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小学一年级学习习惯的培养

发布时间:2013-11-13 12:43:50  

小学一年级学习习惯的培养

小学一年级学生刚进入小学学习,他们的学习观念淡薄,还不知道知识和学好知识对自己意味着什么,尚未形成良好的学习习惯。一方面,他们已经习惯了幼儿园生活,玩玩乐乐、跳跳蹦蹦;另一方面,刚过了两个月的暑假,娇惯自由。因此,对于刚入学的孩子来说,养成良好的学习习惯就显得尤为重要。如果一个人形成了良好的学习习惯,那么他将轻松地步入更高层次的学习,会独立学习、认真思考,分辨是非,找出要点,学有所成。反之,不良的习惯将阻碍他们正常、优秀的发展

我觉得,我们一年级的教师得以爱心、恒心、耐心来引导孩子们渐渐步入正轨,逐步适应小学的学习生活。我觉得可以着重培养以下几个方面的好习惯。

一、培养学生课堂常规的习惯

刚上一年级的小朋友难免改变不了幼儿园的习惯,课堂上好动、注意力不易集中,尤其是刚入学时,40分钟的课堂对于他们来说一时很不习惯,所以做好小学生的常规,就显得有些困难,怎样才能较好的解决这个问题呢?教师应做到: 第一,不要太早着急学习课程,要把常规放在首位,因为如果你不把常规搞好,小学生就会很不守纪律,在班上乱跑、乱叫,上课的效率就降低了,所以只有把纪律搞好了,才能正常上课,才能引导学生认真的学习知识,才可能学好知识。

第二,如果有一项常规没做好,就要反复的提,反复的练习,严格把关,直到做好为止,例如坐姿不端正,就让他们安静的坐在椅子上 3-5 分钟,看看谁坐的最端正,夸夸他们,并在每节课上都反复练习,时间一久,就会养成习惯。 第三,让他们养成上课看黑板的习惯,努力吸收黑板上的知识,以便集中他们的注意力。 例如我总是说口令,给学生一个提醒,大多学生就都会坐端正看黑板,时间久了,一听口令就会抬头看黑板。

二、培养学生专心倾听的习惯

注意倾听他人的意见,准确表达自己的思想,是学生学会求知的重要途径。所以我们应想方设法运用各种手段来激发学生认真倾听的好习惯。 1、认真倾听老师的讲课。

让学生听清、听懂老师的要求。小学生尤其是一年级的学生学习数学的热情和积极性,一定程度上取决于他们对学生素材的感受与兴趣。教学中要让他们听清、听懂老师的要求,就要善于选取与学生生活密切联系的素材。例如,教学“数一数”时,我引导学生观察主题图,欢快、富有童趣的画面带给学生对幼儿生活的美好回忆,更是对多彩的小学生活的热切向往。学生对于老师的要求“观察图上是什么地方,有些什么,数出图中人或各类物体的数量”听得既清楚又明了,于是他们就兴趣盎然地说开了、数开了:这是儿童乐园,有 1 个滑 梯、2 个秋千、3 只木马、4 架飞机……充分利用学生身边的数学素材,努力唤醒学生已有的 生活经验,利于学生听清听懂老师的要求。

2、让学生专注倾听其他人的发言。

一年级小朋友刚入学时最大的一个弱点就是当别人发表意见时,不懂得如何认真倾听。有的一心想表现自己,他高高地站起来,边举手边不停地喊“我,我”,有的随心所欲地看书,有的甚至玩玩具,有的已经出神不知道在想什么。此时,我们教师的引导作用就显得更为重要。如果任其自由散漫,课堂的学习效率将大打折扣,而且会滋长某些不良习惯的蔓延。当这种情况出现时,我就示意发言的同学停一下,并说:“还有几个小朋友没做到老师的要求!比比谁最会举手!谁听得最认真!××同学就很棒哦! ”这样多次及时的提醒与交流评价,学生能逐渐养成认真倾听教师和同学发言的好习惯。

三、培养学生说的习惯

在教学中加强说的训练,培养说的习惯,有利于学生学习信息的反馈,能使教师及时掌握学生对问题的理解,便于针对性地采取措施,同时培养了学生的口头表达能力,促进了学生思维发展。

1、让学生有敢说的勇气。

班级里,总有那么一些胆大敢说的孩子,也不乏胆小怕言的学生,针对实际,我时时以敢说者带动、激励怕言者。教学中,对于那些爱探索、肯带头的学生,我都给予及时的表扬:×××同学真积极,总是回答问题,说明一直在认真听讲;×××同学回答问题时很响亮,希望其他小朋友也能这样;×××同学真爱动脑筋;你说的棒极了等等。对于那些不善于发言,怕发言的学生给予期待的眼神,鼓励的目光,并加以适当的点拔、适时的引导,增强他们说的勇气和信心,只要他们能开口,哪怕声音再轻说得再离谱,我也会以鼓励的口吻对待,让他感到自己也能说,即使说错也没关系。比如,当敢说者发表了自己的想法后,我把复述、模仿的机会让给怕发言者,并给予鼓励: “说的很好。 ”以此调动他们的积极性。再如,课中对于那些较简单的问题,我把说话的机会也让给怕发言者,并及时鼓励:“你答得非常正确,有进步。”当有的学生回答错了:“虽然回答得不完全正确,

