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小升初英语语法总结及习题 形容词和副词的比较级

发布时间:2014-01-10 11:49:42  

小升初英语语法总结及习题 形容词和副词的比较级 形容词和副词的比较级

一、形容词的比较级

1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较级前面可以用more, a little 来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。

2.形容词加er的规则:

⑴一般在词尾加er ;

⑵以字母e 结尾,加r ;

⑶以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er ; ⑷以"辅音字母+y"结尾,先把y变i,再加er 。

3.不规则形容词比较级:

good-better, beautiful-more beautiful

二、副词的比较级

1.形容词与副词的区别 (有be用形,有形用be;有动用副,有副用动) ⑴在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或be动词之后

⑵副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后

2.副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同 (不规则变化:well-better, far-farther)

练习

一)、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级

old__________ young________ tall_______ long________ short________ strong________ big________ small_______

fat_________ thin__________ heavy______ light________ nice_________ good_________ beautiful__________________ low__________ high_________ slow_______ fast________

late__________ early_________ far_________ well_______

二)、根据句意填入单词的正确形式:

1. My brother is two years __________(old)than me.

2. Tom is as ________(fat) as Jim.

3. Is your sister __________(young) than you? Yes,she is.

4. Who is ___________(thin),you or Helen? Helen is.

5. Whose pencil-box is __________(big),yours or hers? Hers is.

6. Mary's hair is as __________(long) as Lucy's.

7.Ben ______ (jump) ________ (high) than some of the boys in his class.

8.________ Nancy sing __________ (well) than Helen? Yes, she _____.

9.Fangfang is not as _________ (tall) as the other girls.

10.My eyes are __________(big) than ________ (she)..

11.Which is ___________(heavy),the elephant or the pig?

12.Who gets up _________(early),Tim or Tom?

13._____the girls get up_______(early) than the boys?No,they______.

14. Jim runs _____(slow). But Ben runs _____(slow).

15.The child doesn't______(write) as ____(fast) as the students.

三)、翻译句子:

1、谁比Jim年纪大?是你。

________ is _________than Jim? ________ are

2、谁比David更强壮?是Gao Shan.

________ _________ than David? Gao Shan ________.

3、谁的铅笔更长,他的还是她的?我想是她的。

_________ pencil is _________,______or________?________is,I think.

4、谁的苹果更重,你的姐姐的还是你的弟弟的? 我的弟弟的。

_________ apples ________ ________,your _______ or your _______? My ____________ ___________.

5、你和你的叔叔一样高吗?是的。

_________ ________as _________as your uncle?Yes,I am.

6、他和他的朋友Jim一样年轻。

He _______ as __________ as ________ ________ Jim.

7、她和她的双胞胎哥哥一样胖吗?不,她比他瘦。

________ ________ as _________ as______ twin _______?

No, _________ _________ than him.

8.Yang Ling每天睡得比SuYang晚。

Yang Ling ________ to _______ ________ than Su Yang every day.

9.我跳得和Mike一样远。

I _________ as _______ as Mike.

10.Tom比你跑得快吗?不是的,他和我跑得一样快。

____ Tom _____ _____ than you?No,he _______. He_____ as_____ as_____.

11.多做运动,你会更强壮。

________ more exercise,you'll ________ _________ soon.

12.我的科学很好,但是语文不好。

I ______ ________ at Science.But I don't _________ well in Chinese.

13. 你放风筝比王兵放得高吗?不,我比他放得低。

____you_______the kite_____than Wang bing?No,I______it _____than___.

14.我喜欢游泳。我所有的朋友都游得比我慢。

I like_______.All my______ _______ _______than me.

15.我的姐姐起得比我早。

My_____ _____ up _____than me.

16.女孩比男孩唱得好吗?是的。

____the girls______ ______ ______the boys? Yes,they ____.

17.她不擅长体育。但我跳得没有她高。

She doesn't ____ _____ in PE. But I don't ______ _____than_____.

18.你足球踢得比你的同班同学好吗?不,他们踢得和我一样好。

___ you ____football _____than your classmates?No,they____as____as me.

19.我母亲比我父亲年纪小。

My_____ _____ ______than my ______.

20.她的毛衣和我的一样重。

_____sweater_____ as_______as_____.

21.我的连衣裙太短了。我想买一条大点的。

My dress_____ too_____. I want to _____a______one.

22. I'm taller than Mike .(该成用原级的比较)

I'm _________ as ________ as Mike.

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