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新初二第三讲

发布时间:2014-08-03 00:59:03  
求真务实

追求卓越

专题一、代词的用法-----人称/物主/指示代词
分类: 英语中代词主要分为人称代词和物主代词.具体形式如下表所示: 第一人称 第 二 人称 第 三 人 称 单数 人 称 代 词 主格 I 复数 we 单数 you 复数 you he 单 数 she it 复数 they

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

宾格

me

us

you

you

him

her

it

them

my our your your his her its their 物 形容词 主 性 代 mine ours yours yours his hers its theirs 名词性 词 I. 人称代词:人称代词又分为主格和宾格形式.主格通常做主语。宾格通常做动词或介词的宾语. Eg: a. I’m a nurse. a.Could you help me ? b.Mum often takes us to the park on Sunday. c.It’s a cat. We call it “ Mimi.” d.Who knows him ? e.They are going to the cinema with her. II. 物主代词又分为形容词性的物主代词和名词性的物主代词. 形容词性的物主代词:相当于形容词,后面要跟名词,指定名词的所属对象. 名词性的物主代词:相当于一个名词,必须单独使用,后面不能再跟名词. Eg: a. Your school is small, mine is big.(=my book) b. This is not your pen. Yours is on the desk.(=your pen) c. whose book is that ? It’s hers. (=her book) d. Their classroom is on the second floor. Ours is on the third floor.(=our classroom) e. Her bike is black. His is grey. Mine is blue.(=his bike, my bike) g.Those aren’t our books. Ours are on the floor. Those books are their.(=our /their books ) *人称代词划线,常用 who (宾格可用 whom)提问.物主代词划线常用 whose 提问。

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

IV. 反身代词.
各种人称对应的反身代词如下表: I we you myself ourselves yourself you yourselves he himself she herself it itself they themselves

反身代词可以用来做宾语,常用在一些固定搭配中, 如: enjoy oneself, by oneself help yourself/yourselves to…. learn by oneself = teach oneself dress oneself, hurt oneself , introduce oneself eg: He is too young to dress himself. Lily and Lucy, help yourselves to some fish. Mrs. Brown cooked the meal (by) herself. EX I : 用所给代词的正确形式填空. __________am a monkey. Do you like __it_______? _________name Gogo. This house is _______us_______. (I ) 2. The teacher ask _________some questions, but _____can’t answer. (we). 1.


The girl is from Canada. _________name is Betty. The man is ______father . we like _______very much. (she) Are these _____your_______(you) things ? NO, they are _____their____( she). Daming’s bag is blue. This yellow one isn’t ____________. (he) Don’t thank ____me______(I ) , thank _____him______(he), _______names are Lucy and Lily. ______are from the USA. _________live in China with _________parents not. (they) This is Liu Ming’s dog. ______name is Cody. Liu Ming likes ____very much. He often takes _______to the street.(it) ____are students. __________school is No. 2 Middle School. _______have eight classes every day. This classroom is ___ours________. The teachers are very kind to _____________.(we) _________is our English teacher. We call _________Miss Smith. _________daughter is very lovely. We like ________lessons very much. (she) The man is English. _________name is John Brown. The people call __________Mr. Brown. _________works in Beijing now. This isn’t __________coat. ___________is purple. ( I ). ----Is this_______________(you) pencil ? ----No. It’s not __________(I ) . I think it’s ___________(she ). Look at _________. What’s in ___________hands ? (he). Whose desks are those ? __________are _____________/ (they ) ___________( I ) English teacher is a man. __________(he) is a woman. There are three people in Li Lei’s family. __________are ___________parents and ___________. ________has a very happy family. _________father and mother look after ____________. (I ) That’s not ___________chair. ___________is over there. ( you) __________(we) are in Class One. ___________(they ) are in Class Two. __________(we) classroom is bigger than ___________(they). _________(we) often play basketball with _____________(they ). She is a friend of ____________(I ). I often go shopping with _________(she). _______(she) house is next to ______________(I ). There is a shop near ___________school. The people in the shop are very friendly to ____________. _______often bus school thing there. (we) That’s very kind of ________. Thank ______for __________help. (you) __________(I ) computer is broken. What about _____________(you)? _________(she) parents are teachers. __________(I ) are workers. This pencil is not __________. ___________is at home. The twins are from India. _________parents are doctors. _________go to school by bike. These two bikes are ____________. I’ve got a good friend. ________is a girl. ______name is Sally. _________mother is an English teacher. We like _________very much. What’s this ? ________is a bird. _______name is Polly. _________are going to see a film . would you like to go with ________? (we) _______(she) father works in a hotel. _____(he) works in a university. Whose Chinese book is this ? It’s ________. _________forget to have it. (I ) Yao Ming is a basketball star. ________is from Shanghai. _________is in the USA now. Many Chinese and American people like ___________. The woman is English. Do you know ____________? I’m a student of ______________(he). That’s isn’t ___________(you) watch. It’s _________(she) _____(I ) father is a teacher. I often ask ________questions. Maths is very hard to _______. ______doesn’t know how to study. (she). This is _______(she) bag. It’s older than ____________(he). ----Would you like to go with ________(we) or _________(they)? ----- I’ll go with _________(you).

