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牛津6A知识梳理

发布时间:2014-01-06 12:39:24  

6A知识梳理

Unit 1 Public signs

一、单词(音标和易错、易混淆词汇)

8. would 1. /'?: lwe?z/ 15. /ki:p ?f/ 29. /'kw?kl?/

9. quiet 安静的,静静的 2. /'kwest??n/ 16. /??dnt/ 30. /p?k ?p/

10.quietly 安静地,静静地 3. /ɑ:sk/ 17. /b?:d/ 31. /'ki:p?/

11.quickly 快地 4. /mi:n/ 18. /ke?d?/ 32. /k?m ?p/

12.litter 乱丢杂物 5. /m?st/ 19. / 'kwa??t/ 33. /p??nt/

13.little 小的 6. /??d/ 20. /me?k n??z/ 34. /fa?n/

易错、易混淆词汇 14. smoke 吸烟 7 /te?k ? w?:k/ 21. /sm??k/

1. always 总是 15.brother 兄,弟 8. /p?k/ 22. /'l?t?/

2. away (离)开 9. /'p?bl?k/ 23. /pɑ:k/ 16. cousin 堂(表)兄弟;

3. grass 草;草地 10. /sa?n/ 24. /'s?d?nl?/ 堂(表)姐妹

4. glass 玻璃 11. /'k?zn/ 25. /'s?mθ??/ 17. sister 姐,妹

5. sign 标志;告示牌 12. /'de?nd??/ 26. /n??t/

6. sing 唱 13. / ?'we?/ 27. /l?k ?'ra?nd/

7. should 应当,应该 14. /grɑ:s/ 28. /,n??'ba?/

二、词组

1. 本的表弟Ben’s birthday 15. 危险!Danger!

2. 四岁four years old 16. 禁止吃喝No eating or drinking

3. 一些公共标志some public signs 17. 禁止践踏草坪Keep off the grass

4. 问一些问题ask some questions 18. 保持安静Be quiet

5. 意味着不同的东西mean different 19. 散步6. 远离大楼stay away from the building 20. 看见某物see something

7. 在草坪上走walk on the grass 21. 一张十元钞票a ten-yuan note

8. 在鸟笼上on the birds’ cage 22. 环顾四周look around

9. 吵闹make noise 23. 把它捡起来pick it up

10. 知道许多关于?的知识know a lot about 24. 一个公园管理员a park keeper

11. 禁止吸烟No smoking 25. 来到?跟前come up to

12. 禁止乱扔垃圾No littering 26. 指向?point to

13. 禁止停车No parking 27. 难道你看不见?吗?Can?t you see…?

14. 禁止触摸Do not touch 28. 罚款十元fine ten yuan

三、句子w W w . x K b 1 .c o M

1. Jack is only four years old but he always has a lot of questions. 杰克只有四岁但他总是有许多问题。

2. He is asking Ben some questions about public signs. 他正在问本一些关于公共标志的问题。

3. They mean different things. 它们的意思各不相同。

4. You must stay away from the building. 你必须远离这座大楼。

5. Suddenly, he sees something on the grass. 突然,他看见草地上有东西。

6. There is no one nearby. He quickly walks to the note and picks it up.

附近没人,他赶紧走到纸币旁将它捡起来。

7. The park keeper points to a sign on the grass. 公园管理员指向草地上的标志。

8. Can?t you see the sign over there, sir? 先生,难道你看不见那边的标志吗?

9. The sign on the wall means “Danger!”. 墙上的标志意思是“危险!”。

10. I know a lot about public signs, and I want to learn more about them.

我了解了许多关于公共标志的知识,我想学更多这方面的知识。

四、知识点

1. No + 动词-ing: 禁止做某事

翻译词组:禁止拍照 ;禁止游泳 。 2. He quickly walks to the note and picks it up.

pick up如宾语是代词,只能放两词中间;如宾语是名词,既可放中间,也可放后面,take off用法与它相同。 翻译词组:

把他们捡起来 ;把苹果捡起来 ; 脱掉他的戏服 ;脱下它 。

3. 同义句: It means you should keep off the grass.= It means you shouldn?t walk on the grass. It means you should be quiet. = 4. Can’t you see the sign over there, sir? 先生,你难道没有看到那边的标志吗? Yes,I can.不,我看见了。No, I can?t. 是的,我没看到。翻译句子:

你难道不会唱这首歌吗? 5. The sign on the birds’ cage is interesting.

