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仁爱英语八年级上Unit 3 and unit 4知识点归纳

发布时间:2014-01-09 12:49:29  

Unit 3 Our Hobbies

Topic 1 What hobbies did you use t0 have?

Section A

1.in one's spare/free time

2.enjoy sth./doing sth. enjoy oneself=have a good time

【例2】(10年青岛中考)—I will go to visit the Great Wall tomorrow.

—Really,_______.

A.Wish you to go back soon B.Enjoy yourself C.You are right

3.change

(1)作动词,“改变”,change one's mind. e.g.You should change the bus at the next bus stop.

(2)作可数名词时,指“变化”。e.g.Great changes have taken place in the city.作不可数名词时指“(找回的)零钱”。e.g.Here is your change.

【例3】(10年莆田中考)China_______ a lot since the reform and opening.up.

A. changed B. has changed C.have changed

4. 表达爱好的句子:love/like doing sth. e.g.I like reciting poems. be fond of sth. /doing sth. e.g.I am fond of listening to music. enjoy sth./doing sth. e.g.Do you enjoy playing the piano?

be interested in sth./doing sth. e.g.Are you interested in reading? prefer doing sth.(to doing sth.) e.g.He prefers singing.

【例4】 His father is very interested in__________(read)newspaper while having breakfast.

【例5】(10年烟台中考) —How about going hiking this weekend? —Sorry.I prefer________ rather than__________ .

A. to go out;stay at home B.to stay at home;go out

C.staying at home;to go out D.going out:stay at home

Section B

1.pleased(人)对??感到高兴的pleasant(物)使人感到高兴的 e.g.We are pleased with the pleasant trip.

【例6】We will never forget the_________(please)trip to Mount Huang last year.

2.感叹句的结构为“what(a/an)+ adj.+名词(+主语+谓语)”,“how+ adj./adv(+主语+谓语)”。注意,名词是不可数名词时,把冠词去掉。e.g.What bad weather it is today! What a nice girl she is! how引导的感叹句当主语是名词时,一般都有一个修饰词,如the,my,his,this等。e.g.How bad the weather is!/How nice the girl is!

【例7】(10年莆田中考)—_______ bad weather!

—Yes,but it’s going to be fine soon,I think.

A.How B.What a C.What an D.What

【例8】(10年上海中考) __________exciting sport it is to climb the mountains!

A.How B.What C.What a D.What an

3.learn about sth./sb. 了解learn(sth.)from sb.向某人学习(某事)

【例9】(09年广州中考)They________ about eight hundred English words by the end of last 1

term.

A.will learn B.had learned C.are going to learn D.have learned 4.

(1) used to do sth.其否定形式为usedn't to do或didn't use to do。

(2) be/get used to sth./doing sth.

(3) be used for

(1) I________ go to school on foot,but now I always ride a bike to school.

(2)Jack has lived in Shanghai for three years,so he_________ the life there.

(3)Michael has________ the hard work.

(4)The glass________ storing brushes by my grandfather now.

5.be of(great)value =be valuable e.g.The painting is of great value.

Section C

1.teach sb.to do sth.

2.keep e.g.I used to keep lots of cats.

He has to keep a big family,so he has to work day and night.

3.in用在具体的年,月,季节及泛指一天的上午,中午或晚上。e.g.in May/in 1998/in the evening/in winter

on用在指具体的一天或具体一天的上午,下午或晚上。e.g.on a rainy day/on the morning of Sunday.

at用在具体的时刻e.g.at half past six.

4.dance to the music

【例15】(09年贵阳中考)Judy likes music very much.She likes music that she can dance__________.

A.with B.for C.at D.to

5.happiness,friendship,knowledge都是不可数名词。

【例16】If you want to get more k__________,you had better read more books. Section D

1.take a bath洗澡类似的短语还有have a look,take a walk等。

【例17】—What were you doing at 7:00 last night.

—I was_______ _________ __________ (在洗澡)at home.

2. It doesn't mind whether they are good or bad.whether同if,引导宾语从句,意思是“是否”。但是whether后可以加or not,而if则不可以。

【例18】(10年襄樊中考) —Will Liu Ying come to school today?

—I don't know.But I also want to know__________.

A.that she will come to school today B.whether will she come to school today

C. how will she come to school today D.if she will come to school today

3.take sb.out for a walk

Topic 2 What sweet music!

