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发布时间:2014-02-13 16:03:59  

International Civil Aviation Organization
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ATS Quality Assurance Seminar
for the NAM/CAR/SAM Regions
Mexico City 16 - 20 October 2000

Quality @ Airports
Michiel Vreedenburgh
Regional Officer Aerodromes & Ground Aids North American, Central American and Caribbean Regional Office - Mexico

Initial Thought
Airports and Aircraft Operations are the elements of air navigation which have the most direct contact with the public.
The actual and perceived quality is therefore the most critical in relation to safety, security, efficiency and service.

? ICAO defines international regulations, identifies deficiencies in adoption, but can not enforce compliance with SARPs ? Several States are ensuring compliance through legislation, regulation and verification but enforcement is sometimes lacking ? Quality Management Systems new to Airports ? Increasing trend in Airport Certification primarily in the areas of efficiency and service for commercial objectives ? Quality systems should also include safety and security to combine ICAO, State, Airport and User interests

Quality Definitions (ISO)
Quality – the totality of features and characteristics of a product or service that bear on its ability to satisfy a given need. Quality Policy – the overall quality intentions and direction of an organisation as regards quality, as formally expressed by top management.

Quality Management – that aspect of the overall management function that determines and implements the quality policy.

Quality Definitions (ISO)
Quality System – the organisational structure, responsibilities, procedures, processes and resources for implementing quality management. Total Quality Management – a management approach of an organisation centred on quality, based on the participation of all its members and aimed at long term success through customer satisfaction and benefits to the members of the organisation and society. Quality Assurance – the activities an organisation carries out to provide to external and internal parties confidence that the organisation will consistently meet the requirements for quality.

Airport Elements
Processing Elements
Airside – Aircraft and vehicles Terminal Area – Passengers and Cargo Landside – Vehicles and rail

Physical Elements - Airspace, Infrastructure, Facilities, Equipment


Operational Elements Services, Procedures, Organization, Administration

Airport Users
Entities - Airport Administration, Airlines, Agents, Concessionaires, Emergency and support service providers People - Passengers, Employees, Visitors

Mobile Objects - Aircraft, Vehicles and Rail

Airport Quality Elements
Safety Security Efficiency Service Capacity Environment Health

Airport Quality Framework
International Regulation National Legislation National Regulation Airport Certification International Oversight

International Regulation
? Convention on International Civil Aviation – I

CAO Standards and Recommended Practices ? Annex 14 Volume I - Aerodrome Design and Operations (Safety) ? Annex 17 – Security ? Annex 9 – Facilitation (Efficiency and Service) ? Annex 16 – Environmental Protection ? Regional Air Navigation Plans/Facility and Services Implementation Documents (Safety and Capacity)

Amendment of Annex 14 Vol. I Certification of Aerodromes
New Definitions
Aerodrome Certificate – A certificate issued by the appropriate authority under applicable regulations for operation of an aerodrome. Safety Management System – A system for the management of safety at aerodromes including the organizational structure, responsibilities, procedures, processes and provisions for the implementation of aerodrome safety policies by an aerodrome operator, which provides for control of safety and order at, and the safe use of, the aerodrome.

Amendment of Annex 14 Vol. I Certification of Aerodromes
New Standards

States shall certify aerodromes used for international operations in accordance with the specifications contained in this Annex through an appropriate regulatory framework. (Recommendation for all aerodromes)


The regulatory framework shall include for the certification of aerodromes.
As of 27 November 2003, a certified aerodrome shall have in operation a safety management system as part of the certification process. (Recommendation from 1 November 2001)


Amendment of Annex 14 Vol. I Certification of Aerodromes
New Recommendation

As part of the certification process, States should ensure that an aerodrome manual which will include all pertinent information on the aerodrome site, facilities, services, equipment, operating procedures, organisation and management including safety management system, is submitted for approval/ acceptance prior to granting the aerodrome certificate.

New Guidance Material

Manual on Certification of Aerodromes.

National Legislation
Aviation Law Airport Law Regulations Standards

National Regulation
Regulatory Authority – Organisation Regulation System Regulations/Standards Certification Procedure

Airport Certification
Certification is a means of demonstrating that an organisation has implemented its quality management system appropriately, involving audit by a neutral party.
Alternatives are self-certification customer certification. Safety Management System Quality Management System Specifications, Procedures, Inspections and

International Oversight


? ?


