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牛津小学英语6A短语句型练习

发布时间:2014-01-03 12:37:15  

英语6A 1-2单元

Unit 1

一、 四会单词

always 总是 question 问题 ask 问 mean 意思是 must应当,必须 should应当,应该 take a walk 散步 pick拾

二、 短语

1. ask questions问问题 2. his cousin 他的表弟(妹)

3. park your car here把你的车停这儿 4. four years old 四岁

5. four years 四年 6. an interesting sign一个有趣的标志

7. know a lot 知道许多 8. a lot of questions 许多问题

9. on the Internet在因特网上 10. look at the photo看这张照片

11. learn more 学到更多 12. climb the tree 爬树

13. fine ten yuan 罚款十元 14. a park keeper 一名公园管理员

15. an old woman in the green sweater 一位穿着绿毛衣的老妇

16.public signs 公共标志 17. different things 不同的事物

18. some questions about them 关于他们的一些问题

19. the sign on the wall 在墙上的标志 20. different things 不同的事物

21. stay away from the building 远离那幢大楼

22. keep off the grass 不接近草地 23. be/keep quiet 保持安静

24. the sign on the bids' cage 鸟笼上的标志

25. make noise 发出喧闹声 26. no smoking 禁止吸烟

27. no littering 禁止乱丢杂务 28. no parking 禁止停车

29. do not touch 不要触摸 30. no eating or drinking 不要吃喝

31. take a walk 散步 32. a ten-yuan note 一张十元纸币

33. look around 环顾 34. pick it/them up 把它/它们捡起

35. pick up a ten-yuan note 捡起一张十元纸币

36. point to 指向 37. over there 在那边

38. give it to me 把它给我 39. shake one's head 摇头

40. want some bread for breakfast 想吃一些面包作为早饭

41. come up to him 向他走上来 42. eat an ice cream 吃冰激凌

43. in the glass 在杯子里

三、知识点

1. 情态动词

情态动词有:can,must(必须),should(应当),would,may(可

以),will(将要),shall.

2.使用方式:情态动词+行为动词原形(不受时态,人称的影响) 肯定句:He can speak English. They should go home now.

否定句: He can't speak English. They shouldn't go home now. 一般疑问句: Can he speak English Should they go home now 特殊疑问句:where can we go What should we do

注:be动词,助动词,情态动词为三种结构词.每个句子都会有其中一种,若要对句子进行否定与疑问的改动时,只要寻找这三类词.

3) 比较: 情态+动词原形 (I can swim)

like+ 动词ing (I like swimming)

would like/want + to + 动词原形 ( I would like to swim)

2. What does it mean? It means ….

What do they mean ?They mean ….

3. different +名词复数= different things

the same thing(s) (same前面必须有the)

4. no+ doing = No smoking

not + do = You should not smoke.

5. a lot of与a lot用法的区别

a lot of一般用来修饰名词;a lot一般用来修饰动词

例如:a lot of things learn a lot

6. some, something用于肯定句;any,anything用于否定句和一般疑问句.

例:There is some water in the glass. I can see something.(肯定句)

There isn't any water in the glass.. I can't see anything.(否定句)

Is there any water in the glass Can you see anything (一般疑问句)

特例:Would you like some orange juice

(表示邀请,征求别人意见,并希望得到肯定回答)

Unit 2

一、四会单词

Birthday 生日 date日期 when 什么时候

second 第二

March 三月 third 第三 April四月

fourth 第四 May 五月 June 六月

二、短语

1. a new student in Ben’s class 本班上的一位新学生

2. go home together一起回家 3. after school放学以后

4. talk about谈论有关?? 5. come soon 快到了

6. the third of March 三月三日 7. open the door 开门

8. on the twenty-second of July 在七月二十二日

9. on the 18th of October 在十月十八日 10. take off脱下

11. your birthday你的生日 12. blow out吹灭

13. Let’s wait and see 让我们等一下看看

14. blow out the candles吹灭蜡烛 15.in the bay 在海湾

16. as a birthday present作为生日礼物

17. birthday cake生日蛋糕 18. a piece of paper一张纸

19. come to my birthday party 来参加我的生日聚会

20. have a birthday party举办生日聚会

21. a VCD of Japanese cartoons 一张日本卡通光盘

22. make a birthday card 做一张生日贺卡

23. fold it in half把它对折

三、知识点

1.在一月: in January (在某月要用介词in)

在7月12号: on the twelfth of July(在某日要用介词on)

在星期三: on Monday

2.熟记基数词变序数词的口诀。

3.几月几日表达法:6月1号=the first of June (the 1st of

June)(Jun.1st)

4.星期几询问法: What day is it today It's Monday.

(Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Sunday)

日期询问: What date is it today It's the third of August.

5.I'd like=I would like= I want……… 我要....(东西)

I'd like to = I would like to = I want to…….我要……(做某事) Do you want… = Would you like … I'd like some flowers. → Do you want to…. = Would you like to…

6.When 什么时候 == What time

What time do you go to school == When do you go to school When can we watch it 我们什么时候能看

7.What would you like as a birthday present I'd like ………

专项训练

一、按要求写单词。

1.do (第三人称单数) _______ 2. should not (缩写形

式)______

3. smoke (现在分词) ________ 4. they (宾格)

_____________

5. keep (名词) ____________ 6. quiet (副

词)___________

7.interest(形容词_________ 8. different (反义

词)________

9.run (现在分词)__________ 1 0. watch ( 复

数)___________

二、写出下列词的序数词。

1_________ 2 _________ 3 _________ 5 _________ 8 _________ 10 _________ 9

_________ 19 _________ 90 _________ 99

_________ 20_________ 12_________

22_________

三、根据要求完成句子。

1. We should walk on the grass. (改为否定句)

2.Open the door. (改为否定句)

3. It means ?No smoking?. (改为一般疑问句)

4. It means (对划线部分提问)

5. I?d like 对划线部分提问)

6. He usually does exercise on Sundays? (一般疑问句)

7. He asks Ben some questions about public signs. (转为现在进行时)

8.That sign means 'Keep off the grass'(改为同义句) 对画线部分提问)

10.My grandfather?s birthday is 对画线部分提问)

11.He would like to come. (改为一般疑问句)

12.I?d like to对画线部分提问)

13.My mother?d like to give me a candle. (改为否定句和同义句)

四、 找出错误的选项,并在横线上订正。 (8分)

( ________

A B C

( ________

A B C

( A B C

( ________

A B C

牛津小学英语6A 3-5单元知识点复习

Unit 3

一、 四会单词

was(am,is的过去式)excited激动的,兴奋的 moment片刻,瞬间 ago以前

were(are的过去式) glasses 眼镜 camera照相机 film胶卷 ground地面 remember记住 earphones 耳机 roll卷;卷状物;

diary(diaries)日记;日记簿 exciting令人激动的,令人兴奋的

wasn?t=was not(am not,isn?t的过去式) weren?t=were not (aren?t的过去式)

二、短语

1. Sports Day运动日 2. all the students所有的学生

3. be excited 激动 4. very exciting非常令人兴奋

5. look for寻找 6. a running race一场赛跑

7. let me see让我看看 8. a moment ago / just now刚才

9. on the ground在地上 10. in my pocket 在我的口袋里

11. in front of 在……前面 12. next to 紧靠……旁边, 邻近

13. a pair of glasses一副眼镜(单) 14. a roll of film一卷胶卷(单)

15. three diaries三本日记 16. a pair of earphones一副耳机(单)

17. listen to music 听音乐 18. yesterday evening 昨天晚上

19. under the table在桌子下面 20. try to remember试图记住

21. in the red box在红色盒子里 22. close your eyes 闭上你的眼睛

23. play a game 玩游戏 24. on the white box 在白色盒子上

25. over there 在那边 26. in my school bag 在我的书包里

27. take photos 拍照 28. with your classmates和你的同学们

29.pick them up for me 帮我把它们捡起来

30.under the apple tree over there 在那边的苹果树下

三、知识点

(一).句型:

1所有的学生都非常兴奋激动。 All the students are very excited.

2她正在寻找她的照相机。 She is looking for her camera.

3男孩们正在跑步。 The boys are running now.

4让我拍一些照片吧。 Let me take some photos.

5我的照相机在哪?它在你的包里。 Where?s my camera? It?s in your bag.

6它刚才在那里;它们刚才在这儿 It was there a moment ago. They were here just now.

7你能帮我把它们捡起来吗? Can you pick them up for me please?

