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第十四届“挑战杯”大学生课外学术科技作品格式要求

发布时间:2013-11-24 08:05:01  

? 打印格式 (A4纸型)

第十四届“挑战杯”大学生课外学术科

技作品竞赛作品

作品名称

负责人

学 院 专 业 合作者 指导教师 类别:

□自然科学类学术论文

□哲学社会科学类社会调查报告和学术论文

□科技发明制作类

中文摘要

论文题目(小三黑体居中)

摘 要

摘要正文:摘要正文用小四号宋体字编排。行间距1.5行。段首空2中文字符。 摘要是论文(调查报告)内容的简短陈述,体现工作的核心思想。摘要应涉及本项研究工作的目的和意义、研究方法、研究成果。摘要正文一般不应直接引用正文中的结果、尽量少出现数学公式、也不宜引用参考文献的相关结论、不宜使用第一人称语句。摘要字数一般应控制在300-500字之内。

关键词:关键词应为反映论文(调查报告)主题内容的通用技术词汇,不得随意自造关键词。摘要内容后下空一行打印“关键词”三字 (小四号黑体),关键词一般为3~5个,每一关键词之间用逗号分开,最后一个关键词后不打标点符号。

I

英文摘要

英文题目(小三,Time New Roman,加粗,居中)

Abstract

英文摘要的内容及关键词应与中文摘要一致,要符合英语语法,语句通顺,文字流畅,论文应有英文标题。字号大小同中文摘要,采用Times New Roman字体。

Key Words:

II

杭州师范大学第十四届“挑战杯”大学生课外学术科技作品竞赛参赛作品

目 录

中文摘要 ································································································ Ⅰ 英文摘要 ································································································ Ⅱ 1 引言(或绪论)(作为正文第1章,小4号宋体,行距1.5倍,下同) ················ 1

1.1 ......................................................................................................................................

1.2 ...................................................................................................................................... 2 ×××××× (正文第2章) ······················································································

2.1 ×××××× (正文第2章第1条) ····································································

2.1.1×××××× (三级标题) ··········································································· 2.1.2×××××× (三级标题) ···········································································

2.2 ·······································································································································

2.2.1×××××× (三级标题) ··········································································· 2.3 ······································································································································· 3 ×××××× (正文第3章) ·····················································································

3.1 ·······································································································································

3.1.1×××××× (三级标题) ··········································································· X ×××××× (正文第X章) ····················································································· X 结论 ····································································································································· 附录A ××××(必要时) ······························································································ 附录B ××××(必要时) ······························································································ 参考文献 ································································································································· 目录按三级标题编写,要求层次清晰,必须与正文标题一致。

III

杭州师范大学第十四届“挑战杯”大学生课外学术科技作品竞赛参赛作品

附件三、杭州师范大学第十一届“挑战杯”大学生课外学术科技作品竞赛参赛作品正文格式

1 引言(或绪论)(可作为正文第1章标题,用小3号黑体,加粗,

0.5行,段后0.5行)

(作为正文2级标题,用小4号黑体,加粗)

×××××××××(小4号宋体)××××××…………

1.1.1 ××××(作为正文3级标题,用小4号黑体,不加粗)

×××××××××(小4号宋体,行距1.5倍)×××××××××××××××××××××××××××………

引言的内容应包括该项研究的目的和范围,以及该项研究工作在社会经济中的实用价值与理论意义;本研究课题范围内国内外己有文献的综述;理论依据和实验设备条件;

2 ×××××××(作为正文第2章标题,用小3号黑体,加粗,并留出上下间距为:段前0.5行,段后0.5行)

×××××××××(小4号宋体)×××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××………

说明:正文是论文(调查报告)的主体,应准确、完整、清晰、通顺、实事求是、简短精练。

所有直接引用的文字、数字、事实以及转述他人的观点都应加标注说明其出处,避免论文抄袭现象的发生。标注的格式为[序号],以上角标形式放在引文或转述观点的最后一个句号之前,如[1]。标注中的序号按所引用文献首次出现的次序递增排列。对应的文献应以相同的次序出现在论文的参考文献部分,某一论述同时引证多篇参考文献时,应采用[序号1,序号2,…]的格式,标注方括号中的序号按增序排列。