ICAO State visits, Air Navigation Shortcomings and Deficiencies, USOAP expansion to include Annex 14 (2002), AVSEC Mechanism programme, planned Security Oversight Programme IATA Airport Consultative Committee, New Airport Checklist, Airport Operational Assessments, Deficiencies List, Global Airport Monitor, Manuals IFALPA Annex 19 Part 3 Aerodrome/Airspace Deficiencies ACI Facilitation & Services Standing Committee, Surveys and Handbooks ISO 9000 series Quality Standards Perf

ormance Benchmarking

ICAO Guidance – AGA Manuals
Airport Planning Manual Aerodrome Design Manual Airport Services Manual
– – – – – – – – Rescue and Fire Fighting Pavement Surface Conditions Bird Control and Reduction Removal of Disabled Aircraft Control of Obstacles Airport Emergency Planning Airport Operational Services Airport Maintenance Practices

ICAO Manual on Certification of Aerodromes (Draft) - Contents
Aerodrome certification regulatory system
Pre-requisites for the introduction of the system Basic aviation law
Basic principles for certification regulations Implementation of regulations

ICAO Manual on Certification of Aerodromes (Draft) - Contents
Aerodrome certification model/sample regulations
Structure of regulations
General Aerodrome Certification Aerodrome Manual Obligations of the Aerodrome Operator Exemptions




ICAO Manual on Certification of Aerodromes (Draft) - Contents
Aerodrome Manual
General Information Particulars of the Aerodrome Site Particulars of the Aerodrome reported to Aeronautical Information Services Particulars of the Aerodrome Operating Procedures and Safety Measures Aerodrome Administration and Safety Management System

ICAO Manual on Certification of Aerodromes (Draft) - Contents
Aerodrome certification procedure
? Certification process ? Dealing with the expression of interest ? Assessment of formal application for an aerodrome certificate ? Grant or refusal of a certificate ? Incorporation of the aerodrome’s certified status and details in the AIP ? Transfer of an aerodrome certificate ? Surrender of an aerodrome certificate

ICAO Manual on Certification of Aerodromes (Draft) - Contents
Regulatory Authority
Organization – Directorate of Aerodromes Standards and Safety Functions and responsibilities Technical library and records Typical Staffing Qualifications, duties and responsibilities of aerodrome inspectors

ICAO Manual on Certification of Aerodromes (Draft) - Contents
Schedule of aerodrome certification regulations – Contents of Aerodrome Manual Aerodrome certificate application form Aeronautical studies Aerodrome certificate form Organizational structure of a typical aerodrome safety and standards directorate References including State examples

ICAO Security Manual for Safeguarding Civil Aviation Against Acts of Unlawful Interference
Organization Preventive Security Measures Management of Response to Acts of Unlawful Interference Human Factors Protection and Storage of Security Documents Security Technologies and Techniques

ACI Handbook on Quality of Service at Airports: Standards & Measurements - Contents
Airport Customer and Service Analysis Flow Processes Quality Chain Quality of Service Criteria and Measurement Objective Subjective Certification ISO or equivalent Self-certification Customer certification

ACI Handbook on Quality of Service at Airports: Standards & Measurements - Contents
Airport Survey resul

ts 512 members, 120 responded 88 monitor quality 45 have quality management systems 41 certify to ISO standards Objective Service Quality Measurement Methodologies Criteria –

Airport Quality Process
Evaluation of user needs and expectations Design and implementation of service Operation and achievement of service Measurement of quality of service Evaluation and Corrective action

Airport Quality Process

National Airport Regulations, Certification and Licensing
Canada – Transport Canada - CARs United States – FAA - FAR Part 139 Mexico – SCT/DGAC Jamaica – CAA Brazil - DAC Argentina – ORSNA United Kingdom – CAA - CAP 168 Australia – CAA - CAR & CAAP Hong Kong – CAD – Aerodrome Licensing

