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小学常用不规则动词过去式

发布时间:2013-12-02 13:25:32  

小学常用不规则动词过去式 原形 过去式 中文释义

am was 是(表示存在、状态等) are were 是(表示存在、状态等) become became 成为;变成 begin began 开始

break broke 打破

bring brought 拿来;取来;带来 build built 构筑;建造;建筑 buy bought 购买;买

can could 可以;能;可能;会 catch caught 赶上(车船等);捕获 come came 来;来到 cut cut 切;割;削;剪 do/does did 做;干;行动 draw drew 画

drink drank 喝;饮 drive drove 开车;驾驶 eat ate 吃

feel felt 感到;觉得 find found 寻找;查找 fly flew 飞行

forget forgot 忘记;忘却

get got 变得

give gave 给;授予

go went 去

have/has had 得(病);患(病);有;吃;饮 hear heard

hide hid

is was

keep kept

know knew

leave left

let let

lose lost

make made

may might

mean meant

meet met

put put

read read /e/

ride rode

ring rang

rise rose 听见;听说 隐藏 是(表示存在、状态等) 保持;使保持某种状态 知道;了解 离去;出发 允许;让 失去;丧失 使;促使;迫使;做;制作 可能;可以 表示……的意思;作……的解释 遇见;相逢 放;摆;装 读;阅读 骑 (铃)响 上升

run ran 跑;奔跑

say said 说;讲

see saw 看见

send sent 发送;寄;派;遣

set set 放, 置

小学各年级课件教案习题汇总一年级二年级三年级四年级五年级 show showed 出示;给……看

shut shut 关上(门、盖、窗户等)

sing sang 唱;唱歌

sit sat 坐

sleep slept 睡;睡觉

speak spoke 说;说话

swim swam 游泳

take took 搭乘;花费(时间);拿走;带到 teach taught 教;讲授

tell told 告诉;讲述

think thought 想;思考

will would 将要

win won 赢;获胜

write wrote 书写

不规则动词的过去式的构成

1.把动词原形中的i改为a,变成过去式。如:

begin—began,drink—drank,give—gave,ring—rang,sing—sang,sit—sat,swim—swam

2.把重读开音节中的i改为o,变成过去式。如: drive—drove,ride—rode,write—wrote

3.改动词原形中的aw /ow为ew,变成过去式。如:

draw—drew,grow—grew,know—knew,throw—threw(动词show除外,show—showed)

4.动词原形中的e改为o,变成过去式。如: get—got,forget—forgot

5.动词原形中的ee改为e,变成过去式。如: feed—fed,meet—met

6.动词原形中的eep改为ept,变成过去式。如: keep—kept,sleep—slept,sweep—swept

7.动词原形中的eak改为oke,变成过去式。如: break—broke,speak—spoke

8.动词原形中的ell改为old,变成过去式。如: sell—sold,tell—told

9.动词原形中的an改为oo,变成过去式。如:

stand—stood,understand—understood

10.以ought和aught结尾,且读音是〔 :t〕的过去式。如:

bring—brought,buy— bought,think—thought,catch—caught,teach—taught

11.以ould结尾且读音为〔ud〕的情态动词过去式。如: can—could,shall—should,will—would

12.把动词原形中的o改为a,变成过去式。如: come—came,become—became

13.在动词原形后加d或t变成过去式,并且发生音变。如:

hear〔hi 〕—heard〔h :d〕, say〔sei〕—said〔sed〕,mean〔mi:n〕—meant〔ment〕

14.动词的过去式与动词原形一样。如:

let—let,must—must,put—put,read—read〔red〕

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