求真务实
7.The bottle is empty. There is ____ in it.

追求卓越

V.不定代词.
A. 表示不定数量的代词 some 和 any some ,用在肯定句中. ***some 还可用于表示请求的疑问句中. any , 用于否定句和疑问句中. ***any 还有 “任何”的意思,可跟单数名词. Eg: a. Is there any juice in the fridge ? b. I have got some Christmas presents now. c. Could you please pass me some sugar ? B. 由 some, any, every , no 加 body , thing , one 构成的复合不定代词. 表示人: somebody/someone, anybody/anyone, everybody/everyone, nobody 表示物: something, anything, everything , nothing *** 修饰这些不定代词的形容词或不定式要放在其后. Eg: a. Is there anybody in the house. b. I ’d like something to read. c. He told us something important just now. d. There’s nothing interesting on today’s newspaper. C. 不定代词 every, each; both, all; either, neither, none every + 单数名词, “每一个”, 强调共性,形式上为单数. each 强调个性, 可跟单数名词, 可做同位语, 常与 of 连用. Eg: a. Every student likes playing balls. b. Each child is well looked after here. c. Each of them has a nice skirt. all “全部都”,表示三者或三者以上. 后跟复数名词,或 of + 人称代词(宾格)作同位语时,放在系动词,助动词之后,实意动词 之前. none “没有, 一个都不”, 表示三个或三个以上都不.,常与 of 连用。 Eg: a. We all come from the UK. ------All of us come from the UK. b. They are all friendly to me.-----All of them are friendly to me. c. None of us is / are afraid of dogs. d. None of them have/ has finished the work. Both , “ 两者都”, 作主语时, 当作复数, 其后也可跟复数名词或和 of 连用。

A.anything B.something C.nothing 8.----Look! We have ____ sugar. ----Really? Let's go and buy some. A.few B.a few C.little D.a little 9.There isn't ____ milk in the fridge. You'd better buy some. A.no B.any C.some 10.----“There isn't ____ water here. Could you get ____ for me?” ----“All ringht.” A.some; some B.any; any C.some; any D.any; some 11.Today, ____ trees are still being cut down somewhere in the world. A.much too B.too much C.many too A.both B.all C.every D.each 13.Is the shirt on the bed ____ ? A.yours B.your C.you 14.Mr Green taught ____ English last year. A.our B.we C.us 15.These sweaters are too small for me. Please show me ____ one. A.other B.others C.the others D.another 16.Mary can't go with us. ____ has to look after ____ mother at home. A.She; his B.She; her C.He; her D.He; His 17.There isn't ____ paper in the box. Will you go and get ____ for me? A.any; some B.any; any C.some; some D.some; any 18.I often help ____ . D.too many 12.There are lots of English books here, and ____ of them is easy to understand.

