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寒假补课基础写作

发布时间:2013-12-28 10:43:40  

基础写作 (清明节 --- Tomb Sweeping Day)

[写作内容]

Abby是美籍华人,最近常听到同学们提起清明节(Tomb Sweeping Day), 她对此非常感兴趣。作为她的朋友,请你以清明节为题,向Abby介绍一些清明节的活动,内容包括:

1、时间:通常是每年的4月4 ~ 6号;

2、清明节是我国传统节日,也是人们拜祭(扫墓)时;

3、按照旧的习俗,人们要携带酒、食品、纸钱、花等物品到墓地。对墓地进行简单清理之后,人们将食物供祭在亲人墓前,再将香和纸钱焚化,然后叩头行礼祭拜;

4、这是我们悼念先人,缅怀他们丰功伟绩的日子。

参考词汇: 墓cemetery 香incense

[写作要求]

1. 只能使用5个句子表达全部内容;

2. 文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

[评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯

============================================================ One possible version:

Tomb Sweeping Day usually falls on April 4~6 every year. It’s one of the Chinese traditional festivals, in which people offer sacrifices to their ancestors. According to the Chinese customs, people will bring along some food, wine, paper money, and some flowers to the cemetery of their ancestors. After slightly sweeping the tombs, people offer food, then burn the incense and paper money, and bow before the memorial tablet. It’s in this special day that people mourn over their ancestors and remember their great contribution to the development of our society.

基础写作 (中国的舞狮)

[写作内容]

请你用英语写一篇文章介绍中国的舞狮,内容包括:

1.舞狮是中国传统的民间艺术,每逢佳节或庆典,都以舞狮庆祝;

2.起源于三国时期,至今已有一千多年的历史;

3.一般由两人表演,一人舞狮头,另一人舞狮身和狮尾;

4.表演者在锣鼓音乐下,装扮成狮子的样子,表演狮子的各种动作;

5.舞狮随着华人移居海外而闻名世界,尤其在东南亚盛行。

参考词汇:舞狮lion dance

鼓drum

锣gong

[写作要求]

1. 只能使用5个句子表达全部内容;

2. 文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

[评分标准]

句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯

============================================================

One possible version:

Lion dance is a traditional Chinese folk art, which is performed to celebrate festivals or ceremonies. Dating back to the Three Kingdoms, it has a history of over 1,000 years. There are usually two performers who play the lion, one

of whom handle the lion’s head, and the other plays the body and the tail. The performers dress up as lions and imitate all kinds of movements of lions to the music played by drums and gongs. Lion dance is popular all over the world as Chinese migrate abroad, especially in Southeast Asia.

读写任务(共1小题,满分25分)

阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

The Beaver and Its Goal

Last fall there was a beaver moving in the small stream beside our house. He immediately began taking down small trees, and within a couple of weeks our small stream turned into a small pond. Every day he added more to his dam and to his house.

With the stream now dammed up and his house built, we thought that would be the last of the beaver’s busy activity as winter set in. But, to our amazement, he started chewing on a very large maple tree. Over the winter, when the weather allowed, he kept coming back and would chew a bit more.

With spring finally arriving, we went down to see the beaver’s progress and sure enough the tree was going to come down soon!

The beaver’s original goal was to build a home for the winter. Working every day with that particular focus in mind, he achieved that goal. But the large maple tree he started chewing on last fall was a future goal—he wanted the large tree for the spring, to provide new food and branches to continue damming in anticipation of the spring thaw. And, even with the setbacks he faced over the winter, he never gave up.

Sometimes we have a goal to just survive, but we also need to set goals for tomorrow. It is also very important that when faced with setbacks in achieving a goal, you need to stay focused and don’t let the setbacks discourage you.

写作内容

1. 以约30个词概括短文的要点;

2然后以120个词以“目标与成功”为主题发表看法,并包括一下要点:

(1)你认为制定目标很重要吗?

(2)你认为制定目标后怎样才能成功;

(3)举例说明你是如何制定目标并努力去实现目标的。

写作要求

1. 可以使用事例或其它论述方法支持你的论点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引用原文的句子;

2. 标题自定。

评分标准:概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。

Possible version:

The writer tried to tell us the importance of setting goals through a beaver’s story. After the beaver built a house for the

winter, it set another goal for the spring----chewing / to chew down a big tree and succeeded by working hard.

The question for success always begins with a target. Goal-setting is the focus of will to move in a certain direction. Without goals, one will never know what he’s doing, neither will he try to do his best.

There goes the saying, “Hard work leads to success. ” If we want to achieve our goals, we must work hard. Also, we should stick to our goals and never give up when we are faced with setbacks.

Last year I took part in an English Speech Contest. At the beginning I made up my mind to perform best though my English was not good enough. I tried every means and even stood in front of the mirror to practise again and again. Finally I succeeded and became one of the 10 students in the final competition.

