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小学数学英语

发布时间:2013-12-02 14:30:49  

II. 特殊疑问句

1. 定义

以特殊疑问词开头,对陈述句中的某一部分提出疑问 / 进行发问,回答时针对问句中的代词和副词来回答,不用yes或no,的句子叫特殊疑问句。

** 特殊疑问句基本结构:

1特殊疑问词 + 助动词 + 主语 + 实义动词 + 其他 ?

What can I do for you today?

2 特殊疑问词 + 谓语动词(组合) + 主语 + 其他 ?

What is your name, please?

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助动词+ 实义动词 + 其他 ?

Who will go to Guangzhong with the manager by plane tomorrow?

What has been offered to the poor homeless children for the coming winter?

谓语动词(组合) + 其他 ?

Who is the man under the big tree?

What must be finished first before we go to picnic two days later?

** 特殊疑问句

1 注意选准特殊疑问词 2 注意疑问句词序 3 注意句子的时态(由助动词显示)

What When Where Why How Which Who Whose Whom

What + 名词

Which + 代词 / 名词

How + 形容词 / 副词

Whose + 名词

介词 + whom

** 助动词

1 be类 am is are was were

2 will类 will would shall should

3 have类 have has had

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4 can类 can could may might must need ought to dare 5 do类 do does did

3. 特殊疑问句的构成特殊疑问句由"特殊疑问词+一般疑问句"构成: How old are you? 你多大了?

What's this in English? 这个用英语怎么讲?

但特殊疑问句有时也要"特殊解":即如果问的是主语或主语的定语时,这时的特殊疑问句看起来成了"特殊疑问词(+主语)+陈述句"。如: Who's not here today? 今天谁没来?

Which pen is red? 哪枝钢笔是红色的

5. 对特殊疑问句的答复

疑问代词用于特殊疑问句中,疑问代词一般都放在句首,并在句中作为某一句子成分。如:

What is this? (what作表语)这是什么?

what color is it ? 什么颜色?

Which is bigger, the left one or the right one? (which作主语)哪一个大一点,左边的一个还是右边的一个?

What are you talking about? (what作宾语)你在说什么? Who will go with you? (who作主语)谁和你一起去?

Whom are you talking to? (whom作宾语)你在跟谁说话? Whose dictionary is this? (whose作定语)这是谁的字典? What's the capital of your country? 贵国首都是哪儿

What's your motherland? 你祖国是哪儿?

回答特殊疑问句,不能用"yes / no";但可用"到什么山上唱什 2

么歌"来形容对特殊疑问句的应答- -即问什么答什么(尤其是简略回答更明显)。如:

-How old is your sister? 你妹妹今年多大了?

-She's only five. / Only five. (她)才5岁。

对指物名词或谓语动词提出疑问,疑问词用what 询问天气。“How +be +the weather...?”与“What +be +the weather like...?”意思相同。例如:

How is the weather today? = What's the weather like today? 今天天气如何? 1)

①The twins were making a kite when their mother came in. (划线提问) ______ _____ the twins _____ when their mother came in? ②Mrs Turner asked her son to buy some eggs for supper. (划线提问)

_______ ______ Mrs Turner ask her son ______ _______ for supper?

2)对名词前定语提出疑问,疑问词应用which,而且必须和名词连用。 I'm going to take the shirt on the right.(划线提问) ______ _____ are you going to take?

3)对指人名词或代词提问用who,作宾语时提问用whom。

4) 4)对物主代词和名词所有格提问用whose。

eg. Li Ping's coat→Whose coat, my father→Whose father 3

5)对具体时间提出疑问,如 in the morning,last Sunday等,疑问词用when;对具体几点钟提问,疑问词应用what time。

6)对具体地点提出疑问,疑问词应用where。

The pupils are having a picnic at the foot of the hill. (划线提问) _____ _____ the pupils having a picnic?

