2010届上海市普陀区高三年级一模英语卷（2010-1-12） 2-4 2010静安，杨浦，宝山区2010学年第二学期 5-8
Five years ago, David Smith wore an expensive suit to work every day. “I was a clothes addict,” jokes. “I used to carry a fresh suit to work with me so I could change if my clothes got wrinkled.” Today David wears casual clothes---khaki pants and sports shirt---to the office. He hardly ever wears necktie. “I’m working harder than ever,” David says, “and I need to feel comfortable.”
More and more companies are allowing their office workers to wear casual clothes to work in the United States. The change from formal to casual office wear has been gradual. In the early 1990s, many companies allowed their employees to wear casual clothes on Friday (but only on Friday). This became known as “dress-down Friday” or “casual Friday.” “What started out as an extra one-day-a-week benefit for employees has really become an everyday thing,” said business consultant Maisly Jones.
Why have so many companies started allowing their employees to wear casual clothes? One reason is that it’s easier for a company to attract new employees if it has a casual dress code. “A lot of young people don’t want to dress up for work,” says the owner of a software company, “so it’s hard to hire people if you have a conservative dress code.” Another reason is that people seem happier and more productive when they are wearing comfortable clothes. In a study conducted by Levi Strauss and Company, 85 percent of employers said that they believe that casual dress improves employee morale. Only 4 percent of employers said that casual dress has a negative impact on productive. Supporters of casual office wear also argue that a casual dress code helps them save money. “Suits are expensive, if you have to wear one every day,” one person said. “For the same amount of money, you can buy a lot more casual clothes.”
65. David Smith refers to himself as having been “a clothes addict” because_______.
A. he often wore khaki pants and a sports shirt
B. he couldn’t stand a clean appearance
C. he wanted his clothes to look neat all the time
D. he didn’t want to spend much money on clothes
66. David Smith wears casual clothes now, because________
A. they make him feel at ease when working
B. he cannot afford to buy expensive clothes
C. he looks handsome in casual clothes
D. he no longer works for any company
67. According to this passage, which of the following statements is FALSE?
A. Many employees don’t like a conservative dress code.
B. Comfortable clothes make employees more productive
C. A casual clothes code is welcomed by young employees
D. All the employers in the U.S are for casual office wear.
68. In this passage, the following advantages of casual office wear are mentioned EXCEPT_______.
A. saving employees’ money B. making employees more attractive
C. improving employees’ motivation D. making employees happier
How to protect children Web fans from unsuitable material on-line while encouraging them to use the Internet has long been discussed in the U.S.
For some parents, the Internet can seem like a jungle, filled with danger for their children. But jungles contain wonders as well as dangers and with good guides, some education, and a few precautions(预防措施), the wilds of the Internet can be safely navigated(航行). Kids have to be on-line. If we tell our kids they cant have access to the Internet, were cutting them off from their future, said an expert.
Most kids have started to use search engines. Many of them are great for finding tons of interesting Internet sites, and they can also locate places where you might not want your kids to go. There are search engines designed just for kids. A certain software contains only sites that have been selected as safe. The most popular way to limit access would be to use what is known as a content screener(过滤器). But this can’t be wholly reliable, and the best thing parents can do is to talk to their kids and let them know what is OK or not OK to see or do on the Internet. Another way is that mum or dad is nearby when the child is surfing(浏览) the Internet.
A few other tips
●Don’t put the PC in a child’s room but keep it in an area where mum or dad can keep an eye on things. That also makes the Internet more of a family activity.
●Ask your child what he or she has been doing and about any friends they make on-line.
●Tell your child not to give on-line strangers personal information, especially like address and phone number.
●And tell your children never to talk to anyone they meet on-line over the phone, send them anything, accept anything from them or agree to meet with them unless you go along.
D 69. The best way to protect children from improper material is _______.
A. to install(安装) a content screener on the computer
B. to buy some search engines for the children
C. to be nearby when they are surfing the Internet
D. to talk to the children and persuade them to tell right from wrong
D]70. Which of the following is right according to the passage?