是复数形式的名词所有格,其单数所有格是bird。翻译词组:

教师办公室 ;我老师的钢笔 。 6. about作为介词

①表示大约、差不多;I get up at about six thirty. ②表示关于、有关。 翻译句子:

他正在问本一些关于公共标志的问题。 现在我知道了许多关于公共标志的知识。 你也想学习更多关于公共标识的知识。

Unit 2 Ben’s birthday

一、单词(音标和易错、易混淆词汇)

5.month 月 1. /'b?: θde? ; b?: θd?/ 14. / ?z / 28. /,twent? 'f?:st/

6.present 礼物,赠品 2. /de?t/ 15. /'prez?nt/ 29. /n??'vemb?/

7.parent 父,母亲 3. /wen/ 16. /vi:si:di:/ 30. /d?'semb?/

8.second 第二(的) 4. /'sek?nd/ 17. /?'l?d?n/ 31. /'d?:bel/

9.January一月 5. /mɑ: t?/ 18. /we?t/ 32. /te?k ?f/

10.February 二月 6. /θ?:d/ 19. /'d??nj??r?/ 33. /'k?stju:m/

11.September 九月 7. /'e?pr?l/ 20. /'febr??r?/ 34. /bl?? a?t/

12. November 十一月 8. /f?: θ/ 21. /f?fθ/) 35. /'k?ndl/

易错、易混淆词汇 9. /me?/ 22. /s?ksθ/ 13.December 十二月 1.date 日期 10./d?u:n/ 23. /d??'la?/ 14.June 六月 2. day 一天 11. /?k' t??b?/ 25. /twelfθ/ 15. July 七月 3.March 三月 12. /wenz/ 26. /'twent?θ/

4.match 比赛 13. /'?:g?st/ 27. /sep'temb?/

二、词组

1. 在本的班上in Ben?s class 3. 放学后after school 2. 一起回家go home together 4. 谈论talk about

5. 本的生日Ben?s birthday 12. 在本的生日聚会上at Ben?s birthday party

6. 十月十六日theof October 13.在电话中7. 在8月6日on the 6th of August 14. 脱下他的戏服take off his costume

8. 作为一件生日礼物as a birthday present 15. 第十二天 day

9. 一张日本卡通片的影视光碟 16. 在三月in March

a VCD of Japanese cartoons 17. 吹灭蜡烛blow out the candles

10. 让我们等着瞧。Let?s wait and see. 18. 祝你生日快乐Happy birthday to you

11. 一个带有许多葡萄的蛋糕 19. 在三楼on the third floor

a cake with lots of grapes

xKb1. Co m

三、句子

1. Ben and Jim often go home together after school. 本和吉姆经常在放学后一起回家。

2. My birthday is on the 18th of October. 我的生日在十月十八日。

3. Would you like to come to my birthday party? 你愿意来参加我的生日晚会吗?

4. What would you like as a birthday present? 你想要什么作为生日礼物?

5. Would you like a VCD of Japanese cartoons? 你想要一个日本卡通的影碟吗?

6. Ben is talking to his family about his birthday party. 本正在和他的家人谈论他的生日晚会。

7. I would like to have a cake with lots of grapes. 我想要一个有许多葡萄的蛋糕。

8. Ron is telling Uncle Joe about the party on the phone. 荣正在电话里告诉乔叔叔晚会的事情。

9. Mike is giving Ben some cartoons as a birthday present. 迈克正在给本一些卡通片作为生日礼物。

10. Now the children are singing the song “Happy Birthday to You” to Ben.

现在孩子们正在对本唱“祝你生日快乐”歌。

四、知识点

1. 询问日期: What date is it today?,同义句“What?s the date today?”

询问星期几:What day is it today?

8月2日,写作:the 2nd of August,读作:the second of August,也可写为:Aug.2nd 读作August (the) second th of October.

3. would like +名词/ would like +to+动词

Would you like a VCD of Japanese cartoons, too? Yes, please. /No, thanks.

Would you like to come to my birthday party? Yes/Sure, I?d like to.

4. would like = want

I would like a yo-yo. = I want a yo-yo.