但你能大胆发言了,已有进步了,老师相信你下一次一定能回答正确。”对于一年级刚入学的孩子来说,老师能表扬他鼓励他,多数学生会觉得非常开心非常光荣,由此会增加说的勇气和信心。

2、让学生把话说清楚,说完整。

一年级学生,知识面窄,语言贫乏,尤其是数学语言更难以正确表达,他们往往能够想到、做到,但不一定能正确表达出来,根据这一特点,我总是把枯燥的数学知识寄于一定的数学情境之中,让学生边操作边表达,循序渐进地把话说清楚,说完整。例如,在教 9 加几 时,我创设了小猴卖桃子的情境:10格的盒子,一盒有9个桃子,盒外有 4 个桃。要求小朋友帮小猴算一算,一共有几个桃?借助这一情境,我分三个层次训练学生把话说清楚,说完整。第一层次:让学生借助桌上的学具边操作边表达:从盒外的 4个桃子中拿出 1个桃子放进盒子,盒里的 9个桃添上1个凑成 10 个,10个加盒外3个得 13个。第二层次:脱离各种模式,借助表象进行思维,让学生看到 9+4 就能说出计算过程和得数,那就是看 9 加 4,把4分成 1和 3,9和1凑成 10,10加3是13。一定的情境,直观的操作,循序渐进的、有层次地训练,为学生把话说完整说清楚创造了良好的条件。

四、培养学生认真作业的习惯

认真书写不仅能提高作业的准确率,而且对端正学生的学习态度,养成认真负责的习惯 有积极的意义。书写美观、工整是学生的基本功。

一年级学生在做课堂作业的过程中,经常会做做玩玩,心神不定,尚未养成认真作业的习惯,而这一习惯对于学生以后的发展是必不可少的。首先要培养学生认真写字的习惯,教学生把字写规范。我经常奖励作业写得漂亮的,或者作业正确的,会给他们敲笑脸印章,说明很棒。学生对老师的奖励敏感度极高,经过这种制度的实施,学生学习的积极性很强,努力地想得到教师奖给他们的笑脸印章,还会觉得自己是很棒的,增强了自信心。

小学生形成良好的学习习惯非一朝一夕之事,必须从点滴做起,良好的学习习惯养成,必然让学生终身受益。 A first grade student just entered the primary school learning, their concept of learning is weak, also don't know what that means for their knowledge and learn knowledge, has not yet formed the good study habits. On the one hand, they have become accustomed to the kindergarten life, playing games, the bouncing up and down; On the other hand, just after two months of summer vacation, spoil freedom. For children started school, therefore, to develop good study habits is particularly important. If a person has formed the good study habits, then he will easily into a higher level of learning, independent learning, think hard,

distinguish, find out the main points, have learned something. On the other hand, the bad habits will hinder the development of their normal, outstanding

I think, we first grade teacher to love, persistence, patience, to guide the children

gradually back on track, gradually adapt to the primary school study life. I think you can focus on cultivating the good habit of the following aspects.

A, cultivate the habit of students classroom routine

Just in first grade children hard to avoid can't change the habit of the kindergarten, active, difficult to concentrate in class, especially at the entrance, 40 minutes of classroom for them at that time very not accustomed to, so be elementary student's routine, it is difficult, how to better solve the problem? The teacher should do:

First, don't too worry to learn lessons, to give top priority to routine, because if you don't do a good job in the conventional, pupils will be undisciplined, run, yell in the class, the class efficiency was reduced, so only to discipline well, properly in class, to guide students to seriously study knowledge, to learn knowledge well.

Second, if you have a routine not ready, will be repeated, again and again practice, strictly controlled, until it is ready, such as sitting position is not correct, let them quietly sitting in a chair for 3 to 5 minutes, see who sit one of the most regular, admire them, and practice in each class, and a long period of time will form a habit.

Third, let them get into the habit of looking at the blackboard in class, trying to absorb the knowledge on the blackboard, in order to focus their attention. I always say a password, for example, a reminder to the student, most of the students would sit up look at the blackboard, time is long, the sound of the password will look up at the blackboard. Second, cultivate the habit of students to listen to

Listen to the opinions of others, and express their own thoughts, is an important way of promoting the students to learn knowledge. So we should try to use various means to arouse the students' good habit to listen carefully.

1, seriously listen to the teacher's lecture.