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Section A

1.go to the/a concert go to the party go to the cinema

2.at the concert at the party have a party/concert

【例2】We danced and sang songs_________ his birthday party.

A.on B.to C.in D. at

3.go on doing sth.继续做某事(前后同一件事) go on to do sth.接着做另外的事(前后不同的事) go on with sth.继续做某事

【考点链接】 go on doing sth./go on to do sth./go on with sth.

(1)After he finished his homework,he________ a novel.

(2)After he had a rest,he________ his work.

(3)He said nothing but just________ the article.

4.give a/the concert举办音乐会give a talk作报告

5.take English lessons=have English lessons上英语课

6.lend sth.to sb./lend sb.sth. borrow sth.from sb.

7.That's too bad!=What a pity!=What a shame!真遗憾啊!

Section B

1.rock music folk music pop music Jazz classical music country music

2.It's+ adj.+to do sth.做某事是??的

3.not?at all

4.everyday日常的every day每天

5.be famous for sth. e.g.China is famous for the Great Wall.

be famous as e.g.He is very famous as a singer.

6.be popular with?e.g. Rock music is popular with young people.

Section C

3.set up/build/put up的区别:set up“建立,成立”.如组织、机构等,强调机构及相应设施的建立,不强调施工建筑。e.g. What about setting up a food bank to help the homeless? build强调施工建筑。e.g.A teaching building will be built next year.put up含有“挂起,张贴,举起”等意思。e.g.We could put up a sign.Put up your hands.Please put up the photos.

4.continue doing/to do sth.=go on doing sth.

5.weight名词,意为“重量”,其动词是weigh。e.g.He is trying to lose weight.The boy weighs 60 kilos.height意为“高度,身高”,形容词是high。

【例18】 He is too heavy.His_________(weigh)is 80 kilos.

Section D

1.ask sb.(not)to do sth.叫某人(不要)做某事。

tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事

want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事

teach sb. to do sth.教某人做某事

2.make sb.+adj.使某人保持某种状态e.g.Piano music makes me relax.

Topic 3 What were you doing from seven to nine 3

yesterday?

Section A

1.answer the phone

2.practice sth./doing sth.

4.take a shower=have a shower=take/have a bath

5.do some cleaning/reading/shopping/writing/washing

6.from?to?从??到?? e.g.It's a letter from Kate to Lucy.

7.play on the computer work on the computer

【例5】Judy,don't be always playing__________ the computer,it's bad for your health.

A.in B.to C.at D.on

Section B

4.make faces=make a face

5.give sb.a lesson

6.knock at/on the door

【例11】Can you hear someone knocking______ the door?

A.at B.to C.of D.with

Section C

2.stop doing sth. stop to do sth. stop sb.from doing

stop sb. (from) doing sth. =prevent sb. (from) doing sth. =keep sb. from doing sth.

【考点链接】 stop doing sth./stop to do sth./stop sb.(from)doing sth.

(1)He had to stop________(smoke)because he was ill.

(2)The storm stopped the travelers __________ (come)down the hill.

(3)Now let's stop__________(have)a short rest.

3.at the beginning of at the end of

【例14】(07年苏州中考)It was a great day but we did not enjoy it_________ the be ginning.

A.on B.for C.with D.at

5 turn on/turn off/turn up/turn down/close/open

(1) —Paul,could you please_________ the TV a little? It's too noisy. —Sorry,I'll do it right now.

(2)_________the lights when you leave.

(3)________the TV.Let's watch the play together.

(4)_________your mouth,and say“Ah”.

(5)The music was_________ loud and they danced crazily.

(6) I__________ my eyes against the bright light.

6.

①too?to?太??而不能,表示否定意义,其结构为too+ adj./adv. +to+ v。

②so?that 意为“如此??以至于??”,其结构为so +adj./adv. +that +从句引导一个结果状语从句

③enough to do “足够??做??”to后跟动词原形。

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e.g. The child is ________young _______go to school.

The boy is not tall________ ________ reach the apples on the tree.

The girl is _______young________ she can’t draw a picture.

Section D

1.play games/play a game

2.take photos(of sth./sb.