I?d like to have a yo-yo. = I want to have a yo-yo.

写出同义句:The boy would like a dog as a present.

5. talk to sb. about sth. 和某人谈论某事。

与talk有关词组有:talk to sb.与某人谈话; talk about sth.谈论某事

X k B 1 . c o m本正在和他的家人谈论他的生日聚会。

他们正在办公室和李老师谈话。________________________________________________

学生们正在谈论他们的周末。____________________________________________

6. It?s time for + 名词,是该到……的时间了,同义句型 It?s time to do sth.

It?s time for class. = It?s time to have a class.

写出同义句:

It?It?7. 介词的用法

●时间介词

1) at表示具体的时间,意思是“在某一时刻”,常与o?clock,half past six等表示具体时间的短语连用。 如:He always gets up at seven every morning.

2) in 表示一段时间,常用January等表示月份的词和spring等表示季节的词连用; 表示上午,下午和晚上也用in(in the morning/ in the afternoon/ in the evening)如:

You shouldn?t sleep late in the morning.

3) on 表示具体的某一天,意思是“在……那天”,常和表示星期的词连用。如:

My birthday is on the 6th of May.

We have seven classes on Monday.

4) before 和 after 表示时间的先后顺序。

before 表示时间“在……之前”。如:The day before Thursday is Wednesday.

after表示时间“在……之后”。如:The boys often play football after school.

5) from?to?的结构,意思是“从……到……”。如:We have classes from Monday to Friday.

She worked in the garden from morning to evening.

注意:from…to…也可以用来表示地点,意思仍然是“从……到……”。如:

This train is from Beijing to Tianjin.

●表示方式,手段的介词 (常见的表示方式、手段的介词有by和 in)

1) by 表示“靠……;用……”。如:My mother goes to work by bus every day.

注意:这里有个特殊用法是on foot,表示“步行”。如:We go to school on foot.

2) in 表示“用……语言”。如:What?s this in English? She can sing this song in French.

介词填空:

1. Jack always has a lot questions.

2. He is asking Ben some questions public signs.

3. Can I go in?

4. Sundays, I often go to the park.

5. I get up 6:30.

6. We go to school Monday Friday.

7. My birthday is October.

8. The sign on the wall means keep the grass.

9. I go to work car every day. 新 课 标 第 一 网

10. The dog is running the cat.

11. Monday is Tuesday.

Unit 3 It was there!

一、单词(音标和易错、易混淆词汇) 1. /w?z w?z/ 2. /?k'sa?t?d/ 3. /'m??m?nt/ 4. /?'g??/ 5. /w?: ; w?/ 6. /d??st na?/ 7. /,m??ba?l'f??n/ 8. /glɑ:s?z/ 9. /sp?:ts de? / 10. /'r?n?? re?s/

11. /'k?m?r?/ 12. /?k'sa?t??/ 13. /f?lm/ 14. /gra?nd / 15. /'??f??n/ 16. /'da??r?/ 17. /'w?:km?n/ 18. /r??l/ 19. /r?'memb?/ 20. /w?:nt/

易错、易混淆词汇 1.was (am,is 的过去式) 2.were(are的过去式) 3.wasn?t= was not 4.weren?t= were not 5.moment 片刻、瞬间 6.mobile phone 手机 7. telephone 电话

8.earphones 耳机(复数) 8.excited兴奋的

9. exciting令人兴奋的

10. take 拿 11. talk 谈话 12. grass 草 13. glass 杯子 14. hair 头发 15. here 这里

16. hear 听说;听到

二、词组

1.Sports Day 体育运动日 2.be very excited非常兴奋的 3.take some photos拍一些照片 4.an exciting race一场令人兴奋的比赛 5.look for her camera寻找她的相机 6.watch the running race观看赛跑 7.pick them up把它们捡起来 8.a moment ago刚才、不久之前 9.just now刚才

10. on the ground在地上

11. in the playground 在操场上 12. next to 在…隔壁

13. in front of 在…前面 X k B 1 . c o m

14.all the students所有学生

15.a CD Walkman一个光盘随身听 16.a mobile phone一部手机 17.two mobile phones二部手机 18.a pair of earphones一副耳机 19.a pair of glasses一副眼镜

