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解题能力竞赛题

发布时间:2013-12-19 10:30:07  

第一节 单项填空

1. --- He never dared to ask his teacher a question, ___________?

--- No, but he listened very carefully in class.

A. did he

A. over B. didn’t he B. beyond C. dared he C. above D. daren’t he D. within 2. This test is rather difficult, but it is not ________ the students.

3. --- Was it you that told Mike the news?

--- No. What does it __________?

A. mean

A. learn B. say B. study C. matter C. expect

B. passed; had read

D. passed; read D. care D. read 4. It is so hard for people to understand his action. You can never ______ his thoughts. 5. The note ______ from hand to hand until all of us _________ it. A. was passed; had read C. was passed; read

6. --- Someone is knocking at the door. Who ______ it be?

--- It _______ Father, but he said he couldn’t be back until 9 o’clock.

A. can; might B. can; must C. must; could D. must; may

7. --- Jack is told to make the stage a little nicer to look at.

--- Oh, no wonder he ___________ something in the yard yesterday.

A. had painted B. was painting C. painted D. has painted

8. I hear that he wasn’t so interested in reading the regulations beforehand. He _______ those simple

questions raised at the interview.

A. should have answered

C. could have answered

A. Even though

--- _______________.

A. You are welcome

A. No matter B. That’s all right B. whether C. That’s right C. Either D. Take it easy. D. Although 11. _________ you are going to leave or stay, inform me of your decision. Did you catch me?

12. --- We did have a good time at the party. Why didn’t you join us?

--- I ___________, but my car broke down.

A. would like to have gone there

C. had been going there

A. each B. some B. should have gone there D. might have gone there C. certain D. any B. Though B. must have answered D. may have answered C. Therefore D. Even so 9. John seems a nice person. ________, I don’t trust him. 10. --- Oh sorry. I have got the wrong number. 13. The medicine is on sale everywhere. You can get it at _________ chemist’s.

14. --- Sally knows a lot about planes.

--- ________ . She has travelled a lot.

A. She does so B. So does she C. So she does D. So she knows

15. --- Where is Lynn? He is supposed to be here now.

--- He _________ in the room upstairs, and _______ out only five minutes ago. A. has been working; went C. worked; was going 完形填空

With Christmas coming, there are presents to be bought, cards to be sent, and rooms to be cleaned. Parents are faced with different jobs of presents from inquisitive(好奇的) young children. If the are large, this is of a real problem. On young children find the excitement almost unbearable(无法忍受的). They are torn the wish to go to bed early so that Father Christmas will bring their presents quickly, and the wish to late so that they will not the fun. The wish for presents usually proves . But though children go to bed early, they often lie for a long time, to get a short look at Father Christmas.

Last Christmas, my wife and I successfully to hide a few large presents in the store room. I the moment when my son, Jimmy, would ask me where that new bike came from, but he didn’t see it.

On Christmas Eve, it the children hours to get to sleep. It have been midnight when my wife and I went into their room and began filling stockings. After this was done, I in the bike bought for Jimmy and left it beside the Christmas tree. We knew we couldn’t get much that night, for the children were sure to get up early.

At about five o’clock the next morning, we were by loud noises from the children’s room. They were shouting excitedly! I had time to get out of bed, Jimmy came into the room on his new bike, and his sister, Mary, followed behind pushing her new baby carriage. Even the arrived. He moved on the hands and knees into the room a large balloon behind him. Suddenly it burst! Now we were waken up completely. The day really began a bang(巨响)! 16. A. buying 17. A. gifts 18. A. anything 20. A. at 21. A. get up 22. A. find 23. A. stronger 24. A. asleep 25. A. wishing 26. A. tried 27. A. feared 28. A. fortunately 29. A. cost 30. A. should 31. A. only 32. A. loudly 33. A. pushed

B. hiding B. boxes B. nothing B. with B. come up B. discover B. weaker B. talking B. having B. completed B. was afraid B. unluckily B. took B. must B. nearly B. quietly B. led