3.过去进行时注意的几个问题

(1)其含义表示过去某个时刻正在发生的动作或过去某段时间内正在进行的动作。e.g.I was taking a shower this time yesterday.What were you doing from seven to nine yesterday? (2)在与last night/all day yesterday/all the time/the whole morning等表示过去的时间状语连用时,过去进行时强调动作的过程,一般过去时只是单纯说明动作完成的事实。e.g.I was working all day yesterday.(过去进行时强调过程)I worked all day yesterday.(一般过去时说明事实) (3)在叙述或描写过去的事情时,过去进行时经常与其他时态连用,但过去进行时往往用来表示事情发生的背景。e.g.It was ten o'clock when I got to the school,the students were studying.

【例17】(10年襄樊中考)—I went to see you yesterday evening,but you weren't in. Where were you then? —I_________ a walk by the lake with my husband.

A.was having B.am having C.have had D.have

【例18】(10年呼和浩特中考) —Did you hear someone knocking at the door just now?

—No,sir.I_________ music.

A.was listening to B.listened to C.am listening to D.would listen to

Unit 4 Our World

Topic 1 Plants and animals are important to us

Section A

1.think about/think of sth./doing sth.

think about ①考虑,想??事情e.g.I was thinking about my old schooldays.

think of ①考虑=think about e.g. What are you thinking of/about? ②认为e.g.What do you think of my idea? ③想起,记得e.g.Can you think of his name?

【例1】(10年天津中考) —What do you________ the basketball match?

—Very good.They have never played better.

A. think about B.think over C.think of D.think on

2.in the country side在乡村 in the city在城市 in the suburbs在郊区

4.nature“自然,自然界”,作名词。e.g.It's important for us to keep the balance of nature.natural“自然的,天生的”,形容词。e.g.He is a natural musician.

5.sheep复数是sheep,goose复数是geese。

Section B

1.joy不可数名词,“快乐,乐趣”。e.g.Animals give us lots of joy.

3.or“或者”,表示选择关系。e.g.which do you like better,the moon or the sun? 5

“否则”,表示转折关系。e.g.Study hard,or you will fall behind.but“但是”,表示转折关系,and表示并列或承接关系。

【考点链接】 and/or/but/while/so

(1)She came in________ took her coat off.

(2)How do you usually go to school,on foot ________by bike?

(3)He is very clever,________he isn't good at all his lessons.

(4)I am good at English________ my brother is good at math.

(5)My parents are waiting for me,_________I have to go now.

4.share作可数名词,“份额”e.g.This is my share of it.作动词,“均分,分享”,常与among,between,with连用。e.g.Would you like to share the cake with your brother?

5.feed作动词,“喂,饲养”e.g.My job is to feed the animals.feed on以??为食e.g.Sheep feed on grass.

6.in the future在将来,在未来

Section C

1.cover作动词,“覆盖,遮盖(with)”。 e.g.She covered her face with her hands.作名词,“盖子,封面”。 e.g.The book needs a new cover. be covered with被??覆盖着。 e.g.The road was covered with snow.

2.earth

(1)the earth地球

(2)[u]泥土e.g.sandy earth沙土

on earth(用于加强疑问语气)究竟,到底 e.g.What on earth is the problem? on(the)earth=in the world在世界上e.g.He is the luckiest man on earth.

3.thousands of/hundreds of/millions of都指“量多,成千上万的”,注意前面不能再加具体的基数词。thousands and thousands of也是指成千上万的。

4.in the tree在树上(指不是长在树上的东西) on the tree在树上(指长在树上的东西)

6.wood作不可数名词,“木材,木料”。e.g.The chair is made of wood.常用作复数,“树林,小森林”。e.g.There is a woods near my house.形容词是wooden。e.g.a wooden chair.

7.in fact事实上,实际上。

8.make up组成 e.g.Water makes up the largest part of the human body.

be made up of“由??组成”,强调主语由两部分或两个以上的部分组成。e.g.The team is made of three doctors and six nurses.

9.drop

(1)落下,掉下e.g.Don't drop the cup. 放弃e.g.He dropped the idea of working on the farm.下车,丢下 e.g.Please drop me at the gate of the school.

(2)不及物动词“落下,掉下”e.g.The glass dropped out of her hand.

(3)名词,“滴”e.g.a drop of water drop in/on sb.偶然/顺便拜访某人e.g.Would you drop on me tomorrow?

10.in a rainforest在热带雨林

Section D

1.wolf复数是wolves

2.in number在数量上。

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3.比较级或最高级中要注意的几个问题及特殊句型。

(1)两者之间用比较级,三者或三者以上用最高级。

(2)可以修饰比较级的词有much,a little,even,a lot,far等,不能修饰比较级的词有so,too,very,many,more等,e.g.He is much richer than me.