20.three pairs of glasses三副眼镜 21. a roll of film 一卷胶卷 22. three rolls of film三卷胶卷 23. three diaries三本日记本 24. try to do sth. 尽力做某事 25. remember to do sth. 记得做某事

三、句子

1. All the students are very excited. 所有学生都非常兴奋。 2. The running race is very exciting. 跑步比赛非常令人激动。

3. Can you pick it/ them up for me, please? 请问你能为我把它/ 他们捡起来吗? 4. Where?s your diary? It?s on the desk. 你的日记本在哪里?它在课桌上。

4. Where are my glasses? They are in your bag. 我的眼镜在哪里?它们在你的包里。 5. It isn?t there now. It was there a moment ago. 它现在不在那里。它刚才在那里的。

6. They aren?t there now. They aren?t there a moment ago. 它们现在不在那里。它们刚才在那里的。 7. Where was the camera just now? It was in the bag. 照相机刚才在哪里?它在包里。

8. Where were the films a moment ago? They were near the camera. 胶卷刚才在哪里?它们在照相机附近。

四、知识点

excited:兴奋的,激动的。(Sb.+ excited)

exciting:使人激动的,令人兴奋的。用于形容事物或事情。(sth.+exciting)

如:新 课 标 第 一 网 我很兴奋。(sb.+excited) 这是一个使人激动的故事。(sth.+exciting)

用excited和exciting填空

1. an __________ story 2. an _________ boy

3. The boys are very __________. They are playing an ___________ computer game.

4. The children are very _________on Children?s Day.

5. The swimming race is very ________.

2. Glasses眼镜作为复数,而a pair of glasses 一副眼镜作为单数,在句子中注意Be动词的正确使用。 例如:

The glasses are in the red box. 眼镜在红盒子里。

The pair of glasses is in the red box.那副眼镜在红盒子里。

同类型的还有earphones, a pair of earphones, ________, _______________/_________, _____________ 翻译句子:

我的那副耳机在哪里?__________________________________

我的耳机在哪里?__________________________________

这双鞋看上去很好看。__________________________________

鞋子看上去很好看。__________________________________

“look for” 表示“寻找”,强调找的动作。 “Find”表示“找到”,强调结果。

例如:

I?m looking for my pen, but I can?t find it.我正在找我的钢笔,但是我没有找到。

相类似的有:look at, see

“look at” 表示“看”,强调看的动作。 “See”表示“看见”,强调结果。

例如:

Please look at the blackboard. Can you see the words? 请看黑板。你能看到单词吗?

用look for, look at, find和see 填空

A: What are you doing?

B: I?m ______ my brother. I can?t ______ him? Where is he?

A: ________ at the boy.

B:Which one?

A:The one in the tree. Can you _____ him?

B: Yes, I can. He?s my brother. Thank you.

关于look的词组拓展: look around (环顾), look after(照顾),look like(看起来像)

●1. 定义:

一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。

关键词:a moment ago(刚才),just now(刚才),

yesterday(昨天),the day before yesterday (前天),

three months ago(三个月前),last night(昨晚)

I was late this morning. 今天早上我迟到了。

They were in Nanjing last year. 去年他们在南京

2. 关于动词be的过去式

动词be的过去式为was和were,第一人称单数和第三人称单数用was,其余用were。

1)肯定形式:主语+was / were + 其它

I /He / She /was …

He / She / It was …

We/You /They were …

2)否定形式:主语+wasn?t / weren?t + 其它

I was not / wasn?t …

He / She / It was not / wasn?t …

We / You / They were not / weren?t …

3)一般疑问形式及肯定和否定回答:

一般疑问句改法:将was, were提前放句首(Was / Were +主语+其它)

Was I …? Yes, you were. ? No, you weren?t.

Was he / she / it …? Yes, he / she / it was. / No, he / she / it wasn?t.

Were you …? Yes, I was. / No, I wasn?t.

Were they …? Yes, they were. / No, they weren?t.

4)特殊疑问句形式:特殊疑问词 + was / were + 主语 + 其他成分

Where were you yesterday?

