套路： 首段解释谚语：It is universally acknowledged that ______, which means that _____. Even simple operations can easily be spoiled if we
________ . Actually, ____ is the key to success. Therefore, no one can neglect the great importance of ______.
举例论证：Taking a look around, we can find examples too numerous to list. The best illustration might be English study. It is ____ practice that enables a learner to get a good command of pronunciation. Similarly, only by ____ can we acquire a basic grasp of grammar. It is a fact that the process of other skills is no exception.
In short, laying a solid foundation is essential if we want to make
achievements in our studies or work, or indeed in any other aspect of our lives. At every step, review what has been achieved and assess the problems ahead before moving to the next step. And what we should bear in mind is that _____________.
首段引出话题：Nobody could have failed to notice the fact that ________ has/ have become a grave problem with which modern citizens are confronted. As far as I know, there are some ______. Apparently enough, we can find numerous examples in our society/campus. However, what makes many people worried is that this issue has not aroused enough concern.
2段分析原因：As far as I am concerned, there are numerous factors
accounting for the phenomenon mentioned above, but the following might be the critical ones. First and foremost, ________ Besides, ________. Last but not least, _______ .
2段提出解决办法: From my point of view, there are a number of ways in which ____ can tackle mentioned above, but the following might be the
indispensible ones. First and foremost, ________ Besides, ________. Last but not least, _______ .
末段：Based on the above analysis, we can naturally come to a safe
conclusion that ______ As modern college students, it is our responsibility to shoulder the burden of inheriting and developing cultural heritage/ constructing our nation’s future. Therefore, it is essential that we should _______. Besides, in order to ____, we should try to _____. Only by doing so can we become qualified talents to make great contributions to our homeland.
首段引出话题：When it comes to______, opinions differ from one to another. 二段写支持观点There are a number of individuals who hold the positive view. They believe that______They believe that _____ is advantageous for. What makes them convinced is that ______In addition, they claim that _______. 三段写反对观点Others, however, hold the opposite view. They maintain that it is unnecessary/not indispensible to _______ . One reason they cite is that ______ . Another significant cause is that ________
末段1：Personally/From my point of view, nothing is more important than _____ On the one hand, it is a fact that ______ On the other hand, no one can deny the fact that ______ Therefore, Only by doing so can ________
末段2：Who's right? I think both of them have something right. But from my point of view, it is suggested that the advantages of _____outweigh the disadvantages. We need _____, but on no account can we become slaves of______.
末段3：From my point of view, ______ itself is neither good nor bad. For our human being, nothing is more important than making best use of it. We need _____ in our daily life, but we should never be slaves of ____.
It can be seen from the chart that there have been sharp/slight
increases/decreases in the number of people travelling abroad in City X in the past decade. As the statistics shows/indicates, the year XX witnessed …. However, ….
中段解释现象分析原因：There are a number of factors accounting
for/responsible for the change, but the following are the most critical ones. First of all, … In addition / What is more / Additionally, … Last but not least, … 末段总结提出建议：In a word / To conclude / In conclusion, this
chart/pie-chart/form/table/graph/ the above statistics is a perfect indicator of … what makes me convinced is that …
首段：Good morning, ladies and gentlemen! I am …from…. It is my great honor to stay with all of you for a whole …. Just as the old saying goes, “It is always a pleasure to greet a friend from afar”. Confucious
中段：The following is my detailed introduction to myself. First, …. Second, …. Last,….
尾段：If you have any question (advice recommendation) /need any further information, please feel free to/do not hesitate to ask/inform/call/ contact me at any time. Thanks for your listening/ attention.
首段：(熟人)The time flies, we haven't seen each other for a long time. I am writing to formally invite you to participate in Mr. Guo Jing and Huang Rong’s wedding ceremony, which will be held at Beijing Grand Hotel from 8 to 10 p.m. on December 1, 2008.
