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形容词和副词讲义

发布时间:2014-02-08 09:00:54  

环球雅思学科教师辅导讲义

讲义编号:

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地+材料+名词。巧计:限数描大小,长高新旧色,国材用途类,少前多在后。

如:a big old German computer 

1、He was so _______ news that he got the first prize in the contest.

A. exciting, exciting B. exciting, excited C. excited, excited D. excited, exciting

2、--- What do you think of the lecture of Li Yang’s Crazy English?

--- I think it’s _______ , but someone thinks it’s much too ________.

A. wonderful enough; bored B. enough wonderful; boring

C. wonderful enough; boring D. enough wonderful; bored

3、. The shop ________ at 8:00 a.m. and it ________ for ten hours every day.

B. is opened; opens

C. is open; has opened D. opened; opens

4、Mr Brown always makes his class _________ and keeps his students _________ in class.

A. alive; interesting B. lively; interesting C. alive; interested D. lively; interested

5、This broadcast comes to you _____from the stadium.

A alive B. lively C. live D. living

6、Radio, television and press are _____means of carrying news of information.

A. the most three common B. the most common three

C.three the most common D. the three most common D

The_____house smells as if it hasn’t been lived in for years.

little white wooden B. little wooden white C. white wooden little D. wooden white little

8、His health is_____.

A.as poor as, if not poorer than, his sister’s

B.as poor, if not poorer than, his sister.

C. poor as his sister’s, if not poor

D. as poor, if not poorer than his sister’s

(二) 副词的用法:

方式、程度、动作、频度等,在句中主要用作状语。位于动词之后,形容词之前。

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You can’t sneeze and keep your eyes _______ at the same time.

A. open B. opens C. opened D. opening

2、How about him? He came home_____and sound健全的.

A. safely B.safe C. safety D. safeness

注意:

副词表示频度修饰动词时,位于连系动词和助动词之后,行为动词之前。

如:Mr. Wang usually comes to school on foot. The boy is often ill.

b. already和yet的区别:already一般用于陈述句句中,译为“已经”;yet用于疑问句时译为“已经”,但用在否定句中则译为“尚未,还没有”,一般都放于句末。

如: The train has already arrived. I have already read the book.

Have you found your book yet? I have not finished my homework yet.

c.用于修饰比较级的副词:even, much, far, a lot, still, yet, rather, a little, a bit, ,

(三)形容词与副词的相互转变:

a. 在形容词词尾直接加-ly,构成副词。如: usual-usually, bad-badly等。

[注]:不是所有以-ly结尾的单词都是副词,某些名词后加-ly可以转化为形容词。 如:sisterly, brotherly, friendly, lovely,deadly,lonely, likely, silly, timely等。

b. 以“辅音字母+y”结尾的单词,变y为i,再加-ly,如:heavy-heavily, happy-happily等,并 形容词的比较级和最高级的构成

形容词的原级:即形容词的原形 如: poor、 tall、 great、 glad、 bad 等。 形容词的比较级

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和最高级: 分为规则变化和不规则变化两类。

规则变化如下:

1、单音节形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在词尾加 -er 和 -est 构成。 如:great (原级) - greater (比较级) - greatest (最高级)

2、以 -e 结尾的单音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加 -r 和 -st 构成。 如:wide (原级) -wider (比较级) - widest (最高级)

3、少数以-y, -er, -ow, -ble结尾的双音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加 -er 和 -est 构成。

如:clever(原级) - cleverer (比较级) - cleverest (最高级)

4、以 -y 结尾,但 -y 前是辅音字母的形容词的比较级和最高级是把 -y 去掉,加上 -ier 和-est 构成.

如:happy (原级) - happier (比较级) - happiest (最高级)

5、以一个辅音字母结尾其前面的元音字母发短元音的形容词的比较级和最高级是双写该辅音字母然后再加 -er和-est。

如:big (原级) - bigger (比较级) - biggest (最高级)

6、某些双音节和多音节形容词的比较级和最高级需用more 和 most 加在形容词前面来构成。 如:careful (原级) - more careful (比较级) - most careful (比较级)

beautiful (原级) - more beautiful (比较级) - most beautiful (比较级) difficult (原级) - more difficult (最高级) - most difficult (最高级) [注]:形容词前若加上less 和 least 则表示“较不”和“最不” 。 如:important 重要 less important 较不重要 least important 最不重要

balls will win the last free ticket for the movie A Born Player (C) the more (D) the most

形容词、副词比较级的重难点 一、 "as + adj. / adv. + as" 和??一样和"not so (as ) + adj. / adv. + as"不如??句型。造句如:

The building is as high as that tower. 这座大楼和那座塔一样高。 汉译英 My computer is not so(as) expensive as yours. 我的电脑不如你的贵重。

(2010年上海市)Listening is just as________as speaking in language learning.

A.important B.more important C.most important D.the most important

(2010·湖北省咸宁市) — Health is money. — But I think it is money.

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as important as B. more important than C. so important than D. the same as

二、 "as many / few + 可数名词复数 + as"和" as much / little + 不可数名词 + as "结构。造句 如: You may borrow as many books as you can.你能借多少书就借多少。 汉译英

"Drink as much water as you can," the doctor said to him. 医生对他说:"你要尽可能地多喝些水。" 三、 "主语 + 比较级 + than any other +可数名词单数"或"主语 + 比较级 + than the other 可

数名词复数"的结构表示:比其它(任何一个)都......"。

如: Shanghai is larger than any other city in China.上海是中国最大的城市。

(2010·湖北省黄石市,) Lucy didn’t make my mistakes in the math exam. She is _______ than any other student.