用be动词的正确形式填空:

1. The earphones _________ on the desk just now.

2. The pair of earphones ______ on the desk now.

3. Where _______ the diary ? It ____ in the bag. It ____ not there now. It ______ there just now.

4. The storybooks _______ not here, but they _____________ here a moment ago.

5. Where _______ you just now? I ________ at home.

6. Yesterday Ben and his family _______ in his grandparents? house. 新 课 标 第 一 网 按要求完成句子:

1. Nancy is in the library.(用 a moment ago 改写句子)

Nancy _____ in the library _____ ______ ________.

2. My diary was in the desk just now. (改为一般疑问句,并作肯定和否定回答)

_______ ______diary in the desk just now? Yes, _____ _____. No, ____ ____.

3. There were some apples in the tree last year.(改为否定句)

There ______ ________ ______ apples in the tree last year. (画线部分提问)

_________ _______ they a moment ago? (画线部分提问)

________ ______ last week?

翻译句子:

1. 学生们不在教室。他们在哪里?他们不久前还在教室里,也许他们现在在操场上。 The students _______ in the classroom. Where ______ they?

They _____ in the classroom a _____ _____.

Perhaps they ____ in the playground now.

2. 我的眼镜在哪里?刚才在你的书包附近。

________ _______ my glasses? They ______ ______ your bag _____ _____.

Unit 5 On the farm

一、单词(音标和易错、易混淆词汇) 1. /'h?l?de?; 'h?l?d? / 2. /lɑ:st/ 3. / ?:l?/ 4. /mi:t/ 5. /b?'f?:(r)/ 6. /d?d/ 7. /p?l/

9. /fɑ:m/ 10. /'n?∫n?l/ 11. /'k?r?t/ 12. /m?lk/ 13. /ka?/ 14. /f?n/ 15. /'w?nd?fl/

17. /k?mp/ 18. /'v?l?b?:l/ 19. /'ma?nt?n/ 易错、易混淆词汇 1. last最后的;最近刚

4. carrot 胡萝卜 5. milk挤奶 Mike 麦克

6. wonderful 精彩的, 太好了

7. mountain 山

过去的

2. national 国家的 3. film 电影

8. /te?st/ 16. /zu:/

二、词组

1.the National Day holiday国庆假日 12. taste them 品尝它们 2. National Day国庆节 13. pull up carrots 拔胡萝卜 3. last week 上星期 14. milk cows 挤牛奶 4. the first day of school 上学第一天 15. plant flowers 种花 5.after the holiday 假日后 16. pick a lot of oranges 摘许多橘子 6.before class 上课前 17. walk in the mountains在山上行走 7. in the school playground 在学校操场上 18.want to go to the farm 想要去农场 8. watch a film 观看一场电影 19. at a camp 在一个野营营地上 9. a funny cartoon 一部有趣的卡通片 20. cook a lot of food 煮很多食物 10. visit a farm 参观农场 21. on the farm 在农场 11. on the farm 在农场上 22. with my family 和我的家人在一起15. collect eggs 收集鸡蛋 三、句子

1. Today is the first day of school after the holiday. 今天是节后上学的第一天。 2. What did you do last week? I watched a film with my parents on Wednesday. 你在上周做了些什么?我周三和我的父母一起看了场电影。

3. What did you do on the farm? We watered trees and pulled up carrots. What else did you do? We picked the apples and tasted them.

你们在农场做什么?我们浇树和拔胡萝卜了。你们还做了什么?我们摘苹果并品尝了他们 4. Was there any juice in the bottle yesterday? Yes, there was. 昨天瓶子里有果汁吗?是的,有。

5. Mr. Green cooked a lot of delicious food at the camp last week. 上周在野营营地上格林老师做了许多美味的食物。

6. The light on my right is not very bright tonight. 今天晚上我右边的灯不是很亮。

四、知识点

1. Liu Tao’s grandpa showed us his stamps.

1) show的用法:show sb. sth =show sth. to sb. 新 课 标 第 一 网 2) 同义句转换:Liu Tao?s grandpa showed his stamps to us. Liu Tao?s grandpa showed us his stamps. 同类用法:give sb. sth.=give sth. to sb. 写出同义句:

He?s showing his photos to his classmates.Mike is giving Ben some cartoons now.

