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英语寒假生活(四)

发布时间:2014-01-05 09:48:18  

英语寒假生活(四)

【基础运用】

I. 复习B2U2-3词汇写出下列单词的正确形式. (每空1分,共10分)

1. I have__________________(替换) the old tyres with new ones.

2.He had a _______________(身体的)examination yesterday and he is in good condition.

3.They__________________(做广告) that they had a used car for sale.

4.We thought he _______________(值得) to be punished because his behavior.

5.She made a ___________________(讲条件,协议) with her father.

6. They c_________ for the first prize in the race yesterday.

7. This house can a__________ 50 people.

8. Try to _________ (使简化) your explanation for the students to help them understand better.

9. I made an a___________ to the company for a position.

10.He tried his best to find a way to s________ the problem

II. 复习B2U2-3课文,根据句意完成句子(每题1分,共10分)

1. What do the five rings on the Olympic flag __________________(代表)?

2. Cherry is ______________________(掌管 负责) here. You can find her in her office.

3. He threw the golden apples _______________________ (一个接一个).

4. I like walking and I like watching TV__________________(也).

5. My brother has graduated from our school and soon he will______________(被录取) college.

6. With the help of a computer, you will not find it hard to _______ _______ (处理)and share information.

7. We attend a party _________ _________ __________.(每隔一周)

8. Mr Zhao is ______ _______ _______ (负责)this company.

9. The changes are an improvement ______ ________ ________.(从某种意义来说)

10. Anyhow ,my goal is to provide humans with a life ______ _______ _________(高质量的) III 单项填空(每题1分,共10分)

1.He admitted _______ the novel.

A. to read B. to have read C. read D. having read

2.Our country is no longer _______.

A. what it used to be B. what it used to like

C. look like it used to be D. what it used to be like

3. More and more people have realized ______ good knowledge of earthquake prevention is______ must, especially when you live in Sichuan province.

A. a; / B. /; / C. a; a D. /; a

4. Realizing the great renewal of the Chinese nation is just _____ we call “China dream”.

A. which B. that C. what D. where

5. —____ makes a scientist different from ordinary people?

—Curiosity, I think.

A. How is it that B. What is it that C. What is that D. How is that

6.It was April 29,2001________Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the wedding ceremony. A.that B.when C.since D.before

7. The loss has not yet been ______ accurately, but it is believed to be well beyond a hundred million dollars.

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A. calculated B. considered C. completed D. controlled

8.________ the questions put forward,he felt very happy.

A.Solved B.Having solved C.Solving D.To solve

9.He studys very hard. I’m sure he is ________ the way to becoming a college student.

A.on B.in C.at D.by

10.The difficulty we now meet with is _____ we can persuade him to tell the truth.

A. whether B. that C. what D. how

【能力提升】

IV完形填空(共20小题:每小题1分,满分20分)

I live in Albuquerque, New Mexico. I used to give a lot of money to the homeless,

, and giving money to the people on the side of the road and .

Things started to change for . I had a home, a backyard for my daughter, and

, “Will work for food.” I. My daughter commented. “Mommy, you used to or other bad things.” She didn’t respond.when I said that, I didn’t feel right.

my daughter from school. A man was standing on

the corner, and something said, “Just help the guy.” So Idown my window, and he ran over excitedly. He said, “God bless you, I only need 77 cents.” Imy ashtray (烟灰缸with joy and tears in his eyes. “Wow,

you just made for me to see my mom for Christmas! Thank you so much; that had this great sale is leaving in 20 minutes!” It was a moment I’llforever. I think that man won’t forget it either, but I was the one who got the best gift in life—GIVING.

1. A. angry B. grateful C. sorry D. strange

2. A. problem B. burden C. disease D. debt

3. A. continued B. stopped C. hated D. appreciated

4. A. rich B. bitter C. relaxed D. pleased

5. A. slowly B. immediately C. quickly D. greatly

6. A. save B. pull C. run D. feed

7. A. determination B. sign C. child D. advertisement

8. A. ran away B. turned back C. passed by D. sped up

9. A. danger B. love C. need D. sadness

10. A. life B. book C. food D. smoking

11. A. And B.So C. But D. Even

12. A. bring up B. carry out C. pick up D. take out

13. A. on B. inside C. behind D. over

14. A. rolled B. pushed C. blew D. took

15. A. reached B. went C. knocked D. shouted

16. A. hid B. stood C. sat D. slept

17. A. burst out B. turned up C. set out D. stood up

18. A. wonderful B. meaningful C. possible D. interesting

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19. A. plane B. man C. woman D. bus

20. A. thank B. remember C. respect D. hold

V阅读理解(共10小题:每小题2分,满分20分)A

Of course, the main difference on the Chinese dinner table is chopsticks instead of knife and fork, but that’s only superficial. Besides, in decent restaurants, you can always ask for a pair of knife and fork, if you find the chopsticks not helpful enough. The real difference is that in the West, you have your own plate of food, while in China the dishes are placed on the table and everyone shares. If you are being treated to a formal dinner and particularly if the host thinks you’re in the country for the first time, he will do the best to give you a taste of many different types of dishes.