(二)一般过去时:简单地说是表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态。一般来说,句子中just now, a moment ago, last就要用一般过去时。

Be动词的一般过去时

(一)陈述句:

1.I was a teacher two years ago.两年前我是一个老师。

2.He was a doctor last year.去年他是一个医生。

3.We were in the computer room just now.刚才我们在电脑房。

4.They were in the table tennis room just now.刚才他们在乒乓球室。

(二)否定句:(在was/were后加not即可)

1.I wasn?t a teacher two years ago.两年前我不是一个老师。

2.He wasn?t a doctor last year.去年他不是一个医生。

3.We weren?t in the computer room just now.刚才我们不在电脑房。

(三)一般疑问句及回答:(将was, were提前即可,也就是Was/Were+ …)

1.Was he a doctor last year? Yes, he was. /No, he

wasn?t.去年他是一个医生吗?是的,他是。/不,他不是。

2.Was she a driver three years ago? Yes, she was. /No, she

wasn?t.三年前她是一个司机吗?是的,她是。/不,她不是。

wasn?t.昨晚你在家吗?是的,我在。/不,我不在。

3.Were you at home last night? Yes, we were. /No, we weren?t.昨晚你们在家吗?是的,我们在。/不,我们不在。

(四)特殊疑问句及回答:(特殊疑问词+was/were+…)

1.Where was he a moment ago? He was in the toilet.片刻之前他在哪?他在厕所。

2.Where was the dog just now? It was in the garden.刚才

这只狗在哪?它在花园。

3.Where were they last night? They were at school.昨晚他

们在哪?他们在学校。 Unit 5

一.单词:

1.milk-milked挤牛奶 2.taste-tasted品尝 3.pull

up –pulled up 拨出

4.pick-picked摘 5.water-watered浇水

6.cook-cooked烹饪

7.like-liked喜欢 8.last最后的,最近刚过去的 9.a

farm农场

10.else还 11.holiday假期

12.early早的

13. meet相遇,见到 14.before在……以前

15.did(do的过去式)

16.went (go 的过去式) 17.had(have的过去式)

18.collect –collected收集

19.fun有趣的事,娱乐 20.a carrot 胡萝卜 21.a

camp 野营,营地

22.mountain 山,山脉 23.wonderful 太好了 24.cow

母牛,奶牛

25.National Day 国庆节 26.volleyball排球

二.词组:

1. milk (milked) a cow/cows 给奶牛挤奶 2.pull(pulled)

up carrots拨出胡萝卜

3.water (watered) trees and flowers给树和花浇水 4.cook

(cooked) rice/food 烧饭5.watch (watched) a film/films看电影

6.taste (tasted) them品尝它们

7.pick (picked) a lot of oranges摘许多桔子

8.collect(collected)eggs 收集鸡蛋

8..last week上周 9..a funny cartoon

一部好笑的动画片

10.visit (visited) a farm参观一个农场 11. on the farm在

农场

12.go to the farm去农场 13.after the holiday 假日后

14.meet Nancy见到南希 15.before class 课前

16. go to school early很早去上 17.talk to 和…说

18.talk about 谈论关于…

19.talk to my father about the holiday 和我的爸爸谈论假日

20.the first day of school after the holiday假期后上学的第一天

21.with my parents和我的父母 22.with my family和我的家人

23.the National Day holiday国庆假期 24.at a camp在野营

25.go camping 去野营

26.at a camping site在一个野营地点 27.his camping trip他的野营旅行

28.walk in the mountains 在山里走 29.the National Day holiday 国庆假期

30.in the school playground 在学校操场上

三、知识点

(一)句子:

1.Today is the first day of school after the holiday. 今天是节后上学的第一天。

2. What did you do last week? I watched a film with my parents on Wednesday.

你在上周做了些什么?我周三和我的父母一起看了场电影。

3. What did you do on the farm? We watered trees and pulled up carrots.

你们在农场做什么?我们浇树和拔胡萝卜。

4. Was there any juice in the bottle yesterday? Yes, there were.

昨天瓶子里有果汁吗?是的,有。

5. Mr Green cooked a lot of delicious food at the camp last week. 上周在野营营地上格林老师做了许多美味的食物。

6. The light on my right is not very bright tonight. 今天晚

上我右边的灯不是很亮。

7. What else did you do? I tasted oranges. 你还做了什

么?我品尝了橘子。

(二)语法:

