haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 小学教育 > 小学作文小学作文

作文写法

发布时间:2014-06-23 14:14:17  

四六级考试在即,作为考前最容易提高的题型,作文的复习决不能放松,

1)对立法——先引出其他人的不同看法,然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法,适用于有争议性的主题。

[1] When asked about..., the vast/overwhelming majority of people say that …. But I think/view a bit differently.

[2] When it comes to ...., some people believe that…. Others argue/claim that the

opposite/reverse is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments/statements, but I tend to the former/latter.

[3] Now, it is commonly/generally/widely believed/held/acknowledged that..... They claim/ believe/argue that ... But I wonder/doubt whether.....

2)现象法——引出要剖析的现象或者问题,然后评论。

[1] Recently the rise in the problem/phenomenon of ... has cause/aroused

public/popular/wide/ worldwide concern.

[2] Recently the issue of the problem/phenomenon of ...has been brought into focus/into public attention.

[3] Inflation/Corruption/Social inequality ... is yet another of the new and bitter truth we have to learn to face now/constantly.

3)观点法——开门见山,直接了当地提出自己对要讨论的问题的看法。

[1] Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginning/coming to realize/accept/(be aware) that...

[2] Now there is a(n)growing awareness/recognition of the necessity to....

[3] Now people become increasingly aware/conscious of the importance of ....

[4] Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude/idea that....

4)引用法——先引出名人名言或者有代表性的看法,来引出文章要展开论述的观点。

[1] "Knowledge is power." This is the remark made by Bacon. This remark has been shared by more and more people.

[2] "Education is not complete with graduation." This is the opinion of a great American philosopher. Now more and more people share his opinion.

[3] "...." We often hear statements/words like those/this.

[4] We often hear such traditional complains as this "....".

5)比较法——通过对过去、现在两种不同的倾向、观点的比较,引出文章要讨论的观点。

[1] For years, ...had been viewed as .... But people are taking a fresh look now. With the growing ..., people ....

[2] People used to think that ... (In the past, ....) But people now share this new idea.

6)故事法——先讲一个较短的故事来引发读者的兴趣,引出文章的主题。(建议少用)

[1] Once in (a newspaper), I read of/learnt..... The phenomenon of ... has aroused public concern.

[2] I have a friend who ... Should he ....? Such a dilemma we are often confronted with in our daily life.

[3] Once upon a time, there lived a man who .... This story may be (unbelievable), but it still has a realistic significance now.

考试结束后,新东方在线将在第一时间发布2013英语四六级真题及英语四六级答案!同学们届时可以点击以下链接查看。

文章结尾有一个最大的忌讳,这个忌讳如果能避免,你的写作分数必然能提高一个分数档。如果不能避免,则意味着你的文章分数得降低一个分数档。

结尾最大忌:“我结故我在,与他人无关”。换句话来说,就是“结尾”与“前面内容”失去衔接性。

结尾必须和前面的段落内容形成衔接,如果考场作文的结尾不能满足这个衔接性的要求,必然难以得高分。其实要满足这个“衔接性”并不难。下面就教大家如何用最简单的方法使你的结尾具有“衔接性”。

推荐1:From what has been discussed above

推荐2:Given what has been discussed above

只要你在写作结尾时加上这个表达,恭喜你,你的结尾就和前面的内容产生了衔接性,这个衔接性是阅卷评分的一个关键标准,有了衔接性就等于得到加分,所以“结尾决定分数”。 最后,希望考生们在四六级考试中取得好成绩。

四六级图画作文在最近几年考试中考了好几次,可谓占据了统治地位。图画作文可分为图片、漫画与照片等多种,其结构总体上比图表作文的结构变化更多,更为灵活,因此难度也更大。

一、描述图画

图画作文对图画的描述应在第一段进行,且最好在首句即开始。此类作文大部分是一幅图,也会有两幅图出现的情况。如果出现两幅图,则很有可能是突显对比的情况。

图画上可能没有任何文字,也可能在上面出现了一句话,也可以单个人物说话或两个人物对话,也可能在图画外写了总结性的一句话。大家注意,这一句话或两句话一般是非常重要的,应予译出。

一般说来,对图画的描写不必过长,应以简练、准确为标准。

二、图画类作文结构分析

我们想象中的最典型最理想的图画题提纲应该是下面这样:

1. 描述图画

2. 推导绘画者的意图

3. 做出评论

对于这一提纲我们来做具体分析,其中第三点更要细致研究。首先由图画引出一种社会现象或社会问题,可以是好的,也可以是不好的。在推导绘画者的意图时多是展开说此现象或问题的表现,以证明其引人注目。还有一种可能性是说此现象或问题产生的原因,提纲可直接列出,或还用上述提纲。这时可把简单意图推导直接放到第一段描述图画之后,而在第二段中说原因。

第三段做出评论,有可能只是简单评论、深化主题就结束,但这种可能性越来越小了。这一部分很可能说的是办法,不好的事情就是如何解决的办法,好的事情就是如何进一步发展的方法。