Let the students listen to clear, understand the requirements of the teacher. Primary school students, especially first-year students study mathematics enthusiasm and

motivation, to a certain extent depends on their feelings and interest of student material. Let them hear, understand the teacher in teaching requirements, students will be able to select from life closely related material. Teaching, for example, \"count\", I guide the student to observe topic maps, lively, full of tong qu pictures bring the student to the

children's life good memories, but a ardently desire of colorful school life. Students to the requirement of teachers' observation, what place is on the drawing, what, count the

pictured or the number of all kinds of objects \"is clear and clear, and they're interested in wild, number: this is the children's park, one slide ladder, 2, 4, 3 Trojan swing plane... Make full use of students' mathematical materials around, trying to arouse students for life experience, for students to hear to understand the teacher's requirements.

2, let students focus on listening to others speak.

When children started school grade one one of the biggest weakness is when others speak, don't know how to listen carefully. Some wanted to express themselves, as he stood up, put up your hands and keep shout \"me, me\", some reading, follow one's

inclinationsly or even toys, some have trance don't know what's going on. At this point, we teachers' guiding role becomes even more important. If allowed to lax, classroom learning efficiency will be discounted, and rise to the spread of some bad habits. When this

happens, I will sign for stop speaking students, and said: \"there are several children didn't do the requirements of the teacher. Bibi who will put up your hands! Most who listen to the most serious! Xx classmates are great!\" the timely reminder and communication

evaluation for many times, students will gradually form the good habit of seriously listen to the teacher and classmate speech.

Third, cultivate the habit of students said

Strengthen the training of the said in the teaching, to cultivate the habit of saying, is advantageous to the students' information feedback and can make the teacher know students understanding of the problem in time, measures to facilitate, and cultivate the students' oral expression ability, promote the development of the students' thinking. 1, let the student have the courage to dare to say.

In the class, there is always some daring to say children, with some timid, afraid of the students, in view of the actual, I dare to speaker always drive and motivate the fear of the adviser. Teaching, for students who love to explore, willing to take the lead, I have to give timely praise: XXX classmates really positive, always answer a question, that has been listening; XXX classmates to answer the question very loud and clear, want to can do other children; XXX classmates love ideas; What you said is awesome, and so on. For those who are not good at speaking, afraid of looking forward to a student who gave a speech, encourage, and the appropriate point, timely guidance, enhance their courage and confidence, as long as they can speak, even if the voice said again gently again, I would to encourage tone, let him feel also can say, it doesn't matter even if say the wrong. Dare, for example, when a speaker presented his idea, I repeat, imitate the opportunity to be afraid of the speaker, and to give encouragement: \"well said.\" in order to arouse the enthusiasm of them. Again, such as, for those relatively simple questions in class, I get the chance to speak to the speaker, and timely encouragement: \"your answer is correct, have made progress.\" When some students answer wrong: \"although the answer is not entirely correct, but could you speak up, has been improved, the teachers believe that the next time you must be able to answer correctly.\" For first-year grade one child, the teacher can he encouraged him, the majority of students feel very happy very glorious, thus increase the courage and confidence.

2, let the students to get clear words, said.

Poor grade one students, narrow range of knowledge, language, especially in math and language is difficult to express, they tend to think of, do it, but not necessarily can express correctly, according to this characteristic, I always send boring mathematical knowledge in certain mathematics situation, lets the student operation while expressing, step by step to get clear words, said. Teaching, for example, when a few, I created the little monkey

peach seller situation: 10 box, a box of nine peaches, outside the box has four peach. Require children to help calculate a calculate, the little monkey is one of a few peach? With the aid of this situation, I points, three levels of training students get it straight said complete. The first level: let the student through the study on the table operation

expression: from the outside of the box to come up with one of four peach peach into the box, box of nine peach on one more add up to ten, ten plus box of 3 to 13. At the second level: from a variety of patterns, with the aid of image thinking, let the student see 9 + 4 can tell calculation process and the invisible, that is 9 and 4, 4 divided into 1 and 3, 9 and 1 add up to 10, 10 + 3 is 13. Certain situations, intuitive operation, progressive, training level, for students to clarify words complete created good conditions.

Fourth, to cultivate the habit of students homework seriously

www.huayueting1.com www.bjbhzhy.com www.boxuelun.com zuoxuanroujian3.com Seriously writing can not only enhance the accuracy in homework, but for the students' learning attitude, get into the habit of serious and responsible have positive significance. Beautiful, neat writing is the basic skill of students.

First-year students in the process of doing the assignments, often do play, distracted, has yet to get into the habit of homework seriously, and this habit is necessary for students' future development. First, cultivate the habit of students to write seriously to teach

students write word specification. I often rewards homework well, or homework right, give them knock smiling face seal, that's great. Students sensitivity to the teacher's reward is extremely high, after the implementation of this system, students' learning enthusiasm is very strong, hard to get award for teachers to give them the smiling face of the seal, will also feel great, enhances the self-confidence.

Elementary school students form good learning habits not an overnight, must start from the intravenous drip, good study habits, must let the student lifelong benefit.

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