C. offering C. bikes C. something C. in C. pick up C. lose C. better C. awake C. waiting C. managed C. liked C. finally C. lasted C. could C. mostly C. noisily C. pulled

D. giving D. children D. everything D. between D. stay up D. miss D. worse D. smiling D. hoping D. finished D. hoped for D. happily D. gave D. ought to D. hardly D. worriedly D. put

B. was working; went

D. had been working; was going

19. A. Christmas Day B. Christmas Eve C. New Year’s Day D. New Year’s Eve

34. A. joy

35. A. frightened

36. A. When

37. A. dashing

38. A. baby

39. A. dragging

40. A. with

B. present B. shocked B. Since B. playing B. pushing B. from C. sleep C. woken C. After C. riding C. holding C. on D. happiness D. called D. Before D. running D. dog D. leaving D. by B. Father Christmas C. grandfather

第二部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

A

The fridge is considered a necessity. It has been so since the 1960s when packaged food first appeared with the label(标签): “Store in the refrigerator.”

In my fridgeless Fifties childhood, I was fed well and healthily. The milkman came daily, the grocer, the butcher, the baker, and the ice-cream man delivered two or three times a week. The Sunday meat would last until Wednesday and surplus(剩余的) bread and milk became all kinds of cakes. Nothing was wasted, and we were never troubled by rotten food. Thirty years on, food deliveries have stopped, fresh vegetables are almost impossible to get in the country.

The invention of the fridge contributed comparatively little to the art of preservation(保存). A vast way of well-tried techniques already existed --- natural cooling, drying, smoking, salting, sugaring, bottling … What refrigeration did improve was marketing --- marketing hardware(硬件) and electricity, market soft drinks, marketing dead bodies of animals around the globe in search of a good price.

Therefore, most of the world’s fredges are to be found, not in the where they might prove useful, but in the wealthy countries with mild(温和的) temperatures where they are climatically almost unnecessary. Every winter, millions of fridges hum(嗡嗡作响)away continuously, and at high expense, busily maintaining an artificially(人工)-cooled space inside an artificially-heated house --- while outside, nature provides the desired temperature free of charge.

The fridge’s effect upon the environment has been evident, while its contribution to human happiness has been uniportant. If you don’t believe me, try it yourself, invest in a food cabinet (橱柜) and turn off your fridge next winter. You may miss the hamburgers, but at least you’ll get rid of that terrible hum.

41. The statement “In my fridgeless Fifties childhood, I was fed well and healthily.” suggests that

__________.

A. the author was well-fed and healthy even without a fridge in his fifties

B. the author was not used to using fridges even in his fifties

C. there was no fridge in the author’s home in the 1950s

D. the fridges was in its early stage of development in the 1950s

42. Why does the author say that nothing was wasted before the invention of fridges?

A. People would not buy more food than was necessary.

B. Food was delivered to keep two or three times a week.

C. Food was sold fresh and did not get rotten easily.

D. People had effective ways to preserve their food.

43. What does the underlined word “tropics” mean?

A. Very hot areas. B. Very cold areas.

D. Very poor areas. C. Very wealthy areas.

environment?

A. “Hum away continuously”

C. “Artificially-cooled space”

Typing 44. Which of the following phrases in the fourth paragraph implies the fridge’s negative(负面) effect on the B. “Climatically almost unnecessary” D. “With mild temperatures” B

This course is for those who want to learn to type, as well as those who want to improve their typing. The course is not common. You are tested in the first class and begin practising at one of eight different skill levels. This allows you to learn at your own speed. Each program lasts 20 hours. Bring your own paper.

Course fee: $125 Materials fee: $25

Two hours each evening for two weeks: New classes begin every two weeks.

This course is taught by a number of qualified business education teachers who have successfully taught typing course before.

Understanding Computer

This twelve-hour course is for people who do not know very much about computers, but who need to learn about them. You will learn what computers are, what they can and can’t do and how to use them. Course Fee: $75 Jan. 4, 7, 11, 14, 18, Wed. & Sat. 9-11:30 a.m.