1.一般过去时,表示动作或状态在过去时间里已经结束。

通常在句子中会出现一些表示过去的时间状语。如:a

moment ago, just now, this morning, yesterday, last

week/year/night/…, two days ago, three hours ago, ?等。

在一般过去时的句子中,动词要用动词的过去式。第三单元

中主要学习了be动词的过去式,本单元主要学习一些动词的

过去式。

2.动词过去式的形式。

动词过去式的变化可分为规则的和不规则的两大类。

专项训练

一、英汉互译

1.在5月 2 .一份生日礼物

3.第三课________________ 4. 刚才

______________________

5.许多问题_______________ 6.Sports day

7.next to the diary 8 . take some photos

9.on the ground 10. the twenty-third of

二.按要求写出下列各词

1,photo (复数 2.exciting(原形

3.you(物主代词反义词

5.do not (缩写主格

7.run (现在分词 8. diary (复数

9.five(序数词) 10.I?d (完整形式)

三、按要求改写句子。

1. Where are you now? (用just now代替now)

2. I?d like 对划线部分提问)

________ ________ you like?

3. We are all happy.(改成一般过去时)

We _____ all happy.

4. I visit my grandparents every week. (用last week代替every week)

5. 对划线部分提问)

四.用所给词的适当形式填空:

1. All the books _____ (be) not here, but they _____ (be) here a moment ago.

2. It ______ (be) there just now, but it isn?t there now.

3. Your CD Walkman (be) on the ground just now.

4. Where?s the camera? It ________ (is) there a moment ago.

5. Where ____( be ) the diary now? It _____ (is) there just now.

6. It _______ (be) Helen?s birthday yesterday.

7. It _____ (be)on the ground just now, but it isn?t there now.

8. My parents _______(be) not at home a moment ago.

9. Tom _______(go ) to visit a farm last week.

10. The twins _______ (water) the flowers in the garden yesterday morning.

11. I _______ (watch) a film with my friend last Friday.

Unit 6 Holidays

一、词组

1.New Year?s Day 元旦 2.Children?s Day 儿童节 3.Spring Festival 春节

4.dress up in costumes身穿圣装 5.Mid-Autumn Festival中秋节

6.eat moon cake 吃月饼 7.May Day 五一劳动节

8.at Dragon Boat Festival 在端午节 9.come after 随后,随之而来

10.go to parties 去宴会 11.have a big lunch 吃一顿盛大的午餐

12.visit their relatives and friends 拜访亲戚朋友

13.eat a lot of delicious food 吃许多美味的食物 14. last Halloween 去年万圣节

15. give presents to your friends 把礼物给你的朋友

16.favourite holiday 特别喜爱的节日 17.play with lanterns 玩花灯

18.watch the moon 赏月 19. make pumpkin lanterns做南瓜灯笼

20. have a long holiday 有一个长假期 21. watch dragon boat races 观看龙舟赛

22. eat rice dumplings 吃粽子 23. in January or February 在一月或二月

24. a popular holiday in China 在中国很流行的节日

25.spend time with their family and friends 和家人朋友共渡时光

二、句子

1. When?s Spring Festival? It?s in January or February.春节在什么时候?它在一月或二月。

2. What do people usually do at Spring Festival? 在春节人们通常会做什么?

They usually eat a lot of delicious food. 他们通常吃许多美味的食物。

3. Did you eat a lot of delicious food last Spring Festival? Yes, I did.

去年春节你吃了许多美味的食物了吗?是的。

4. Today, Mr Green is talking to his students about holidays.

今天格林老师正在和他的学生们谈论有关节日的事情。

5. My favourite holiday is Halloween. 我特别喜爱的节日是万圣节。

6. Did you have a party on Mid- Autumn Day? No, I didn?t. 你中秋节开晚会了吗? 没,没有。

三、语法: 1.talk与介词的搭配。 talk to sb.与某人谈话; talk about sth.谈论某事;

talk to sb about sth.与某人谈论某事 如:Ben is talking to Jack about public signs.(本正在和杰克谈论公共标志。) 2.介词in/on/at的区别。 (1)在表示节日的词前,用介词at。如:at Spring Festival. (2)在表示具体某一天的词前,用介词on。如:on New Year?s Day. (3)在表示某月或某年的词前,用介词in。如:in April, in 2006. 3. 由last构成的词组。 last指“刚过去的” ,它可以和其他单词组成许多表示过去的时间状语。如:last year(去年), last week(上周), last month(上个月), last Monday(上星期一), last Spring Festival(去年春节)等。 4.watch与look, see, read 等词的区别。 (1)look是不及物动词,后面不能直接跟宾语。强调有意识地“看” ,着重指动作。 look at相当于一个及物动词的短语,其后可以跟宾语。多用来强调“看”的动作。 (2)see是及物动词,后面可以跟宾语。意为“看到,看见” ,强调“看”的结果。 (3)read多用来指阅读文字,图片等材料。如“看书,看报”等。 (4)watch多用来指“看电视,看比赛”等。 5. excited 与exciting 的区别。 excited 兴奋的、激动的,主语通常为“人”; exciting 使人兴奋的,令人激动的,主语通常为“物”。 例:Christmas is coming.