A. Surfing the Internet is the best method of educating children.
B. Children’s not having access to Internet may have effect on their progress.
C. Using a content screener is most reliable for keeping children having access to Internet.
D. Searching engines can help children to select materials fit for them.
A71. According to the passage, we can infer that _______.
A. soft wares fit for children want programming
B. a child who is on-line is in danger
C. Internet is a jungle full of danger
D. Internet contains a lot of harmful sites
LONDON—Life for Cathy Hagner and her three children is set to permanent(永久的) fast-forward.
Their full school day and her job as a lawyer's assistant are busy enough. But Hagner also has to take the two boys to soccer or hockey or basketball while dropping off her daughter at piano lessons or Girl Scout Club.
Often, the exhausted family doesn't get home until 7 pm. There is just time for a quick supper before homework. In today's world, middle-class American and British parents treat their children as if they are competitors racing for some finishing line.
Parents take their children from activity to activity in order to make their future bright. It seems that raising a genius has become a more important goal than raising a happy and well-balanced child. "Doctors across the country are reporting a growing number of children suffering from stomachaches and headaches due to exhaustion and stress," says child expert William Doherty of the University of Minnesota.
Teachers are dealing with exhausted kids in the classroom. It's a very serious problem. Many children attend after-school clubs by necessity. But competitive pressures also create an explosion of activities. They include sports, language, music and math classes for children as young as four.
"There is a new parenting trend under way which says that you have to tap all your child's potential at a young age; otherwise you will let him down,” says Terry Alter, a Cambridge-based child and adolescent psychiatrist （青少年精神病专家）
"It isn't entirely new: there have always been pushy parents. But what was previously seen as strange behaviour is now well accepted."
72. From the second paragraph of this passage we can find that _____D_.
A. Hagner wastes much time helping her children's lessons
B. Hagner doesn't spend much time on her full-time job
C. Hagner is interested in spots and music
D. Hagner busies herself by following a trend
73. British parents, as the writer described in this passage, ___D__.
A. treat their children as spots players
B. pay no attention to their children's lessons
C. bring up their children in a simple way
D. give their children little time to develop freely
74. The writer's opinion about after-school clubs is that ___D C___.
A. activities in the country are too competitive
B. children should attend four clubs at a time
C. some clubs result in competitive pressures
D. clubs should have more subjects for school children
75. The last paragraph tells us that in Britain B______.
A. parents used to take their children to every club
B. parents used to be wise on how to raise children
C. parents have all benefited from children's clubs
D. parents have come to know the standard of education
The red phone box in Britain is a perfect example of the British traditional culture. However, with the fast development of mobile phones, it has lost its place in people’s everyday life. In order to save their loved red phone boxes, people have thought up many ideas, for example, to turn them into toilets or art houses.
In a village in Somerset, a place in South West England, villagers have found a save their red phone box. They turned it into a mini library to cope with the shortage of libraries in 5
their area. The idea was given by a local villager, Janet Fisher, who lives opposite the phone box. Villagers rallied together to set up the book box after their mobile library service was cancelled. Over 100 books and a variety of movies and music CDs are available at this tiny library. The books are of different kinds, ranging from cooking books to the classics and children’s books.
People can put the books that they have read inside the phone box, and take away the books that they’d like to read. The books are always changing. There is a regular check on the books to keep the phone box collection fresh.
Anyone is free to come to read books there. The phone box library is open every day around the clock and is lit at night. “It’s very pleasing that the red phone box has been saved. More importantly, it can continue providing a service for us,” said one of the villagers.