The meal usually begins with a set of at least four cold dishes, to be followed by the main courses of hot meat and vegetable dishes. Soup then will be served (unless in Guangdong style restaurants) to be followed by staple food ranging from rice, noodles to dumplings. If you wish to have your rice to go with other dishes, you should say so in good time, for most of the Chinese choose to have the staple food at last or have none of them at all.

Perhaps one of the things that surprise a western visitor most is that some of the Chinese hosts like to put food into the plates of their guests. In formal dinners, there are always “public” chopsticks and spoons for this purpose, but some hosts may use their own chopsticks. This is a sign of genuine friendship and politeness. It is always polite to eat the food. If you do not eat it, just leave the food in the plate.

People in China tend to over-order food, for they will find it embarrassing if all the food is consumed. When you have had enough, just say so. Or you will always overeat!

1. What’s the main difference on dinner table between China and West is ___________.

A. On Chinese dinner table, chopsticks replace knife and fork.

B. The host will do the best to give you a taste of many different types of dishes.

C. You’re treated to a formal dinner for the first time.

D. You have your own plate of food in West while in China everyone shares the dishes.

2. If you have a dinner in a Chinese home, in which order will the food be served in China? a. a set of four cold dishes.

b. staple food such as rice, noodle or dumplings.

c. the main courses of hot meat and vegetable dishes.

d. serving soup.

A. acbd B. cabd C. acdb D. cadb

3. According to the passage, we can infer that ___________.

A. Chinese all think it impolite for guests to ask for a pair of knife and fork.

B. Chinese think it impolite for guests to leave food in the plate.

C. People in China tend to over-order food, for they will find it embarrassing if all the food is

consumed.

D. Chinese think it polite to put food into the plated of the guests with their own chopsticks.

4. The sentence, in passage 2, “you should say so in good time” means ______________.

A. you should say so happily B. you’d better say so

C. you should say so early D. you should say so kindly.

5. The “public chopsticks and spoons” are used to ______.

A. show the politeness to the guests. B. put food into the plates of their guests 3

C. share the food together D. show the genuine friendship and politeness

B

Some people bring out the best in you in a way that you might never have fully realized on your own. My mom was one of those people.

My father died when I was nine months old, making my mom a single mother at the age of eighteen. While I was growing up, we lived a very hard life. We had little money, but my mom gave me a lot of love. Each night, she sat me on her lap and spoke the words that would change my life, “Kemmons, you are certain to be a great man and you can do anything in life if you work hard enough to get it.”

At fourteen, I was hit by a car and the doctors said I would never walk again. Every day, my mother spoke to me in her gentle, loving voice, telling me that no matter what those doctors said, I could walk again if I wanted to badly enough. She drove that message so deep into my heart that I finally believed her. A year later, I returned to school—walking on my own!

When the Great Depression(大萧条)hit, my mom lost her job. Then I left school to support the both of us. At that moment, I was determined never to be poor again.

Over the years, I experienced various levels of business success. But the real turning point occurred(出现)on a vacation I took with my wife and five kids in 1951. I was dissatisfied with the second-class hotels available for families and was angry that they charged an extra $2 for each child. That was too expensive for the average American family. I told my wife that I was going to open a motel(汽车旅馆)for families that would never charge extra for children. There were plenty of doubters at that time.

Not surprisingly, mom was one of my strongest supporters. She worked behind the desk and even designed the room style. As in any business, we experienced a lot of challenges. But with my mother’s words deeply rooted in my soul, I never doubted we would succeed. Fifteen years later, we had the largest hotel system in the world—Holiday Inn. In 1979 my company had 1759 inns in more than fifty countries with an income of $1 billion a year.

You may not have started out life in the best situations. But if you can find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you.

6. What Kemmons’ mom often told him during his childhood was_______.

A. caring B. moving C. encouraging D. interesting

7. According to the author, who played the most important role in making him walk back to

school again?

A. Doctors. B. Nurses. C. Friends. D. Mom.

8. What caused Kemmons to start a motel by himself?

A. His mom’s support. B. His previous business success of various levels.

C. His terrible experience in the hotel. D. His wife’s suggestion.

9. Which of the following best describes Kemmons’ mother?

A. Modest, helpful and hard-working. B. Careful, helpful and beautiful.

C. Loving, supportive and strong-willed. D. Strict, sensitive and supportive.

10. Which of the following led to Kemmons’ success according to the passage?

A. Self-confidence, hard work, higher-education and a poor family.

B. Mom’s encouragement, a poor family, higher education and opportunities.

C. Clear goals,mom’s encouragement, a poor family and higher education.

D. Mom’s encouragement, clear goals, self-confidence and hard work.

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英语寒假生活(四)答案

I写出下列单词的正确形式.