2. 有关camp的词组。

at a camp: 在野营地; at a camping site;在野营地;go camping: 去野营;

go on a camping trip参加一次野营旅行;by the campfire 在营火边

3. We walked in the mountains.

walk的用法:去散步:have a walk, go for a walk, take a walk,go walking

●一般过去时态

1.定义:一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。

2. 关键词:a moment ago(刚才),just now(刚才),

yesterday(昨天),the day before yesterday (前天),

… ago(…前),last …(上一个…)

3. 结构:在一般过去时的句子中,谓语动词要用动词的过去式。第三单元中主要学习了be动词的过去式,本单元

4.动词过去式

动词过去式的变化可分为规则的和不规则的两大类。

1) 规则动词的过去式,词尾变化有以下三种:

①一般情况下,直接在词尾加ed. 如:wash—washed, look—looked, climb—climbed

②以不发音字母e结尾的,加d. 如:like—liked, dance—danced

③以辅音字母+y结尾的,变y为i再加ed. 如:study—studied

写出下列动词的过去式:

is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________drink_________ play_______

go________ make ________does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____

taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______throw________ kick_________

pass_______ do ________

2)不规则动词的过去式变化没有什么规律。(应注意积累)如:

is/am—was, are—were, do—did, have/has—had, go—went, come—came, read—read, sing—sang, make—made, take—took, eat—ate, drink—drank, run—ran, draw—drew, fly—flew, give—gave, drive—drove, buy—bought, meet—met, stop—stopped, carry—carried, put—put, write—wrote.

3)规则动词过去式的词尾读音。

①在清辅音后读/t/ 如:helped, liked, watched.

②在浊辅音和元音后读/d/ 如:lived, listened.

③在/t/和/d/的后面读/Id/ 如:wanted, planted.

用所给的动词的适当形式填空。

⒈ He _____(visit) the Great Wall last year.

2. We________(have) a good time yesterday.

3. We often _______(go) to school by bus last year.

4. I ________(live)in the village when I was a child.

5. Mike ______(see) a big tiger in the nature park last year.

6. Sam _____ (do) the housework yesterday.

7. ______(do) you _______(enjoy) yourself yesterday?

8. ______(do)you _________(play) the violin in the art room yesterday? No, I didn't. I_____(draw)some pictures there.

9. I ______ (eat) a big pizza yesterday.

10. There____ (be) many sheep on the farm last year.

11. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday. X|k | B| 1 . c|O |m

12. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

13. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

14. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

15. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

4)一般过去时的几种句子结构。

①陈述句:

a.肯定句:主语+动词的过去式+其他。

如:I played football with my friends last Sunday.

b.否定句:主语+助动词didn?t+动词原形+其他。

如:She didn?t go to school yesterday.

②一般疑问句:助动词Did+主语+动词原形+其他?

如:Did you read English last night?

③ 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词What+助动词did+主语+动词原形+其他?

如:What did you do last week?

5)There be 句型的过去时态。

①肯定句:There was/were a/an/some …

②否定句:There wasn?t/weren?t a/an/any …

④一般疑问句:Was/Were there a/an/any …?

回答:Yes, there was/were. / No, there wasn?t/weren?t. 句型转换:

1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. Nancy went to school early.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. We sang some English songs.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ Unit 6 Holidays

一、单词(音标和易错、易混淆词汇) 1. /'kr?sm?s/ 11. /d?'l?∫?s/ 2. /'pi:pl/ 12. /'fe?v?r?t/ 3. /h?d/ 13. /dres/ 4. /went/

14. /,m?d'?:t?m/l 5. /'t∫?ldr?nz de?/ 15. /mu:n ke?k / 6. /'?:ls??/ 16. /'i:st?(r)/ 7. /'fest?vl/ 17. /me? de?/ 8. /spr?? / 18. /'dr?g?n b??t / 9. /d?dnt/ 19. /'p?pj?l?(r)/ 10. /'rel?t?v/

20. /bi:t∫/

二、词组

1. New Year?s Day 元旦 2.Children?s Day 儿童节 3.May Day 五一劳动节 4.Spring Festival 春节

5.Mid-Autumn Festival中秋节

6.at Dragon Boat Festival 在端午节 7. last Halloween 去年万圣节

8. have a long holiday 有一个长假期

9. a popular holiday in China在中国很流行的节日 10.favourite holiday 特别喜爱的节日 11.dress up in costumes盛装打扮 12.eat moon cakes 吃月饼 13. eat rice dumplings 吃粽子 三、句子

do on New Year?s Day? 1. When?s Spring Festival? 在元旦人们通常会做什It?s in January or February.么?