Ministry of Communications and Transport General Directorate of Civil Aviation Airports Directorate
Control of Airports (Safety) Control of Security Verification of Obligatory Auto-inspection

Air Safety Directorate
Airport Commandants

Legislation and Regulations
Civil Aviation Law and Code of Regulations Airport Law and Code of Regulations Basic Safety Standards Airport Verification Manual

Regulated Airport Activities
Airport Authorities Concessions and permits Infrastructure Administration Operation and services Tariffs Security Environmental protection Inspections Verification Sanctions

Airport Quality Management Systems
Several Airports in Europe and Asia/Pacific are certified to ISO quality standards, few in Americas and Africa Hamilton Int’l Airport – ISO 9002 Teterboro Airport – ISO 9002 INFRAERO (17 airports) – ISO 9001 Dublin Int’l Airport – ISO 9002 BAA (7 airports) – QSM - Quality of Service Monitor

Dublin International Airport – Aer-Rianta
ISO 9002 (1993) – first in the world Airport Operations Airport Maintenance Airport Emergency Services CIQ Services Health and Safety Retail Administration Human Resources

Infraero – Empresa Brasileira de Infra-Estructura Aeroportuaria
ISO 9001 (1997) – first in the Americas - 17 Airports including Guarulhos – second busiest airport in Latin America Aircraft Ground Operational Management Airport Safety and Emergency Planning and Response Airport Infrastructure and Systems Maintenance Passenger and Public Care, Attention and Information Airport Services and Commercial Concessions Management International Air Cargo Terminal Operation Passenger and Public Information Systems Human Resources Management Airport Tariffs and Charging Process Administration and Finance Management

John C Munro Hamilton International Airport – Ontario, Canada
ISO 9002 (2000) – first in North America Airfield Maintenance Security and Emergency Services Leasing and Airport Administration

Teterboro Airport, New Jersey, USA
ISO 9002 (2000) – first in USA Operations Maintenance Accounting Noise Abatement Administration

Airport Operational Safety Self-Inspection Programme
24 ASA 9 ASUR 12 GAP 13 GACN GACM MEX – busiest airport in Latin A


Airport Inspections
Daily Continuous Periodic Special

Daily Airport Inspections
Aircraft Pavements Runway and Taxiway Strips Markings and Signs Airfield Lighting Visual Aids Obstacles Aviation Fuel Storage Facility Ice and snow Construction Rescue and Fire-fighting Services Wildlife Hazards Airside Vehicles Access

BAA (formerly British Airports Authority)
? 7 Airports in the UK, concessions in Australia, US, Italy and Mauritius, including Heathrow – busiest international airport in the world ? Health, Safety, Security & Environment Management System (Responsible Management) – self assessment and audits by HSSE Compliance Team ? Measuring, Monitoring and Improving Service Quality ? “If it moves, count it. If it stops, talk to it.” ? Subjective Measurement of Customer Satisfaction – passive (feedback) and active (QSM) ? QSM – Quality of Service Monitor – Rating System ? (processes, retailing, catering, lounges trolleys) ? Objective Measurement of Service Delivery (performance) – records and surveys ? Benchmarking – time, internal, external

Benefits of Quality Management
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Quality Culture Sets high standards Productivity and efficiency Service performance Customer satisfaction Customer perception of organization’s quality Personnel communication, morale and job satisfaction and understanding Competitive advantage Documentation Reduced costs Increased Market Share

Amendment to Annex 14 Volume I Design and Operations of Aerodromes, 3rd ed. July 1999 on Aerodrome Certification (proposed), International Civil Aviation Organization
Manual on Certification of Aerodromes (draft), International Civil Aviation Organization – includes national references Quality of service at airports: Standards & Measurements, 1st ed. 2000, Airports Council International – includes worldwide survey of current practices

Airport Capacity/Demand Management, 3rd ed. 1996, Airports Council International / International Air Transport Association
Airport Development Reference Manual, 8th ed. 1995, International Air Transport Association International Organization for Standardization ISO 9000 - 9004 Quality Standards

Final Thought
Quality management at airports ensures safety, security, efficiency and service thereby stimulating air traffic growth and increasing financial profit “Quality controls are not a luxury, they are essential to your business” - ACI

Thank You

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