1.replaced 2.physical 3.advertised 4.deserved 5.bargain

1. competed 2. admit 3. simplify 4. application 5. solve

II. 根据句意写出短语.

1. stand for 2. in charge 3. one after another 4. as well 5. be admitted into/to

6. deal ,with 7. every other week/every two weeks 8. in ,charge, of 9. in, a, way

10. of high quality

III 单项填空 1-5 DACCB 6-10BABAD

IV完形填空:

1. C。feel sorry for sb.为(某人)难过;同情(某人)。

2. D。从第41空后面的out of debt可以推断此处选A。

3. B。从前面一句中所讲的“我”没有了家、负债、几乎没有收入可以推断后来“我”“停止”给路边的人钱了。

4. B。“我”以前经常给路边的人钱,但后来“我”没有了家、负债、几乎没有收入,因此变得“愤愤不平的(bitter)”。

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16. C。sit在这里的意思是“坐落在,被放在”。

17. A。burst out突然激动地喊叫。

18. C。“我”的帮助使得被帮助者“有可能”在圣诞节回家看望母亲。

19. D。从上下文内容可排除C、D两项;对于一个需要接济的人来说, 坐飞机的可能性并不大, 况且“我”给他的钱也很少。故选B项。

20. B。与后面的won’t forget对应。

V阅读理解(共10小题:每小题2分,满分20分)

A

1.D。根据第一段第一句 “the main difference on the Chinese dinner table is chopsticks

instead of knife and fork, but that’s only superficial”可知A不对。根据第三句“The real difference is that in the West, you have your own plate of food, while in China the

dishes are placed on the table and everyone shares.”可知应该选D。

2.C。本题为细节理解题。可以根据文章第二段第一句“The meal usually begins with a set

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of at least four cold dishes, to be followed by the main courses of hot meat and vegetable dishes.”可知是以a set of four cold dishes开始的,然后是the main courses of hot meat and vegetable dishes。根据第二句“Soup then will be served (unless in Guangdong style restaurants) to be followed by staple food ranging from rice, noodles to dumplings.”可知先上serving soup,再上the main courses of hot meat and vegetable dishes。 可以推出应该选择C。

3.D。本题为细节理解题。从第三段最后一句“ If you do not eat it, just leave the food in the

plate. ”可知B项不对;选项C是文章直接给出的,故而不选。从文章第一段第二句“you can always ask for a pair of knife and fork, if you find the chopsticks not helpful enough.”可知A不对。从第三段第一句“some of the Chinese hosts like to put food into the plates of their guests.”可知应该选D。

4.C。本题考查学生根据上下文推理的能力。从下文“??for most of the Chinese choose

to have the staple food at last or have none of them at all.”来看中国人都喜欢最后吃主食或者不吃,因此如果你想吃的话要提早说。故而选择C。

5.B。根据文章倒数第二段第二句话In formal dinners, there are always “public” chopsticks

and spoons for this purpose,….可知是为了this purpose ,而this应该是承接上文所指即“to put food into the plates of their guests”,因此应该选择B。

B

6.解析:这是一道细节题。根据第二段中作者的妈妈说的话“Kemmons,you are certain to be a great man and you can do anything in life if you work hard enough to get it.”可判断出当作者 年幼时妈妈给他最多的是鼓励。 答案:C

7.解析:这是一道细节题。根据第三段中的“Every day,my mother spoke to me in her

gentle,loving voice,telling me that no matter what those doctors said,I could walk again if I wanted to badly enough. She drove that message so deep into my heart that I finally believed her. A year later,I returned to school—walking on my own!”可判断出是作者的妈妈使他重返学校。 答案:D

8.解析:这是一道细节题。根据倒数第三段中的“I was dissatisfied with the second-class

hotels available for families and was angry that they charged an extra $2 for each child. That was too expensive for the average American family. I told my wife that I was going to open a motel for families that would never charge extra for children.”可判断出作者决定自己开办旅馆的原因是他在旅馆的一次糟糕的经历。 答案:C

9.解析:这是一道细节推断题。根据短文的内容可推断出作者的妈妈是一个谦虚、对人有帮助和努力工作的人。 答案:C

10.解析:这是一道细节推断题。作者在这篇短文中讲述了他年幼时他妈妈对他的鼓励。成年后他的目标明确,充满自信心,努力地为自己的目标而奋斗,所以他成功的原因是:妈妈的鼓励、明确的目标、自信心和勤奋工作。 答案:D

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