基础写作 (清明节 --- Tomb Sweeping Day)
Abby是美籍华人，最近常听到同学们提起清明节（Tomb Sweeping Day）, 她对此非常感兴趣。作为她的朋友，请你以清明节为题，向Abby介绍一些清明节的活动，内容包括：
1、时间：通常是每年的4月4 ~ 6号；
参考词汇： 墓cemetery 香incense
============================================================ One possible version:
Tomb Sweeping Day usually falls on April 4~6 every year. It’s one of the Chinese traditional festivals, in which people offer sacrifices to their ancestors. According to the Chinese customs, people will bring along some food, wine, paper money, and some flowers to the cemetery of their ancestors. After slightly sweeping the tombs, people offer food, then burn the incense and paper money, and bow before the memorial tablet. It’s in this special day that people mourn over their ancestors and remember their great contribution to the development of our society.
One possible version:
Lion dance is a traditional Chinese folk art, which is performed to celebrate festivals or ceremonies. Dating back to the Three Kingdoms, it has a history of over 1,000 years. There are usually two performers who play the lion, one
of whom handle the lion’s head, and the other plays the body and the tail. The performers dress up as lions and imitate all kinds of movements of lions to the music played by drums and gongs. Lion dance is popular all over the world as Chinese migrate abroad, especially in Southeast Asia.
The Beaver and Its Goal
Last fall there was a beaver moving in the small stream beside our house. He immediately began taking down small trees, and within a couple of weeks our small stream turned into a small pond. Every day he added more to his dam and to his house.
With the stream now dammed up and his house built, we thought that would be the last of the beaver’s busy activity as winter set in. But, to our amazement, he started chewing on a very large maple tree. Over the winter, when the weather allowed, he kept coming back and would chew a bit more.
With spring finally arriving, we went down to see the beaver’s progress and sure enough the tree was going to come down soon!
The beaver’s original goal was to build a home for the winter. Working every day with that particular focus in mind, he achieved that goal. But the large maple tree he started chewing on last fall was a future goal—he wanted the large tree for the spring, to provide new food and branches to continue damming in anticipation of the spring thaw. And, even with the setbacks he faced over the winter, he never gave up.
Sometimes we have a goal to just survive, but we also need to set goals for tomorrow. It is also very important that when faced with setbacks in achieving a goal, you need to stay focused and don’t let the setbacks discourage you.
The writer tried to tell us the importance of setting goals through a beaver’s story. After the beaver built a house for the
winter, it set another goal for the spring----chewing / to chew down a big tree and succeeded by working hard.
The question for success always begins with a target. Goal-setting is the focus of will to move in a certain direction. Without goals, one will never know what he’s doing, neither will he try to do his best.
There goes the saying, “Hard work leads to success. ” If we want to achieve our goals, we must work hard. Also, we should stick to our goals and never give up when we are faced with setbacks.
Last year I took part in an English Speech Contest. At the beginning I made up my mind to perform best though my English was not good enough. I tried every means and even stood in front of the mirror to practise again and again. Finally I succeeded and became one of the 10 students in the final competition.
第二节 读写任务 (共1小题，满分25分)
“Stress” is defined as the way our bodies and minds react to life changes. Since adolescence is a period of significant change, including physical, emotional, social, and academic changes, many teens are under more stress than any other time of life. Teenagers can become stressed for many reasons. Since a large part of teenage life is spent at school and home, most of the causes of teen stress also come from school or home. There are lots of types of teen stress. Similarly there are several causes of teen stress. Most of them face stress due to some of the following reasons:
? ? Family problems (divorce, death in family, financial problem)
? ? Moving to a new school
? ? Difficulty in school (learning difficulties, too much homework, tests)
? ? Friends (lack of friends, shyness, fights with friends, acceptance/ rejection, peer pressure, boyfriend/ girlfriend problems)
? ? Too many extra-curricular activities combined with schoolwork, etc.
? ? Deciding one’s future (college planning, job planning)
? ? Overachieving (trying to be perfect in many areas)
? ? High expectations (seeing goals too high can come from both parents and the individual themselves)
2. 以约120个词就 “Teen stress” 这一主题发表你的观点，并包括以下内容：
The teenage years are an especially stressful period, and the life of a teenager can be filled with a lot of stress due to various reasons.
As a teenager, I am experiencing different kinds of stress, such as the pressure from tests and classmates. But my biggest stress comes from the
high expectation of my parents for me. I am their only child so that they put all their hope on me, which makes my life stressful. Once I was not in the top five, and they were very disappointed and blamed me. Under such pressure, I did worse than before.
I told my best friend about how stressed I felt, who suggested that I should talk with them about it. I followed his advice and my parents now don’t blame me any longer but encourage me. Although their expectation for me is still my biggest stress, it has become my motivation as well.
As a result, if you are suffering from stress, please seek advice and support from others, and then you will move ahead in life.
I have a friend Monty Roberts who owns a horse ranch (牧马场) in San Ysidro. When he was a senior, he was asked to write a paper about what he wanted to be and do when he grew up.
The next day he handed it in to the teacher. On the front was a large red F. The boy with the dream asked, “Why did I receive an F?”
The teacher said, “This is an unrealistic dream for a young boy like you. You have no money. You come from an itinerant（四处奔波的）family. You have no resources. Owning a horse ranch requires a lot of money. You have to buy the land. You have to pay for the original breeding stock and later you’ll have to pay large stud fees. There’s no way you could ever do it.”
He stated, “You can keep the F and I’ll keep my dream.”
The best part of the story is that two
summers ago that same schoolteacher brought 30 kids to camp out on his ranch for a week. When the teacher was leaving, he said, “Look, Monty, I can tell you this now. When I was your teacher, I was something of a dream stealer. During those years I stole a lot of kids’ dreams. Fortunately you had enough belief not to give up on yours.”
学校最近组织了一次中美学生交流活动，你参加其中的“坚守信念”的讨论。读完Monty Roberts 的故事之后，你准备写一份发言稿，题目是 “Belief can change one’s fate” ，内容要点包括：
1. 以约30个词概括Monty Roberts的成长故事；
One possible version
This passage tells us that Monty Roberts, who had such strong belief that he didn’t give up his dream all the time, eventually succeeded in
owning a horse ranch.
For a person, belief always plays an important role in his/her life. As a saying goes, “Where there is a will, there is a way.” Anyone who has strong belief can enjoy a colorful life. Otherwise, he will lose himself in his way of life.
Belief is so important that it can change one’s fate. As a deaf man, Beethoven went on working with his strong belief in the last year of his life, though he was not able to hear his own fine music. Marie Curie, a famous scientist, also has set a good example. In 1898, Marie found a new element in the pitchblende. In order to improve her discovery, Marie and her husband worked hard. At last they saw the dim blue light of new element — radium. Her dream had come true.
From my personal point of view, it can be seen that one with firmly-held belief is likely to get successful and master his own life.