Equipment Fee: $10

Joseph Saunters is Professor of Computer Science at New Urban University. He has over twelve years of experience in the computer field.

Stop Smoking

Do you want to stop smoking? Have you already tried to stop and failed? Now is the time to stop smoking using the latest methods. You can stop smoking, and this twelve-hour course will help you do it. Course Fee: $30 Jan. 3, 10, 17, 24 Mon. 2-5 p.m.

Dr John Goode is a practising phychologist who has helped hundreds of people stop smoking.

45. There are typing courses which are for beginners and unskilled persons _________.

A. from Monday to Friday

C. on Saturday morning

A. $30

A. on Mondays B. $75 B. on Tuesday B. on Sunday afternoon D. on each evening C. $85 C. on Saturdays D. $50 D. every day 46. If you want to learn basic computer programming, you must pay __________. 47. A course that can do something good for your health is held __________.

48. Dr Goode helps people stop smoking mainly by __________.

A. doing a lot of exercise

C. using psychological methods B. giving them some medicine D. eating an unusual kind of food

C

After the violent earthquake that shook Los Angeles in 1994, earthquake scientists had good news to report: The damage and health toll(代价) could have been much worse.

More than 60 people died in this earthquake. By comparison, an earthquake of similar intensity that shook America in 1988 brought out 25,000 deaths.

Injuries and deaths were relatively less in Los Angeles because the quake occurred at 4:31 a.m. on a holiday, when traffic was light on the city’s highways. What’s more, changes made to the construction codes in Los Angeles during the last 20 years have strengthened the city’s buildings and highways, making them more resistant(耐…的) to quakes.

Though we have the good news, civil engineers aren’t resting on their successes. Pinned to their drawing boards are blueprints for improved quake-resistant buildings. The new designs should offer even greater security(安全性) to cities where earthquakes often take place.

In the past, making structures quake-resistant meant firm yet flexible(柔性的) materials, such as steel and wood that bend without breaking. Later, people tried to lift a building off its foundation(基础), and insert rubber and steel between the building and its foundation to reduce the effect of ground vibrations(振动). The most recent designs give buildings brains as well as steel supports. Called smart buildings, the structures act like living creatures to an earthquake’s vibrations. When the ground shakes and the building tips forward, the computer would force the building to shift in the opposite direction.

The new smart structures could be very expensive to build. However, they would save many lives and would be less likely be damaged during earthquakes.

49. One reason why the loss of lives in Los Angeles earthquake was comparatively low is that

____________.

A. new computers had been used in the buildings

B. it occurred in the residential(居民) areas rather than on the highways

C. large numbers of Los Angeles residents(居民) had gone for a holiday

D. improvements had been made in the construction of buildings and highways

50. The function(功能)of the computer mentioned in the passage is to ___________.

A. balance the building’s action during an earthquake .

B. predict (预报) the coming of an earthquake with accuracy

C. help strengthen the foundation of the building

D. measure the effect of an earthquake’s vibrations

51. The smart buildings discussed in the passage ___________.

A. would caused serious financial(财政的) problems

B. would be worthwhile though costly

C. would increase the difficulty of architectural design

D. can reduce the ground vibrations caused by earthquakes

52. It can be inferred from the passage that in reducing the damage caused by earthquakes attention should

be focused(聚焦) on ____________.