不定代词专项练习
1.He can't hear you, because there is ____ noise here A.very much B.too much C.much too D.so many 2.____ name is Han Meimai. A.Herself B.Hers C.She D.Her 3.All of us were invited, but ____ of us came A.neither B.none C.both 4.The weather in Shanghai is different from ____ A.Baotou B.Baotou weather C.that in Baotou D.those of Baotou 5.There isn't ____ water in the cup. A.any B.many C.some D.the 6.----Is this ____ pen? ----No, ____ is on my desk. A.your; my B.yours; my C.your; mine

A.he or she B.his and her C.him and her D.his and hers 19.There are some trees on ____ side of the street. A.both B.all C.either D.every 20.“Which of the two dictionaries do you like better?”“I like ____ , because they're not useful.” A.both B.either C.all D.neither 21.They were all very tired, but ____ of them would stop to take a rest. A.any B.some C.none D.neither 22.There were ____ people and noise in the park last Sunday. A.many; much B.much; much C.much; many D.many; many 23.____ of them has a dictionary and ____ one of them can look up words in the dictionary. A.Each; every B.Every; each C.Each; each D.Every; every 24.Please keep together. We want ____ of you to get lost. A.none B.some C.many D.any 25.There is ____ water here; but there are quite ____ empty glasses.

D.yours; mine


A.little; a few B.few; little C.few; a few D.little; a little

求真务实
26.The skirt is ____ . She made it ____ . A.hers; herself B.her; herself C.herself; hers D.herself; her 27.“Haven't you forgotten ____ ?”“ ____ ,oh, I forgot my bag.” A.anything; Excuse me B.something; Excuse me C.something; Pardon D.everything; Pardon 28.Be quiet! I have ____ to tell you. A.important anything C.important something B.anything important D.something important of(在…前方)等。 2、介词的分类表: (见下表)

追求卓越

away from(距离…), on top of(在…顶上), ever since(自从…), next to(在…隔壁), according to(根据…), in front

地点(位置、范围)介词:above 在…前, about 在…附近, across 在…对面, after 在…后面, against 倚着..., along 在…近旁, among 在…中间, around 在…周围, round 在….周围, at 在…处, before 在...前, behind 在...后, below 低于..., beside 在... 旁边, between 在...之间, by 在...旁, down 在...下面, from 来自..., in 在...里面, inside 在...里面, near 靠近..., of 在...之中, on 在...上面, out of 在...之外, outside 在....外面, over 在....上方, under 在...下方, up 在...上面, on top of 在...顶部, in front of 在...前, close to 靠近..., in the middle of 在...的中间, at the end of 在...的末端,等等。 方向(目标趋向)介词:across 横越..., against 对抗..., along 沿着..., around 绕着..., round 环绕..., at 朝着..., behind 向…后面, etween…and…从…到...,by 路过/通过..., down 向…下, for 向..., from 从/离..., in 进入..., into 进入..., inside 到...里面, near 接近..., off 脱离/除..., on 向...上, out of 向...外, outside 向....外, over 跨过..., past 经过/超过..., through 穿过..., to 向/ 朝..., towards 朝着..., on to 到...上面, onto 到...上面, up 向...上, away from 远离... 时间介词:about 大约..., after 在…以后, at 在… (时刻), before 在…以前, by 到…为止, during 在…期间, for 有…(之久), from 从…(时)起, in 在(上/下午);在(多久)以后, on 在(某日), past 过了…(时), since 自从…(至今), through 贯穿…(期间), till 直到…时, until 直到…时, to 到(下一时刻), ever since 从那时起至今,at the beginning of 在...开始时 ,at the end of 在... 末 , in the middle of 在...当中 ,at the time of 在...时 方式介词:as 作为/当作..., by 用/由/乘坐/被..., in 用…(语言), like 与…一样, on 骑(车)/徒(步),通过(收音机/电视机), over 通过(收音机), through 通过..., with 用(材料),用(手/脚/耳/眼), without 没有… 涉及介词 : about 关于..., except 除了…, besides 除了…还... for 对于/就…而言, in 在…(方面), of…的,有关..., on 关于/有 关..., to 对…而言, towards 针对..., with 就…而言