(3)注意要用同类比较,不同类的东西不能比较。这种情况一定要注意代词的使用及any/any other的用法。

e.g.My shirt is the same as hers.e.g.Fuzhou is much bigger than any city in Jiangxi.福州比江西的任意一个城市都大。(福州不在江西内)

Fuzhou is much bigger than any other city in Fujian.福州比福建的任意别的一个城市都大。(福州在福建内)

(4)同级比较用“as+形容词或副词原形+as”,否定句中用“so/as+形容词或副词原形+as”。e.g.He is as old as my brother.

(5)“比较级+and.+比较级”或“more and more+多音节词原形”,表示“越来越??”。 e.g.Winter is coming.It is getting colder and colder.

(6)“the+比较级,the+比较级,”指“越??越??”。e.g.The more careful you are,the fewer mistakes you will make.

(7)“one of the+形容词最高级+名词复数”表示“最??之一”。整个作主语时,谓语用单数,表示“最??之一”。e.g.Beijing is one of the biggest cities in the world.

【例19】(10年福州中考) The young man drives_________ than he did three months ago.

A.much carefully B.much more careful

C.much careful D.much more carefully

【例20】(10年厦门中考)The world is becoming smaller and smaller because the Internet gets us_________.

A.closer B.bigger C.farther

【例21】What a mess! We really don’t know how to deal with the matter.It got even_________.

A.better B.best C.worst D.worse

【例22】(10年上海中考)Listening is just as_________ as speaking in language learning.

A.important B.more important C.the most important

Topic 2 Are you sure there are UFOs.

Section A

1.scientist科学家science科学

【例1】He wants to be a___________(science)when he grows up.

2.appear动词,“出现,呈现”e.g.Lots of people appeared in front of me.appearance名词,“出现,外表”

3.something like??类似某物的东西

【例2】 Yesterday morning________ _________(像??的东西)the UFO appeared in the sky.

4.take the place of取代,代替e.g.Mr.Lin is ill today,so I will take the place of him.take the place of sb.to do sth.代替某人做某事e.g.She will take the place of me to give the talk. instead of sth./doing sth.代替??/而不是??(注意其是介词短语,不能作谓语) e.g.He will go there instead of me.=He will take the place of me to go there.

【例3】Maybe robots will________ humans to do the housework in the future.

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A.take place of B.take the place of C.stands for D.take place

【考点链接】 take the place of/take one's place/in place of/take place

(1)Mr.Wu will________ Miss Chen to teach us English this term.

(2)There is no room for you now.________,please.

(3)Mr.Wu will teach us English_________Miss Chen this term.

(4)The film festival_________in October.

【分析比较】 take the place of和take one's place均为动词短语,意思分别是“代替某人的职务”,“坐某人的座位”。前者须接宾语;后者不接宾语。(1)题意为“这学期吴老师将代替陈老师教我们英语”,Miss Chen为宾语,故填take the place of。(2)题意为“现在没有空位了,请坐我的位置”,故填Take my place。

in place of意为“代替”,是介词短语,多作状语。(3)题意为“吴老师代替陈老师教我们英语”,而且句子结构要求填非谓语形式,故填in place of。

take place指“(根据安排或计划)举行;发生”。(4)题意为“电影节将在十月举行。”,故填takes place。

5.be in danger处在危险中 out of danger脱离危险danger“危险”,是名词。dangerous“危险的”,是形容词。

【例4】(10年厦门中考)Many kinds of animals are________ .We must do something to save them.

A.on holiday B.in danger C.on show

6.fish作不可数名词时指“鱼肉”。e.g.Most people like fish very much.强调鱼的种类时是可数名词,加复数es。e.g.You can see many kinds of fishes in the river.指“一条一条的活鱼”时是可数名词,单复同形。e.g.Catching fish is very fun.

【例5】(10年成都中考) —What shall we have for supper?

—I bought_______ big fish at ________ only market near my office.

A.a;a B.a;the C.the;不填

Section B

1.“be sure that+从句”,其中that可以省略。“be not sure whether/if+从句”,意为“不确信是否??”。e.g.I am not sure if he will come.

【例6】I am not sure_______ they could pass the exam or not.

