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英语音标发音规则

发布时间:2013-09-22 17:53:38  

英语音标发音规则

在闭音节中

在闭音节中

在闭音节中

在闭音节中

在闭音节中

[?]bus cup jump much lunch

在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j l r s后面时读[u:]音,例如:June blue ruler super 二、元音字母在非重读音节中的读音 元音字母读 音

[?:] nerve serve term

?] second tonight somebody welcome

?] autumn difficult

动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a读[ei]音,例如:operate

u处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母j l r s后面时,读[u(:)]音,例如:July influence February issue 三、元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音

[?] want what watch wash quality

[a:] after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father [ai] find child light high

1

[?u] most postcard old cold

[?

] come monkey love mother

-r音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音

[

?:] forty morning short 辅音字母r双写时,前面的元音字母不能与r构成-r音节,而是按重读闭音节的拼读规则发音.例如: carry sorry hurry

-r音节在非重读音节中通常读[E]音,例如:dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday

五、-re音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音 ??] care dare hare ?] here mere ?] fire hire wire [?:] more score before [ju?] pure cure

are ere ire ore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读[?]音,例如:picture pleasure

重读元音字母加Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按-re音节拼读规则拼读,字母Rr读[r]音.

例如:parent zero story during inspiring

某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象. 例如:orange very American paragraph 六、元音字组在重读音节中的读音 [ei] afraid rain wait day play [??] air hair chair pair repair al在f m前

[?] small ball talk wall all

[?:l] always also salt almost bald [a:] half calm

[?:] autumn daughter draw [e] heavy bread sweater weather [ei] break great [i?] hear dear near clear year [ε?] bear pear wear [?:] earth learn early [i:] jeep week green three ?] pioneer deer beer [ei] eight neighbour they

[i:] either key 在j l r s后

[ju:] new few newspaper [u:] flew brew 在[s]音之后 [i:] piece field receive [?u] coat Joan boat goal

?:] roar board door floor [?i] noise point boy toilet [u:] broom food tooth school [u] book look cook foot good [au] flower house count down [?u] know row throw though [?] young country enough [u:] group you soup [?:] course your four [au?] our hour ours [?:] journey j l r s后

[ju:i] fluid suicide tuition [u:] juice fruit suit

七、非重读音节中元音字组和字群的读音 ai/ay ei/ey

[i] Sunday foreign monkey ow

[?u] yellow sparrow tomorrow

元音字组在非重读音节中读[E]音或[i]. 例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee -sion -tion

[∫n] impression nation -sion在元音字母后

[?n] vision decision occasion -tion在s后

[t∫?n] question suggestion -sten[sn] listen -stle[sl] whistle

-sure[??] pleasure measure -ture[t∫?] picture culture

八、元字组在复合词非重读音节中的读音

复合词中的第二部分不标注重音符号,但其中的元音字母或元音字组仍按重读音节拼读规则拼读.

everyday[ei] handbag[?] blackboard[?:]

有些词随着语言的发展,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义,融合成为一个词.其中的非重读部分要按非重读音节的读音规则发音. 例如:

sun太阳 + day[ei]日子 > Sunday[i] 星期天

2

holy神圣 + day[ei]日子 > holiday[i] 假日 break中断 + fast[a:]斋戒 > breakfast[?] 早餐 cup茶杯 + board木板[?:] > cupboard[?] 碗柜 九,辅字组的读音 b[b] bike bus bag [/] bomb tomb

c在e前或在i/y前

[k] cake picture coat music [s] face decide cinema

ch[t∫] much chick rich teacher [k] school headache chemistry [∫] machine -ck

[k] cock pocket black knock [d] doctor bread hand day ?] bridge fridge

[dr] children driver drink [f] five four breakfast g在e i/y前

[g] bag gardon go

[d?] orange large German gh[f] cough enough [/] light daughter high gu- -gue

gu在非重读音节中 [g] guess league dialogue [gw] language anguish h[h] hot head house hand [/] hour honest

j [d?] jeep jar joke join July k[k] kind bike skate make week kn-[n] knife know knock l [l] life milk school tall m

[m] monkey come autumn -mn

[m] autumn column n

n在[k] [g]音前

[n] not shine ten note [?] uncle thank hungry -ng

[?] morning young wrong p

[p] paper plane pig ship pen ph

[f] elephant photo telephone q [k] Iraq

qu - [kw] quality quite [r] red rubber ruler

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