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2012年浙江省自选模块压轴卷

发布时间:2013-10-30 08:03:15  

KS5U2012年浙江省高考压轴卷

自选模块

本卷共18题,满分60分,考试时间90分钟

注意事项:

1.将选定的题号按规定要求写在答题卡的题号内;

2.考生可任选6题作答,所答试题应与题号一致;多答视作无效。

语文

题号01:“中国古代诗歌散文欣赏”模块(10分)

阅读下面的文字,完成后面的题目。(10分)

跋李庄简公家书

陆 游

李丈参政罢政归乡里,时某年二十矣。时时来访先君,剧谈终日。每言秦氏,必曰“咸阳”,愤切慷慨,形于色辞。

一日平旦来,共饭,谓先君曰:“闻赵相过岭,悲忧出涕。仆不然,谪命下,青鞋布袜行矣,岂能作儿女态耶?”方言此时,目如炬,声如钟,其英伟刚毅之气,使人兴起。

后四十年,偶读公家书.虽徒海表,气不少衰,丁宁训戒之语,皆足垂范百世。犹想见其青鞋布袜时也。

淳熙戊申五月已未,笠泽陆某题。

1. 从文章中找出作者写这篇跋文目的的语句。(3分)

2. 赏析这篇序跋文中塑造的人物形象。(7分)

题号:02

“中国现代诗歌散文欣赏”模块(10分)

阅读下面的散文,回答文后问题。

游子吟

母亲拔亮了那盏昏暗的油灯,温暖顿时洒满了简陋的屋子。

灯光下,母亲又颤颤地瞄准了针眼。一次,又一次,一次,又一次。母亲就这样用那根细细的线、长长的线,串起了一个又一个艰辛的日子。

每一针,仔仔细细;每一线,都饱蘸深情。看着母亲满头的银发和被岁月的风雨分割得沟壑纵横的脸,泪水禁不住淌满了我年轻的面颊。

缝好了,母亲又比试着,觉得满意了,才套到我的身上,把扣子一粒粒地扣好,就像打点一粒即将洒播的种子。母亲哽咽着、用有点哆嗦的手轻轻拍着我的肩:“儿呀,要记住回家的路??”

我知道,我是一根土生土长的小草,一根春天里朴素的小草。母亲阳光般的注视,将我的一生覆盖。

无论漂泊多远,黑暗中的那盏油灯,永远是我生活中惟一的方向,惟一的牵挂。 今生今世,我,明白了。 (节选自曾冬《唐诗素描》)

(1)从内容、语言两个方面赏析文中划线语段。(80字左右)(4分)

(2)《唐诗素描》系列作品足湖南作家曾冬创作的唐诗系列的散文短札,请以《游子吟》

为例,简析《唐诗素描》的特点。(100字左右)(6分)

数 学

题号:03 “不等式选讲”模块(10分)

已知a,b,c

为正实数,且a,b,c?. (Ⅰ)证明:

112;

??22a?17?a3?.

题号:04 “坐标系与参数方程”模块(10分)

如图,已知曲线C 由圆弧与圆弧C2相接而成,两相接点M,N

均在直线?sin??

上.圆弧C1

所在圆的圆心是A?

2),圆弧C2所在圆的圆心是极点O,且过点

B(3,3?) 2

(I)分别求圆弧C1,C2所在圆的极坐标方程;

(Ⅱ)已知过极点的直线l 与曲线C 交于E,F 两点.

当| EF |=7时,求直线l 的极坐标方程.

英语

题号:05

阅读理解(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

阅读下面短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。

____1____ An infant first smiles at approximately eight days of age. Many psychologists feel this is an infant’s first sign of simple pleasure—food, warmth and comfort. At six months or less, the infant laughs to express complex pleasures—such as the sight of Mother’s smiling face. In his book beyond Laughter, psychiatrist Martin Grotjahn says that the earlier infants begin to smile and laugh, the more advanced is their development. Studies revealed that children who did not develop these responses (because they lacked an intimate, loving relationship)“developed a

schizophrenic psychosis in later life, or simply gave up and died.”