65. The red phone box has been a symbol of ______.
A. the European architecture B. the British culture
C. the development of technology D. British people’s daily life
66. The underlined word “novel” in paragraph 2 means ______.
A. separate B. traditional C. ridiculous D. new
67. People in Somerset turned the red phone box into a mini library to ______.
A. keep its original function
B. make up for the lack of library service
C. provide a place to exchange ideas
D. to enlarge the collection of the local library
68. Which of the following statements is true about the red phone box?
A. The library is open to the public only at night.
B. The library was set up by a local villager living opposite a phone box.
C. People can borrow books and other audio-visual products there.
D. Regular check is made to keep the books in good order.
69. Each participating team will receive ______.
A. 1 T-shirt and 1 souvenir B. 4 T-shirts and 1 souvenir C. 1 T-shirt and 4 souvenirs D. 4 T-shirts and 4 souvenirs
70. A family team which does not complete any task at the activity stations but has completed the
hunt at 11.30 a.m. will ______. A. not be entitled to any prize B. be awarded a mystery gift C. be awarded the consolation prize D. not receive the T-shirts 71. The main purpose of the hunt is to ______.
A. get people to spend time with family B. attract people to win cash and prizes C. encourage people to appreciate nature D. promote Wiedken & Kennedy Advertising
( C )
Contrary to many people believe, highly intelligent children are not necessarily certain to achieve academic success. In fact, so-called gifted students may fail to do well because they are unusually smart. Ensuring that a gifted child reaches his or her potential requires an understanding of what can go wrong and how to satisfy the unusual learning requirements of extremely bright young people.
One common problem gifted kids face is that they, and those around them, place too much importance on being smart. Such an emphasis can encourage a belief that bright people do not have to work hard to do well. Although smart kids may not need to work hard in the lower grades, when the work is easy, they may struggle and perform poorly when the work gets harder because they do not make the effort to learn. If the academic achievement of highly intelligent children remains below average for an extended period, many teachers will fail to recognize their potential. As a result, such students may not get the encouragement they need, further depressing their desire to learn. They may fall far behind in their schoolwork and even develop behavior problems.
IQ is just one element among many in the recipe for success—Children develop well or struggle in school for a host of reason apart from IQ. These include motivation（积极性）and persistence, social competence, and the support of family, educators and friends.
Because highly gifted children solve the most varied thought problems faster and more thoroughly than those with more average talents do, they need additional intellectual stimulation while they wait for the rest of the kids to learn the basics. Two central approaches are used to satisfy the educational needs of such children: acceleration and enrichment. Acceleration means studying material that is part of the standard subjects for older students. Enrichment involves learning information that falls outside the usual subjects.
A child might skip one or more grades as a way of accelerating in school. But being with older children for the entire school day—and perhaps for grade-based extracurricular activities such as sports—can make a child feel inferior in every realm outside of academics. One very bright fourth-grader who had skipped two grades remained far ahead of his classmates intellectually, but as his classmates reached puberty（青春期）, his social and other shortcomings became painfully apparent. While acceleration is not an option, or not a good one, enrichment can be. After all, school is not a race but an adventure in learning. As such, the goal is not finishing first but absorbing as much knowledge as possible in the time assigned. Thus, providing opportunities for a child to study topics outside the regular subjects can be at least as valuable as pushing him or her through the required material faster.
72. What is the basic reason for the low academic achievement of highly intelligent children?
A. Teachers’ failure to recognize their potential.
B. Too much emphasis on being intelligent.
C. Studying topics outside the regular subjects.
D. Lack of encouragement from teachers.
73. According to the passage, which of the following belongs to enrichment activities for talented
A. Skipping one of more grades and studying together with older children.
B. Learning the same material in the standard subjects for older students.
C. Learning information that is not included in the regular subjects.
D. Learning how to read with fluency even in their pre-school days.
74. Which of the following statements do you think is true about the writer?
A. He is in favor of enrichment rather than acceleration.
B. He is in favor of acceleration rather than enrichment.
C. He speaks highly of both enrichment and acceleration.
D. He thinks neither enrichment nor acceleration is a good choice.
75. In this article, the writer intends to ______.
A. point out the weaknesses of acceleration for gifted children
B. compare acceleration with enrichment for gifted children
C. stress the importance of enrichment for gifted children
D. discuss how to bring out gifted children’s potential