春节在什么时候?它在5. Did you eat a lot of 一月或二月。

delicious food last Spring 2. Christmas is on the 25th Festival? Yes, I did.

of December.圣诞节在十 去年春节你吃了许多二月25日。

美味的食物了吗?是的。 3. What do people usually 6. Today, Mr Green is do at Spring Festival? talking to his students 在春节人们通常会做什about holidays.

么?

今天格林老师正在和他 They usually eat a lot 的学生们谈论有关节日of delicious food. 他们的事情。

通常吃许多美味的食物。 7. My favourite holiday is 4. What do people usually

Halloween. 我特别喜

21. /re?s/

7.popular 多数人喜爱的,22. /'d?mpl??/ 流行的

易错、易混淆词汇 8. people 人们

1. Christmas 圣诞节 9. dumpling 粽子,团子,2. festival 节日 饺子

3. relative 亲戚,亲属 10. autumn 秋天

4. delicious 美味的,可口11. went (go的过去式) 的

12. want 想要

5. favourite特别喜爱的,流行的 6. race赛跑

14.watch the moon 赏月 新 课 标 第 一 网 15.play with lanterns 玩花灯

16. make pumpkin lanterns做南瓜灯笼 17. watch dragon boat races 观看龙舟赛

18.eat a lot of delicious food 吃许多美味的食物 19.go to parties 去宴会

20.have a big lunch 吃一顿盛大的午餐

21.visit their relatives and friends拜访亲戚朋友 22. give presents to your friends 把礼物给你的朋友

23.spend time with their family and friends 和家人朋友共渡时光

24.come after 随后,随之而来

25. in January or February 在一月或二月爱的节日是万圣节。 接的节日是Day时,用8. Did you have a party on “on”;否则用“at ”

Mid- Autumn Day? No, I 翻译词组: didn?t. 你中秋节开晚会在国庆节了吗? 没,没有。

__________________ 9. The teachers and the 在元旦 students are getting very ______________ excited. 老师们和学生们在春节变得非常激动。 ___________________

_ 在中秋节四、知识点 ______________ 1. On May Day, on 2. play 的用法

Children’s Day, at 1)play with … 拿…玩 Easter, at Christmas, The children often play 表示“在……节”时,可with lanterns at 以用介词“at/on”,当连

Mid-Autumn Festival.孩

子们经常在中秋节玩灯笼。

2)play与球类运动的搭配:play直接加球类运动:play basketball, play table tennis

3)play与乐器的搭配:play加the再加乐器:play the piano, play the guitar…

3. 由last构成的词组 last指“刚过去的” ,它可以和其他单词组成许多表示过去的时间状语。如:last year(去年), last week(上周), last month(上个月), last Monday(上星期一), last Spring Festival(去年春节)等。 4. watch与look, see, read 等词的区别

1)look指集中注意力地看,是有意的,强调“看”的动作。单独使用时,用

来引起对方的注意;如果跟宾语,要和at连用。 例如: Look! Tom is over there.看!汤姆在那儿。

Look at the blackboard, please.请看黑板。

2)see强调“看”的结果,意为“看见、看到”。

例如: How many birds can you see in the tree?你能看到树上有多少只鸟儿?

3)watch强调“专注地看”,有欣赏的意味,常用于看电视、看球赛等。

例如: Do you watch TV at night?你晚上看电视吗?

4)read指“看”时实指“阅

读”,常用于看书、看报等。

例如: I like reading

at home.我喜欢在家看书。

Unit 7 At Christmas 一、单词(音标和易错、易混淆词汇) 1. /j?:z/ 2. /ma?n/ 3. /h?:z/ 4./a??z/ 5. /fr?nt/ 6. /b?'sa?d/ 7./ɑ:ns?(r)/ 8. /ee?z/ 9. /h?z/ 10. /w?l?t/ 11. /'welk?m/ 12. /ti:p?t/ 13. /k?lkj?le?t?(r)/ 14. /'ske?tb?:d/ 15. /'he?dra??(r)/ 16. /k??m/ 17. /'m?r?(r)/