第二节 读写任务 (共1小题,满分25分)

阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

“Stress” is defined as the way our bodies and minds react to life changes. Since adolescence is a period of significant change, including physical, emotional, social, and academic changes, many teens are under more stress than any other time of life. Teenagers can become stressed for many reasons. Since a large part of teenage life is spent at school and home, most of the causes of teen stress also come from school or home. There are lots of types of teen stress. Similarly there are several causes of teen stress. Most of them face stress due to some of the following reasons:

? ? Family problems (divorce, death in family, financial problem)

? ? Moving to a new school

? ? Difficulty in school (learning difficulties, too much homework, tests)

? ? Friends (lack of friends, shyness, fights with friends, acceptance/ rejection, peer pressure, boyfriend/ girlfriend problems)

? ? Too many extra-curricular activities combined with schoolwork, etc.

? ? Deciding one’s future (college planning, job planning)

? ? Overachieving (trying to be perfect in many areas)

? ? High expectations (seeing goals too high can come from both parents and the individual themselves)

[写作内容]

1. 以约30个词概括上述短文的主要内容;

2. 以约120个词就 “Teen stress” 这一主题发表你的观点,并包括以下内容:

1) 你最大的压力是什么;

2) 你是怎么减轻这个压力的:

3) 你对其他青少年克服成长中所遇到的压力有什么建议。

[写作要求]

1. 作文中可以使用亲自经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容支持你的观点,但不得直接引用原文中的句子;

2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

[评分标准]

概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。

第二节 读写任务

参考范文:

The teenage years are an especially stressful period, and the life of a teenager can be filled with a lot of stress due to various reasons.

As a teenager, I am experiencing different kinds of stress, such as the pressure from tests and classmates. But my biggest stress comes from the

high expectation of my parents for me. I am their only child so that they put all their hope on me, which makes my life stressful. Once I was not in the top five, and they were very disappointed and blamed me. Under such pressure, I did worse than before.

I told my best friend about how stressed I felt, who suggested that I should talk with them about it. I followed his advice and my parents now don’t blame me any longer but encourage me. Although their expectation for me is still my biggest stress, it has become my motivation as well.

As a result, if you are suffering from stress, please seek advice and support from others, and then you will move ahead in life.

第二节 读写任务(共1小题,满分25分)

I have a friend Monty Roberts who owns a horse ranch (牧马场) in San Ysidro. When he was a senior, he was asked to write a paper about what he wanted to be and do when he grew up.

The next day he handed it in to the teacher. On the front was a large red F. The boy with the dream asked, “Why did I receive an F?”

The teacher said, “This is an unrealistic dream for a young boy like you. You have no money. You come from an itinerant(四处奔波的)family. You have no resources. Owning a horse ranch requires a lot of money. You have to buy the land. You have to pay for the original breeding stock and later you’ll have to pay large stud fees. There’s no way you could ever do it.”

He stated, “You can keep the F and I’ll keep my dream.”

The best part of the story is that two

summers ago that same schoolteacher brought 30 kids to camp out on his ranch for a week. When the teacher was leaving, he said, “Look, Monty, I can tell you this now. When I was your teacher, I was something of a dream stealer. During those years I stole a lot of kids’ dreams. Fortunately you had enough belief not to give up on yours.”

[写作内容]

学校最近组织了一次中美学生交流活动,你参加其中的“坚守信念”的讨论。读完Monty Roberts 的故事之后,你准备写一份发言稿,题目是 “Belief can change one’s fate” ,内容要点包括:

1. 以约30个词概括Monty Roberts的成长故事;

2. 然后以约120个词谈谈你对信念的看法,内容包括:

(1) 坚守信念对一个人成长的重要性;

(2) 举一两个例子去论证“坚守信念能改变人的命运”;

(3) 你的感想。

[写作要求]

1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引用原文中的句子;

2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

[评分标准]

概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。

One possible version

This passage tells us that Monty Roberts, who had such strong belief that he didn’t give up his dream all the time, eventually succeeded in

owning a horse ranch.

For a person, belief always plays an important role in his/her life. As a saying goes, “Where there is a will, there is a way.” Anyone who has strong belief can enjoy a colorful life. Otherwise, he will lose himself in his way of life.

Belief is so important that it can change one’s fate. As a deaf man, Beethoven went on working with his strong belief in the last year of his life, though he was not able to hear his own fine music. Marie Curie, a famous scientist, also has set a good example. In 1898, Marie found a new element in the pitchblende. In order to improve her discovery, Marie and her husband worked hard. At last they saw the dim blue light of new element — radium. Her dream had come true.

From my personal point of view, it can be seen that one with firmly-held belief is likely to get successful and master his own life.

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