A.when B.why C.if D.whether

2.living things生物lose one's job失业

3.through通过,穿过e.g.You can get lots of information through the Internet.Look through浏览

【例7】(09年杭州中考)I've_______ all the photos in the drawer,but I still can't find the one you need.

A.opened up B.given away C.handed out D.100ked through

4.mistake sb./sth.for?“把??错认为??”e.g.The old man mistook me for his daughter. mistake可以作可数名词,意思是“错误”。make a mistake=make mistakes犯错误

【例8】(10年河北中考)I_______ a mistake.Please don’t be angrv with me.

A.make B.made C.will make D.had made

5.none,no one,nobody的用法区别。none既可指人,也可指物,而no one,nobody只能指人,不能指物。none后常接of短语构成“none of+名词/代词”,谓语动词用单、复数均可。e.g.None of my friends has/have been there.而no one,nobody不能接of短语。no one,nobody作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。e.g.Nobody/No one has been there.在 8

简略答语中,no one和nobody用来回答who引导的问句,而none则回答how many或how much引导的问句,并且nobody,no one可与else连用,而none则不行。e.g.No one/Nobody else knows about that.

【例9】(10年芜湖中考) —How many students are there in the classroom?

—_________.They are all on the playground.

A.No one B.None C.Nobody C.Everyone

【例10】(10年长沙中考) —who helped you clean the classroom yesterday?

—_______.I cleaned it all by myself.

A.Somebody B.Nobody C.None

6.for example/such as?/and so on都是指“例如”。但for example是具体举一个例子。而such as?/and so on是把这一类的东西列出一些。

【例11】I like fruits very much,_______ _______ (例如)apples,pears,peaches and so on.

7.seem似乎,好像(1)作系动词,后接形容词。e.g.The girl seems happy.(2)作实意动词用,后接不定式。e.g. The girl seems to be happy.(3)用于句型:It seems/seemed that+从句e.g.It seems that the girl is happy.

【例12】(09年沈阳中考)This week the weather_______ to change every day:one day is hot,the next is cold.

A.seems B.looks C.sounds D.feels

8.wake sb.up把某人叫醒。e.g.Please wake me up at six next morning. Section C

1.on the Internet在网上

【例13】(07年天津中考)They got much information________ the Internet.

A.In B.on C.at D.to

2.use sth.for doing sth.=use sth.to do sth.使用??来做某事e.g.We use umbrellas and raincoats for keeping off rain.

【例14】(09年新疆中考)—what's it used for? —It's used for________(drink).

3.“疑问词+to do sth.”,不定式动词所表示的动作通常是个尚未发生的动作,所以在转换成从句时通常要加情态动词或用将来时表达。e.g.Can you tell me what to do?=Can you tell me what I should do?

【例15】(10年广东中考)Would you show me_______an e-mail,please?

A.how to make B.what to send C.which to make D.when to send

4.100k up查找/查阅e.g.If you don't know the word,please look it up in the dictionary.

【例16】(10年襄樊中考)—Do you know how to pronounce this word?

—Yes.I__________ in the dictionary yesterday.

A.looked it up B.worked it out C.gave it away D.picked it up

5.pay attention to sth./sb./doing sth.关心,注意 e.g.Pay much attention to the kids when the whole families go out.

6.list清单 e.g.You must buy all the things on the list.也可作动词,指“列出清单”。 e.g.Please list all the things we want to buy.

7.begin/start with? 以??开始 e.g.Begin with the sentence and write a paragraph.

【例17】 Our school sports meeting began the talk of our headmaster yesterday.

A.to B.at C.with D.on

8.be helpful in doing sth.在做某事方面有帮助be helpful to sb.对某人有帮助

【例18】Speaking aloud is helpful in_________(learn)English well.

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9.fast/quickly/soon的区别 fast侧重速度的快。e.g.Run as fast as you can.quickly侧重动作的迅速,或指某事在较短的时间内完成。e.g.He had breakfast quickly.soon不久,指现在或指定时间之后不久。e.g.They were in the middle of the river soon.

【例19】(10年襄樊中考) —Mr.Smith,would you please speak a little more_________? —Sorry! I thought you would follow me.

A.slowly B.quickly C.fast D.slow

【考点链接】 quicky/fast/soon

(1)Don't drive so__________.

(2)They'll be home___________.

(3) I can't run___________ than my brother.

(4) I___________ realized that I was on the wrong train.

(5)She sold the house________ after her husband died.

