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# 雅思A类小作文

“Summarize” 意味着：你需要有“概括”性的句子，概括的是“main features” 通常来讲，与数字有关的特性就有两项。第一项：随时间变化的数字就是趋势；第二项：有不同对象的数字就是比较。换句话讲，只要把题目中的这些特性概括出来，文章的最主要内容就完成了。接下来，就是用具体的数字作为例子来强调这种特性是存在的。

“Make comparisons”意味着具体写作的时候，应该有一个基准对象即切入点，其他的对象都要和它进行比较（或者相同，或者不同）。

1、描述数字比较的常用句型及词汇

a、两者的比较

e.g. 王浩 6:7马琳 （The score of Mr. Wang is 6, compared with 7, that of Mr. Ma. ）

The score of Mr. Ma is 7, 1 more than that of Mr. Wang. 7 = 1+(6)

e.g. Mr. Chow?s IQ 80: 160 Mr. foot?s IQ

Mr. Foot?s IQ reaches 160, 2 times (double) Mr. Chow?s IQ.

Mr. Wang Yi?s popularity 20%: 10% Mr. Tao?s popularity

Water consumption in Brazil and Congo in 2000 Populati

on Irrigated land Water consumption per person Country

Brazil 176

million 26,500 km2 359 m3

Democratic Republic of Congo 5.2

million 100 km2 8 m3

In 2000, the water consumption per person of Brazil with 176 million people reached 359 m3, compared with 8 m3, that of Democratic Republic of Congo at the population of 5.2 million. The area of irrigated land in the former was found 26,500 km2, 265 times that of the latter.

NB：在描述的过程中，始终要记得名词需要配合量词使用（因为服务对象是数字）。此外，因为比较同样的对象，因此比较的前后在词性必须保持一致。如：The percentage of Brazil is more than Congo.这样的句子就是一种错误。

b、三者或三者以上的比较

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The table below shows the proportion of different categories of families living in poverty in Australia in 1999.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words. Proportion of people from each

Family type

household type living in poverty

single aged person

aged couple

single, no children

couple, no children

sole parent

couple with children

all households 6％（54，000） 4％（48，000） 19％（359，000） 7％（211，000） 21％（232，000） 12％（933，000） 11％（1，837，000）

The percentage of people from all household in poverty reaches 11%, equivalent to nearly 1.8 million. That of poor single family without children and sole-parent family, the top two, is about double 11%, but that of the latter, 21%, higher 2% than that of the former. Similarly, the percentage of people from couple-with-children family in poverty is 12%, slightly higher than the average, more 5% than that of couple-without-children family, lower than the average. Of all family types, those with aged people have the lowest percentage in poverty, 4% and 6%, and the proportion with aged couple is lower.

2、描述数字变化的常用句型及词汇

12个单词 + 3个句式 + 4个连接词

a、12个单词 趋势 描述单词 注意事项

2．在句子和文章中，事实上很少用到上述动词的原型，

3．上升和下降需要和数字建立连接，可供选择的介词to,

To 配合动词和名词，表示“达到”

By/of 表示“变化了”；by跟在动词后面，而of跟在

varybetween…and…

fluctuation

between…and…

dramatically

(significantly)剧烈的；

(gradually)逐渐的；

slightly (slowly)缓慢

b、3个重要的句式：

（1）主谓句（强调量词的变化）

The usage charge in Australia grew by \$0.25 per kiloliter during 2005-2006.

（2） 主谓宾句（强调量词的变化，词性变化）

The usage charge in Australia had a growth of \$0.25 per kiloliter between 2005 and 2006.

（3） 被动句（强调变化本身）

A growth of \$0.25 per kiloliter was found in the usage charge in Australia over 1 year to Year 2006.

NB: 表示时间的变化，常用的手法

From…to…; between…and…; during…-…; for/over时间差to终止时间

c、4个连接词

In the recent 2 years, GDP of China has grown by 10%, after which it is estimated to climb by 8% next year. In contrast, a dropping trend, in the last 2 years, has been found in that of Japan, before it is predicted to be more dramatic.

During 1979- 1999, visits overseas by UK residents, about 12 million in 1979, had a growth to nearly 52 million. The similar pattern was found in visits to the UK by international residents from around 10 million to 30 million. 6.5分

UK residents, about 12 million in 1979, had a growth to nearly 52 million. The similar pattern was found in visits to the UK by international residents from around 10 million to 30 million, but climbing slower than the former. 7分

In 1979, visits abroad by UK residents, 2 million more than those to the UK by overseas residents, was 12 million, after which a dramatic rise to nearly 52 million was found in 1999, when the similar pattern was seen in the visits to the UK by international residents to nearly 30 million. 8分

NB：高分的内容应该是信息量较大的，而且处处充斥着比较和对比的感觉。在一个句子中，充分利用“插入语-解释和补充”，以及非限制性定语从句来补充其他的内容，最后利用similarly或however进行比较。

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