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5A三种重点语法的复习与习题练习

发布时间:2014-01-06 16:58:21  

5A中的重点句型和语法


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There be 句型
现在进行时

第三人称单数作句子的主语时, does和has的用法

there be 句型
名词是单数或不可数名词时,be动词用 is 名词是可数名词复数形式时,be动词用are

is *There ____ a cup on the desk.
*There ____ some coffee in the cup. is

are *There ____ some cups in the cupboard.

there be 结构后面有两种以上的 就近 名词时,要遵循 ______ 原则。

is * There ____ some juice on the desk.

is * There ____ a cup and two eggs on the desk.
are * There ____ two eggs and a cup on the desk.

Unit 1 Part C

there be 句型的 一般疑问句和相应的回答
Is there a … in the …?

Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t.
Are there any …s in the …?

Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t.

some和any的区别
(用来形容人或物品的数量,尤其指不止一个, 但也不是很多的数目,通常用于肯定句)
e.g. There are some swings in the park.
公园里有几架秋千。

some --- 一些/几个

any --- 任何的;一些
(形容的数量和some 相同,但通常用在疑问句 和否定句中,用于询问有没有一些…或者表示 没有任何的… )
疑问句

e.g. Are there any swings in the park? 公园里有几架秋千吗? There aren’t any swings in the park. 公园里没有任何一架秋千。
否定句

Look, there are some new buildings. _____ There aren’t _____ copybooks in my any school bag. Are there _____ toilets in the park? any

特殊的情况
Would you like ______ milk, please?

A. a

B. any

C. some



P9
Read Part C in Unit 1

Unit 2 Part D

there be 句型的否定句 is isn’t are aren’t

aren’t There ______ any books in the bookcase.
There ______ a TV in my bedroom. isn’t

特殊的情况
A. is B. isn’t

不可数名词当做单数

There ____ any orange juice in the glass.



C. are

D. aren’t

P18
Read Part D in Unit 2


※ ※

There be 句型
现在进行时

第三人称单数作句子的主语时, does和has的用法

现在进行时
主要用于描述当前正在发生的事件或正在进行的动作。

结构: 人称(如:I, He, She, They, Mike,…) +be动词(am, is, are) +动词ing(如:running, sleeping…) e.g. I ____ sleeping. am is Miss Li ___ standing.

现在分词 这些加了ing的动词,我们称作“___________”。

play sing jog come run skate 现在分词形式变化多,有的直接 sit make watch draw close 加ing, 有的尾部去掉e, 有的尾 swim dance jump put write 部要双写,都别忘记加上-ing。
直接加-ing 去e加-ing 双写词尾加 -ing

playing singing watching drawing jumping

coming skating making closing dancing writing

jogging running sitting swimming putting

那么,在什么情况下,我们要用到 现在进行时的句子呢?
1.打电话时,讨论双方正在做的事。 2.看到这几个标志词时:look, listen, now is running e.g. Look, L

iu Tao _________. (run) is singing Listen, Nancy _________. (sing) are having We __________ an English lesson now. (have)

口诀:现在进行ing,千万不要丢掉be.

P47 / 55
Read Part C&D in Unit 6-7


※ ※

There be 句型
现在进行时

第三人称单数作句子的主语时, does和has的用法

第三人称单数she, he, it 及
XXX(人名、物名)后 do 应改为does have应改为has
What does Nancy have? She has a tent. What does Wang Bing have? He has some fruit.

选择do, does, have, has填空。
1. You ______ a Walkman and he ____ a knife. have has 2. What ____ they _____ ? do have 3. Nancy ____ a vase and some flowers. has 4. -- What _____ your brother _____? does have -- He ____ a tent. has 5. Mike and Ben _____ a model plane. have 6. I _____ a box of chocolates. have 7. What ______ Mr Green ______? does have 8. The elephant ______ big ears. has

P64
Read Part D in Unit 8

错题集
仔细看一看,这样的错误你还会犯吗? 1. -- How many toilets in the park? -- There are one. 2. Is there a lot of flowers in the garden? 3. -- Are there any swings in the park? -- Yes, there are a slide, too. 4. There isn’t a lot of trees in the playground.

are there

Are

is

is

aren’t

5. The monkey can jumping in the tree. 6. Are Mike and Ben listen to the teacher now? 7. Look, they walking in the park. 8. -- What are you going? -- I’m going to the library.

jump

listening

are

Where

9. Let’s showing our things to each other.

show

10. What do your sister have? 11. Nancy has a green skirt and her friends have has green skirts, too. 12. Does your parents have some brothers any or sisters?

does

Do

What’s in the picture?
There is / are …

What does / do ××× have?
He / She has … They have …

What is / are ××× doing?
He / She is -ing ... They are -ing …


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