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四年级英语竞赛

发布时间:2013-10-24 11:46:59  

常用口诀

  表示民族的名词顺口溜

  (1)“中、日、瑞”友好是一致。

  (2)“英、法”联盟a变e.

  (3)其他一律加s 即chinese,japanese单复数同形;englishman,frenchman的复数为englishmen,frenchmen;其他像german,american,australian等的复数形式是在后面加“s”.

  o结尾的名词顺口溜

  1)有生命的以o结尾的名词变复数时,词尾加es,凡无生命的以o结尾的名词变复数时,词尾加s.

  有生命:potato-potatoes, tomato-tomatoes, hero-heroes, negro--negroes

  如无生命:zoo-zoos, radio-radios, photo-photos, piano-pianos, zero-zeros, bamboo(竹竿)--bamboos, tobacco(烟丝)--tobaccos1)

  2)两人两菜一火山。(+es)

  小学-中学课本中以o结尾的名词构成复数时,加es的只有negro(黑人),hero(英雄),potato(土豆),tomato(西红杮),volcano(火山),这就是“两人两菜一火山”.

  或:黑人和英雄吃土豆和西红柿egroes and heroes eat tomatoes and potatoes)

  2)其余以o结尾的名词变复数时均加s.

  图景:你在“zoo”里,看见一要“bamboo”,上面挂着一张“photo”,所照的是一架“piano”,上面放着一台“radio”.

  zoo-zoos , bamboo-bamboos,photo-photos piano-pianos, radio-radios.

  f、fe结尾的顺口溜

  (1)以f(e)结尾的名词变为复数时,有的把f(e)改为v(e)再加s,其他的以“f(e)”结尾的名词则直接加“s”.

  妻子持刀去宰狼,小偷吓得发了慌;

  躲在架后保己命,半片树叶遮目光。 wife(妻子),knife(刀子),wolf(狼)thief(小偷),shelf(架子),life(生命)leaf(树叶),self(自己),half(一半),这9个名词变复数时,都要改“f(e)”为“ve”再加“s”.

  (2)以f结尾的名词,一般把把f改为ves,但也有特殊情况是直接加-s的,

  如gulf, roof, chief, serf, belief, proof, handkerchief.编成口诀联想:

  海湾边、屋顶上,首领农仆相望;

  谁说他们无信仰,语气定在手帕上

  巧记不规则名词单变复

  男女脚步牙鹅,老鼠加虱婆。

  man-men; woman-women; foot-feet; tooth-teeth; goose-geese; mouse-mice; louse-lice.

Unit 1 A new student

  单词:a student(学生),a teacher(教师),a doctor(医生),
  a nurse(护士),a boy(男孩),a girl(女孩),a man(男人),
  a woman(妇女)

  Unit 2 At a party

  单词:grandfather(祖父),grandmother(祖母),
  father(父亲),mother(母亲),brother(兄弟),sister(姐妹),
  son(儿子),daughter(女儿),uncle(伯伯,叔叔),
  aunt(伯母

,婶母,舅母,姨母),hair(头发),a head(头),
  an eye(眼睛),an ear(耳朵),a nose(鼻子),a mouth(嘴)

  Unit 3 What’s your job?

  单词:a policeman(警察),a policewoman(女警),a waiter(侍者),
  a waitress(女侍者),a driver(驾驶员),a worker(工人),
  a cook(厨子),a farmer(农民),job(职业)

  Unit 4 Buying fruit

  单词:an apple,apples(苹果)a banana,bananas(香蕉)
  a mango,mangoes(芒果)an orange , oranges(橘子)
  a peach,peaches(桃子)a pineapple, pineapples(菠萝)
  a watermelon,watermelons(西瓜)a pear,pears(梨)
  a grape,grapes(葡萄)

Unit 1 May I have …?

