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五年级下册知识点归纳及同步练习)

发布时间:2014-01-04 14:44:36  

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PEP五年级上册英语知识点归纳及同步练习

Unit 1 My New Teachers

一. 知识点归纳

1 词汇

old 年老的

funny滑稽可笑的

四会: tall高的 kind和蔼的 亲切的

young年轻的 strict 严格的

short 矮的 smart 聪明的巧妙地

thin 瘦的 active 积极的活跃的

strong强壮的 安静的,文静的

其他:,很非常

2 她是我妈妈。

他很高很健壮。 ----- Is she very old ? -----No ,she is very young .

-----Is he very short ? -----No, she isn’t . She is very tall .

(3) 询问人的性格特点

----- Is she very quiet ? ----- No ,she isn’t. She ’s very active .

她很文静吗? 不,她很活跃。

----- Is she very strict ? ----- Yes , she is . But she is very kind.

她很严厉吗? 是的。 但是她很和蔼。

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Exercise For Unit 1

(一)写出下列词的反义词

young ___________ quiet _____________ tall ___________

strong _________ new ___________ long _________ strict _____________

(二)填上适当的单词使句子完整通顺。

1 A: ___________ is the girl ?

B: ___________ my sister .

3 A; _______ Tom’s father like?

B: _________ __________ thin and quiet.

4 A: Is your English teacher _________ ?

B: No, she _________ . She is short . _________ she is pretty.

4:Mr. Ma is not young .He is __________.

5 (三) 补全对话

1 A:___________________________________________ ?

B: I’m fine .Thank you .

B: She is my sister .

A: ____________________________________________?

B: Yes ,___________________ .But she is very kind.

(四) 根据所给的信息完成句子。

1 What is man like ? ( 高个 ,瘦)_____________________________________.

2 Is your English teacher very active ? ( 文静的)___________________________. 3 Who’s that old woman ? ( 校长)_________________________________________ . 4 Is Tom very thin ? ( 强壮) __________________________________________.

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Unit 2 My days of the week

一、 本单元知识重点:

词 汇

Monday ( Mon.) 星期一 Chinese (语文)

Tuesday ( Tue. ) 星期二 math(数学)

Wednesday (Wed.)星期三 subject English(英语)

week Thursday( Thu.)星期四 (科目) art(美术)

Friday ( Fri.) 星期五 music(音乐)

Saturday ( Sat.)星期六 P.E. (体育)

Sunday ( Sun.)星期日 science(自然科学)

do homework 做家庭作业 do housework 做家务事 watch TV read books 读书 play ping-pong打乒乓球 What about…? …怎么样? play computer games玩电脑游戏

have有;吃 too 也;太

句 型

1. 今天是星期几? 今天是星期一。 It’

2你星期六常干什么? What do you often do on Saturday?

我常做家庭作业 I often do homework.

? What do you have on Wednesday?

. We have Chinese math and English.

3. What about you? 那你呢? (用于来问别人同样的问题而又不重复前面的问句。)

4. John likes Mondays and Fridays, because he likes P.E.

Exercise

一、完成句子.

1. Today is Sunday. Tomorrow is _______________.

2. A: I clean the table and chairs, wash the plates, clean the floor, make the bed…

B: Oh, you do much _______________.

3. _______________ is it? It’s eight.

4. Mike _________ science on Monday.

5. _________________ is your P.E. teacher? Mr Black is our P.E. teacher.

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6. The first day of a week is ___________.

7. The day before Sunday is ____________.

8. The day after Wednesday is ______________.

二、根据上下文补充所缺的句子。

1.A:

B:It’s nine o’clock.

2. A: What do you do on Saturdays?

B: ?

3. ?

B: We have art class and Chinese class.

4. ?

B: Today is Tuesday.

5. A: What’s Sarah’s father like?

6. A: ______________________________ ?

B: Yes, I can swim.

F”。

Hello! My name is Sarah. I’’s seven o’clock now. Oh, it’s time to do my homework.

( )1、( )2、( )3、( )4、It’( )5、Sarah likes Tuesdays and Fridays.

Unit 3 What’s Your Favourite Food?