29.My father is very busy with his work. He has ____ time to do the housework. A.little B.few C.a little D.a few 30.---- ____ of the boys in Class Four are playing games. ----____. A.All B.Each C.The both D.None 31.The boy promised ____ mother never to lie to ____ again. A.his; him B.her; her C.her; him D.his; her 32.“Would you like some milk in your tea?”“Yes, just ____ .” A.much B.a little C.a few D.little 33.____ school is much larger than ____ . A.Their; our B.Their; ours A.anyone's else's C.Theirs; ours D.Theirs; our 34.Put it down, Richard. You mustn't read ____ letter. B.anyone's else C.anyone else's D.anyone else 35.He found ____ very interesting to ride a horse. A.this B.that C.it D.which 36.Han Meimei, what about ____ to eat? A.everything A.Ours; yours B.something C.nothing D.anything B.Our; yours C.Theirs; our D.Your; their 37.____ office is much smaller than ____ . 38.“Help ____ to some meat, Mary,”my aunt said to me. A.themselves B.ourselves C.yourself D.himself 39.There are twenty teachers in this grade.Eight of them are women teachers and ____ are men teachers. A.the other B.the others C.others D.other 40.Though they had cleaned the floor, there was still ____ water on it. A.little B.a little C.few D.a few

【介词练习】
选择适当的介词填空。(每题 1.5 分,共 15 分) 1. You’d better not go _______ the forest. It’s dangerous. (to, into, in) 2. Which room are you going to live ______? (with, in, on) 3. The building is ______ fire. (in, on within) There are some people ______ the top floor. (in, on, out of) 4. Before 1990 there was no airline _______ the two cities. (in, with, between) 5. It’s not good to come late _______ school. (to, in for) 6. What’s wrong _______ your bike?(of, in, with) 7. Thank you very much _______ coming to see me. (with, in, for) 8. I couldn’t finish it _______ your help.(with, without, in) 9. Don’t laugh _______ others’ mistakes. (in, with, at) 10.Is everyone here good _____ dancing? (at, for, in) 3. 用适当的介词完成下面短语 (每空 1.5 分,共 45 分)

专题二、介词:
1、介词的主要用法: 介词是一种虚词,不能独立使用。介词之后一般有名词或代词(宾格 )或相当于名词的其他词类、短语或从句作它 .. 的宾语,即构成介词短语。有些介词是由两个以上的词构成的短语介词,如:out of(从…中出来), because of(因为),


求真务实
1、 the first day ________ school 3、 _________ classes 5、 __________ a farm 7、 a lot _______ fruit trees 9、 ________ the weekends 2、 ________ the school playground 4、 _________ Wednesday 6、 talk me 14. Please bring some books _____ school. 15. He often plays computer games ____ the evening. 16. They usually play basketball ______Saturday morning. 17. There are many pears ______ the tree. 18. This is the map _____ China. 19. The bank doesn’t open _____ Sundays. 20. Thanks _____ your letter. 21. I eat an egg _______ breakfast. 22. The bank of China is _____ front of the post office. 23. He usually watches football game ____ TV. 24. –How do you usually come_____ school every day? 25. -Sometimes _______ bike, sometimes _______ foot.

追求卓越

8、 live _________ a town 10、 _________ the sitting room

11、 ________ the 4th ______ November 12、 look _______ them 13、 _________ the playground 14、 _______ the school hall 16、 ________ New Year

15、 talk _______ his students _______ holidays 17、 _________ Christmas Day 19、 arrive school

18、 have a big lunch _________ my family

20、 _________ September or October 22、 _________ the Christmas tree

21、 ________ his grandpa’s house 23、 ________ me 25、 _________ English 27、 play ________ lanterns

24、 __________ Mum and Dad. 26、 ________ Christmas 28、 ________ Christmas Day

4.通过句子意思把下列句子填写完整。(每空 1.5,共 40.5 分) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Could you tell me something ______ UFOs? I am really interested I go to school _____ eight o’clock. Gina’s father is _______ forty years old. I can help you ______math. The picture is _____ the wall. The windows are _____ the wall. Many students do homework _____ pens My birthday is ______ February, 15th. Children’s Day is _____ June. it.

10. What’s this _____ Japanese? 11. Many books are____ the bookcase. 12. My shoes are _____ the bed. 13. Tom usually plays ping-pong ____ two hours


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