(陌生人)I am Li Ming, one of Yang Guo’s best friends. I, on behalf of Yang Guo and Xiao Longnv, am writing this letter for the purpose of inviting you to participate in Mr Yang’s wedding ceremony with Xiao Longnv, which will be held at Shijiazhuang Railway Hotel from 8 to 10 p.m. on December 1, 2008. 中间段:主题句+扩展句+结论句(可省)
As one of our best friends, it is my pleasure to introduce the process of the ceremony. Firstly, the occasion will start at … After that, at about …, …. At around ten, we will hold a small musical party, at which a band will perform some works by Xu Yuteng, one of the most popular singers.
尾段：My thanks/hopes to you for your generous help/kind consideration on my requests are beyond words. I am looking forward to your favorable reply at your earliest convenience.
More and more graduates are going out of universities and entering into the society every year while the demand on the job market remains stable. The college students are facing greater and greater pressure in job-hunting.
There are many reasons behind the current phenomenon. To begin with, the economy has been confronted with depression in recent years on a global level, and it takes time for the worldwide economy to recover. What's more, there is an element of irrationality in the enrollment of the campuses. Some hot majors have enrolled too many students, and many people compete for one position after graduation, whereas the majors with little attention have few students, and more graduates are needed than the campus can supply.
The solution to this problem lies with both the government as a whole and the individual in specific. The government takes whatever measures possible to help the economy recover and to create more job opportunities for the
applicants. And for the individual students, it is better to study what they are interested in and to gain experience through practice, thus better prepared for the society.
12. Psychological Problems among College Students
No one can have failed to notice the fact that psychological problems are becoming serious among college students. Reports are often heard that some
collegians committed suicide or murdered their roommates. Typical examples include the case of a Chinese student named Ma Jiajue and that of a Korean student studying in the U.S.
Then what are the causes of these problems among college students? The following might be some of the sources of these young men and women’s troubles. First, as
young adults, most of them are at the stage of personality formation and are quite sensitive to their surroundings. Secondly, they are at a critical point of personal development and are facing pressure from various aspects: love, academy, job-seeking and so on. To make things worse, most of them are living off home and without their parents care and supervision.
To solve the problems for these young people, it is essential that the channel of communication be kept open among students, between students and their superintendents as well as between students and their parents. Besides,
psychological counseling should be enhanced and rendered to problem students in time. Only with these measures taken can we expect sound growth of college students.
1. Sandstorms are becoming an urgent problem
2. Possible solutions
There is no denying the fact that sandstorms have become a grave problem with which we are confronted. Reports are often heard upon sandstorms attacking North China and other parts of the world. Actually, sandstorms have become so widespread that they have severely affected people’s daily life and hindered the development of economy.
A number of factors could account for the rampancy of sandstorms, but the following might be the most critical ones. In the first place, overgrazing and clear-cutting have devastated the vegetation in formerly green mountains and plains.
Consequently, desert has spread and become the major source of sandstorms. In the second place, the bare construction cites in cities also contribute to sandstorms. In view of the seriousness of the situation, effective measures must be taken immediately before things get worse. In the first place, it is imperative that pertinent laws be worked out and rigidly enforced to protect vegetation. In the second place, a deep-going, widespread and ever-lasting campaign should be launched to enhance people’s awareness of environmental protection. With proper laws and an alert public, it will only be a matter of time before sandstorms become things of the past.
9．Internet — A Two-edged Sword
Internet is playing an increasingly important role in people's life. As a newborn information delivering system, the Internet has made seas of information available at our fingers’ tips. Besides, the Internet serves as the most convenient means for communication. Through the Internet, people can discuss various problems and make friends who share common views.
But just as a coin has two sides, Internet has its own drawbacks which should not be neglected. First, it costs an alarming amount of money to construct the system
and the cost is very high to most Chinese consumers. Second, it is sometimes difficult for people to find the right information they are looking for since there is too much rubbish on the net. Finally, it is also difficult to prevent the net from the invasion of criminals.
