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英语记叙文的写作

发布时间:2014-01-10 09:01:30  

记叙文
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记叙文用于记叙过去发生的事件或经历,以 写人、叙事为主要内容。它可以包括历史, 游记,报道,回忆,故事,琐事等。 这样的文章也要有中心。一般从第一或第三 人称角度出发,表达自己或他人的经历或感 受,使读者对事情十分明了以获得强烈感受。 记叙文通常以一般过去时为主,根据上下文 用各种时态。

记叙文写作的注意事项
一、交代背景 文章的开头应概括地介绍事件发生的 时间、地点、人物以及事件等 二、详略得当 过多不必要的细节会冲淡文章的主题。 因此,在细节的选择上应注意选择与主题密切相关 的内容,从而点明文章中心。 三、条理清晰 记叙文一般按照时间顺序或空间顺序来描述, 要求层次清晰、条理清楚。

例文– A traffic accident
首段:首段概括交代事件发生的时间、地点、人 物等信息 A week ago, I witnessed a traffic accident in a rainy day on my way to school, which still sticks in my mind.

例文– A traffic accident
中心段:交待细节,注重在how; 交待细节时应注意的事项 ? 过多不必要的细节会冲淡文章的主题。

中心段细节描写练习
请找出下文与主题无关的细节

例文– A traffic accident
中心段:交待细节,注重在how; 交待细节时应注意的事项 ? 过多不必要的细节会冲淡文章的主题。 ? 因此,在细节的选择上应注意选择与主题密切 相关的内容,从而点明文章中心。 ? 从首段也可看出 文章重点在 traffic accident和stick in my mind

例文– A traffic accident中心段赏析

例文– A traffic accident结尾段赏析
结尾段:可适当发表一点议论

记叙文常用句式——首段:交代主题
补充交代时间 ? The event took place/happened/occurred in the early morning. ? The whole story happened the (first) day I entered the senior high school.

记叙文常用句式——主体部分:
(一)作者心理活动的描写 ? I could hardly believe my eyes. ? I felt as if I were on top of the world. ? I was completely shocked. ? I was bursting with joy.

记叙文常用句式——首段:交代主题
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It was the most exciting moment that I have ever experienced. All through my senior high school, I couldn’t forget … In the years that followed the event frequently floated in my mind/often recurred to my memory/kept haunting me. Last week, when I was on my way home something terrible happened. I quickly turned around, just in time to see the whole process of the accident.

记叙文常用句式——主体部分:
(二)人物外貌和性格的描写 ? He is of medium height. ? He is good-looking/ordinary-looking. ? She is plump/slim, with fair skin and curly hair. ? He looks handsome in a sports suit/blue jeans. ? He is of mild/bad temper. ? At

first glance, you would say he is the perfect image of an obedient boy, but deep down, he is not that way at all.

记叙文常用句式——主体部分:
(三)物体的描写 ? It comes in a variety of colors/shapes. ? It consists of several integrated parts. ? It is shaped like a circle. ? It is flat in shape and small in size. ? Attached to the bottom is…

记叙文常用句式——主体部分:
(四)景物的描写 ? There is a wonderful array of flowers along the street. ? The air is filled with the scent of roses. ? The trees stood there on guard for generations, with branches reaching out like a canopy over the road. ? I feel miserably insignificant approaching the mountain. ? Even judging by modern standards, the town was large in population. ? The campus has a unique atmosphere.

练习一
The Day My Classmate Fell Ill 1)简单描述这位同学的生病情况; 2)同学、老师和我是如何帮助他/她的; 3)人与人之间的这种互相关爱给我的感受 是……

常见问题
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在叙事时,一般用过去时,但在表述个人观 点时可以用现在时。 在叙述部分缺少对所叙述事件的结果。

记叙文练习题目
你的同学、家人曾说过善意的谎言吗? 请把这样的事写成一篇记叙文。 A White Lie (300 words within 1 hour) 295800

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