【分析比较】 quickly迅速地,很快地。强调动作迅速、敏捷,而不是强调运动本身的速度。(4)题意为“我很快意识到我坐错了火车。”表示反应很快,故填quickly。

fast快速、快。强调动作、速度迅速,侧重指运动的物体。(1)题意为“别把车开得这么快。”(3)题意为“我没有我哥哥跑得快。”都表示速度快,故(1)填fast,(3)填faster。

soon很快,马上,不久。强调时间快。(2)题意为“他们很快就要到家。”(5)题意为“丈夫去世后不久,她就把房子卖了。”都表示“不久,很快”,故填soon。

Section D

1.ask for请求,寻找e.g.May I ask for some photos of yours? ask sb.for sth.向某人要某物

【例20】—I am afraid I can't work out the math problem.It is too hard.

—Maybe you can ask our teacher________.

A.with help B.for help C.for doing D.with doing

2.useless没用的,其反义词是useful。它们分别为use加后缀-less/-ful构成。类似的词还有careless—careful helpless—helpful colorless—colorful

【例21】(10年山西中考)It is ________to teach a kid the way to solve a problem than tell him the solution directly.

A.helpful B.helpless C.more helpful D.more helpless

【例22】 Meimei is so________(care)that she hardly makes mistakes in her exercises.

3.plug in接通(电源),把(插头)插进(插座)。e.g.If you want to watch TV,you must plug it in first.

【考点解析】

Topic 3 The workers used live models,didn't they?

Section A

1.more than=over超过,多余

【例1】(09年潍坊中考)There are six hundred students in our school,

(多余)half of them are girls.

2.there used to be?过去有??

【例2】(10年青岛中考)There__________ lots of fish in the river.But now you can hardly see any.

A.are B.will be C.used to be D.used to have

3.“in the+整十的年份+s”,表示“多少世纪什么年代”。e.g.in the 1980s在二十世纪八十年代,(从1980—1989)。“in the+序数词+century”,表示“在第几世纪”。e.g.in the 18th 10

century在18世纪

【例3】(10年吉林中考)Our life is getting better and better in___________ century.

A.the 21 B.21st C.the 21st D.a 21st

4.pull down拆毁(建筑物)代词放中间e.g.The old house is very dangerous.Let's pull it down. be pulled down被摧毁

【例4】Chinese people__________ __________(拆毁)the old city walls because they thought them useless.

Section B

1.“one of the+形容词最高级+名词复数”表示“最??之一”,整个作主语时,谓语用单数。

【例5】(10年莆田中考)The Great wall of China is one of__________ wonders in the world.

A.great B.greater C.the greatest

2.order作可数名词,“命令”。e.g.The soldiers received an order to fire.作不可数名词,(常与in连用)顺序,有条理。 e.g.The words in dictionaries are listed in alphabetical order.作可数名词,(常与for连用)“定购,定货”。 e.g.May I take your order? “order that+从句”,从句中的谓语动词用原形或“should+原形”。e.g.The teacher ordered that the classroom(should)be cleaned at once. order sb.to do sth.e.g.The doctor ordered you to stay in bed.

【例6】(08年武汉中考) —Hurry up,Jack!

—Just give me five minutes to put my desk in_________ .

A.order B.1ine C.time D.shape

【例7】Emperor Qin ordered his men________(join)the Great Walls together.

3.alive,living,live,lively

①alive意为“活着的,在世的”,常作表语, 但有时作后置定语或补语,可修饰人或物。

e.g.Who is the greatest man alive? 谁是当今世界上最伟大的人?

②living (adj.)“活着的,现存的”,主要作前置定语,可修饰人或物,有时也可作后置定语或表语。

e.g.All living things need air.一切生物都需要空气。

the living指“活着的人”,用作复数名词。e.g.The living are the happiest.

③live (adj.) 意为“有生命的,活的”时,只修饰物,不修饰人,多作前置定语。

e.g.The cat is playing with a live mouse.猫在玩一直活老鼠。

live还可以指“现场直播的”。e.g.It's a live programme.

④lively (adj.) 生气勃勃的、活泼的、快活的,用作表语或定语,可修饰人或物。

e.g.She has a lively daughter.她有一个活泼的女儿。

【例8】选词填空。

live/living/alive/lively

(1)Have you seen a__________ dinosaur(恐龙)?

(2)Is the snake________ or dead?

(3)What a________ girl she is!