1

杭州师范大学第十四届“挑战杯”大学生课外学术科技作品竞赛参赛作品 文中的图表

凡用图或表格说明问题的,一定要在行文中对图或表格给予解释,图或表按大节统一标号。图或表应与正文相对应,排于相应的地方,一般应在正文中出现该图表说明稍后的地方,即先见文后见图。

表格格式:

表1.1 (表标题)(第1大节第1个表格)

图1.2 (图标题)(第1大节第1个图)

文中的公式

论文中较重要的公式应根据大节给出统一编号。例如

f(x)??e0

??

x (2.1)

X 结论(作为正文第X章标题,用小3号黑体,加粗,并留出上下间距为:段前0.5行,段后0.5行)

×××××××××(小4号宋体)××××××××××××××××××××××

2

杭州师范大学第十四届“挑战杯”大学生课外学术科技作品竞赛参赛作品 ×××××××××××××………

结论做为单独一章排列,结论是整篇作品的总结,应该精练准确,不得含糊其词模棱两可。结论中应认真阐述自己的创造性工作或新见解及其意义和作用。

注:1.正文中表格与插图的字体一律用5号宋体;

2.正文各页的格式请以此页为标准复制,页脚中的页码用阿拉伯数字表示(

档的页码已设置成自动格式);

3.为保证打印效果,学生在打印前,请将全文字体的颜色统一设置成黑色。

3

杭州师范大学第十四届“挑战杯”大学生课外学术科技作品竞赛参赛作品

X章标题,用小3号黑体,加粗,并留出

上下间距为:段前0.5行,段后0.5行)

4号宋体)×××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××………

X章标题,用小3号黑体,加粗,并留出

上下间距为:段前0.5行,段后0.5行)

4号宋体)×××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××××………

…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 说明

1. 根据情况可以没有附录。

2. 对论文中用到的、但与本论文的主题关系不很大的事实、概念及相关结论可以以附

录的形式予以简单介绍或证明;

3. 对已有的概念或结论用本论文的想法和术语进行重新处理的内容也可以以附录的

形式予以说明;

4

杭州师范大学第十四届“挑战杯”大学生课外学术科技作品竞赛参赛作品

参考文献(小3号黑体,加粗,居中)

请按以下参考文献格式给出你的参考文献。

[1] Jain A K, Duin R, Mao J. Statistical Pattern Recognition: A Review [J]. IEEE Trans.

on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 2000,22( 1): 4-38.

[2]

[3]

[4]

[5] 参考文献2 参考文献3 参考文献4 Casella G. and Berger R.L., Statistical Inference (M), 第二版,北京:机械工业出版社,

2002.

[6]

[7] 茆诗松,王静龙,濮晓龙. 高等数理统计[M]. 北京:高等教育出版社,1998. 300-500. Liang Z, Jaszczak R and Coleman E. Parameter estimation of finite mixtures for image

processing using the EM algorithm and information criteria [A]. In: Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference[C]. Conference Record of the 1991 IEEE, 1991, 3: 2171-2175.

[8] Wolf J H. A Monte Carlo study of the sampling distribution of the likelihood ratio for

mixtures of multinomial distributions [R]. Us Naval Personnel and Training Research Laboratory, 1971. 1-20.

[9] 党映农.基于Volterra级数模型的自适应鲁棒控制方法研究[D] .西安:西安交通

大学电子与信息工程学院,1998

[10] Fuchs, T., Simulation of noise[W],http://www.imp.uni-erlangen.de/forbild,2000

[11] Janney M A.Method for molding ceramic powders[P] .US

Patent.4894194.1990-10-06.

格式说明如下:(写后删除)

自然科学论文的参考文献一般来自正式出版的学术期刊(J)、学术会议文集(C)、图书(M)、专题报告(R)、学位论文()等,特殊情况下科学论文的预印本和内部专题科学报告也可以列为参考文献。

5

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