A. the increasing use of rubbers and steel in capital construction

B. the development of flexible building materials

C. the reduction of the effect of ground vibrations

D. early predicts of earthquakes

53. The author’s main purpose in writing the passage is to __________.

A. compare the earthquakes that occurred in the US

B. encourage civil engineers to make more effective use of computers

C. tell the history of the development of quake-resistant building materials

D. report new developments in constructing quake-resistant buildings

D

Perhaps the most famous theory, the study of body movement, was suggested by Professor Birdwhistell. He believes that physical appearance is often culturally programmed. In other words, we can learn our looks --- we are not born with them. A baby has generally informed face features. A baby, according to Birdwhistell, learns where to set the eyebrows by looking at those around --- family and friends. This helps explain why the people of some areas of the United States look so much alike. New Englanders or Southerners have certain common face features that cannot be explained by genetics. The exact shape of the mouth is not set at birth, it is learned after. In fact, the final mouth shape is not formed until well after new teeth are set. For many, this can be well into grown-ups. A husband and wife together for along time come to look somewhat alike. We learn our looks from those around us. This is perhaps why in a single country there are areas where people smile more than those in other areas. In the United States, for example, the South is the part of the country where people smile most frequently. In new England they smile less, and in the western part of New York States still less. Many Southerners find cities such as New York cold and unfriendly, partly because people on Madison Avenue smile less than people on Peachtree Street in Atlanta, Georgia. People in largely populated areas also smile and greet each other in public less than people in small towns do.

54. Ray Birdwhistell believes that physical appearance ___________.

A. has little to do with culture

C. is ever changing

A. before birth B. has much to do with culture D. is different from place to place B. sometime after new teeth are set

D. around 15 years old

B. how he or she raises his or her eyebrows

D. the way he or she talks

C. biology

E

Where in the world can you take an hour’s train ride, and pass a forest, a London street, a scene from the Wild West, and a burning building that never burns down? There’s only one place, and that’s Hollywood, in California. The scenes you see from the tourist train are film sets in Universal Studios, one of the oldest and largest movie companies in America.

A visit to Universal Studios brings back memories of the great days of Hollywood, the films and the stars. Hollywood isn’t quite the same as it used to be. Costs have gone up and confidence(自信) has gone down. Movie-makers are afraid to spend their money on expensive new ideas. Instead, they repeat old ones over and over.

The film industry is changing fast. Teenagers still go out to the movies. The theatre is a good place to meet friends away from home. But older people mostly stay home to watch films made for TV, or D. none of the above 55. According to the passage, the final mouth shape is formed _________. C. as soon as one’s teeth are newly set A. how much he or she laughs C. what he or she likes best A. physics B. chemistry 56. Ray Bridwhistell can tell what area of the United States a person is from by _______. 57. This passage might have been taken out of a book dealing with _________.

long-running series(系列片), on their own television or video players. Big TV series, like “Dynasty”, have become as important to Hollywood as expensive movies. There “soap operas”, as they are called, show rich, powerful families living in beautiful homes and wearing beautiful clothes. But the actors and actresses are nearly all middle-aged, like many of the people who watch them.

Although it is soap operas that are keeping the film-makers of Hollywood in business, big films are still being made in America. But more and more of them are made outside Hollywood. New York is the most important new center, but there are many others as well. Movie-makers have discovered that they don’t need Hollywood any more. Modern cameras and equipment are smaller and lighter. They can be taken to film real streets and real houses instead of expensively made copies in a studio. Other states, especially Florida and Texas, are working hard to take the film business away from California. They are offering better working condition, lower costs, and less official paperwork.

But Hollywood is fighting back. The state of California is trying hard to keep its best known industry. The silver screen of Hollywood is, after all, one of the great traditions of America.

58. The movie industry in California is not as successful as before because __________.

A. young people do not go to movie theatres any more

B. there is direct competition from other state

C. its movie companies are in need of young stars

D. the state is giving up its position in the field

59. Which of the following seems to be a threat(威胁) to Hollywood?

A. The appearance of modern cameras and other equipment.

B. The interest of middle-aged film goers.

C. The making of TV series like “Dynasty”

D. The expensively made copies of scenes.

60. What can we learn about “soap operas” from the passage above?

A. They are teenagers’ favorite. B. They are much more costly.

C. They are longer and bigger. D. They are cheaper and easier to make.

The International Exchange Center

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完形 BACBD DDACD CAABB BBACC DCAAA

阅读理解 CDAAD CACDA BCDBB ADBAC

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