A. the most careful B. more careless C. more careful D . much careful

四、诸如 not , never 之类的否定词与形容词或副词的比较级连用,表示最高级含义。意为" 再没有比......更......"。

如: It is not a better idea. 翻译这是一个再好不过的办法。

I have never heard such an interesting story. 我从来没有听过比这更有趣的故事。 五、 "no + 比较级 + than ..."和??差不多(可以用neither ... nor ... 结构来改写)。 如: This computer is no better than yours. 英译汉

这台电脑并不比你的好。(相当于Neither this computer nor yours is good.)

I'm no more foolish than you.我们俩都不傻。(相当于Neither I nor you are foolish.) “The exam was very difficult.”

“Now don’t begin making excuses. Other boys_____have passed.”

A. no clever like you B. no cleverer than you

C.as clever like you D. not clever than you

"not more + 比较级 + than ..."结构表示在程度上前者不如后者。汉译英

如: This book is not more interesting than that one.

这本书不如那本书有趣。(相当于The book is less interesting than that one.)

The girl is not more selfish than her mother. 这女孩不像她母亲那样自私。

(2010·甘肃省兰州市)Many Chinese students think science subjects are ______ foreign languages.

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A. more difficult as B. less difficult than C. much difficult than D. so difficult as

七、 "比较级 + than + 形容词",意为"与其......倒不如......"。英译汉

如: He was much luckier than clever. 与其说他聪明,倒不如说他运气好。

Jack is much harder than clever. 与其说杰克聪明,倒不如说他努力。 九、 "The + 比较级 ... , the + 比较级 ... ",该结构意为"越......, 越......"。 如: The harder you work at English, the greater progress you will make. 汉译英

在英语学习上你越用功,取得的进步就越大。

The more difficult the questions are, the less likely he is able to answer them. 英译汉 问题越难,他回答出来的可能性就越小。

(2010·陕西省)The ______friends you have ,the ______you will be. A.more;happy B.many;happy

C.more;happier D.many;happier

(2010·贵州省铜仁市)Study hard! ____ you study, ____ results you’ll get. A. Harder; better B. The harder; better. C. The harder; the better D.Harder;the better.

用括号内词语的正确形式填空

1、The flowers are very _____________________. (beautiful)

2、The girls are sitting there ______________________ .(quiet)

3、They’re talking very _________________ . (loud)

4、We can get there _________________ . (easy)

5、They’re getting ready for the sports meeting __________________ . (busy)

6、They’re living a _________________ life. (happy)

7、The wind is blowing __________________ . (strong)

8、He plays the piano ______________ .(bad)

9、The river runs _________________ down the hill. (gentle)

10、The sun is shining _______________ . (bright)

11、The man is riding his horse along the road __________________ . (slow)

12、The girl sings ____________________________ than the boy. (beautiful)

13、Jack plays football _________________ than Dick. (bad)

14、He is speaking __________________ . (angry)

15、The children are running __________________ along the road. (happy)

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16、She runs __________________ of all. (fast)

17、The sun is shining _____________________this afternoon than this morning. (bright)

18、Jim works ___________________ than Tom. (hard)

19、He walks ___________________ of the three. (far)

20、Little Tom is sitting there ___________________ of all. (quiet)

三、选择填空

1. The white shirt is as ________ as the yellow one.

A. cheap B. cheaper C. cheapest D. the cheapest

2、You know ________ about it than Tom does.

A. even little B. even less C. more little D. more less

3、This garden is ________ that one.

A. ten times as long as B. ten times longer as

C. ten times longer as

4、The earth is getting ________ .

A. warm and warmer B. warmer and warm D. as long as ten times

C. warmer and warmer D. warm, and warm

5、Which one is ________ , football or basketball?

A. more popular B. popular C. popularer D. much popular

6、The fifth orange is ________ of all . Give it to that small child.

A. big B. bigger C. the bigger D. the biggest

7、Allan is one of ________ popular teachers in the school.

A. more B. the more C. most D. the most

8、Which city is ________ , Beijing, Shanghai or Fuzhou?

A .beautiful B. more beautiful

C. much more beautiful D. the most beautiful

9. He runs __________ of the four boys.

A. fast B. faster C. the fastest D. fastest

10、________ all the students in his class, Xiao Ming writes ________.

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A. Of, most carefully B. In, the most careful

C. Of, very carefully D. In, much more carefully

11、I think P.E. is ________ any other subject.

A. the more important B. the most important

C. as important than D. as important as

12、I don’t feel very ________ today.

A. good B. better C. nice D. well

13、The more you study during the term, ________you have to study the week before exams.

A. the less B. the lesser C. less D. the little

14、The old man was too tired to walk any __________.

A. far B. farther C. the farthest D. farer

15、The children are laughing ________. They look very ________.

A. happy, happy B. happily, happily

C. happily, happy D. happy, happily

四、链接中考

(1998) 1. I think maths is _____ of all the subjects.

A. the most interesting B. more interesting

C. so interesting D. the best interesting

2. The girl doesn’t run _____ the boy.

A. much faster as B. as fastest as

C. more careful than D. so fast as

(1999) The young man drives _____ than he did three months ago.

A. much carefully B. much more careful

C. much careful D. much more carefully

(2000)1. Don’t worry too much.I am sure everything is going on _____ with you.

A. good B. fine C. well D. nice

2.---Do they like him?

---Yes.He is ____ a kind man.

A. very B. so C. much D. such

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