1. 所涉及的重点词汇有:

eggplant 茄子 sweet 甜的

vegetable tomato 西红柿 sour 酸的

(蔬菜) green beans 青豆 taste辣的

cabbage 卷心菜 (味道 salty 咸的

potato 土豆 fresh 新鲜的

carrot 胡萝卜 tasty 好吃的

onion 洋葱 healthy 健康的

cucumber 黄瓜 不健康的

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chicken 鸡肉

pork 猪肉 breakfast 早餐

meat(肉) beef 牛肉 meals lunch 中餐

mutton 羊肉 (三餐) dinner/supper 晚餐

others (其他): tofu(豆腐) fish(鱼) fruit (水果) grape (葡萄)

2. 所涉及的重点句型:

? What would you like for breakfast/lunch/dinner?你中餐想吃什么

-- I’d like (some)…

? What do you have for breakfast/ lunch/ dinner…(时间)? (你… 吃什么)

--I have …

? What does… have …? ( 第三人称 …… 吃什么?)

--He/ She has …

? What’s your favourite food/fruit? (你最喜欢的食物/ -- I like …(best). It’s / They’re …

--What about you? ( 你呢? )

? …

’t.

? 1. 1. 2. I don3. 4. 5. 2. 补全对话。

Mike: ________________________________, Chen Jie ?

Chen Jie : I like bananas. They are tasty.______________________?

Mike: I don’t like them, but I like oranges. They are ______________.

Chen Jie: Yes. But they are too _________. _____________________________? Mike: I’d like some French fries and hot dogs.

Chen Jie: I’d like some French fries and hot dogs.

Mike: Let’s go and have lunch now.

3. 根据实际情况回答问题或根据答句写问句。

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1. ?

B: I’d like some potatoes for dinner on Friday .

2.

B: I have fish and beef for lunch on Sunday.

3. B: I like chicken.

4. B: My favourite fruit is bananas.

5. Are green beans your favourite food?

6.

7. 8.

9. 一. at home 在家 ill 有病的

wash the windows 擦窗 just do it 就这么干吧

have a try 试一试 robot 机器人

下棋 helpful 有用的 有帮助的

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二. 能够灵活运用的有关句型。

1. -------What can you/he/I do ? 你/他/我能做什么?

------ I /He/You can ?. 我/他/你能?.

2 . ----- Can you/I/ he ?? 你/我/他能?吗?

----- Yes, I/you/he can. / No(sorry) , I can’t . 是的,我/你/他能。/ 不,我不能。 But I ‘d like to have a try. 但是我想试一下。

三. 语法。(Can 的用法)

结构:主语+can + 动词原形。主语没有人称和数的变化。“.表示能?”

如: I can sweep the floor. 我能扫地。

You can sweep the floor. 你能扫地。

He can sweep the floor. 他能扫地。

They can sweep the floor. 他们能扫地。

陈述句肯定式:主语+can + 动词原形。

如: I can cook the meals.

陈述句否定式:主语+can +not + 动词原形。

如: I can not / can’t cook the meals.

句式 一般疑问式及回答: Can + 主语 + 动词原形?

如: ---- Can you cook the meals?

----- Yes, I can./ No, I can /不,我不会。

特殊疑问式: What + can +主语+do

如: What can you

一.选择填空。

( ) .

A. can B. can’t c.

( ) 2. A. Where B. Who’ C. Who

( ) 3. Can you A. seat C. set

( ) for my mother on Saturdays.

B. dish C.fish

( ) at home ,Kate? Yes, I am.

B. helpful C. helping

( ) 6. I can’t wash the clothes. But I put away them.

A. can B. can’t C. am

( ) 7. We do homework on Sundays.

A. your B. my C. our

( ) 8. Do you the trash at home?

A. cook B. make C. empty

二.连词成句。

1.can ,the, do , girl, what?

2.at , home, you , John, are , helpful?

?

3. you , do , can , housework?

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?

4. to , I’d ,have , a , like , try.

?

5. the ,away, we, clothes, can , put.

?

四. 按实际情况回答下列问题。

1.What can you do at home ?

2.Can you use a computer?

3.Can you cook the meals?

五、选出正确的单词填在适当的横线上。

bedroom (卧室) look at (看一看) kitchen (厨房) own (自己的) 房间(room bathroom (卫生间) (二)三会 flat (公寓) living room(客厅) third (第三) work (工作) tell (告诉) 2 句型

① —— What is your room like ?

