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从数学历史形态看小学数学基础知识

（成都大学 师范学院 四川 成都 610036）

1．小学数学的课程内容

2． 数学知识的三种形态

（2）数学课程选择的数学知识一般来说是先进的、成熟的形态，不是原始的、朴素的形态，但对于在数学教学活动中，需要原始的、朴素的元素；（3）对一段时期的数学知识成果选取，并作一定的加工、整理后的转化为教育形态，但纯粹的形式化（如公理方法）的加工，不考虑学生的年龄特征和教育心理学的原理的加工，就掩盖了数学活动的过程，使数学又回到了学术形态，使数学重新变成了“冰冷”，就破坏了数学知识三种形态的有机联系。

3．从数学历史形态看小学数学基础知识

3．1 关于自然数的认识

3． 2 关于分数、小数的认识

3．3 自然数的运算

3．4 几何概念与几何图形

3． 5 统计与概率

[1] 张奠宙，孔凡哲等. 小学数学研究[M].北京：高等教育出版社，2009.1.

[2] 人民教育出版社小学数学室. 小学数学教材教法（第一册）[M].北京：人民教育出版社，2001.12.

[3] 张奠宙. 关于数学知识的教育形态[J]. 数学通报,2001.4.

[4] 张奠宙、王振辉. 关于数学知识的教育形态[J] .数学教育学报,2002.2.

[5] 李文林.数学史概论[M]. 北京:高等教育出版社,2002.8.

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Mathematical History from Primary School Mathematics

Elementary Knowledge See Form

Feng De-Xiong

(Chengdu university teachers College Chengdu in Sichuan province 610036)

Abstract:There has always been this view, think the elementary school mathematics knowledge, everyone is easy to grasp, don't have to study and learning, some college education in elementary school mathematics education professional open, actually otherwise. In fact, as normal university mathematics education high professional courses, has opened the middle school mathematics foundation, the modern high point of elementary mathematics, also including the elementary school mathematics, in part. Shipment should be born and look at the elementary school mathematics knowledge is commanding see [1]. We found that in the elementary school mathematics study, can't avoid the problem of the history of mathematics, that is, from mathematical history morphology research elementary school mathematics content. In this paper, the natural number, fractions and arithmetic analysis and research content such as, in order to the elementary school mathematics teaching material compilation and teaching get enlightenment.

Key words: elementary school mathematics; Historical form; Education form; Mathematics course; teaching

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