通过上述列表,我们可以看出,多年以来,真实的提纲是怎样一步步地向我们想象中的理想模式靠近的。对于提纲里面出现的变化和规律,我们来分析一下。

我们仔细分析,会发现历年考研真题基本上都呈现"现象或问题——原因解释——解决办法"这样的模式,但变化非常多。因为我们谈论的既可以是一件值得弘扬的好事,也可能是一个令人忧心忡忡的社会问题;针对后者我们极有可能需要提出做法;而对于前者,可能解释一下就结束了,也可能要写出相应的做法。

综上所述,可以看出,比起图表作文来,图画作文要更灵活,更富于变化。我们一定要多练习,以达到一看到图画(含图中和图边文字)和提纲(有时有文章标题)就能有效地审题解题,构造出合理的具体段落的目的。

四六级写作冲刺阶段最强思路梳理吧

1、六个功能段落:

(1) 现象阐述段落

At present, there isno denying the fact that … plays an increasingly important part in our dailylife. …status as the focus of public concern mainlyresults from its profound influence on individuals, collective and even thewhole world.

(2)观点阐述段落

A close inspection ofthis argument would reveal how flimsy it is. Some believe that (观点

1),while others argue that (观点2). As forme, I agree to the former / latter idea because its advantages outweigh its disadvantages.There are dozens of reasons behind my belief. Generally speaking, theadvantages can be listed as follows. First of all…. The second reason that canbe seen by every person is that…

(3)原因分析段落

There are many reasonsresponsible for this phenomenon/case/instance and the following are the typicalones. The first reason is that… Thesecond reason is that ... The typical example is that ….

(4)正面展望段落

… iscrucial for every individual. With its power, it can not only accelerate …. butserve as an efficient instrument for individuals to …. Where there is better…,there are more…. When we are benefiting from …, we shall do our utmost tomaintain… to ensure ourselves a brighter future.

(5)解决措施段落

Onlyby these means can we succeed in solving the problem in the near future.

Therefore,measures should be taken to terminate the ridiculous affair. First, governmentshould establish some regulations to ….. What’s more, people should get readyto …. Finally, I can safely come to the conclusion that is it high time weenhanced the awareness of ….

(6)图画/表描述段落

As is vividly depicted in the picture….The purpose of the drawings is to show us that…, yet the symbolic meaningsubtly conveyed should be taken more seriously.

2、了解四,六级写作考试的题目类型:

(1) 正面/反面现象阐述型

(2) 问题解决型

(3) 图表/漫画型

3、针对题型灵活套用功能段落,将手中准备功能段落进行合理灵活的排列组合。

(1) 正面/反面现象

(10年12月四级How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent?)

第一段:现象阐述

第二段:现象产生原因

第三段:正面展望/反面问题解决

(2) 问题解决型(05年6月六级 SayNo to Pirated Products)

第一段:现象阐述

第二段:问题产生原因

第三段:解决问题方法

(3) 漫画/图表型(13年6月四级漫画)

第一段:图画/图表描述

第二段:分析图表/图画产生的原因

或 阐述针对图表/漫画的现象进行观点的阐述

第三段:正面图: 展望未来

或 负面图: 解决措施

(4) 观点阐述型(00年6月六级Is a Test Of Spoken English Necessary?)

第一段:描述话题,引出观点

第二段:支持以及反对观点的阐述

第三段:总结观点

1. 英语四级开头万能公式一:数字统计

原理:要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。

原则上在议论文当中十不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考试的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东西写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型:

According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.

看起来这个数字文邹邹的,其实都是编造出来的,下面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造:

Honesty

根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老师请假的理由当中78%都是假的。 Travel by Bike

根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。

Youth

根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的课余时间的70%都是在休闲娱乐。 Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work?

根据最近的一项统计调查显示,98%的人同意每周五天工作日。

更多句型:

A recent statistics shows that …

2. 英语四级开头万能公式二:名人名言

有人问了,“我没有记住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编!

原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是8,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来很有道理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧?

经典句型:

A proberb says, “ You are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言)

It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言)

更多经典句型:

As everyone knows, No one can deny that…

结尾万能公式:

1. 英语四级结尾万能公式一:如此结论

说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子:

Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.

如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了!

更多过渡短语:

to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus

更多句型:

Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…

2. 英语四级结尾万能公式二:如此建议

如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。拽!

Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.

这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢?

更多句型:

Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.

Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.

写作的“五项基本原则”:

一、长短句原则

工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题: As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar. 如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?

强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

二、主题句原则

国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!

特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的!

To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.

三、一二三原则

领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点… 如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。

1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)

2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)

3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗)

4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)

5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)

6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)

7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)

8)most important of all, moreover, finally

9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)

10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)

建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚!

四、 多实少虚原则

原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如:

走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room

但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room

小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room

小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room

老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room

所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩!

五、 短语优先原则

写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点—精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个办法!比如:

I cannot bear it.

可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.

I want it.

可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it. 这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com