7)对表原因的从句提问,常见的有because引导的从句,疑问词应用why。 Xiao Cheng didn't go to the farm with us because he was ill. (划线提问) _______ _____ Xiao Cheng go to the farm with us?

8)对方式或程度等提出疑问,用疑问词How。 eg. I usually go to school by bike. How is that movie? I like it very much.

How... like...?”与“What... think of...?”如出一辙。例如: How do you like the film? = What do you think of the film? 你觉得这部电影怎么样?

9)对数量提出疑问,疑问词为How many,要注意how many必须跟名词的复数形式。

eg. two hundred sheep→How many sheep

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10)对价格提出疑问,疑问词用How much。 eg. I paid fifty yuan for the sweater. ______ ______ did you pay for the sweater? 询问价格。“How much...?”或“How much... cost?”与“What's the price of...?”效果一样。例如: How much is the computer? = How much does the computer cost? = What's the price of the computer? 这台电脑的价格是多少?

11)对时间长度提出疑问,疑问词应用How long。

eg. I've worked in that factory for two years. (划线提问) ______ _____ _______ you worked in that factory?

重量、长度、高度、宽度、深度、速度、面积等。“How + 形容词 +...?”与“What's the + 名词 + of ...?”意思相同。例如: How heavy is that basket of apples? = What's the weight of that basket of apples? 那筐苹果有多重?

注意:与what 句式转换时,how 后的形容词heavy, wide, high, tall, deep, long, fast, large等,须分别转换成对应的名词:weight, width, height, depth, length, speed, size等。其中How tall are you?与What's your height?

12)对时间频率,如 once a year, twice a week等提问,疑问词用How often。 How often do u visit your grandma?

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13)对具体次数,如 once, twice, three times等提问,疑问词用How many times。 eg. ______ did he call you the day before yesterday?Twice. A.What time B.How many times C.How much D.How long

14)对in+一段时间提问,疑问词一般用How soon。

eg. Jane and her brother will finish the work in two hours. (划线提问) _____ _____ _____ Jane and her brother finish the work?

15)对距离提出疑问,疑问词用How far。

eg. It's about two kilometres from here to the country.(划线提问) ______ _____ _____ _____ from here to the country?

16)另外,对日期、星期、天气等提出疑问,则分别用 What's the date?

What day is it ? 如果是过去时间,就用was代替is。 What's the weather like?

17)对人口的提问,What's the population of Germany?德国的人口有多少?population 表示“人口”是一集体名词,have population of 表示“有多少人口”。例如: Our village has population of two hundred of people. 我们村有二百人口。

What's the population of...?”可与“How large is the 6

population of...?”互相转换。例如: What's the population of the world? = How large is the population of the world? 世界人口是多少?

注意:在把肯定句改成否定句或一般疑问句的时候,要注意句中是否有already、some、something、somebody等词,如果有也必须进行改变,already要改成yet,some、something、somebody等分别改成any、anything、anybody等。(疑问句表示请求,建议时应用some.不是any)另外,在改成否定句的时候注意把too改成either,both改成

neither,all改成none等.在改成一般疑问句的时候,常常把第一人称I、we改成第二人称you。

III. 专项训练馆。

1. 根据回答写出相应的问句(一空一词)。

① -______ ______are the twins in? -They are in Row 4.

② -______is your father?

-Fine, thank you.

2. 按要求进行句型转换。

①Mary is at home. (对划线部分提问)

②Eleven minus six is five. (对划线部分提问)

③We're in the same class. (改成一般疑问句并作否定回答)

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④My English teacher is Miss Hu.(对划线部分提问)

⑤The twins are twelve now. (改成一般疑问句并作肯定回答)

一般疑问句Vs特殊疑问句:1. ①What row ②How ③Is, Number ④What's ⑤Who's 2. ①Where is Mary? ②What's eleven minus six? ③Are you in the same class? No, we aren't. ④Who's your English teacher?⑤Are the twins twelve now? Yes, they are.