Between the ages of six months and one year, babies learn to laugh for essentially the same reasons they will laugh throughout their lives, says Dr. Jacob Levine, associate professor of psychology at Yale University. Dr. Levine says that people laugh to express mastery over an anxiety. ____2____ The children will probably laugh-but not the first time. In spit of their enjoyment of “flying,” they are too anxious to laugh. How do they know Mommy or Daddy will catch them? Once the children realize they will be caught, they are free to enjoy the game. But more importantly, says Dr. Levine, the children laugh because they have mastered an anxiety. Adult laughter is more subtle. ____3____. The feeling of achievement, or lack of it, remains a crucial factor. Giving a first dinner party is an anxious event for newlyweds: Will the food be good? Will the guests get along? Will they be good hosts? All goes well; the party is over. Now they laugh freely. Their pleasure from having proved their success is the foundation for their pleasure in recalling the evening’s activities. They couldn’t enjoy the second pleasure without the first, more important one-their mastery of anxiety.

When we find ourselves alone in a humorous situation,isn’t it true that our highest compliment to a humorous book is to say that “it made me laugh out loud”? Of course, we do occasionally laugh alone; but when we do, we are, in a sense, socializing with ourselves. ____4____

According to Dr. Levine, we can measure our adjustment to the world by our capacity to laugh through our anxieties, we will not be overpowered by them. The ability to laugh starts early, but it takes a lifetime to perfect. Says Dr. Grotjahn, “When social relationships are mastered, when individuals have mastered…a peaceful relationship with themselves, then they have…a sense of humor.” And then they can throw back their heads and laugh.

第一节 根据短文内容,从A、B、C、D、E中选出最适合放入短文空缺处的选项,并将序号及相应答案写在答题纸上。选项中有一项是多余选项。

A. Picture what happens when parents toss children into the air.

B. We start finding things laughable-or not laughable-early in life.

C. We laugh at a memory, or at a part of ourselves.

D. But we also laugh at what we used to fear.

E. we forgot that we have stopped thinking of laugh.

第二节 根据短文所给的信息回答问题,并将序号及相应答案写在答题纸上。

5. What does the underlined part in the last paragraph mean?

题号:06

填空(共10小题;每小题1分,共10分)

阅读下面的短文,在标有序号的空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中单词的正确形式,并将序号及相应答案写在答题纸上。

“Everything happens for the best," my mother said whenever I faced disappointment.” __1__ you can carry on, one day something good will happen. And you'll realize that it wouldn’t have happened if not for that__2__ disappointment.”

Mother was right, as I __3__(discover) after graduating from college in 1932.I had decided to try for a job in radio, __4__work my way up to sports announcer. I hitchhiked to Chicago and knocked on the door of every station-and got turned down every time.

In one studio, a kind lady told me that big stations couldn't risk hiring inexperienced person

—“Go out in the sticks and find a small station that’ll give you a __5__,” she said.

I thumbed home to Dixon, Illinois. While there was no radio-announcing jobs in Dixon, my father sad Montgomery Ward had opened a store and wanted a local athlete to manage its sports department. Since Dixon was where I __6__(play) high school football, I applied. The job sounded just right for me. But I wasn’t hired.

My disappointment__7__ have shown. “Everything happens for the best,” Mom reminded me. Dad offered me the car to job hunt. But again I was turned down. As I left the office, my frustration boiled over. I asked a1oud, “How can a fellow get to be a sport announcer if he can't get a job in a radio station?”

I was waiting for the elevator __8__ I heard MacArthur calling, “What was that you said __9__ sports? Do you know__10__ about football?” Then he stood me before a microphone and asked me to broadcast an imaginary game.

On my way home, as I have many times since, I often wonder what direction my life might have taken if I’d gotten the job at Montgomery Ward.