18. /'s?n?/ 19. /s?t/ 20. /b?k/ 21. /g?t/ 22. /s?:/ 23./si:t/ 24./'n??b?d?/ 25./ɑ:sk/

26. /p?'li:s ste?∫n/ 易错、易混淆词汇

1.bedside在…旁边;靠近 2. behind 在?后面 3.calculator 计算器 4.hairdryer 吹风机 5.comb 梳子 6. come 来 7. mirror镜子 8. police 警察 9. please 请

二、词组

1.on Christmas Day 在圣诞节 11.like the colour very much 非常喜欢这颜色 2.after lunch 午饭后 12.like drinking tea 喜欢喝茶 3.Jim?s family 杰姆的一家人 13.police station 警察局;派出所 4. in his grandparents’ house 在他祖父母家里 14.by bus 乘公共汽车 5.the woman beside him 在他旁边的女士 15.at the back of the bus 在公共汽车后面 6. ask sb. to do sth.请某人做某事 16.get off 下车 ( get on 上车) 7.so many presents 如此多的礼物 17.under the seat 在座位底下 8.a beautiful wallet 一个漂亮的皮夹子 18.in front of me 在我前面 9.some tea 一些茶叶 19. walk to … 走向…… 10.the picture of the football足球的图片 20.under the Christmas tree 在圣诞树下

三、句子

1. On Christmas Day, Jim?s family were in his grandparents? house. 在圣诞节,吉姆一家人在他祖父母的家里。 2. This one is from Grandma. It?s yours. 这个是奶奶送的。它是你的。 3. Whose comb is it? It?s mine. 它是谁的梳子?它是我的。

4. Whose skateboards are they? They?re theirs. 滑板是谁的? 是他们的。

5. Who is the present from? It?s from my Dad. 这个礼物是谁送的?是我爸爸送的。 6.I?ve got two presents from Mum and Dad.我得到了爸爸妈妈送的两个礼物。

7. Open mine for me. 为我打开我的。

8. You?re welcome. 不用谢。

9. He pointed to the woman beside him. 他指着他旁边的女士。

10.I walked to the driver and asked him to take it to the police station. 我走向那位司机,请他把它带到派出所。

11. Suddenly I saw a CD Walkman under the seat in front of me. 突然,在我前面的座位下我看见一个光盘随身听。

12. Look! The picture of the football in your book is good! 看!你书上的足球图片很好!

四、知识点

1.物主代词分为两种:形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。

1)形容词性物主代词,它不能单独使用,后面必须跟名词。通常在名词前作定语。

如:We are doing our homework.(我们正在做家庭作业。)

2)名词性物主代词,它具有名词的性质,可以单独使用。在句中作主语、宾语或表语。

如:My shirt is black, but yours is white.(我的衬衫是黑色的,但你的是白色的。)

3)名词性物主代词具有“形容词性物主代词+名词”的作用。

如:Whose comb is it? It?s hers.(hers=her+comb)

2. 人称代词分为两种:主格和宾格。

1)主格一般在句中作主语。

如:I am a teacher. You are a student.(我是一名教师,你是一名学生。)

2)宾格在句中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

如:He is showing us his stamps.(他正在给我们看他的邮票。)

人称代词填空:

1. This is not (your) bike. It is (my).

2. Where is Tom? (he).

3. This dress is so beautiful. I like (it) colour.

4. Is that computer )? No, it is not (my).

5. You can speak to (I ). I am 6. Are these my clothes? No, (you) are on (you) bed.

7. Is this (her) car? No, 8. This is not (our) class. 3.so 的用法:X|k | B| 1 . c|O |m

1)作副词,表示程度。意为“如此,这么”。常用在形容词或副词前。

如:so lovely(如此可爱) so beautiful(如此漂亮) so fast(这么快)

2)作连词。意为“因此”。用来连接并列句。

如:It was late, so we went home.(天晚了,因此我们回家了。)

4. 西方国家送礼与受礼的风俗

在西方,如果别人请你到家里吃饭,通常你应该带一点礼物前往,但礼物不必太贵重,一瓶葡萄酒、一束鲜花或是一小瓶送给女主人的香水即可。

在西方,如果别人送你礼物,你不能按照中国人的习惯将礼物放置一边,等客人走后再看,而是应该当场就拆看礼物,并表示喜爱和感谢。

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