一根据句意,请从方框中选出合适的特殊疑问词来完成句子。

1. I have two apples, __________one do you like better?

2. —__________ do you go to school every day ? —On foot .

3. —___________did you go last night ? —I went to the cinema.

4. —___________do you get up so early? — Because I want to do morning exercises (做早操).

5. —__________can I do for you ? —I would like a pencil.

6. —__________shirt is this ? —Maybe it’s Lily's.

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7. —__________did you go to bed last night ? —At about 11:00.

8. —__________ do you want to buy for your mother? — A sweater.

二根据汉语提示,将句子所缺部分写完整,每空一词。

1. _______ _______is your teacher? I don’t know. (多高)

2. _______ _______ is the picture on the wall? It’s red. (什么颜色)

3. _______ _______ do you get up every day? At 6:30. (几点)

4. _______ _______ books do you have? Fifteen.(多少)

5. _______ _______are you in? I’m in Class 3, Grade 8. (几班)

6. _______ _______dose she take a shower? Twice a week. (多久一次)

7. _______ _______will you stay here? For seven days. (多长时间)

8. _______ _______is the T-shirt? It’s 50 yuan. (多少钱)

三 根据A句的意思,向A 句的划线部分提问,完成B 句。

B. _______ _______ she often _______ to work every day?

2. A. The blue T-shirt is B. _______ _______ the blue T-shirt?

B. _______ _______ your father goes to Kunming? B. _______ _______ is his brother? B. _______ _______ they _______ yesterday afternoon?

特殊疑问句练习题(一)

一、选择正确的单词填空(who, where, when)

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1._____ is that pretty girl? She is my sister.

2._____ are Jack and Tom? They are behind you.

3._____ do you go to school? I go to school from Monday to Friday.

4._____ has a beautiful flower? John has a beautiful flower.

5._____ are they? They are my parents.

6._____ is my mother? She is in the living room.

7._____ are you going? We are going to the bakery(面包坊).

8._____ do Jim and Wendy play ball? They play ball in the afternoon.

9._____ does he jog? He jogs in the park.

10._____ are you from? I'm from Changchun city.

二、就画线部分提问 1.He is my father. 2.They are under the tree.

3.I often watch TV after dinner.(晚饭后) 提示:饭后强调的是时间问题。

4.Lily swims in the swimming pool.(游泳池) 5.Superman flies in the sky. 6.I often brush my teeth in the evening. 7.Alan likes to play with Bill.

8.Joe's father plays badminton(羽毛球) every weekend. 9.The supermarket is near the school.

10.The laptop(笔记本电脑) is on the table. 11.Jennifer has a pair of earrings(耳环).

12.The flowers are in the flower pot(花盆). 13.My grandpa took us to the zoo.

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14.I put the gold fish(金鱼) into the fish tank(鱼缸). 15.The monkey sleeps at night.

特殊疑问句练习(二)

一.用what time, what color, what day, what填空。

1. A: ______ _______ is it? B: It is nine o’clock.

2. A: ______ _______ does your mother get up?

B: My mother gets up at 6:30.

3. A: ______ _______ do you go to bed? B: I go to bed at 10:00.

4. A: ______ _______ do Diana and Fiona have supper?

B: Diana and Fiona have supper at 18:00.

5. A: ______ _______is it? B: It is purple.

6. A: ______ _______ is the sky? B: The sky is blue.

7. A: ______ _______ is your coat? B: My coat is black.

8. A: ______ _______ is the dog? B: The dog is white.

9. A: ______ _______ is today? B: Today is Monday.

10. A: ______ _______ is tomorrow? B: Tomorrow is Tuesday.

11. A: ______ _______ was yesterday(昨天)? B: Yesterday was Sunday.

12. A: ______ _______ do you like? B: I like red.

13. A: ______ is this? This is a computer(电脑).

14. A: ______ are you doing? B: We are playing basketball.

15. A: ______ does your mother do? B: My mother is a policewoman.

16. A: ______ are those? B: Those are peppers(辣椒).

17. A: ______ is in the box? B: A lovely doll is in the box.

18. A: ______ is on the table? B: The apple is on the table. 11

19. A: ______ is in the classroom? The blackboard is in the classroom. 20. A: ______ ______ ______? B: Mary is hungry.

21. A: ______ ______ ______ ______ ______?

B: My favorite color is pink.