—— There are /There is ?

I have ?

3 介词

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1.There is a book on the desk.. 桌上有一本书。

2. The school is on the right. 学校在右边。

3. On the 1st of October, I’m going on a trip. 在十月一号,我要去旅行。

4. I’ll buy a magazine on plant. 我要去买一本有关于植物的杂志。

( 表示“关于” 时,相当于“about”)

② in 在?的里面

My book is in my bag. 我的书在书包里面。

③ under 在下面

The football is under the chair . 足球在椅子下面。

④ near 在附近

The trash bin is near the desk . 垃圾桶在桌子旁边。

⑤ behind 在下面

The cat is behind the door . 小猫在门后面。

⑥ over 在上面 只在某个物体的正上方,不与物体接触

(on 指在某个物体的上面,和物体接触。)

The bridge (桥) is over the river .

⑦ in front of 在前方 in the front of 在前部

eg: The teacher is in front of the students .

一.填空

2 ______.

’s so cool .

________________________________________.

3 What is your bedroom like ?

______________________________________________________________________.

4 What’s on your desk ?

__________________________________________.

5 Is there a computer in your room?

___________________________________________.

三 阅读短文,选择正确的答案。

Look at the picture .It is my bedroom. My bedroom is very nice and clean .There is a big photo on the wall ,over the bed .It is a photo of my family . My dad , my mom, my sister and I are in it .There is a desk and a chair near the bed .On the desk , you can see a computer . I can use the computer . There is a basketball under the bed .Basketball is my favourite sport .Are there any 21世纪教育网 -- 中国最大型、最专业的中小学教育资源门户网站。 版权所有@21世纪教育网

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closets ? No .My bedroom is small ,but I like it .

( )1 .There are _____________ people in my family .

A four B five C three

( )2 Is there a football in my bedroom ?

A No, there isn’t . B Yes , there is . C No ,there is .

( )3 The photo of the family if _________.

A near the window B on the desk C over the bed

( )4 My bedroom is very ________.

A nice B big C dirty

( )5 Which one is right ?

A There is a closet in my bedroom.

B I like playing basketball very much .

C I don’t have sisters .

D I can’t use the computer .

四 选词填空

1 There is _________ ( a, an ,the) end table in my room

2 Put the books ____________(on, in ,under) the shelf .

3 We have a new flat .It’4 _________ (What’s , what’s ,How’Book5 A Unit 6 In a nature park

重点词汇

river河流 flower花 草 湖泊 forest森林

path 小路 park公园 house 房子 bridge桥

tree 树 road公路;建筑物 clean 干净的 sky天空

cloud云 mountain 村庄;乡村 city 城市 farm农场

air 空气 跑;奔跑 any 任何的;所有的

重要句型和语法点

Is there…? Are there any…?回答时要用 Yes/ No, there…. 公园里有个湖吗?Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t. 是的, 有. / 不,没有 .Are there any lakes in the park? Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t.

There be 句型与have/has 的区别.

There be 表示在某地存在有某物.There is / are 其过去式为 There was/ were a /an+ 可数名词单数

(in/on /under/ in front of ..)

Some/ much+ 不可数名词

There are(were) + 名词的复数形式 + 地点.

have/ has 用于表达某人拥有某物.

3. some和 any 的区别.

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some用于肯定陈述句中. any 用于否定句和疑问句中 No, there isn’ Exercise For Unit 6

一、读对话,完成下列空格。

John: Would you _________ to go to the nature _______ with me, Mike? Mike: Mmm… Let me ________ . Is there a lake over there?

John: No, but there is a forest. You can see many _________ in it.

Mike: Are there any ____________ ?

John: Yes, we can climb on them.

Mike: Is there any wind in the park?

二、按要求完成下列句子。

1.Were there any teachers in the classroom? (作否定回答)

2.How many teacher’按实际情况回答)

3. Are there any kites in the sky? ()

就划线部分提问)

(改为单数形式)

(改为一般疑问句)

7. Is there an air-condition in your classroom?( 作肯定回答)

_______________________.

8 Are there any birds in the tree? (作否定回答)

___________________________.

三、翻译下列句子。

1. 在我们学校有许多树。

2. 杯子里有些牛奶吗?

3.下有个盒子吗?

4. Mike 有几个中国朋友。

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