Therefore, the Internet should be viewed as a two-edged sword, which presents us with both conveniences and troubles. But we should not give up eating for fear of choking. The best policy, as I see it, is to further develop the net and exert proper supervision over it so that it can benefit us in a better way.
8. Should the Golden Week Holidays Be Abolished?
There is no denying the fact that the introduction of the Golden Week holidays in China has considerably promoted the development of the nation’s economy and touring industry and enriched people’s life. People around the country have spent more time and money traveling and relaxing themselves.
As every coin has two sides, the Golden Week holidays have also brought about piles of problems. For one thing, due to the fact that people across the country are spending their vacations during the same period of time, it is terribly crowded almost everywhere: trains, buses, hotels, scenic spots, etc., which have ruined people’s mood for vacations. For another, some businessmen take advantage of the weeklong holidays and raise the priced of commodities and services.
Personally, I believe that it is necessary for people to have long vacations, but there is no need for them to have the vacations during the same period of time. Instead, they should be allowed the freedom to arrange their own vacations. Only in this way can they really relax and refresh themselves for a new round of work.
7. Studying Abroad: Hardships and Rewards
There is no denying the fact that studying abroad is a hotly debated topic today. Obviously, studying abroad has a number of rewards/advantages. In the first place, a student can have access to advanced science and technology as well as desirable working conditions which might not be available at home. In the second place, he can be exposed to entirely new ideas and trends. Last but not least, by living and studying in a foreign country, one can improve his foreign language much faster than at home.
6. Should People Own Cars or Not?
There is no denying the fact that it has been a hotly debated topic in China whether people should have their own cars. People’s opinions differ sharply on this
issue. Some hold the positive view. They say that the car provides the most convenient form of transportation. Besides, a car is a comfortable way to travel, especially in winter. Finally, a driver is usually safe in his car when he is out at night. Others, however, hold the opposite view. They say that there are many
disadvantages to owning a car. For one thing, it can be very expensive to purchase and run a car. For another, owning a car can also cause worry and stress. It is exhausting to drive a car in heavy traffic. What is worse, cars are responsible for most of the smog in cities, which pollutes the environment seriously.
In spite of all the above mentioned, I still favor owning a car. The reason is that the car gives a person the freedom to schedule his own time. Though we are confronted with a problem of energy crisis, I am sure that the real solution will have to be a new kind of car, one that uses cheap, efficient fuel and does not contaminate the air.
Nowadays, an increasing number of people have become car owners. Yet there is no consensus on the development of private cars. Some people hold the positive view. They say that the car is the result of modern science and technology and everyone is entitled to enjoy it. They also argue that the development of private cars will vigorously stimulate the development of other industries and the whole national economy.
Others, however, hold the negative view. They point out that the increasing number of cars have led to a series of problems. First, they result in air pollution, which seriously damage people’s health. Secondly, too many cars on the road easily lead to traffic jams, which actually slow down the pace of life and work.
Weighing the pros and cons of these arguments, I am inclined to agree with the latter point of view. The government should put a ban on the development of private cars and exert more efforts to develop public transportation, such as buses and subways. In this way, we can both enjoy efficiency and a clean environment.
5. Keeping Pets
There is no denying the fact that keeping pets is a hotly debated topic today. Some people claim that keeping pets is a good thing to do. They believe that pets, like cats and dogs, can help relieve the loneliness suffered by senior citizens and other social members who are confined to their homes for this reason or that. They also argue that keeping pets helps mankind understand animals’ world and develop positive feelings toward them.
Others, however, hold the opposite view. They regard keeping pets as a useless but harmful thing to do. First, pets can transmit diseases. Secondly, the noises and dung of pets are sources of pollution. Last but not least, as many rare birds
and animals are kept as pets, they will surely be hunted on a large scale, which means a threat to the balance of the ecosystem.
