1. delay vt. ____________ n. ________________
e.g. Regular color TV broadcast were delayed in the UK until 1967.
The train was delayed five hours. 火车被延误了5小时。
Big companies often delay paying their bills. 大公司总会拖延支付账单。
The woman couldn’t have been saved, if she hadn’t been sent to hospital without delay.
【sentence pattern】: ______________________________________________
2. distribute vt ___________ ________________
e.g. Clothes and blankets have been distributed among the refugees.
Demonstrators distribute leaflets to passers-by. 示威者向行人分发传单。
This species of dolphin is widely distributed throughout the world.
【accumulation 】 ： _______________ n. 分发，分配
【sentence pattern 】 ： ___________________________ 把某物分给…
3. wind vt. / vi ______ _______ ________- _______ (过去式)-______(过去分词)
e.g. The first recorder player had to be wound up by hand and only played records that were
two minutes long. 最早的留声机必须手摇上发条，而且只能播放两分钟长的录音。 Did you remember to wind the clock. 你记得给钟上发条了吗？
She wound the wool into a ball. 她把毛线绕成一个球。
Highway 99 winds its way along the coast. 99号公路沿着海岸蜿蜒而行。
【Accumulation】： wind up ______________
e.g. It’s time to wind things up –I had a plane to catch.
wind down _________________
e.g. I find it difficult to wind down after a day at work.
n. _______________ in the wind ________________ The winter vacation is in the wind.
4. relay vt. _____________ _________________
e.g. It was not until 1906 that adaptations were made so that radio could relay conversation
and music. 一直到1906年收音机才做了些调整以能播放谈话和音乐。
The broadcast was relayed by satellites. 这些电视是通过卫星转播的。
n. __________________ the 100 meters relay 一百米接力赛
5. vote vt/ vi / n. ______________
e.g. They then vote on whether they will accept it. 然后，他们投票决定是否接受它。 In 1918, British women got the right to vote. 1918年英国妇女得到了选举权。 Did you vote for or against her ? 你投了她的赞成票还是反对票？
We’ll listen to the arguments on both sides and then vote on it?
【accumulation 】: vote on _____________ vote for : vote in favor of ______________ vote sth. through _____________________
e.g. A proposal to merge the two companies were voted through yesterday.
6. reject vt. ____________ ______________
e.g. The Amish reject cars because they like having tight communities where everyone lives
close together. 阿曼门诺派教徒拒绝汽车，因为他们喜欢享受关系紧密的社区。
He was rejected by all the universities he applied to. 所有他申请的大学都没录取他。 reject 正式场合，如外交，商业条款之类。表否定，当面拒绝，后常接名词。
deny 表“否定，否认 ” 后接名词，代词，动名词 或that 从句
【高考题】： 1. ----Are you still mad at her?
----Not really, but I can’t _____ that her remarks hurt me.
A. deny B. refuse C. reject D. decline
2、She __ my invitation because of a previous appointment.
A refused B declined C. deny D. reject
3、The soldiers were put in prison because they ____to obey orders.
A、rejected B、declined C、objected D、refuse
7. oppose vt. ___________
e.g. Since the Amish value seeing each other face to face, they oppose having telephones in
their houses. 由于阿曼门诺派教徒重视彼此面对面的交往，他们反对在住宅装电话。 He throw all those opposed him into prison. 他把所有反对他的人都投进了监狱。 I would oppose changing the law. 我将反对改变改变这个法规。
【sentence pattern 】:_______________________________________
【accumulation】： adj. __________________ n. ___________________
8. sacrifice vt. _______________ n. ______________ ___________________
e.g. Meanwhile, real relationships are often sacrificed, and whatever personal peace one has is
destroyed whenever the phone rings. 同时，真正的关系往往被牺牲了，而且，每当电话铃响起时，个人所拥有的任何宁静都会被打破。
She sacrificed everything for her children. 她为孩子牺牲了一切。
The makers of the product assured us that there had been no sacrifice of quality.
They offered sacrifices to the gods. 他们向众神献上祭品。
9. rid vt. _____________ - (反义词) _____________
e.g. Maybe we should rid ourselves of modern technology and return to simpler times.
rid yourself of guilt 摆脱内疚
He wanted to be rid of her parents. 他想要摆脱他父母的束缚。
The problem is getting rid of nuclear waste. 问题 是如何处理核废料。
【sentence pattern 】： __________________________
1. accessible adj. ___________ _____________
e.g. They also make TV accessible to people who live far away from cities.
This is a program which aims to make science accessible to young people.
【sentence pattern 】: ______________________________________
n. _____________ have access to… __________________________
e.g. Students must have access to good resource. 学生必须有机会使用好的资源。
2. skeptical adj. ___________
e.g. Since people were skeptical that the public would want to hear radio broadcasts, the
building of radio station was delayed.
I am skeptical about the his chances of winning. 我怀疑他取胜的可能性。
【sentence pattern】: __________________________________________________
3. ample adj. ______________ I had time to wait 我有足够的时间等待。
4. casual adj. ________________
e.g. I had a casual conversation in the waiting room.
dressed in casuals 穿便装。
5. suitable adj. ___________ horrible weather 讨厌的天气
e.g. The program is not suitable for children.
a suitable place for a picnic. 适合野餐的地方
【accumulation】： 反义词 ______________________
6. elegant adj. ________ n. _______________
e.g. She was tall and elegant.
an elegant room 雅致的房间。
7. valid adj. ______________ _________________
e.g. However, maybe the Amish have a valid point.
a valid passport 有效的护照
Adverbs ( Adv.) 1. eventually adv. ___________ - adj. ____________
e.g. Our flight eventually left nine hours late. 我们的班机最终晚了9小时出发。 Nouns （N.）
1. drawback n. __________. The system has many drawbacks.
2. principle n. __________
3. percentage n. _____________ e.g.
Only a small percentage of people own satellite dishes.
4. component n. __________ _
5.patent n. _____________
6. insurance n. _____________ life / car insurance 人寿/ 汽车保险
【accumulation】： insure __________
e.g. The painting is insured for 1 million.
e.g. The book ensured his success. 这本书保证了他的成功。
Please ensure (that) all lights are switched off. 请务必将所有的灯关闭。
7. translation ______________ v. ______________
8. idiom ______________
9. battery ______________
10. refrigerator ___________________
11. circumstance ____________________
12. merely _____________
13. shallow ________________
14. dustbin ______________________