思想政治

题号:07【经济学常识】(10分)

近代以来,世界经济演进的一个明显特征,就是出现了市场经济一体化和经济发展模式多元化两大发展趋势。从严格意义上讲,当今世界上没有哪两个国家的经济发展模式是完全一样的。按大的类别划分,至少可以有以下五种典型模式:以美英为代表的“盎格鲁-撒克逊模式”;以德国、瑞士、挪威为代表的“莱茵模式”;以日本、韩国和东南亚国家为代表的“东亚模式”;以巴西、墨西哥和阿根廷为代表的“拉美模式”;中国经济发展模式。 问题:(1)以美国为代表的市场经济模式有哪些特点?(8分)

(2)你对美英为代表的市场经济模式是如何评价的?(2分)

题号:08【经济学常识】(10分)

2011年7月17日傍晚,南方日报记者咨询广州天河北的达芬奇家居店,该店工作人员坚称,“不接受消费者退货,公司没有发通知。”该公司工作人员向记者解释,媒体曝光的达芬奇家具有质量问题、产地非原装进口,均只是指部分产品,并不是全部。不仅广州,全国多个地区都出现达芬奇家居连锁店拒绝退货的现象。

(1)运用《生活中的法律常识》的有关知识简要评析达芬奇家居连锁店的上述行为。(6分)

(2) 请从消费者权益角度为消费者提出解决问题的建议。(4分)

历 史

题号:09

“历史上重大改革回眸”模块(10分)

阅读材料,回答下列问题。

材料一:二年二月,拜参知政事。上谓曰:“人皆不能知卿,以卿但知经术,不晓世务。”安石对曰:“经术正所以经世务。”上问:“然则卿所施设以何先?”安石曰:“变风俗,立法度,正方今之所急也。”上以为然。于是设制置三司条例司,……号为新法,遣提举官四十余辈,颁行天下。——《宋史》列传第八十六

材料二:北宋期间,中书管民,枢密管兵,三司主财,所有重要的数字已经不能对照,下面则是亿万不识字的农民,社会上又普遍缺乏中层机构,所以我们用不着追问他荆国公王安石介甫是否忠贞谋国,已先可断言他的筹划不合实际了。……仔细参考《宋史》

里的叙述,我们也可以窥见新法失败的情形。譬如“方田法”以东、西、南、北各一千步为一方,内按土地肥瘠分五等抽税。可是即在畿国的开封府,其测量就产生技术上的问题,有谓“时方时止地,县内有山林,即无从着手。” ——[美]黄仁宇:《赫逊河畔谈中国历史》

(1)根据材料一并结合所学知识,分析宋朝皇帝与王安石的这场讨论发生的背景。这一

讨论产生了怎样的结果?(6 分)

(2)根据材料二,归纳黄仁宇认为王安石变法失败的原因。他是从哪一角度论述的?(4 分)

题号:10

“世界文化遗产荟萃”模块(10分)

材料一

图一 雅典卫城 图二 明清故宫

材料二 世界著名音乐作曲家和演奏家雅尼曾于1993年在雅典卫城、1997年在故宫举办过气势恢宏的音乐会,轰动一时。在获得商业上和艺术上成功演出的同时,也引起一些遗产保护者的抗议。

——摘编自报刊资料等

(1)图一和图二所示建筑群的布局特色。(5分)

(2)从文化遗产的保护角度,应如何看待材料二所示事件?(5分)

地理

题号:11“城乡规划”模块(10分)

下图是“某大城市平面略图”,读图回答下列问题。(10分)

1980年之前的老城区

现在城区

化工厂

拟建大型服装批发市场

拟建大型超级市场超级市场

拟建蔬菜基地

公路

铁路

1)读图可知,该城市空间形态变化明显受 因素的影响。(2分) (

(2)该城市拟建大型服装批发市场、大型超市、蔬菜基地。其选址的共同有利条件有 、 。此外,大型服装批发市场与大型超市相比还具有 的区位优势;蔬菜基地选址的自然条件是 。(4分)

(3)对老城区的特色景观和传统文化该如何保护?(4分)

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