Weighing the arguments of both sides, I am inclined to agree with the latter. Anyway, we can lessen our loneliness and express our love toward animals in other ways. And it is my belief that only by placing man and other species on an equal basis can we expect to have a lively and colorful world.
There is no denying the fact that buying lottery tickets is a hotly debated topic in China today. / There is no denying the fact that buying lottery tickets is becoming popular in China today. Some people believe that it is beneficial in many ways. In the first place, it helps raise money for such groups as the poor and the disabled as well as for such causes as sports. (Thus, the heavy financial burden on the government will be relieved or even removed.) In the second place, lottery games provide people with a means of entertainment or pastime. (Without lottery games, many people might find nothing interesting to do. Last but not least, by buying lottery tickets, one may make a fortune overnight.)
Others, however, hold the opposite view. They say that buying lottery tickets is actually a kind of gambling. People are encouraged to earn money through guessing instead of down-to-earth labor. As a result, some people are tempted to commit crimes.
A case in point is the two bank clerks in Heibei who stole millions of money from the bank to buy lottery tickets.
Weighing the arguments of both sides, I am inclined to agree with the former. Lottery games can serve as a good means to raise funds. But the ticket buyers should keep in mind the original purpose of such games, that is, to help the underprivileged or to contribute to public welfare. If they happen to win the prizes, it’s nothing but a return for their kindness.
(Personally, I think that both sides have something right. Actually, lottery games should be viewed as a two-edged sword, which presents us with both benefits and troubles. But we should not give up eating for fear of choking. The best policy, as I see it, is to maximize their advantages and eliminate their unhealthy
side-effects. Or in other words, we should further develop lottery games and exert proper supervision over them so that they can benefit us in a better way.)
3．Should College Students Be Allowed to Get Married?
There is no denying the fact that it is a hotly debated topic today whether college students should be allowed to get married. Some time ago, the ban was lifted by some universities on students getting married. To this people’s attitudes differ sharply. Some hold the positive view. They say that most college students are adults and that it is a basic right for those who have reached the appropriate ages to get married. Besides, they argue that with their biological and emotional needs met, these students will study better. // The ban on this means a severe violation of human rights.
Many others, however, hold the negative/opposite view. They claim that the university or college is a place to study instead of a community to lead family life. Allowing college students to get married would adversely affect their study. For instance, they would spend too much time attending their family and love, unable to concentrate on their school work.
As far as I am concerned,// Weighing the arguments of both sides, I believe that it is OK to allow college students to get married. Anyway, this is their freedom. Actually, we don’t have to worry too much because facts have shown that most college students would choose not to get married in the face of such fierce competition and heavy school work.
(或 As far as I am concerned,// Weighing the arguments of both sides, I believe that college students should not be allowed to get married. Though mostly adults, they are actually immature psychologically. Their wishes to get married are, more often than not, impulses. Besides, as students, they are not ready to support a family financially.
There is no denying the fact that it has been a hotly debated topic whether students should attend military training in China in the past years. Opinions on this issue differ sharply. Some hold the positive view. They say that the training can not only build up students’ bodies but also temper their willpower. Besides, through the training, students can develop their team-spirit and sense of discipline.
Others, however, hold the opposite view. They say that a short period of training as students are having now cannot work well in building up their bodies or strengthen their will. Instead, we should lay emphasis on their daily exercise and activities for such purpose. What’s more, a sudden increase of intense physical exercise, especially during summer, does harm to students’ health and may even cause deaths. What happened in the past years has proved this.
Weighing the pros and cons of these arguments, I am inclined to agree with the former point of view. Military training is not only a means to strengthen student’s physique and willpower, but also an effective way to enhance their sense of national defense and foster their patriotism. Though some deaths happened during the training, we should not give up eating for fear of choking. Besides, the deaths are perfect evidence that students need more such training. Of course, measures should be taken to ensure that the least harm is done to the trainees.