昨天不忙。)

Mike was not/wasn’t in China last year. (迈克去年不在中国。)

You were not / weren’t late for school two days ago. (你两天前没有迟到。) We/They were not / weren’t busy yesterday. (我们/他们昨天不忙。) ? 一般疑问句:Was/Were + 主语 + ......

A: Was she a teacher? (她以前是老师吗?)

B: Yes, she was. (是的,她是。)

B: No, she wasn’t. (不,她不是。)

A: Were they in the garden? (他们在花园里吗?)

B: Yes, they were. (是的,他们在。)

B: No, they weren’t. (不,他们不在。)

A: Was your father free this morning? (你爸爸今天上午有空吗?) B: Yes, he was. (是,他有空。)

B: No, he wasn’t. (不,他没有。)

? 特殊疑问句:疑问词 + was/were + 主语 + .....

A: Where was Jack last year? (杰克去年在哪里?)

B: He was in Shanghai.(他在上海。)

A: What was there in the box then?(那时的箱子里有什么?)

B: There was a toy car andtwo pencils.(有一部玩具车和两支铅笔。) Be动词一般现在时句型和一般过去时句型的比较,以he 为例子:

练习: 从下列各题后所给的四个选项中选择最佳答案填空。

1. My A. isn’t B. aren’t C. wasn’t D. weren’t

2. A. Is B. Was C. Are D. Were

3. here now.

A. are; were B. were; are C. was; are D. were; was

4. yesterday.

A. Was; before B. Is; before C. Was; after D. Is; after

5. ---Who was on duty last Friday? A. I am B. I was C. Yes, I was. D. No, I wasn’t.

课后练习:

一、把陈述句改成一般疑问句。

1. His father is an English teacher.

_________________________________________ ?

2. These cats are crying.(喊叫)

_________________________________________ ?

3. They can swim.

_________________________________________ ?

4. I like to read(阅读) English.

_________________________________________ ?

5. I go to school on foot.(走路)

_________________________________________ ?

6. He likes English.

_________________________________________ ?

7. His father goes to work by bus.(乘公共汽车)

_________________________________________ ?

8. He is crying(哭) under the tree.

_________________________________________ ?

9. His birthday is on the twentieth of November.

_________________________________________ ?

10. Mrs. Li and Kitty are in a big shop.

_________________________________________ ?

二、选择正确的回答填空

( ) 1. What’s on the chair? A. There is a book in the bag.

( ) 2. How is your father? B. These are apples.

( ) 3. What are these? C. I go to school by bus.

( ) 4. What is in the bag? D. The radio is on the chair.

( ) 5. How do you go to school? E. My father is fine.

( ) 6. How much is it? F. I wash my face in the morning.

( ) 7. What time is it? G. I have two hands.

( ) 8. When do you wash your face? H. It is four o’clock.

( ) 9. How many hands do you have? I. It is 5 RMB(人民币).

( ) 10.When do you have lunch? J. I have lunch at noon

三、用be动词的适当形式填空。

1. I at school just now.

2. He at the camp last week.

3. 4. on the farm a moment ago.

5. Yang Ling eleven years old last year.

6. an apple on the plate yesterday.

7. There some milk in the fridge on Sunday.

8. The mobile phone on the sofa yesterday evening.

四、根据时间改写句子。

1. Today is Monday. (the day before yesterday)

2. There are 23 students in our class. (22, yesterday)

3. I am in Grade Two this year. (last year)

4. My father is 44. (ten years ago)

5. We are in No. 9 Middle School. (3years ago, XXX Primary School小学) 6. He is in Beijing. (last night, Hong Kong)

7. Our teacher is better now. (last week, ill)

8. My parents are at home today. (yesterday, at work)

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