  单词:a pen(钢笔),a ball pen(圆珠笔),a pencil(铅笔),
  a pencil box(铅笔盒),a pencil case(笔袋),a ruler(尺)
  a pencil sharpener(卷笔刀),a brush(画笔),a rubber(橡皮),
  a book(书),a notebook(笔记本),a storybook(故事书),
  a copybook(抄写本),a bookmark(书签),a school bag(书包),
  a stapler(订书机),a tape(胶带),a crayon(蜡笔),
  a knife(小刀)

  Unit 2 In a toy shop

  单词:a dog(狗),a cat(猫),a tiger(老虎),a panda(熊猫),
  a monkey(猴),a zebra(斑马),a bird(鸟),an elephant(大象),
  a lion(狮子), a koala(树袋熊),a bear(熊),a rabbit(兔子)

  Unit 3 A purse

  单词:a key(钥匙),a box(盒子), a basket(篮),
  an umbrella(伞),a water bottle(水瓶),a fan(扇子),
  a purse(钱包),a camera(照相机), a radio(收音机),
  a computer(电脑), a Walkman(随身听), a telephone(电话),
  a TV(电视),a fridge(冰箱),a bookcase(书橱),
  a table(桌子),a sofa(沙发),a chair(椅子),
  a light(灯),a door(门),a window(窗),a tap(龙头)

  Unit 4 I like …

  单词:a car(汽车),a bus(公共汽车),a bike(自行车),
  a plane(飞机),a puppet(木偶),a puzzle(智力题),
  a balloon(气球),a kite(风筝),a doll(玩偶)

Unit 6 Let’s go by taxi

  单词:a zoo(动物园),a park(公园),a cinema(电影院),
  a supermarket(超市),the Great Wall(长城),a station(火车站),
  a library(图书馆),a theatre(电影院),a hospital(医院),
  an airport(飞机场),by bus(乘公交),by bike(骑自行车),
  by car(乘车),by plane(乘飞机),by train(乘火车),
  by minibus(乘小型公共汽车),on foot(步行)

  Unit 7 At a snack bar

  单词:cake(蛋糕),egg(鸡蛋),pie

(馅饼),hot dog(热狗),
  a hamburger(汉堡包),a sandwich(三明治),some bread(面包),
  some rice(米饭),a bar of chocolate(一块巧克力),
  sweets(糖),biscuits(饼干),noodles(面条)tea(茶),
  a cup of tea(一杯茶),coffee,a cup of coffee(咖啡),
  milk,a glass of milk(牛奶),juice,a glass of juice(果汁),
  soft drinks(软性饮料),a carton of milk(一盒牛奶),

  Unit 8 Open Day

  单词:a chair(椅子),a blackboard(黑板),a picture(画),
  a computer(电脑),a bookcase(书橱),a music room(音乐室),
  an office(办公室),a playground(操场)

  Unit 9 Breakfast

  单词:a knife(刀),a fork(叉),a plate(盘),a bowl(碗),a cup(杯),
  a bottle(瓶),a spoon(勺),a glass(玻璃杯),a cupboard(食橱),
  chopsticks(筷子)

 Unit 6 Whose gloves?

  单词:a coat(外套),a jacket(夹克衫),a sweater(毛衣),
  a dress(连衣裙),a skirt(女裙),a shirt(男式衬衫),
  a blouse(女式衬衫),a T-shirt(T-恤衫),a cap(男帽),
  a hat(有沿的帽),a tie(领带),a vest(背心),a belt(皮带),
  a scarf(围巾)(a pair of)trousers(长裤),jeans(牛仔裤),
  gloves(手套),shoes(鞋),socks(短袜),shorts(短裤),

  Unit 7 It’s late
  
  单词:one(一),two(二),three(三),four(四),five(五),
  six(六),seven(七),eight(八),nine(九),ten(十),
  eleven(十一),twelve(十二),thirteen(十三),fourteen(十四),
  fifteen(十五),sixteen(十六),seventeen(十七),eighteen(十八),
  nineteen(十九),twenty(二十),thirty(三十),forty(四十),
  fifty(五十),sixty(六十),seventy(七十),eighty(八十),
  ninety(九十),a hundred(一百)

  Unit 8 In class

  单词:eat(吃),drink(喝),draw(画),write(写),read(读),
  copy(抄写),open(开),close(关),turn on(旋开),turn off(关断)

  Unit 9 What’s the matter?