The students are getting excited. The football match is exciting. 一、 按要求写出下列单词的相应形式。(10分)

1. children (单数 2. Danny (名词所有格 3. eat (过去式 4. see (过去式 5. swim (现在分词 6. June (缩写形式 7. twenty (序数词 8. ninth (基数词 9. party (复数 10. peach (复数 二、 看图完成对话。(10分)

1. A: It?s of December. is coming. B: Yes, it is. It?s my favourite 2. A: What holiday May

Day?

B: Children?s Day. 3. A: is it today? B: It?s the of October. It?s our Day. 三、用所给单词的适当形式填空。(12分)

1. The children are watching the cartoons. They are very (excite). 2. Tom (have) a big lunch with his family last Spring Festival. 3. Mike and his sister (be) in Japan last years. 4. (do) you (go) to parties yesterday? 5. Children?s Day is (come). 6. Nancy usually (draw) pictures at home.

7. It?s on the (five) of October.

Unit 7 At Christmas

一、词组

1. on Christmas Day 在圣诞节上 2.Jim?s

family 杰姆的一家人

3.in his grandparents? house 在他祖父母家里 4.after

lunch 午饭后

5.under the Christmas tree 在圣诞树下 6.so many

presents 那么多的礼物

7.not mine 不是我的(东西) 8. a

beautiful wallet 一个漂亮的皮夹子

9.like the colour very much 非常喜欢这颜色 10.You?re

welcome.不用谢。

11.Christmas presents 圣诞礼物 12.a Christmas party 一个圣诞聚会

13.clean the sitting-room 打扫客厅 14.by bus 乘公共汽车

15.at the back of the bus 在公共汽车后面 16.get off 下车

17.under the seat 在座位底下 18.in front of me 在我前面

19.the woman beside him 在他旁边的女士 20. walk to the driver 走向司机

21.ask him to take it the police station请求他把它带到警察局

22.the picture of the football足球的图片

二、句子

1. This one is from Grandma. It?s yours. 这个是爷爷送的。它是你的。

2. Open it for me, please. 请为我打开它。

3. Thank you very much! You?re welcome. 十分感谢。 不用谢。

4. Whose comb is it? It?s mine. 这是谁的梳子?它是我的。

5. Whose skateboards are they? They?re theirs. 这些滑板是谁的? 是他们的。

6. He pointed to the woman beside him. 他指着他旁边的

女士。

7. Who is the present from? It?s from my Dad. 这个礼物是谁送的?是我爸爸送的。

10. Look! The picture of the football in your book is good! 看!你书上的足球图片很好! 三、语法:

1.形容词性物主代词起形容词的作用,后面一定要跟名词。 名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词。例如: This is my bag. = This is mine.

That is her ruler. = That is hers. 2. 人称代词分为两种:主格和宾格。 (1)主格一般在句中作主语。

如:I am a teacher. You are a student.(我是一名教师,你是一名学生。)

(2)宾格在句中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

如:He is showing us his stamps.(他正在给我们看他的邮票。)

This card is for you.(这张贺卡是给你的。)

一、 用所给单词的适当形式填空。(10分) 1. Mary?s brother likes (run).

(you) orange is on the desk. This is (I)

3. Let?s (eat) some hamburgers. We are hungry. 5. What would you like? I?d like (drink) some coffee.

6. The football match is very (excite). 7. John can speak (China).

8. Are (them) carrots? No, they?re (our).

9. Would you like (some) chocolate?

10. There (be) an elephant and some tigers in the zoo.

二、 找出错误的选项,并在横线上订正。(10分)

( )1. “Whose wallet is this?” I asked the man in front

A. B. C. D.

( )2. Whose your present from? It?s from my brother.

A. B. C. D.

( )3. Mum, shall we went to the library by bus? OK.

A. B. C. D.

( )4. These earphones are Lucy?s. They?re his.

A. B. C. D. ( )

A. B. C. D. ( )6. birthday, Tom? A. B. C. D.

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