22. A: ______ ______ ______ ______? B: Nick is playing table tennis.

特殊疑问句练习题(一)

一、选择正确的单词填空

(who, where, when)

1._____ is that pretty girl? She is my sister.

2._____ are Jack and Tom? They are behind you.

3._____ do you go to school? I go to school from Monday to Friday.

4._____ has a beautiful flower? John has a beautiful flower.

5._____ are they? They are my parents.

6._____ is my mother? She is in the living room.

7._____ are you going? We are going to the bakery(面包坊).

8._____ do Jim and Wendy play ball? They play ball in the afternoon.

9._____ does he jog? He jogs in the park.

10._____ are you from? I'm from Changchun city.

二、就画线部分提问 1.He is my father. 2.They are under the tree.

3.I often watch TV after dinner.(晚饭后) 提示:饭后强调的是时间问题。 12

4.Lily swims in the swimming pool.(游泳池) 5.Superman flies in the sky. 6.I often brush my teeth in the evening. 7.Alan likes to play with Bill.

8.Joe's father plays badminton(羽毛球) every weekend. 9.The supermarket is near the school.

10.The laptop(笔记本电脑) is on the table. 11.Jennifer has a pair of earrings(耳环).

12.The flowers are in the flower pot(花盆). 13.My grandpa took us to the zoo.

14.I put the gold fish(金鱼) into the fish tank(鱼缸). 15.The monkey sleeps at night.

特殊疑问句练习(二)

一.用what time, what color, what day, what填空。

1. A: ______ _______ is it? B: It is nine o’clock.

2. A: ______ _______ does your mother get up?

B: My mother gets up at 6:30.

3. A: ______ _______ do you go to bed? B: I go to bed at 10:00.

4. A: ______ _______ do Diana and Fiona have supper?

B: Diana and Fiona have supper at 18:00.

5. A: ______ _______is it? B: It is purple.

6. A: ______ _______ is the sky? B: The sky is blue.

7. A: ______ _______ is your coat? B: My coat is black.

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8. A: ______ _______ is the dog? B: The dog is white.

9. A: ______ _______ is today? B: Today is Monday.

10. A: ______ _______ is tomorrow? B: Tomorrow is Tuesday.

11. A: ______ _______ was yesterday(昨天)? B: Yesterday was Sunday.

12. A: ______ _______ do you like? B: I like red.

13. A: ______ is this? This is a computer(电脑).

14. A: ______ are you doing? B: We are playing basketball.

15. A: ______ does your mother do? B: My mother is a policewoman.

16. A: ______ are those? B: Those are peppers(辣椒).

17. A: ______ is in the box? B: A lovely doll is in the box.

18. A: ______ is on the table? B: The apple is on the table.

19. A: ______ is in the classroom? The blackboard is in the classroom. 20. A: ______ ______ ______? B: Mary is hungry.

21. A: ______ ______ ______ ______ ______?

B: My favorite color is pink.

22. A: ______ ______ ______ ______? B: Nick is playing table tennis.

二.连线:(Match)

1. What’s on the chair? There is a book in the bag.

2. How is your father? These are apples.

3. What are these? I go to school by bus.

4. What is in the bag? The radio is on the chair. 14

5. How do you go to school? My father is fine.

6. How much is it? I wash my face in the morning.

7. What time is it? I have two hands.

8. When do you wash your face?

9. How many hands do you have? It is 5 RMB(

10.When do you have lunch? I have lunch at noon

15 It is four o’clock. 人民币).

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