(4)Her story is_________ and interesting.

【分析比较】 live,living和alive都可作形容词,意思是“活着的,有生命的”。live和living用法相同,可作表语或定语,而alive多作表语,作定语时,一般放在它所修饰的名词后;live用作形容词时还可译为“现场直播的;现场演出的”。(1)题意为“你见过活的恐龙吗?” 11

句子缺少定语,故填live或living。(2)题意为“那条蛇是活的还是死的?”句子缺少表语,故填alive,live或living均可。

lively作形容词,意为“活泼的,生动的,充满活力的”。(3)题意为“她是一个多么活泼的女孩!”,故填lively。(4)题意为“她的故事生动有趣”,故填lively。

4.计量表达:

(1)“数词+名词+形容词”,表示“长度;宽度,高度,厚度,年龄”等。e.g.The tower is about 60 meters tall.

(2)“数词+名词+副词”,表示“时间和距离”。e.g.two hours later/two kilometers away

(3)“数词+名词+名词短语”e.g.two yuan a kilo/five days a week

【例9】—How far is the station from here?

— ___________

A.It is about three kilometres B.It’s too long

C.It’s twenty minutes D.Go down this street

Section C

1.It takes sb.some time to do sth.花费某人多少时间做某事 e.g.It took us one hour to make a model plane yesterday.

【例10】(10年南充中考)—What a nice model plane!

—Thanks.It________ me two days to make it .

A.spent B.took C.paid D.cost

2.重量表达法用“weigh+数词+ pouns/kilos/jin”或“数词+kilos/pounds/jin+ heavy”。 e.g.He weighs 60 kilos=He is 60 kilos heavy=His weight is 60 kilos.

【例11】—What is the_________ of the box? —It_________ 20 kilos.

A.weight;weigh B.weight;weighs C.weigh;weighs D.weighs;weigh

3.join?together把??连接在一起e.g。The government will join the two roads together.

4.please,pleased,pleasant,pleasure.

please请e.g.Please open the door.It's hot in the room.

pleased“喜悦的”,一般指某人对??感到高兴be pleased with sb./sth.

pleasant“令人愉快的”,一般指物令人感到高兴e.g.Many people enjoyed the pleasant journey.

pleasure快乐,娱乐,乐趣 e.g.He came here for pleasure.Thanks very much for helping me.—It's my/a pleasure. find great pleasure(in)doing sth.发现做某事有很大的快乐 e.g.Do you find great pleasure flying kites?

【例12】(10年衡阳中考)That was a very___________ travel,and we found great pleasure________ Hangzhou.

A.pleasant;visiting B.pleased;visiting C.pleasure;to visit D.pleasant;to visit

【例13】—I can't work out the problem,can you help me? — _________.

A.It's a pleasure B.With pleasure C.Thanks a lot D.Of course not

5.regard?as?/treat?as? 把??当做?? e.g.We regard him as a fool.

【例14】(10年乌鲁木齐中考)—Doctor,it seems that you like to work with animals. —Yes.I think animals should _________ our friends.

A.be regarded as B.be regarded for C.regard as D.regard for

6.a symbol of???的象征e.g.The dove is a symbol of peace.

【例l5】 The Olympic rings are_______ _______ ________(??的象征)the Olympic Games.

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Section D

1.反意疑问句(详见语法专题部分)。

【例16】(10年福州中考) —zhou Weilun could hardly speak English three years ago,___________? —No,he couldn't.But now he is quite good at it.

A.couldn't he B.could he C.didn't he

【例17】There are so student in your class,__________.

A.are there B.is there C.aren’t there D.isn’t there

【例18】(10年兰州中考)—He didn't go to the lecture this morning,did he?

—_________ ,though he was not feeling very well.

A.No,he didn't B.Yes,he did C.No,he did D. Yes,he didn't

【例19】(10年西宁中考)Betty had nothing for breakfast,____________?

A.hadn't she B.had she C.didn't she D.did she

2.wonder作名词指“奇迹”;作动词指“想知道;对??感到惊奇”。它的形容词是wonderful“极棒的,挺好的”。

3.from then on从那之后;from now on从现在起。

4.find great pleasure in doing sth.意为“从做某事中获得很大乐趣”,相当于have lots of fun doing sth.

【例20】(10年山西中考) —How was your trip to Beijing,John?

—Great! We found great pleasure in_________(visit)the Great Wall.

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