  单词:tired(疲劳的),sleepy(瞌睡的),bored(无聊的),
  ill(不健康的),hot(热的),cold(冷的),hungry(饥饿的),
  thirsty(渴的)

把下列句子变成复数

  Eg:

  1, I have a car we have cars

  2, He is an American boy. They are American boys

  3, It is a car They are cars

  4, This is an eraser These are erasers

  5, That is a backpsck Those are backpacks

  6,I'm an English teather

We are English teathers

  7,It's a new shirt They are new shirts

  8,He's a boy They are boys

  9,She's a singer They are singers

  10,What's this in English? What are these in English?


一. 听问句,选出正确的答案。

  ( ) 1. A. I‘m fine. B. I’m nine.

  ( ) 2. A. I go to school on foot. B. I live near school.

  ( ) 3. A. My address is 120 Second Avenue.

  B. My dress is small.

  ( ) 4. A. I live in a house. B. Yes, I live far from school.

  ( ) 5. I‘m wearing new jeans. B. They are yellow.

  二. 听音,选出你所听到的词。

  ( ) 1. A. road B. coat C. boat

  ( ) 2. A. bus B. but C. us

  ( ) 3. A. house B. horse C. mouth

  ( ) 4. A. apartment B. department C. different

  (
  
 

  五. 用正确的颜色填空。

  1. An orange is __________. 2. The sky (天空) is _________.

  3. A blackboard is ________. 4. The grass (草) is ________.

  5. The snow is ________. 6. A banana is _________.

  7. An apple is _______. 8. A grape is _________.

  六. 选择恰当的译文。

  ( ) 1. Can you say the ABC? ( ) 2. Good afternoon.

  ( ) 3. Excuse me! Are you Mr Green?

  ( ) 4. Nice to meet you. ( ) 5. I like blue skirt.

  ( ) 6. How are you? ( ) 7. Where is the white cat?

  ( ) 8. This is a green tree. ( ) 9. My I use your ruler?

  ( ) 10. Their favourite colour is purple.

  A.你好吗? B. 下午好。 C. 见到你真高兴。

  
  D. 白猫在哪里? E. 这是一棵绿色的树。

  F. 他们最喜欢的颜色是紫色。 G. 我喜欢你的裙子。

  H. 我可以用一下你的尺子吗? I. 对不起,你是格林先生吗?

  J. 你能依次说出ABC吗?

  七. 英汉互译。

  1. a green tree ________________2. have lunch______________

  2. in the evening_______________4. play games _________

  3. play basketball______________6. draw pictures__________

  7. sing songs __________ 8. 一只白色的猫

  9. 我最喜欢的颜色

  10.一件粉红色的裙子

  八. 选择正确的答案。

  Hello, my name is Wang Hong. I am a primary school(小学) student. I am 1 years old. My birthday is on 2 . I’m

  3 metres tall. Xixi is my friend. He is 4 metres tall. He is

  5 than(比) me. I am wearing 6 today. I live in 7 apartment building. It is far 8 my school. I go to school 9 bus. I like 10 play basketball.

  ( ) 1.A. two B. eleven C. sixty

  (

) 2. June first B. June fifty-second C. June thirty-three

  ( ) 3. A. 6.1 B. 1.5 C. 8.2

  ( ) 4. A. 1.0 B. 1.6 C. 8.2

  ( ) 5. A. taller B. shorter C. older

  ( ) 6. A. a feather B. a sweater C. a weather

  ( ) 7. A. the B. a C. an

  ( ) 8. A. from B. to C. for

  ( ) 9. A. on B. by C. in

  ( ) 10. A. to B. for C. from

  九. 把下列单词组成句子。

  1. She, hat, yellow, her, likes ______________________________

  2. our, We, purple, sweaters, like _____________________________

  3. You, shorts, green, your, like ______________________________

  4. favourite, is dessert, My, donuts

  _______________________________________________________

  5. like, to, likes, computer, to, books, read, I, he, play, on, the, but

  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________





  


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